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The purpose of this paper is to evaluate differences between the results of constant property and variable property approaches in solving the problem of Al2O3-water…
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate differences between the results of constant property and variable property approaches in solving the problem of Al2O3-water nanofluid heat transfer in an annular microchannel. Also, the effect of nanoparticle diameter on flow and heat transfer characteristics is investigated.
Thermo-physical properties of the nanofluid including density, specific heat, viscosity and thermal conductivity are assumed to be temperature dependent. Governing equations are descritized using the finite volume method and solved by SIMPLE algorithm.
The results reveal that the constant property assumption is unable to predict the correct trend of variations along the microchannel for some of the characteristics, especially when the range of temperature change near the wall is considerable. In the fully developed region, constant property solution overestimates the values of shear stress near the walls of the microchannel. In addition, the values of Nusselt numbers are different for the two solutions. Furthermore, a decrease in wall’s shear stress has been observed as a result of increasing nanoparticle size.
This paper reflects that how the friction factor and heat transfer vary along the microchannel in temperature dependent modeling, which is not reflected in the results of constant property approach. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there is no similar investigation of the effect of nanofluid variable properties with Pr=5 or in annular geometry.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top…
The purpose of this study is to analyze the thermal, hydraulic and entropy generation characteristics for laminar flow of water through a ribbed-wavy channel with the top wall as wavy and bottom wall as flat with ribs of three different geometries, namely, triangular, rectangular and semi-circular.
The finite element method-based numerical solver has been adopted to solve the governing transport equations.
A critical value of Reynolds number (Recri) is found beyond which, the average Nusselt number for the wavy or ribbed-wavy channel is more than that for a parallel plate channel and the value of Recri decreases with the increase in a number of ribs and for any given number of ribs, it is minimum for rectangular ribs. The performance factor (PF) sharply decreases with Reynolds number (Re) up to Re = 50 for all types of ribbed-wavy channels. For Re > 50, the change in PF with Re is gradual and decreases for all the ribbed cases and for the sinusoidal channel, it increases beyond Re = 100. The magnitude of PF strongly depends on the shape and number of ribs and Re. The relative magnitude of total entropy generation for different ribbed channels varies with Re and the number of ribs.
The findings of the present study are useful to design the economic heat exchanging devices.
The effects of shape and the number of ribs on the heat transfer performance and entropy generation have been investigated for the first time for the laminar flow regime. Also, the effects of shape and number of ribs on the flow and temperature fields and entropy generation have been investigated in detail.