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Article
Publication date: 4 March 2022

Gurkan Ortamevzi and Yalcin Sahin

The purpose of this paper is to make a more precise prediction of the life of servo motors used in aircraft. The variation of the axial load created by the wave washer for…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to make a more precise prediction of the life of servo motors used in aircraft. The variation of the axial load created by the wave washer for bearing, which is one of the factors affecting the bearing life of the electric motors and servo motors used in aircraft, was analyzed.

Design/methodology/approach

In electric motors and servo motors that body as stator, the height of the stator stack affects the compression amount of the wave washer spring. Working with electric motor and servo manufacturers, production-related variations in stator height were determined by making multiple measurements. The reaction forces resulting from these compression amounts were simulated by mathematical modeling with the finite element method, and also experimentally measured on real parts.

Findings

Results obtained with finite element method and real experiments were compared. By adding the force differences to the general operating conditions, the effect on the bearing life was theoretically determined. In a servo motor with this type of construction, the difference in stator height created different axial loads on the motor shaft. The difference of these loads affected the motor bearing life.

Research limitations/implications

The results implicated in terms of flight safety, maintenance operation and resource efficiency.

Practical implications

The results of this study are effective in determining the maintenance intervals more clearly. This study can be used for the design criteria of aircraft servo motors. These servos, which are especially used to move the flight control surfaces, contribute to flight safety as the life expectancy will be clearer.

Social implications

This study may be effective in preventing aviation accidents caused by servo motors. It can make maintenance management more efficient.

Originality/value

This study investigated the effect of aircraft servo motor design inputs on servo motor life, considering the production.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 94 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 May 2022

Osman Nuri Şahin and Mehmet İsmet Can Dede

Mobile robots may perform very critical tasks under difficult operating conditions. Faults encountered during their tasks may cause the task to be interrupted or failed…

Abstract

Purpose

Mobile robots may perform very critical tasks under difficult operating conditions. Faults encountered during their tasks may cause the task to be interrupted or failed completely. In the active fault tolerant control methods, it is very important not only to detect the faults that occur in the robot, but also to isolate these faults to develop a fault recovery strategy that is suitable for that specific type of fault. This study aims to develop a model-based fault detection and isolation method for wheel slippage and motor performance degradation that may occur in wheeled mobile robots.

Design/methodology/approach

In the proposed method, wheel speeds can be estimated via the dynamic model of the mobile robot, which includes a friction model between the wheel and the ground. Four residual signals are obtained from the differences between the estimated states and the measured states of the mobile robot. Mobile robot’s faults are detected by using these signals. Also, two different residual signals are generated from the calculation of the traction forces with two different procedures. These six residual signals are then used to isolate possible wheel slippage and performance degradation in a motor.

Findings

The proposed method for diagnosing wheel slip and performance degradation in motors are tested by moving the robot in various directions. According to the data obtained from the test results, a logic table is created to isolate these two faults from each other. Thanks to the created logic table, slippage in any wheel and performance degradation in any motor can be detected and isolated.

Originality/value

Two different recovery strategies are needed to recover temporary wheel slippage and permanent motor faults. Therefore, it is important to isolate these two faults that create similar symptoms in robot’s general movement. Thanks to the method proposed in this study, it is not only possible to isolate the slipping wheel with respect to the non-slipping wheels or to isolate the faulty motor from the non-faulty ones, but also to isolate these two different fault types from each other.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 June 2022

Mitesh B. Astik, Dhruv B. Shah, Praghnesh Bhatt, Bhavesh R. Bhalja and Paresh R. Modha

The purpose of this paper is to develop a generalized observer and controller for brushless direct current (BLDC) motor to make the system more robust for parameter…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a generalized observer and controller for brushless direct current (BLDC) motor to make the system more robust for parameter variations, load torque and speed tracking.

Design/methodology/approach

A robust interconnection and damping assignment passivity-based control (IDA-PBC) technique for BLDC motor is introduced in this paper. The IDA-PBC is used to obtain the reference voltages for pulse width modulation (PWM) control. The immersion and invariance (I&I) observer is used to estimate the load torque and speed of the BLDC motor. At the time of starting, the motor rotates in arbitrary direction, and sometimes, because of the cogging action, it may take a huge current. Therefore, a new start-up method is proposed for the BLDC motor, which maintains the alignment of the rotor.

Findings

From the simulation and experimental results, it can be seen that the proposed controller and observer satisfactorily work for parameter variations, load torque and speed tracking.

