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Expert briefing
Publication date: 14 September 2018

President Abdulla Yameen, who earlier this year arrested two Supreme Court judges while imposing a state of emergency, will be aiming to retain power. Yameen faces a…

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DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB238474

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Executive summary
Publication date: 19 November 2019

MALDIVES: Reform will increase confidence in judiciary

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DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-ES247875

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 4 October 2017

Political instability and militant threat in the Maldives.

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DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB224864

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Geographic
Topical
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Executive summary
Publication date: 25 July 2017

MALDIVES: political instability will worsen

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DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-ES222404

ISSN: 2633-304X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Masood A. Badri, Mohamed Abdulla, Mohammed A. Kamali and Hamzeh Dodeen

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of many factors on student evaluation of teaching.

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1533

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of many factors on student evaluation of teaching.

Design/methodology/approach

The study analyzed 3,185 student evaluations of faculty from a newly accredited business program at the United Arab Emirates University using univariate and multi‐analysis of variance (ANOVA and MANOVA).

Findings

The findings support previous research regarding the existence of potential biasing factors. The results indicate that expected grade, actual grade, course level, class size, course timing, student gender and course subject significantly affect student evaluation of teaching.

Originality/value

Comparing individual faculty ratings regardless of other factors might not be fair. Our findings support the call of other researchers that ignoring these other factors may bias or make questionable the validity of student evaluation of teaching as a means of performance appraisal of faculty. Because of the possible existence of biasing factors in SET, there is a need to supplement it with other measures of teaching effectiveness

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International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2005

Masood A. Badri, Mohamed Abdulla and Abdelwahab Al‐Madani

The main objective of the study was to utilize SERVQUAL for identifying gaps in the chain of services provided by the information technology (IT) resources. SERVQUAL was…

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10192

Abstract

Purpose

The main objective of the study was to utilize SERVQUAL for identifying gaps in the chain of services provided by the information technology (IT) resources. SERVQUAL was applied to IT services in higher education institutions in the United Arab Emirates.

Design/methodology/approach

Because of the many concerns and reservations raised with regard to using perception scores or gap scores, the appropriateness of the SERVQUAL measure to verify the anticipated structure of the instrument was also examined. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the structure of the perception scores (performance‐based model) and the gap scores (performance minus expectation‐based model) were examined.

Findings

The evaluation of model‐fit provided mixed results, but, in general, the results favored the perception scores. However, some statistical fit‐tests suggested that both models lacked the features necessary for a good fit. On the other hand, based on their feedback, respondents felt that SERVQUAL is a useful indicator for IT center service quality in institutions of higher education. SERVQUAL identified gaps in service quality for the three institutions. Empirical results of SERVQUAL scores for the IT centers in the three institutions are also presented.

Originality/value

The paper reassesses the structure and validity of the SERVQUAL model given its wide use and criticism, and applies the model to an important set of related, yet distinct service organizations such as information technology centers.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 22 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Abubakr M. Suliman and Mohamed H. Abdulla

This paper aims to explore the role of work climate in influencing employees’ perceptions of intra‐individual conflict in a Middle Eastern context.

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8341

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the role of work climate in influencing employees’ perceptions of intra‐individual conflict in a Middle Eastern context.

Design/methodology/approach

A self‐administered questionnaire in which 600 employees were surveyed. The co‐opted participants were selected from 17 companies and represented top‐, middle‐ and bottom‐level management.

Findings

The findings revealed that feelings of frustration and perceptions of role and goal conflict among participants were largely determined by the factors of work climate.

Research limitations/implications

The sample represented only industrial and service sectors. The implications of the findings for researchers together with some future guidelines are discussed in the paper.

Practical implications

The paper provides practitioners with some advice about understanding and managing climate and conflict.

Originality/value

The paper is the first study in the Middle Eastern context that explores the link between the multifaceted concepts of climate and conflict.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 43 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2012

Ali A. Alraouf

The paper discusses current trends and future developments in the study of people-urban environment relations, with an emphasis on the concept of diversity within the Gulf…

