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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2020

Haichao Cui, Qiang Gao, Xiaolan Li and Huajiang Ouyang

This paper aims to propose an efficient and accurate method to analyse the transient heat conduction in a periodic structure with moving heat sources.

118

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose an efficient and accurate method to analyse the transient heat conduction in a periodic structure with moving heat sources.

Design/methodology/approach

The moving heat source is modelled as a localised Gaussian distribution in space. Based on the spatial distribution, the physical feature of transient heat conduction and the periodic property of structure, a special feature of temperature responses caused by the moving heat source is illustrated. Then, combined with the superposition principle of linear system, within a small time-step, computation of results corresponding to the whole structure excited by the Gaussian heat source is transformed into that of some small-scale structures. Lastly, the precise integration method (PIM) is used to solve the temperature responses of each small-scale structure efficiently and accurately.

Findings

Within a reasonable time-step, the heat source applied on a unit cell can only cause the temperature responses of a limited number of adjacent unit cells. According to the above feature and the periodic property of a structure, the contributions caused by the moving heat source for the most of time-steps are repeatable, and the temperature responses of the entire periodic structure can be obtained by some small-scale structures.

Originality/value

A novel numerical method is proposed for analysing moving heat source problems, and the numerical examples demonstrate that the proposed method is much more efficient than the traditional methods, even for larger-scale problems and multiple moving heat source problems.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Kuanfang He, Wei Lu, Xiangnan Liu, Siwen Xiao and Xuejun Li

This paper aims to study acoustic emission (AE) propagation characteristics by a crack under a moving heat source, which mainly provides theoretical basis and method for…

115

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study acoustic emission (AE) propagation characteristics by a crack under a moving heat source, which mainly provides theoretical basis and method for the actual crack detection during welding process.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper studied the AE characteristics in welding using thermoelastic theory, which investigates the dynamical displacement field caused by a crack and the welding heating effect. In the calculation model, the crack initiation and extension are represented by moment tensor as the AE source, and the welding heat source is the Gauss heat flux distribution. The extended finite element method (XFEM) is implemented to calculate and solve the AE response of a thermoelastic plate with a crack during the welding heating effect. The wavelet transform is applied to the time–frequency analysis of the AE signals.

Findings

The paper provides insights about the changing rule of the acoustic radiation patterns influenced by the heating effect of the moving heat source and the AE signal characteristics in thermoelastic plate by different crack lengths and depths. It reveals that the time–frequency characteristics of the AE signals from the simulation are in good agreement with the theoretical ones. The energy ratio of the antisymmetric mode A0 to symmetric mode S0 is a valuable quantitative inductor to estimate the crack depth with a certain regularity.

Research limitations/implications

This paper mainly discusses the application of XFEM to calculate and analyze thermoelastic problems, and has presented few cases based on a specified configuration. Further work will focus on the calculation and analysis under different plate configurations and conditions, which is to obtain more interesting and general conclusions for guiding practice.

Originality/value

The paper is a successful application of XFEM to solve the problem of AE response of a crack in the dynamic welding inhomogeneous heating effect. The paper provides an effective way to obtain the AE signal characteristics in monitoring the welding crack.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 6 August 2019

Chaobin Hu and Xiaobing Zhang

This paper aims to improve the reliability of numerical methods for predicting the transient heat transfers in combustion chambers heated internally by moving heat sources.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to improve the reliability of numerical methods for predicting the transient heat transfers in combustion chambers heated internally by moving heat sources.

Design/methodology/approach

A two-phase fluid dynamic model was used to govern the non-uniformly distributed moving heat sources. A Riemann-problem-based numerical scheme was provided to update the fluid field and provide convective boundary conditions for the heat transfer. The heat conduction in the solids was investigated by using a thermo-mechanical coupled model to obtain a reliable expanding velocity of the heat sources. The coupling between the combustion and the heat transfer is realized based on user subroutines VDFLUX and VUAMP in the commercial software ABAQUS.

Findings

The capability of the numerical scheme in capturing discontinuities in initial conditions and source terms was validated by comparing the predicted results of commonly used verification cases with the corresponding analytical solutions. The coupled model and the numerical methods are capable of investigating heat transfer problems accompanied by extreme conditions such as transient effects, high-temperature and high-pressure working conditions.