Originality/value

The authenticity of the proposed technique is tested experimentally on two different BLDC motors using low-cost 32-bit STM32F407VG microcontroller. The response of the proposed technique is evaluated by changing motor parameters such as stator resistance, inductance, flux linkage constant and torque constant.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 July 2013

Krzysztof Krykowski, Janusz Hetmańczyk and Dawid Makieła

When phase windings of brushless DC motor are switched, additional voltage drops across inductances of main circuit appear. These drops lead to, among other effects…

Abstract

Purpose

When phase windings of brushless DC motor are switched, additional voltage drops across inductances of main circuit appear. These drops lead to, among other effects, increase of torque‐speed curve slope. The discussed research has been aimed at working out a simple and precise method of identifying torque‐speed characteristic of PM BLDC motor. The elaborated method takes into account the influence of windings switching and motor inductances on motor torque‐speed characteristic. In order to assess the results, extensive test simulations of models implemented in Matlab/Simulink software have been run. Results of analysis and test simulations have been compared with lab test results of two real PM BLDC motors.

Design/methodology/approach

Analytical calculations take into consideration phenomena occurring during windings switch‐overs and impact of inductance on emerging voltage and rotational speed drops. It has been pointed out that on account of main circuit inductance, the average value of source current is less than average value of equivalent current generating electromagnetic torque. For analysis sake it has been assumed when windings are being switched‐over the current is kept constant; the motor parameters have also been assumed to be constant.

Findings

A novel and accurate method of determining torque‐speed characteristics of PM BLDC motor has been worked out. This method has been investigated with the help of motor computer models implemented in Matlab/Simulink software and the obtained results have been subsequently compared with results of laboratory tests of two commercially available PM BLDC motors.

Research limitations/implications

The object of the research was brushless DC motor with permanent magnet excitation. The impact of windings switch‐overs on torque‐speed curves of the motor has been analysed. Analytical method which makes it possible to determine torque‐speed curve of this motor very easily has been elaborated. Computer model of PM BLDC motor for Matlab/Simulink software has also been worked out. Extensive simulations helping to verify the proposed method have been run. Results of analysis and simulation tests have been verified by means of laboratory tests of two commercially available PM BLDC motors.

Practical implications

PM BLDC motors are used more and more widely. The new method of determining PM BLDC motors torque‐speed curves will facilitate analysis and design of drive systems utilizing these motors and will also speed up calculations.

Originality/value

The presented method of determining torque‐speed curves of PM BLDC motor is novel and much more precise than methods commonly used nowadays. Recognized methods usually neglect impact of inductance on motor properties.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 August 2007

Jerzy Kołowrotkiewicz, Mariusz Barański, Wojciech Szelęg and Lech Długiewicz

The paper aims to elaborate the method and algorithm of analysis of induction motor working in cryogenic temperature.

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to elaborate the method and algorithm of analysis of induction motor working in cryogenic temperature.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents the design and investigation of performance characteristics of three‐phase high voltage squirrel‐cage submerged motor. The motor is intended to work at cryogenic temperature −161°C in liquefied natural gas (LNG). The time‐stepping finite element method of transients analysis in induction motor working in cryogenic temperature has been presented. The nonlinearity of the magnetic circuit, the movement of the rotor and skewed slots have been taken into account.

Findings

The study finds that presented method and elaborated software are used to determine the steady state and dynamic performance of the high voltage squirrel‐cage submerged motor. The results of simulations and measurements of constructed model motor have been presented.

Research limitations/implications

The problem has been considered as the 2D one. In order to take into account the skewed slots of the rotor the multi‐slice finite element method has been used.

Practical implications

Investigation presented in the paper has been performed in order to study the influence of the temperature on motor characteristics and to verify design calculations. No‐load current, starting torque and short‐circuit current during short‐circuit test, obtained on the basis of measurements and received from calculations, are in good concordance.

Originality/value

The paper proposes a method to determine the steady state and dynamic performance of the high voltage squirrel‐cage submerged motor working in cryogenic temperature.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2005

S. Subramanian and R. Bhuvaneswari

This paper presents a novel multiobjective optimal design of three phase induction motor using simulated annealing (SA) technique for minimizing annual material cost and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper presents a novel multiobjective optimal design of three phase induction motor using simulated annealing (SA) technique for minimizing annual material cost and annual loss cost as two objectives.

Design/methodology/approach

The design problem of a three‐phase induction motor is presented as a nonlinear multicriterion optimization problem on the basis of minimizing the annual cost of the motor. The annual cost referred is the sum of the annual interest and depreciation of motor active material costs, annual cost of active power loss of the motor and the annual energy cost required to supply such power loss. A computer package is built which generates initial values of motor parameters and gives the optimal values of these parameters with more than one objective function and nonviolated constraints. The problem is solved by giving weights which reflect the priority of objective functions. The SA technique is used as a tool to solve the problem.

Findings

To verify the validity, the proposed method is applied to a three‐phase induction motor design. From the results, it is found that the proposed method is fast and efficient and hence it is useful for multiobjective design of an induction motor.

