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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1998

Muhammad al Hasan Biraima

This is a paper of methodological orientation. An attempt has been made to delineate the basic elements of a Qur'anic view of social reality as an integral part of the…

Abstract

This is a paper of methodological orientation. An attempt has been made to delineate the basic elements of a Qur'anic view of social reality as an integral part of the worldview of the Qur'an. The theoretical frame thus derived from the Qur'an is then shown to lay the foundation for a universal theory of social science. A theory of action based on the concept of the righteous actor is contrasted with a theory of action based on the concept of the rational actor, the former representing Homo‐Islamicus, the second representing Homo‐economicus. The theory of action suggested rests on the work of Imam al Shatibi on the purposes (magasid) of Shari'ah, which is shown to emanate logically from the Qur'anic view of social reality suggested by the author.

Details

Humanomics, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Ernest Alan Buttery and Ewa Maria Richter

Machiavellian principles are deemed to be applicable to our modern enterprises and have been said to offer critical advice to, and decisive discourse on, management…

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8200

Abstract

Machiavellian principles are deemed to be applicable to our modern enterprises and have been said to offer critical advice to, and decisive discourse on, management thought and education. The paper revisits Machiavelli’s original arguments and examines these in the light of modern management theory. In particular, the paper scrutinizes the theory for relevance to today’s enterprise given that it was conceived in an era of competitive fragmentation of the Renaissance. The authors comment on a number of topics on which Machiavelli has offered advice, including takeovers of principalities, change, alliances, governance, and leadership principles for applicability to business. The paper concludes that the best way to manage complex business organizations is not through corrupting best management practice with the ideology of Machiavelli but to foster visionary well communicated business principles and practices.

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Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 24 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

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Book part
Publication date: 18 August 2006

David V. Day and Brian W. Tate

There has been much discussion and exhortation regarding the need for continuous learning in organizations. We examine why this is still an unresolved issue in most…

Abstract

There has been much discussion and exhortation regarding the need for continuous learning in organizations. We examine why this is still an unresolved issue in most organizations by identifying some of the most prevalent obstacles to continuous learning. General issues are discussed that are associated with the schematic nature of human information processing, as well as the fragile nature of the experiential learning cycle, especially as it pertains to action. We conclude with an emergent multi-level framework that is organized around personal, relational, and structural obstacles to continuous learning in organizations. Removing as many obstacles as possible to individual, team, and organization learning appears to be a promising way to begin to move organizations from the state of relative vulnerability with regard to continuous learning to one of resilience.

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Multi-Level Issues in Social Systems
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-432-4

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

Salman Ahmed Shaikh, Mohd Adib Ismail, Abdul Ghafar Ismail, Shahida Shahimi and Muhammad Hakimi Mohd. Shafiai

This paper aims to integrate Islamic and mainstream economics framework towards a more realistic understanding of Muslim consumption behaviour.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to integrate Islamic and mainstream economics framework towards a more realistic understanding of Muslim consumption behaviour.

Design/methodology/approach

The model incorporates some of the Islamic institutions like period-wise deduction of Zakat from endowments. It also includes bequests which could be significant given the Islamic injunctions on inheritance distribution and the significance placed on the institution of family. Furthermore, the model integrates the assumption that consumption opportunity set will axiomatically filter out the prohibited consumption goods from the consumption set in both contemporaneous and inter-temporal consumption.

Findings

Zakat ensures contemporaneous redistribution from endowment surplus households (those having Zakatable endowments above Nisab) to endowment-deficient households (those having Zakatable endowments below Nisab). The lifetime resources are scaled down for endowment surplus households because of the payment of Zakat in both periods and leaving bequests in old-age period, while the lifetime resources are scaled up for endowment deficient households because of the receipt of Zakat in both periods and receiving the bequests in youth.

Originality/value

The authors show how some of the Islamic principles and institutions can be integrated in the mainstream economics framework, especially in research studies where the objective is to understand and describe reality rather than persuasion and idealization.

Details

Humanomics, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Article
Publication date: 8 June 2015

hossein emari

– This study aims to propose a new construct – prodigality and develop a measurement scale to support the construct.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to propose a new construct – prodigality and develop a measurement scale to support the construct.

Design/methodology/approach

Combining the paradigms of Churchill, Malhotra and Birks, the item generation and content validity yielded the development of a modified scale. Three main steps in assessment of the scale: dimensional structure, reliability and validity led to the development of a prodigality scale. A total of 32 items were generated, through assessing Qur’anic verses that are related to Muslim consumption patterns linked to in Islam.

Findings

In total, 23 items remained after content validity. A pre-test using exploratory factor analysis on the 23-item scale created a two-factor scale. According to extracted validity and reliability scores, prodigality scale was statistically supported. A pool of nine items is proposed for the eventual measurement of the prodigality.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed measurement scale warrants further exploratory study. Future research should assess the validity across different Muslim geographies and Islamic schools of thought and practice.

Originality/value

Prodigality is proposed as a new construct that focuses primarily on the Qur’an and seeks to achieve relevance and acceptance by both Sunni and Shia denominations. The measurement scale is believed to extend the existing body of literature and contribute new knowledge on Muslim consumption.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

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Article
Publication date: 14 September 2010

Madhu Viswanathan, Carlos Torelli, Sukki Yoon and Hila Riemer

This paper aims to study English as second language (ESL) consumers in the USA. The authors seek to focus on consumers who are literate in their native country, yet akin…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study English as second language (ESL) consumers in the USA. The authors seek to focus on consumers who are literate in their native country, yet akin to fish out of water due to language difficulties and unfamiliarity with the marketplace.

