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Article
Publication date: 20 March 2023

Mohammad Iqbal, Mukhammad Kholid Mawardi, Brillyanes Sanawiri, Rizal Alfisyahr and Ina Syarifah

This study aims to investigate the ways that human capital influences the strategic orientation variables entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and market orientation (MO), which…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the ways that human capital influences the strategic orientation variables entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and market orientation (MO), which ultimately leverage the firm performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a quantitative method with a total of 274 SMEs in the Regency of Gresik, East Java, Indonesia, as the observable population. Furthermore, the identified samples obtained through the random sampling technique were determined using the Slovin formula with 163 SMEs used for analysis. As the means of analysis, this study used a statistical approach by using PLS-SEM statistics from SmartPLS software. This analytical tool has been proven to be a robust statistical tool that has been used in many marketing studies.

Findings

This study found that human capital is a key determinant of EO and MO as strategic orientations of SMEs. Furthermore, this study highlighted that SMEs’ strategic orientations (i.e. EO and MO) provide a valuable thrust that leverages firm performance. Moreover, the role of human capital in leveraging firm performance was found to be significant with the role of the joint effect of EO and MO as mediator. This implies that human capital is not solely a single determinant that leverages SMEs’ performance.

Research limitations/implications

There are few aspects of limitations in this research that could be enhanced by other scholars in the discipline of entrepreneurship. First, the strategic orientation concept being indicated by EO and MO had yet to provide a comprehensive view of strategic orientation. Second, this research used samples that represent the traditional furniture cluster in East Java and had yet to explore other clusters such as food processing and services cluster which may be relevant to the context of SMEs in Indonesia.

Practical implications

As a practical implication, this study would benefit policymakers in Indonesia, such as the Ministry for Cooperatives and SMEs to provide assistance to SMEs to progressively nurture capacity-building through formal and informal education to leverage human capital. Moreover, it could benefit other relevant businesses, such as national banks in Indonesia whose interests are significant, especially in providing financial access to SMEs in Indonesia.

Social implications

The social implication of this research lay the focus on the suggestion by which SMEs must be able to optimize their capabilities by enhancing levels of human capital particularly for traditionally managed SMEs. The ability to survive external pressures for would be able to contribute to the social well-being of their society as many people are dependent heavily in the operation of the SMEs.

Originality/value

The significance of this study is twofold. Although the use of human capital as a determinant of firm performance has been discussed in the literature, few studies to date has sought to predict human capital with EO and MO as mediators of firm performance. Furthermore, the joint impact of EO and MO as a strategic orientation needs to be holistically explored and explained, particularly in an emerging economy context.

Details

Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1471-5201

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 September 2021

Endang Siti Astuti, Zainul Arifin, Wilopo and Mohammad Iqbal

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of environmental characteristics, business partnership relationship, knowledge complementarity, organizational characteristics…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of environmental characteristics, business partnership relationship, knowledge complementarity, organizational characteristics on knowledge management practices and innovation performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The research used primary data, i.e. data obtained directly from the distribution of questionnaires to respondents, namely, the company’s managers/leaders/directors in the companies that became the research sample. Data were collected by sending questionnaires either by mail or email to the respondents. To examine the effect of environmental characteristics, business partnership relationship, knowledge complementarity and organizational characteristics on knowledge management practices and innovation performance.

Findings

Environmental characteristics, business partnership relationship, knowledge complementarity and organizational characteristics partially have a significant effect on knowledge management practices. Environmental characteristics and business partnership relationship partially have a significant effect on innovation performance, while knowledge complementarity and organizational characteristics have no significant effect. For other constructs, knowledge management practices are able to be a moderator variable, which can relate these constructs with innovation performance.

Originality/value

The research using the diffusion of innovation paradigm, the combination of market-based and knowledge-based paradigms is expected to fill the previous research gap and become the first uniqueness and originality, as well as characteristic of this research. The second originality is this research examines the role of the knowledge management practice variable as the moderator variable. Then, the third originality is this research investigates the relationship between business partner relationship and innovation performance. These three originalities are still rarely studied in previous studies, so this research will further complement, expand the study, especially in the knowledge management, innovation performance area.

