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Article
Publication date: 18 January 2016

Lee W. Munnich and Michael Iacono

This study aims to advance the state of knowledge of the relationship between transportation and economic development by investigating how firms in competitive industry…

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to advance the state of knowledge of the relationship between transportation and economic development by investigating how firms in competitive industry clusters use transportation networks and what role those networks play in the competitiveness of these clusters.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach combines quantitative and qualitative techniques to geographically identify competitive industry clusters and to investigate the role of transportation. The US Cluster Mapping tool is used to identify competitive clusters by employment location quotients in 25 Minnesota metropolitan and micropolitan regions. A total of 12 competitive clusters were selected for further study, and in-depth interviews and site visits were conducted with businesses in each cluster to explore the competitive importance of different modes of transportation.

Findings

Minnesota’s economic competitiveness is dependent on a well-functioning transportation system in all modes – truck, air, rail, and water. Access to global markets requires rail and truck to reach coastal ports. Air transportation is critical for high-value, low-weight, time-sensitive products such as medical devices or Mayo lab testing samples. Air service is important for customers at Minneapolis – St. Paul, St. Cloud, and Rochester, Duluth, as well as other Minnesota cities. Highway access and reliability is critical for key statewide clusters such as processed food and heavy machinery.

Research limitations/implications

Study limitations include the representativeness of company interviews in generalizing for a cluster and industry employment as a measure of competitiveness.

Practical implications

These methods can yield valuable insights into how transportation functions as an input within competitive industry clusters and how it can inform economic development strategies tailored to certain locations and industries.

Originality/value

This is a first-of-its kind study using industry clusters as a framework for examining the role that transportation plays in economic competitiveness.

Details

Competitiveness Review, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Thomas F. Stinson

State and federal revenues fell well short of projections in 2002. While revenues normally turn down in a recession, those revenue shortfalls were much greater than would…

Abstract

State and federal revenues fell well short of projections in 2002. While revenues normally turn down in a recession, those revenue shortfalls were much greater than would have been expected given how mild the 2001 recession turned out to be. This paper examines some of the reasons for the large forecast variances observed in recent years using specific examples from forecasts made for the state of Minnesota. Key factors identified include inaccurate forecast for U.S. economic growth; inadequate, untimely and inaccurate data; imperfect models; and unrecognized changes in the structure of the economy. These factors came together and reinforced each other, ultimately producing a larger reduction in state revenues than could have been anticipated in advance.

Details

Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1096-3367

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2000

Caroline Lilyard and Anita M. Anderson

Briefly highlights the recent lawsuit between the state of Minnesota and seven corporations or organizations promoting the sale of tobacco. Sources for research on the…

Abstract

Briefly highlights the recent lawsuit between the state of Minnesota and seven corporations or organizations promoting the sale of tobacco. Sources for research on the Minnesota lawsuit, and other tobacco litigation, are noted, in particular the Minnesota Document Depository, which houses previously undisclosed tobacco industry documents. It concludes with an Appendix of the timeline and players in the Minnesota tobacco trial from 1994‐1998.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 September 2018

Leah Qubty, Basil Aboul-Enein, Lori Bechard, Joshua Bernstein and Joanna Kruk

Somalia is an East African nation with a history of civil unrest that produced a significant influx of refugees in the USA in the last 25 years. Between 2000 and 2010, 40…

Abstract

Purpose

Somalia is an East African nation with a history of civil unrest that produced a significant influx of refugees in the USA in the last 25 years. Between 2000 and 2010, 40 percent of all US Somali refugees settled in Minnesota, which produces new cultural and health challenges for local communities and the state government. One such challenge is vitamin D deficiency, or hypovitaminosis D (Hv-D). Hv-D is developed through insufficient exposure to sunlight and low nutrient intake leading to increased risk for weakness and inflammation, oral health problems, diabetes, cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases and malignancies. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

In this narrative review, demographic, geographic and cultural information about Somali immigration are discussed.