Design/methodology/approach

Using qualitative interviews of 31 informants and shopping observations of a small subset, the authors examined cognitive predilections, decision making, emotional trade‐offs, and coping strategies of ESL consumers.

Findings

The findings relate to cognitive predilections, decision making and emotional trade‐offs, and coping strategies of ESL consumers.

Originality/value

The authors analyze ESL consumers from a situational literacy perspective, viewing the situations faced by ESL consumers in terms of functional literacy skills. The findings provide a variety of new insights, and have important theoretical and practical implications for theory and practice.

Details

Journal of Consumer Marketing, vol. 27 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0736-3761

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Alton Chua

Examines the dynamics of knowledge sharing using the multi‐person game‐theoretic framework. Proposes that an individual’s knowledge sharing tendency is driven by a set of…

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6045

Abstract

Examines the dynamics of knowledge sharing using the multi‐person game‐theoretic framework. Proposes that an individual’s knowledge sharing tendency is driven by a set of contextualised concerns and interests not unlike the notion of payoff in game theory. Furthermore, the decision to share or withhold knowledge depends on that which yields a higher payoff. With this premise, submits two objectives. One is to investigate if an individual’s perceived payoff of sharing knowledge is contingent on the knowledge sharing behaviour of others. The other is to analyse the perceived payoff of knowledge sharing and determine if it can be characterised by an archetypical game in the game‐theoretic model. An empirical study was conducted among nearly 100 students in a local institute of higher education. The scope was confined to the students’ willingness to post asynchronous entries to an electronic discussion forum. Finds that the individual student’s perceived payoff of sharing knowledge was contingent on the knowledge sharing behaviour of others. Furthermore, the perceived payoff of knowledge sharing among them could be characterised by a multi‐person assurance game. In conclusion, discusses three implications for managers who aim to sustain asynchronous knowledge sharing in their organisations.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 55 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 15 August 2018

Ruby Saine, Carlin A. Nguyen, Ali Besharat and Philip J. Trocchia

When consumers imagine themselves in various consumption scenarios, they can do so from the actor or the observer perspective. These different vantage points are known as…

Abstract

Purpose

When consumers imagine themselves in various consumption scenarios, they can do so from the actor or the observer perspective. These different vantage points are known as imagery perspectives. This paper aims to investigate how imagery perspectives can influence consumers’ decisions to stay with the status quo (default option) or to switch to an alternative.

Design/methodology/approach

A series of four experimental design studies were conducted in both lab and online settings to study consumers’ switching tendency and choice. The empirical testing involved products, brands and services, including cameras (Study 1), vacation hotels (Study 2), toilet paper (Study 3) and food (Study 4).

Findings

The authors demonstrate that compared with actor imagery that tends to perpetuate the default product and brand choice, observer imagery increases consumers’ tendency to change and switch to new products and brands.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the methods used in empirical testing, the research results may lack generalizability.

Practical implications

Marketers spend a considerable amount of resources in an attempt to get consumers to switch products and brands. The results of this paper shed light on how marketers can promote switching behaviors through imagery perspective.

Originality/value

The research contributes to the streams of research in mental imagery, de-biasing and status quos, which have progressed in isolation from one another to date. This research is one of the first to investigate imagery perspective in the context of choice architecture.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 52 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1990

D. Raitt

I was reading the first issue of Multimedia Review the other day and came across a description of the ‘wisdom continuum’ coined by John Joss, an aviation journalist. The…

Abstract

I was reading the first issue of Multimedia Review the other day and came across a description of the ‘wisdom continuum’ coined by John Joss, an aviation journalist. The continuum flows from data, which holds no information by itself, to information, which is data organised within a greater structure of context or meaning, thence to knowledge, which is the integration and application of informational entities such that solutions to problems can be found, and finally to wisdom, which is procedural knowledge enriched with experience (Traub 1990).

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 28 August 2021

Laily Dwi Arsyianti and Salina Kassim

This paper aims to investigate low-income households in Indonesia with regard to their perspective on charity-giving and its comparison with acquiring debt behavior as…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate low-income households in Indonesia with regard to their perspective on charity-giving and its comparison with acquiring debt behavior as their tendencies on taking and giving behaviors toward monetary form. The research framework is seen from the Islamic perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

Theory of social production function and theory of planned behavior are used as a theoretical framework. A total of 98.89% of the distributed questionnaires were collected and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Behavior of giving charity and acquiring debt are compared according to the given determinants.

Findings

Under the given Islamic framework, charity is found to be not confined to the donor’s wealth. It is rather centered on religiosity and faith. Subjective norm does not influence intention toward charity. Hence, it only depends on consideration and awareness of a person toward regular giving of charity. Unlike debt that is confined by a person’s wealth, the intention to take debt consecutively of low-income households are also affected by their attitudes, significant others and experiences.

Research limitations/implications

Respondents are residents of six Indonesian territories that represent West, Middle and East Indonesia.

Practical implications

Findings are useful for social, as well as microfinance practitioners who are interested in the financial education on low-income households and study their perspective and behavior.

Social implications

This paper indirectly contributes to changing the perspective of society about charity-giving, especially in philanthropy subject. This paper is also highly recommended for regulator’s input on financial education, as well as for practitioners, consultants and educators.

Originality/value

Charity basically can assist low-income households experiencing financial hardship, which may be the consequence of consecutive taking debt. Most of the studies on charity-giving focus on high-income households, likewise the debt behavior. Charity-giving in voluntary form is also not widely discussed in view of behavior, specifically in Asian countries like Indonesia.

Details

International Journal of Ethics and Systems, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9369

Keywords

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