Article
Publication date: 2 March 2020

Mohammad Issack Santally, Yousra Banoor Rajabalee, Roopesh Kevin Sungkur, Mohammad Iqbal Maudarbocus and Wolfgang Greller

The University of Mauritius (UoM) established as a traditional face-to-face university has been engaged in distance education since 1993 and in e-learning since 2001 to establish…

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Abstract

Purpose

The University of Mauritius (UoM) established as a traditional face-to-face university has been engaged in distance education since 1993 and in e-learning since 2001 to establish itself as a dual-mode institution. In a context where it has engaged itself to promote its internationalization of online courses and a digital learning transformation process, there is a need to assess and evaluate its current e-learning capability to identify areas of good practices and opportunities for improvement to ensure a high quality of e-learning provisions. The paper reports the results of an assessment of the e-learning capability and the related quality assurance processes of the University of the Mauritius using the e-learning Maturity Model (eMM). Quality assurance in higher education is still a key issue, especially with the ever-growing influence of technology and the disruption that the Internet has caused with respect to e-learning and distance education provisions. No university in Mauritius has ever engaged in such an assessment of their e-learning capabilities.

Design/methodology/approach

The EMM and the Open Learning Consortium Quality Scorecard Suite were found to be the most complete models in terms of available documentation and description of how to carry out the evaluation with respect to each process area as compared to the other models described in the literature review section. The EMM was, however, chosen as the model to be used for the UoM, given that there already exists a body of knowledge about its applications in different universities that operate in similar contexts. The researcher is at the heart of the process in the role of an ‘eLearning quality auditor’. Therefore, the research used mainly desk studies, and analysis of annual reports as well as a consultative approach with key stakeholders based on a consensus model to reach a rating for each element in the EMMv2.3 instrument. The rating is based on evidence that is available and verifiable through desk research and documentation.

Findings

We found out that the main strengths of the university were in the learning process areas mainly because of the need to follow existing quality assurance procedures in place at different phases of a course of life cycle, irrespective of the course modality. On the other hand, across all process areas, the university fared well in the delivery dimension, and this finding is consistent with other universities that were assessed using the EMM. However, it was found that the EMM in current form was more adapted for the assessment of universities operating fully as open or virtual universities rather than those operating as dual-mode institutions or as traditional universities promoting technology-enabled learning. The weakest link was the optimization dimension across all process areas, and the process area that needs more attention for improvement was the evaluation process area. Overall, the university can reasonably be pitched at level two (Repeatable) of the capability maturity model scale used for information systems maturity assessment, but operating towards level three (Defined).

Originality/value

The work presented here has never been carried out for any university in Mauritius, and there have been no reported evaluations or applications within the African region. It allows the university to benchmark and compare its standing with respect to other universities operating as dual-mode institutions and as a reference for other universities in Mauritius as well.

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 26 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 December 2023

Andriani Kusumawati, Cahya Nova Kurniawan and Mohammad Iqbal

This study aims to highlight the influence of co-creation experience (CCE) on tourists’ citizenship behavior (TCB), emphasizing the Indonesian ecotourism sector during the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to highlight the influence of co-creation experience (CCE) on tourists’ citizenship behavior (TCB), emphasizing the Indonesian ecotourism sector during the post-COVID pandemic.

Design/methodology/approach

By using a judgmental sampling, data were collected from 150 visitors who visits Indonesian ecotourism resort and acquired the wildlife experience through co-creation process. To evaluate the relationship model, partial least squares-structural equation modeling by SmartPLS 3rd version was used in this study.

Findings

The result indicated that CCE in terms of Indonesian ecotourism had an effect on involvement (INV) and satisfaction (SAT). Result ascertain INV and SAT direct effect on TCB. Multigroup analysis indicated that perceived risk of COVID-19 could moderate insignificantly the relationship among INV, SAT on TCB.

Research limitations/implications

This study focuses on CCE, INV, SAT and TCB in Indonesian ecotourism with wildlife attraction and contributes an insight for tourism research; thus, the results cannot be generalized for other ecotourism worldwide.

Practical implications

The proposed model of this study suggests the need to review the current condition of citizenship behavior at destination level, especially regarding to cleanliness and crowd controlling on post-COVID pandemic to maintain tourists’ health and safety while traveling.