Findings

Recent data suggest Somalis living in northern climates (Minnesota, the USA, Helsinki, Finland, Sweden and the UK) experience significant deficiencies in vitamin D. Vitamin D is stimulated by ultraviolet light exposure, a balanced and healthy diet, and dietary supplementation. High unemployment rates affecting access to health information and clinical services, significant cultural differences and climate differences pre-dispose this population to Hv-D. Health education and health promotion programming at the community and state levels in Minnesota should recognize the risk factors associated with Hv-D and the vulnerability of Somali refugees.

Originality/value

Current and future health programming should be re-assessed for adequate attention to vitamin D deficiency and cultural competency associated with the Somali immigrant population.

Details

International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-4902

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 September 2003

Brijdeep S. Bhasin, Thorunn Bjarnadottir, Varsha N. Das, Maia M. Dock, Emily E. Pullins, Jon R. Rosales, Suzanne Savanick, David M. Stricherz and Lark A. Weller

The second Earth Summit renewed attention to sustainable development and environmental concerns worldwide; in our university, however, attention has been minimal. In…

1566

Abstract

The second Earth Summit renewed attention to sustainable development and environmental concerns worldwide; in our university, however, attention has been minimal. In response, several campus organizations collaborated to raise awareness on campus and in the local community by hosting a year‐long, nine‐event series of speakers and panels, each related to a chapter of Agenda 21. In addition to raising awareness among our constituency, we sought to increase our initiative's sustainability. Towards these ends, we developed 11 objectives, monitoring our success at achieving these objectives throughout the year by using surveys of participants, panelists, and collaborators. Here we reflect on the series’ impact based on evaluation analyses, and an assessment of how well we reached our goals. We close this paper with a discussion of our case study as a means to evolve sustainability interests at institutions of higher education into functional sustainability networks, initiatives and educational programs.

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1996

Jan Feye‐Stukas

In the past two decades there has been enormous growth and change in library services in Minnesota due primarily to the automation of major library functions: catalogs…

Abstract

In the past two decades there has been enormous growth and change in library services in Minnesota due primarily to the automation of major library functions: catalogs, circulation, and reference (see sidebar). In Minnesota, just over half of the population is concentrated into the seven‐county Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, and just under half of the population is spread over 80 counties with few other large or medium‐sized cities. Minnesota is unique, however, in that no areas of the state lack free access to public library services. Furthermore, because of a statewide reciprocal borrowing compact, 99.5 percent of the population has free access to the services and resources of any public library in the state.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 14 no. 2/3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Article
Publication date: 31 August 2020

Michael Behan, Tanjila Nawshin, Samuel Nemanich, Jesse Kowalski, Ellen Sutter, Sunday Francis, Janet Dubinsky, Rebecca Freese, Kyle Rudser and Bernadette Gillick

Recruitment for pediatric non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) studies is often challenged by low enrollment. Understanding parental perceptions regarding NIBS is crucial…

Abstract

Purpose

Recruitment for pediatric non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) studies is often challenged by low enrollment. Understanding parental perceptions regarding NIBS is crucial to develop new communication strategies to increase enrollment.

Design/methodology/approach

Integrating a crossed-disciplinary approach, the authors conducted a survey at the 2018 Minnesota State Fair querying the perception of risk and preferences of current and future parents associated with pediatric NIBS research. The survey consisted of 28 closed-text questions including demographics, photographs portraying NIBS, terminologies and factors related to NIBS studies.

Findings

Complete surveys were analyzed from 622 parent participants. A significant number of participants (42.8%) perceived the photographs of NIBS as “risky.” Additionally, 65.43% perceived the term “Non-invasive brain therapy” as not risky, a word combination not currently being used when recruiting potential participants. Over 90% (561/622) of participants chose the photograph of child-friendly MRI suite.