Originality/value

This method is particularly useful in satisfying the needs of motor producer and consumer by prioritizing their needs and finally arriving at a best compromise solution.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 January 2009

Marian Łukaniszyn and Adrian Młot

This paper deals with magnetic field calculations and model‐based prediction of electromagnetic torque pulsations in a brushless DC (BLDC) motor.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper deals with magnetic field calculations and model‐based prediction of electromagnetic torque pulsations in a brushless DC (BLDC) motor.

Design/methodology/approach

The impact of a Halbach‐like magnetization and a multipolar excitation of permanent magnets are analysed. The measurement results from the prototype motors are well‐compared with those obtained from the model calculations. It is shown that the cogging torque in the motor with the multipolar excitation of permanent magnets is reduced six times as compared with the conventional BLDC motor.

Findings

The proposed method provides high accuracy of the analysis of coupled electromagnetic phenomena. The comparison between measured and calculated values of electromagnetic torque, cogging torque and EMF shows a very good agreement.

Practical implications

Reduction of the machine cogging torque is essential for practical applications of DC motors, in particular in the robotics industry.

Originality/value

This paper shows that multipolar excitation contributes to essential reduction of the cogging torque in a BLDC motor. This is confirmed by high‐quality numerical models of the motor, positively verified in experiments with motor prototypes.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2002

P. Vas, M. Rashed, A.K.M. Joukhadar and C.H. Ng

The present paper will discuss newly developed fully digital sensorless induction motor and permanent magnet motor synchronous motor drives, which employ natural field…

Abstract

The present paper will discuss newly developed fully digital sensorless induction motor and permanent magnet motor synchronous motor drives, which employ natural field orientation (NFO). So far only vector‐type of NFO induction motor drives have been discussed in the literature, and very limited experimental results have been shown. In addition, the paper will also discuss new sensorless DTC‐type of NFO induction motor drives (NFO‐DTC drives). Using fully digital implementations of the new NFO‐type induction motor and permanent magnet drives, experimental results will be shown for various operating conditions, including slow and fast reversals at very low speed. Robustness to parameter deviations will also be demonstrated. The developed new types of NFO drives can also work at zero stator frequency and sustained zero frequency operation will also be demonstrated. The drives have been tested in basically two environments: where the load is a dc motor; and where a crane drive is implemented. In contrast to other sensorless crane drives, which develop stability problems, it was found that the new NFO drives can operate in a stable manner under all operating conditions including zero frequency. This allows for many new applications.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2003

Marian Lukaniszyn, Mariusz Jagiela and Rafal Wrobel

A brushless, permanent magnet, three‐phase disc‐type salient‐pole DC motor with co‐axial flux in the stator is considered. Electromechanical properties of a basic…

Abstract

A brushless, permanent magnet, three‐phase disc‐type salient‐pole DC motor with co‐axial flux in the stator is considered. Electromechanical properties of a basic eight‐pole motor are compared with those for a 16‐pole one of the same volume, in order to contrast the two potential candidates for variable‐speed, low‐cost drives. As a basis of the comparative analysis, 3D FEM magnetic field modelling and circuit analysis considering an electronic commutator are employed. Increasing the number of poles results in unfavourable raising in the switching frequency. The eight‐pole motor construction has been shown in simulations to have higher efficiency and lower power losses than its 16‐pole counterpart.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 22 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Hokyung Shim, Jihyun Kim and Jungpyo Hong

The purpose of this paper is to study the electric vehicle (EV) drive efficiency of a traction motor considering regenerative braking according to various motor cores.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the electric vehicle (EV) drive efficiency of a traction motor considering regenerative braking according to various motor cores.

Design/methodology/approach

A software program was developed to predict the driving performance of an EV. It determines the driving mileage, the required power of the traction motor, and the operation points on a torque-speed map when drive cycles are given. The driving performance is calculated from the battery capacity, vehicle specification, and efficiency map of the traction motor computed using the finite element analysis.

Findings

As a result, the motor core is a significant design variable for raising the driving mileage of an EV. It is noted that the change of electrical steels used for the motor core is the lowest priced method of increasing the driving range by 2 km.

Originality/value

The comparative analysis of motor core by replacing 35PN250 to 25PNX1250F results in improvement effects traveling 4.62 and 5.16 km farther in the Simplified Federal Urban Driving Schedule (SFUDS) and Highway Fuel Economy Driving Schedule (HWFET), respectively. It was also verified that regenerative braking system is able to enhance drive efficiency by 29-31.3 km in the SFUDS and 6.5-7.3 km in the HWFET. From comparison of price rise for increasing driving mileage by 2 km, it is noted that the change of electrical steels used for the motor core is the lowest priced method.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 35 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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