Social implications

Achieving TCB in different types of destination (ecotourism) requires specific development models concerning environmental conditions.

Originality/value

Though CCE, INV, SAT and TCB have identified as main topics for tourism research especially in ecotourism sector, the related factors of TCB in post-COVID-19 era are remain limited.

目的

本研究旨在强调共创体验(CCE)对游客公民行为(TCB)的影响, 重点是后疫情期间印尼生态旅游中的游客公民行为(TCB)。

设计/方法论/方法

通过判断抽样, 从访问印尼生态旅游胜地的 150 名游客收集了数据, 并通过共创过程获得了其野生动物体验。 为了评估关系模型, 本研究使用了 SmartPLS 第三版的偏最小二乘结构方程建模 (PLS-SEM)。

发现

结果表明, 印尼生态旅游的 CCE 对参与度(INV)和满意度(SAT)有影响。 结果确定了INV和SAT对TCB的直接影响。 多组分析表明, covid-19 的感知风险对 INV 和 SAT 与 TCB 的关系影响不大。 本研究还描述了中介作用。

研究局限性/影响

该研究重点关注印尼生态旅游中野生动物吸引力的CCE、INV、SAT, TCB, 为旅游研究提供见解; 因此, 研究结果不能推广到全世界其他生态旅游。

实际影响

该研究提出的模型表明, 有必要审查目的地层面公民行为的现状, 特别是在新冠大流行后的卫生和人群控制方面, 以维护游客在旅行时的健康和安全。

社会影响

不同类型的目的地(生态旅游)中实现游客的公民行为需要针对不同的环境条件而选择开发模式。

原创性/价值

尽管 CCE、INV、SAT 和 TCB 是旅游研究中, 特别是在生态旅游领域的重点研究对象, 但在后疫情旅游过程中, 其与目的地公民行为相关的因素研究仍然有限。

Objetivo

Este estudio pretende poner de relieve la influencia de la experiencia de cocreación (CCE) en el comportamiento ciudadano de los turistas (TCB) haciendo hincapié en el sector del ecoturismo indonesio durante el periodo post-pandémico de la COVID-19.

Diseño/enfoque

Mediante el uso de un muestreo de juicio, se recopilaron datos de 150 visitantes que visitaron un centro de ecoturismo en Indonesia y adquirieron la experiencia de la vida silvestre a través del proceso de co-creación. Para evaluar el modelo de relación, en este estudio se utilizó el modelo de ecuaciones estructurales de mínimos cuadrados parciales (PLS-SEM) de SmartPLS 3.a versión.

Resultados

El resultado indicó que la CCE en términos de ecoturismo indonesio tuvo un efecto sobre la implicación (INV) y la satisfacción (SAT). El resultado determinó que INV y SAT tienen un efecto directo sobre el TCB. El análisis multigrupo indicó que el riesgo percibido del covid-19 modera de forma insignificante la relación INV y SAT con el TCB. Papel mediador también descrito en este estudio.

Limitaciones/implicaciones de la investigación

el estudio se centra en CCE, INV, SAT, TCB en el ecoturismo indonesio con atracción de vida silvestre y aporta información para la investigación turística; por lo tanto, los resultados no pueden generalizarse para otros ecoturismos en todo el mundo.

Implicaciones prácticas

el modelo propuesto en el estudio sugiere la necesidad de revisar la condición actual del comportamiento ciudadano a nivel de destino, especialmente en lo relativo a la limpieza y el control de multitudes en la etapa poscovid para mantener la salud y la seguridad de los turistas durante el viaje

Implicaciones sociales

lograr un comportamiento ciudadano de los turistas en diferentes tipos de destino (ecoturismo) requiere modelos de desarrollo específicos en relación con las condiciones ambientales.

Originalidad/valor

aunque CCE, INV, SAT y TCB se identifican como una prioridad para la investigación turística, especialmente en el sector del ecoturismo, los factores relacionados en el curso del turismo post-covid-19 que se relacionan con la ciudadanía a nivel de destino siguen siendo limitados.