Abstract

The paper discusses current trends and future developments in the study of people-urban environment relations, with an emphasis on the concept of diversity within the Gulf cities. This is explored in relation to: theoretical approaches, urban public spaces, people's lifestyles, social groups and inclusive urban environments. Contemporary Gulf cities are providing unique examples for research on urban diversity. Its demographic structure is distinctive for a minimum of 50% expatriates in overall population. Gulf cities are obliged to cope with such a compelling fact. The challenge is to move away from indifference and bring about better acceptance of others. On the relationship; city spaces and culture, the paper argues that traditional markets must be envisioned as spaces for cultural expressions. Traditional markets are a rich display of products and talents and a great opportunity to share and meet with people from same culture and others. Using comparative analysis approach juxtapositioning the selected cases, the paper confronts questions like what does Gulf urban diversity mean in the present. In addition, is diversity in urban spaces only a challenge to be dealt with or is there also economic potential that can be taken advantage of? How do we ensure that Gulf cities are indeed spaces of tolerance? How to give visibility to the spaces of marginalized groups, as these spaces are often ignored or worse, eliminated? How to preserve or regain spaces in the city for the expression of traditional cultures of those migrating from other regions or countries? The paper explores the socioeconomic and cultural mechanisms that can encourage inclusive pluralism in the Gulf cities' open spaces.

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Open House International, vol. 37 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Article
Publication date: 30 September 2021

Saman Bandara and Michael Falta

This paper aims to examine differential perceptions of lenders and investors on (1) the use, perceived usefulness, importance and adequacy of annual reports, (2) the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine differential perceptions of lenders and investors on (1) the use, perceived usefulness, importance and adequacy of annual reports, (2) the importance of qualitative characteristics (QCs) and (3) the perceived impact of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) on financial reporting quality (FRQ) in Sri Lanka.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire survey study of practising professionals consisting of Sri Lankan investors (N = 214) and lenders (N = 235).

Findings

In relation to (1), lenders and investors rank three out of ten information sources ahead of the remaining seven: both include annual reports and personal knowledge. However, the highest average response for lenders is direct communication with clients, and for investors, it is stock market publications. Within annual reports, both decision-makers identify financial statements as the most useful part. Concerning (2), they both identified understandability as the most important QC followed by timeliness. Relevance ranked last, surprisingly. In relation to (3), both groups perceived that the new IFRS reporting environment improved the FRQ compared to the previous Sri Lanka Accounting Standards regime.

Practical implications

Ranking understandability as the most important QC in terms of decision usefulness contradicts IASB's categorisation. The authors provide empirical data on the perceived degree of success of adopting IFRS in a developing economy.

Originality/value

The authors design a decision-oriented (lending vs investing) and context-specific (IASB's financial reporting framework) questionnaire to examine the perceptions of key capital providers separately on the issues mentioned above in “Purpose” within a developing economy. The survey fits into two aspects of the decision-useful theory: useful to make what decisions and useful to whom.

Details

Asian Review of Accounting, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1321-7348

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Article
Publication date: 26 October 2018

Rima Abdul Razzak, Mohamed Wael Mohamed, Abdulla Faisal Alshaiji, Abdulrahman Ahmed Qareeballa, Jeff Bagust and Sharon Docherty

Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) has produced heterogeneous and domain-specific effects on cognitive function. This study aims to investigate the effect of RIF on…

Abstract

Purpose

Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) has produced heterogeneous and domain-specific effects on cognitive function. This study aims to investigate the effect of RIF on verticality perception or estimation of subjective visual vertical (SVV) in young adults. The significance of SVV is that it is essential for spatial orientation, upon which many daily activities depend.

Methodology

Verticality perception was assessed with a computerized rod and frame test (CRFT) in two visual conditions: without a surrounding frame and with a distracting tilted frame. The tilted frame condition measures level of visual dependence or reliance of visual cues for posture and orientation. In total, 39 young adult men were recruited at different stages of Ramadan fasting: 21 were tested at the end of the first week (Week 1) and 18 others at the end of the third week (Week 3) of Ramadan. Also, 39 participants were recruited to serve as a non-fasting control group. Factorial ANOVA analyses were conducted to identify the main effects of fasting status, time-of-day and the interaction between them on blood glucose levels, nocturnal sleep duration and vertical alignment errors.

Findings

The main effect of fasting status on glucose level was significant (p = 0.03). There was a significant time-of-day main effect on glucose levels (p = 0.007) and sleep duration (p = 0.004) only in fasting participants. Neither the main effects of fasting status nor time-of-day were significant for rod alignment errors in both visual conditions. The interaction of fasting status and time-of-day was not significant either. This may indicate that any negative effect of Ramadan fasting on activities that are critically dependent on verticality perception and spatial orientation, such as sports and driving, may not be due to verticality misperception.

Originality

The present study was the first to investigate the effect of Ramadan fasting on spatial orientation. It demonstrated robustness of verticality perception to fasting status and the point of fasting during Ramadan. Verticality perception was also unaffected by time-of-day effects in non-fasting and fasting groups at two different points of Ramadan. This study corroborates others reporting heterogeneous effects of Ramadan fasting on cognitive function.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 49 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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