Research limitations/implications

Although this survey identified aspects crucial in recruitment for pediatric NIBS research, there were limitations. For example, the authors did not record the sex or demographic distribution (e.g. rural versus urban setting) of the participants. These factors may also influence recruitment messaging.

Originality/value

For important medical research to impact and improve the lives of the potential remedies, participation by the public in clinical trials is necessary. Often the general public perceives the trials as risky as a result of poor marketing communication recruitment material. This study sought to be understood if how the message is encoded has an impact on the decoding by the receiver.

Details

International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6123

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 4 September 2003

Arch G. Woodside and Marcia Y. Sakai

A meta-evaluation is an assessment of evaluation practices. Meta-evaluations include assessments of validity and usefulness of two or more studies that focus on the same…

Abstract

A meta-evaluation is an assessment of evaluation practices. Meta-evaluations include assessments of validity and usefulness of two or more studies that focus on the same issues. Every performance audit is grounded explicitly or implicitly in one or more theories of program evaluation. A deep understanding of alternative theories of program evaluation is helpful to gain clarity about sound auditing practices. We present a review of several theories of program evaluation.

This study includes a meta-evaluation of seven government audits on the efficiency and effectiveness of tourism departments and programs. The seven tourism-marketing performance audits are program evaluations for: Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee, Minnesota, Australia, and two for Hawaii. The majority of these audits are negative performance assessments. Similarly, although these audits are more useful than none at all, the central conclusion of the meta-evaluation is that most of these audit reports are inadequate assessments. These audits are too limited in the issues examined; not sufficiently grounded in relevant evaluation theory and practice; and fail to include recommendations, that if implemented, would result in substantial increases in performance.

Details

Evaluating Marketing Actions and Outcomes
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-046-3

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Rebekah Pratt, Ayan Fadumo, Mikow Hang, Sirad Osman and Nancy Raymond

Somali immigrants are a strong, vibrant community in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota. However, the legacy of resettlement and the challenges of adjustment can lead to…

Abstract

Purpose

Somali immigrants are a strong, vibrant community in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota. However, the legacy of resettlement and the challenges of adjustment can lead to complex physical and mental health challenges. The Somali community is considered to be underserved, particularly with regard to mental health, but the health system must understand the perception of mental health in the Somali community in order to address current disparities. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative research drew on the Social Ecological Model (SEM) and was conducted with the goal of learning more about how mental illness is perceived in the Somali community living in Minnesota. Four focus groups were held, with a total of 35 participants, 19 female and 16 male.

Findings

Several main themes emerged from the data. The community’s foundations of the perceptions of mental health inform and shape their perspective on mental illness, including the way mental illness is defined. Historical experiences, the impact of trauma, strong religious beliefs, and stigma toward mental illness influenced both the perceived causes of mental illness and views on seeking treatment.

Originality/value

This research suggests there is value in drawing on the SEM to as the perception of mental illness is both layered, and shaped by the Somali community’s historical and social context. Forming community partnerships that address concerns about mental illness are essential next steps toward improving mental health in the Somali community. These partnerships should build on existing community assets, particularly religious leaders.

Details

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-9894

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1986

Joanne Hart

As old familiar publishing houses transmogrify into the diversified corporate structure these days, trade books are being contrived in board rooms with markets in mind…

Abstract

As old familiar publishing houses transmogrify into the diversified corporate structure these days, trade books are being contrived in board rooms with markets in mind, with profits prefigured, and with primary attention to the work's suitability as a product. At the same time, in the last ten to fifteen years, the alternative, independent publishers, often so small as to be called “family operations,” have grown in number and are taking the risks big commerce, oddly enough, cannot afford. With the purchase of small press and alternative works in all media, libraries can acquire value beyond the actual materials costs: new ideas, information ignored by commercial interests, unpublicized exciting artists, works of regional interest, minority press, materials in daring or experimental forms. All of these are likely to be considered unprofitable by large publishers.

Details

Collection Building, vol. 7 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0160-4953

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