Article
Publication date: 29 March 2024

Chowdhury Jony Moin, Mohammad Iqbal, A.B.M. Abdul Malek, Mohammad Muhshin Aziz Khan and Rezwanul Haque

This research aims to investigate how manufacturing flexibility can address the challenges of an ever-changing and unpredictable business environment in Bangladesh’s…

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Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to investigate how manufacturing flexibility can address the challenges of an ever-changing and unpredictable business environment in Bangladesh’s labor-intensive ready-made garment (RMG) industry, which is underserved and situated in a developing country.

Design/methodology/approach

Using Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling, this study empirically evaluated the relationships between manufacturing flexibility, environmental uncertainty and firm performance. The analysis utilized 320 survey responses from potential RMG experts, representing 95 organizations.

Findings

The study achieved a decision-making model for implementing manufacturing flexibility in the RMG industry of Bangladesh with acceptable model fit criterion. The research pinpointed that workforce flexibility plays the maximum mediating among different types of manufacturing in coping with demand and supply uncertainty in the RMG sector.

Research limitations/implications

The study made valuable contributions to theoretical and practical knowledge in the context of manufacturing flexibility in Bangladesh’s RMG and other underserved labor-intensive sectors in developing economies. It suggests that managers should shift from defensive and risky business strategies to more aggressive and proactive approaches by utilizing workforce flexibility resources adaptively to enhance manufacturing capabilities and align with dynamic market demand. Additionally, the study offers recommendations for future research to build upon its findings.

Originality/value

This study is unique in its approach because it presents a decision model for implementing manufacturing flexibility in a labor-intensive industry in a developing economy, specifically the RMG industry in Bangladesh, whereas previous research has primarily focused on high-tech industries in developed economies.

Details

Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-038X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 December 2019

Hermawan Kartajaya, Mohammad Iqbal, Rizal Alfisyahr, Lusy Deasyana Rahma Devita and Taufiq Ismail

This paper aims to identify the typology of fashion lifestyle that is relevant to predict the individual difference in evaluating Islamic fashion product.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to identify the typology of fashion lifestyle that is relevant to predict the individual difference in evaluating Islamic fashion product.

Design/methodology/approach

The study involved female respondents aged above 16 years and wearing hijab. The sample of this research is 697 respondents from four big cities in Indonesia (Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya and Malang) with the population in this study constituting 264 million Indonesian people. A random procedure with socio-demographic (sex, age and habitat) quotas was used for selecting respondent, and data is obtained using questionnaire research instruments.

Findings

There are 11 factors and 6 segments for clustering the respondents of Islamic fashion lifestyle. The cluster analysis demonstrated that the mean of personality pursuit, Sharia dressing style orientation and religiousity is greater than 4.00 on all clusters. This score proves that the consumers of Islamic fashion among six clusters have high level or religiousity and Sharia dressing style.

Originality/value

Considering the upcoming issue on Indonesia Moslem market subculture, this research explores market segmentation based on Islamic fashion lifestyle. In 2015, Indonesia reached the fifth rank in the world Islamic fashion market with $13.28bn potential market value and the average of 10.17% fashion industry growth annually (Euromonitor, 2018).

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 14 May 2020

Bambang Eka Cahyana, Umar Nimran, Hamidah Nayati Utami and Mohammad Iqbal

The purpose of this study is to apply hybrid cluster analysis in classifying PT Pelindo I customers based on the level of customer satisfaction with passenger services of PT…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to apply hybrid cluster analysis in classifying PT Pelindo I customers based on the level of customer satisfaction with passenger services of PT Pelindo I.

Design/methodology/approach

Hybrid cluster analysis is a combination of hierarchical and non-hierarchical cluster analysis. This hybrid cluster analysis appears to optimize the advantages of hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods simultaneously to obtain optimal grouping. Hybrid cluster analysis itself has high flexibility because it can combine all hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods without any limits in the order of analysis used.

Findings

The results showed that 72% of PT Pelindo I customers felt PT Pelindo I service was special, while the remaining 28% felt PT Pelindo I service was good.

Originality/value

In total, 117 customers of PT Pelindo I were involved in a study using the non-probability sampling method.