Originality/value

The work provides a reliable numerical method to obtain boundary conditions for predicting the heat transfers in solids heated by expanding multiphase reactive flows.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 June 2019

Deepak Kumar Naik and Kalipada Maity

This paper aims to work exhibits the temperature distribution over the surface of the workpiece during plasma arc cutting process.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to work exhibits the temperature distribution over the surface of the workpiece during plasma arc cutting process.

Design/methodology/approach

The moving heat source is taken into consideration for calculating the heat created by plasma arc. The heat is generated at the plasma – liquid metal boundary. The heat of fusion is also considered for estimation because of molten layer separates the plasma and solid layer. This causes to hamper the heat transfer towards the melting front. Eliminating the heat resistance may calculation error at high cutting speed. Power required to melt the material depends on the speed of the cut.

Findings

Higher cutting speed increases the power required. The temperature drop over the layer of molten front increases as the speed of cut increases at higher Peclet number. Different thickness of the molten layer was taken for calculation i.e. zero thickness, 10 and 20 per cent.

Originality/value

The estimated results are shown in non-dimensional form. So, the method can be applied for any other types of material.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 16 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 March 2013

George C. Bourantas, Eugenios D. Skouras, Vassilios C. Loukopoulos and George C. Nikiforidis

The purpose of this paper is to make a numerical study of natural convection of water‐based nanofluids in a square cavity when a discrete heat source is embedded on the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to make a numerical study of natural convection of water‐based nanofluids in a square cavity when a discrete heat source is embedded on the bottom wall, applying a “nanofluid‐oriented” model for the calculation of the effective thermal conductivity (Xu‐Yu‐Zou‐Xu's model) and the effective dynamic viscosity (Jang‐Lee‐Hwang‐Choi's model). Another motivation is the numerical solution of the equations of the flow with a meshless method.

Design/methodology/approach

A meshless point collocation method with moving least squares (MLS) approximation is used. A test validation study of the numerical method takes place for pure water flow, as well for water/Al2O3 nanofluids. The influence of pertinent parameters such as Rayleigh number (Ra), the non‐uniform nanoparticle size keeping the mean nanoparticle diameter fixed, the volume fraction of nanoparticles and the location of heat source on the cooling performance are studied.

Findings

The presence of a discrete heat source, as well as the various thermal boundary conditions affects the characteristics of the nanofluid flow and heat transfer. When the ratio of minimum to maximum nanoparticle diameter is increased, the local Nusselt number is increased and the heat source temperature is decreased. The increase of solid volume fraction of nanoparticles causes the heat source maximum temperature to decrease and the Nusselt Number to increase.

Originality/value

The present study constitutes an original contribution to the nanofluid flow and heat transfer characteristics when a discrete heat source is presence. “Nanofluid‐oriented” models are used for the calculation of the effective thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 August 2011

Kh. Lotfy

This paper aims to investigate the transient disturbances created by an internal line heat source that suddenly starts moving uniformly inside a visco‐elastic half‐space.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the transient disturbances created by an internal line heat source that suddenly starts moving uniformly inside a visco‐elastic half‐space.

Design/methodology/approach

Generalised theory of thermo‐elasticity with relaxation time proposed by Lord‐Shulman is applied. The material of the semi‐infinite medium is an isotropic visco‐elastic solid of Kelvin‐Voight type. Fourier and Laplace transform techniques are used.

Findings

Applying the Fourier and Laplace transform techniques, expressions for displacement components in the transformed domain are found. These expressions prove the existence of three waves – a modified thermal wave, a visco‐elastic wave of defused nature and a transverse visco‐elastic wave.

Research limitations/implications

Surface displacement components were evaluated on the boundary for only a short time.

Originality/value

The paper provides numerical results that are illustrated graphically to highlight the variations of surface displacement components with distance for different values of time, source depth and velocity of the source.

