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Article
Publication date: 19 October 2010

Aki Sugano, Mika Ohta, Tsuyoshi Oda, Kenji Miura, Shuji Goto, Masako Matsuura, Eiichi Maeda, Toshiko Ohshima, Yuji Matsumoto and Yutaka Takaoka

The authors develop a program, named eBraille, to translate Japanese text into braille and thereby generate braille documents easily. Public access to this program is…

Abstract

Purpose

The authors develop a program, named eBraille, to translate Japanese text into braille and thereby generate braille documents easily. Public access to this program is provided to anyone via the Internet. The paper aims to evaluate the translation accuracy of the eBraille program.

Design/methodology/approach

eBraille is a CGI program that is accessible via a web browser. The core of the program is a braille translating engine called the Kobe University Intelligent Braille Engine for ChaSen (KUIC). It is based on Japanese Braille Transcription Rules (Japanese Braille Committee, 2001). To evaluate the translation accuracy of eBraille, a corpus was utilized that was created from ordinary text and braille newspaper articles.

Findings

The paper finds that eBraille translation accuracy is equivalent to or better than that of other stand‐alone braille translation programs. This result suggests that the program achieved the goal of being applicable for practical use. In addition, the program is utilized to make Kobe University Hospital brochures in braille for outpatients and inpatients. The brochures are available in the hospital and are favorably accepted by the blind and the visually impaired. This result suggests that the translation program can facilitate accessibility to information for patients.

Originality/value

The braille translation program is based on a client‐server system and is architecture‐independent. Moreover, it is a free system for creating braille text files for anyone who has access to a web browser.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 29 July 2014

Mika Morishima, Koya Kishida, Takashi Uozumi and Masayoshi Kamijo

In Japan, one of the countermeasures used to avoid the symptoms of hay fever (HF) is a hygiene mask; however, a mask can cause discomfort. The authors believe that…

Abstract

Purpose

In Japan, one of the countermeasures used to avoid the symptoms of hay fever (HF) is a hygiene mask; however, a mask can cause discomfort. The authors believe that co-occurrence analysis, which has been widely in the sciences, will be valuable to this issue. The purpose of this paper is to identify problems associated with the use of hygiene masks and recommend improvements in their function and comfort. The goal of this study was to obtain information for the development of effective hygiene masks for HF sufferers and therefore, improve their quality of life.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted a survey of university students with HF (n=1,519) to identify problems with hygiene masks. Students completed self-report questionnaires and co-occurrence analyses were used to examine the data from a holistic perspective. Moreover, technical data, relative to the problems of wearing a mask were acquired experimentally using thermal, hygroscopic, and airflow properties.

Findings

Among Japanese university students, hygiene masks were the most popular countermeasure against HF symptoms. In addition, it was found that wearing a mask was not influenced of the type of symptoms. Most problems were related to the masks’ thermal, hygroscopic, and airflow properties.

Originality/value

The paper proposed the use of co-occurrence analysis to analyze problems with hygiene masks. Most problems appear to be related to the thermal, hygroscopic, and airflow properties of the masks. Moreover, such phenomena have been experimentally demonstrated.

Details

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6222

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 August 2014

Yu-Ting Cheng and Chih-Ching Yang

Constructing a fuzzy control chart with interval-valued fuzzy data is an important topic in the fields of medical, sociological, economics, service and management. In…

Abstract

Purpose

Constructing a fuzzy control chart with interval-valued fuzzy data is an important topic in the fields of medical, sociological, economics, service and management. In particular, when the data illustrates uncertainty, inconsistency and is incomplete which is often the. case of real data. Traditionally, we use variable control chart to detect the process shift with real value. However, when the real data is composed of interval-valued fuzzy, it is not feasible to use such an approach of traditional statistical process control (SPC) to monitor the fuzzy control chart. The purpose of this paper is to propose the designed standardized fuzzy control chart for interval-valued fuzzy data set.

Design/methodology/approach

The general statistical principles used on the standardized control chart are applied to fuzzy control chart for interval-valued fuzzy data.

Findings

When the real data is composed of interval-valued fuzzy, it is not feasible to use such an approach of traditional SPC to monitor the fuzzy control chart. This study proposes the designed standardized fuzzy control chart for interval-valued fuzzy data set of vegetable price from January 2009 to September 2010 in Taiwan obtained from Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan. Empirical studies are used to illustrate the application for designing standardized fuzzy control chart. More related practical phenomena can be explained by this appropriate definition of fuzzy control chart.

Originality/value

This paper uses a simpler approach to construct the standardized interval-valued chart for fuzzy data based on traditional standardized control chart which is easy and straightforward. Moreover, the control limit of the designed standardized fuzzy control chart is an interval with (LCL, UCL), which consists of the conventional range of classical standardized control chart.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 52 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

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