Details

Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, vol. 25 no. 50
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2077-1886

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2023

Mohammad Iqbal Irfany, Yusniar Khairunnisa and Marco Tieman

This study aims to identify the characteristics of Muslim Generation Z and analyze the factors that influence its purchase intention of environmentally friendly halal cosmetic…

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to identify the characteristics of Muslim Generation Z and analyze the factors that influence its purchase intention of environmentally friendly halal cosmetic products.

Design/methodology/approach

This research adopts the quantitative methods of a questionnaire and sampling technique using purposive sampling. The respondents in this study were 300 Indonesian Muslims from Generation Z. Descriptive analysis and structural equation modeling–partial least structural with SmartPLS 3.3.7 software were used to analyze the research data.

Findings

This study found that of the nine hypotheses tested, seven are confirmed, including the effect of halal labels on halal-green awareness, environmentally friendly labels on halal-green awareness, environmental knowledge on halal-green awareness and knowledge on attitudes. Meanwhile, religiosity and halal-green awareness influence attitudes and attitudes that affect the purchase intention of environmentally friendly halal cosmetics. Two hypotheses that are not accepted are the influence of religiosity on halal-green awareness and halal-green awareness on attitudes. The findings are expected to increase interest in buying environmentally friendly halal cosmetics by better understanding consumer behavior, especially Generation Z.

Practical implications

Cosmetics manufacturers benefit from halal-green branding on their products to enter new halal markets and increase market share.

Originality/value

This study is more comprehensive than previous studies, combining halal and environmentally friendly elements with a focus on Generation Z.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 January 2023

Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Mohammad Iqbal Irfany, Aisyah As-Salafiyah and Marco Tieman

This paper aims to study research performance in halal supply chains. This study identifies the leading scholars, research themes and leading journals.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study research performance in halal supply chains. This study identifies the leading scholars, research themes and leading journals.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopts the bibliometric method. A total of 228 research publications indexed by Scopus were analysed. The export data are then processed and analysed using the R Biblioshiny application program to find out the bibliometric map of the halal supply chain.

Findings

Research in halal supply chain has experienced fast growth since 2016, dominated by food-centric research by Malaysian universities. Research gaps are topics: halal procurement, halal clusters and halal value chain; industry: non-food; and countries: beyond Malaysia. Future expected halal supply chain trending research areas are: halal blockchains, halal supply chain management, halal performance, halal risk management and sustainability in halal supply chains.

Research limitations/implications

This research paper adopts a bibliometric method based on English publications on the halal supply chain theme from the Scopus database collected on November 1, 2021. Publications in local languages, as well as publications in non-academic journals, are being ignored in this research.

Practical implications

This study shows that halal supply chain management is an emerging requirement, is complex to manage for brand owners and needs new concepts and tools for halal industries to embrace a halal supply chain and value chain approach.

Originality/value

This study provides an objective evaluation of the research progress in halal supply chains; this study highlights the achievements and the research gaps and discusses the contribution to the scientific community.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 14 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 June 2023

Supriono, Mohammad Iqbal, Andriani Kusumawati and Muhamad Robith Alil Fahmi

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between tourism authenticity and tourism experience and its implications for tourists' intention to make repeat visits…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between tourism authenticity and tourism experience and its implications for tourists' intention to make repeat visits in the context of cultural festivals.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses descriptive quantitative and partial least square analysis by discussing six direct and five indirect relationships in the model. This study used a purposive sampling technique, with a total sample of 189 respondents who were collected through a survey of tourists who had visited the Reog Ponorogo National Festival. This study uses SmartPLS SEM to analyze the data.

Findings

The results show that this study extends its practical, policy and theoretical implications to cultural festival stakeholders. In addition, the findings of this study indicate that objective and constructive authenticity have a positive and significant effect on tourist experience. Meanwhile, tourist experience has a positive and significant effect on revisit intention. The mediating role of tourist experience also has a positive and significant effect.

Originality/value

Event tourism that favors the culture of local wisdom shows originality and becomes an attraction for tourists to visit which affects experience and revisit intention. This study focuses on the attributes of authenticity to tourist experience and revisit intention, in which tourist experience acts as a mediation.

Details

International Journal of Event and Festival Management, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1758-2954

Keywords

1 – 10 of 464