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2008

Rajneesh Kumar and Savita Devi

The Laplace and Fourier transforms have been employed to find the general solution to the fields equations in porous generalized thermoelastic medium subjected to…

Abstract

The Laplace and Fourier transforms have been employed to find the general solution to the fields equations in porous generalized thermoelastic medium subjected to thermomechanical boundary conditions permeated with various heat sources; in the transformed form. On the boundary surface, the distributed sources have been taken. To get the solution in the physical form, a numerical inversion technique has been used. The effect of continuous and moving heat sources with the thermomechanical boundary conditions; and the response of boundary sources (concentrated and continuous) with heat source varying with depth; on the normal stress component, change in volume fraction field and temperature distribution have been depicted graphically for a particular model. A particular case is also deduced from the present formulation.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 August 2021

Mayur Pratap Singh, Pavan Kumar Meena, Kanwer Singh Arora, Rajneesh Kumar and Dinesh Kumar Shukla

This paper aims to measure peak temperatures and cooling rates for distinct locations of thermocouples in the butt weld joint of mild steel plates. For experimental…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to measure peak temperatures and cooling rates for distinct locations of thermocouples in the butt weld joint of mild steel plates. For experimental measurement of peak temperatures, K-type thermocouples coupled with a data acquisition system were used at predetermined locations. Thereafter, Rosenthal’s analytical models for thin two-dimensional (2D) and thick three-dimensional (3D) plates were adopted to predict peak temperatures for different thermocouple positions. A finite element model (FEM) based on an advanced prescribed temperature approach was adopted to predict time-temperature history for predetermined locations of thermocouples.

Design/methodology/approach

Comparing experimental and Rosenthal analytical models (2D and 3D) findings show that predicted and measured peak temperatures are in close agreement, while cooling rates predicted by analytical models (2D, 3D) show significant variation from measured values. On the other hand, 3D FEM simulation predicted peak temperatures and cooling rates for different thermocouple positions are close to experimental findings.

Findings

The inclusion of filler metal during simulation of welding rightly replicates the real welding situation and improves outcomes of the analysis.

Originality/value

The present study is an original contribution to the field of welding technology.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1990

Chuan Song Wu and Keh C. Tsao

A three‐dimensional model for the fluid convection and heat flow in arc welding is proposed. It extends the previous two‐dimensional model by accounting also for the fluid…

Abstract

A three‐dimensional model for the fluid convection and heat flow in arc welding is proposed. It extends the previous two‐dimensional model by accounting also for the fluid flow and heat transfer in a travelling rather than a stationary mode. The model can be applied to analyse the heat‐ and fluid‐flow phenomena in welding processes. It is found that the fluid velocity in the pool front is higher than that in the pool rear. The fluid velocity field and the temperature distributions are directly proportional to the welding amperage and inversely to the welding speed. The comparison of the calculated and measured results show that the model is much more accurate than Rosenthal's theory and the pure conduction numerical method. Theoretical predictions based on the model are found to be in good agreement with experimental measurements.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 7 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Article
Publication date: 21 June 2013

M. Selvaraj, Vela Murali and S.R. Koteswara Rao

The purpose of this paper is to propose a three‐dimensional thermal model for friction stir welding of AISI 1018 mild steel to predict the thermal cycle, temperature…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a three‐dimensional thermal model for friction stir welding of AISI 1018 mild steel to predict the thermal cycle, temperature distribution, the effect of welding parameters on power required, heat generation and peak temperature during the friction stir welding process.

Design/methodology/approach

The mathematical expressions for heat generation during the friction stir welding process were derived. The simulations for various welding and rotational speeds were carried out on ANSYS software employing temperature and radius dependent moving heat source and applying the boundary conditions.

Findings

The predicted thermal cycle, torque required and temperatures were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results. The heat generation and peak temperatures were found to be directly proportional to rotational speed and inversely proportional to welding speed. The rate of increase in heat generation and peak temperature were found to be higher at lower rotational speeds and lower at higher rotational speeds. The heat generation during friction stir welding was found to be 71.4 per cent at shoulder, 23.1 per cent at pin side and 5.5 per cent at bottom of the pin.

Originality/value

A new temperature dependent slip factor has been used to determine the contribution of slipping and sticking on total heat generation. A temperature and radius dependent moving heat source has been employed.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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