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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1991

Aris Persidis and Andreas Persidis

Today′s doctors require decision support aids to help them copewith the management of increasing amounts of medical information(records, research advances, new drugs)…

Abstract

Today′s doctors require decision support aids to help them cope with the management of increasing amounts of medical information (records, research advances, new drugs), make appropriate choices and even to substitute in an expert′s absence. Such aids exist in the form of medical expert systems, which are complex computer programs that emulate clinical reasoning. Expert systems consist of a knowledge base in which doctors expertise is encoded and an “inference engine” which manipulates that knowledge. A number of successful diagnostic, management and combined systems are in use but these are a small fraction of the total available. Preventing wider usage are difficulties in evaluation as well as in response time. Significant improvements in resource management can be obtained by the deployment of medical expert systems, so they are predicted to influence profoundly the future of health care in general practice and hospitals alike.

Details

Journal of Management in Medicine, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-9235

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2000

K.S. Metaxiotis and J.‐E. Samouilidis

From the very earliest moments in the modern history of the computer, scientists have dreamed of creating advanced systems which would simulate human meditation and…

Abstract

From the very earliest moments in the modern history of the computer, scientists have dreamed of creating advanced systems which would simulate human meditation and reasoning. Of all the modern technological quests, this research to create artificially intelligent computer systems has been one of the most ambitious and fascinating. Although attempts had been made more than 30 years ago to develop and apply such systems to the medical sciences, the field languished for decades. In this framework, this paper aims to share thoughts and estimations on the important role of expert systems in medicine and address their future as well as the trends that are foreseen in this area.

Details

Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-5227

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Article
Publication date: 24 September 2019

Madjid Tavana and Vahid Hajipour

Expert systems are computer-based systems that mimic the logical processes of human experts or organizations to give advice in a specific domain of knowledge. Fuzzy expert

Abstract

Purpose

Expert systems are computer-based systems that mimic the logical processes of human experts or organizations to give advice in a specific domain of knowledge. Fuzzy expert systems use fuzzy logic to handle uncertainties generated by imprecise, incomplete and/or vague information. The purpose of this paper is to present a comprehensive review of the methods and applications in fuzzy expert systems.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have carefully reviewed 281 journal publications and 149 conference proceedings published over the past 37 years since 1982. The authors grouped the journal publications and conference proceedings separately accordingly to the methods, application domains, tools and inference systems.

Findings

The authors have synthesized the findings and proposed useful suggestions for future research directions. The authors show that the most common use of fuzzy expert systems is in the medical field.

Originality/value

Fuzzy logic can be used to manage uncertainty in expert systems and solve problems that cannot be solved effectively with conventional methods. In this study, the authors present a comprehensive review of the methods and applications in fuzzy expert systems which could be useful for practicing managers developing expert systems under uncertainty.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1999

Future medical expert systems deal with medical expert systems with the following characteristics: (1) simulate the performance of several human experts; (2) deal with…

Abstract

Future medical expert systems deal with medical expert systems with the following characteristics: (1) simulate the performance of several human experts; (2) deal with patients having chronic diseases; (3) deal with patients having several diseases simultaneously. In this communication, the interactions of medical expert systems are discussed. Interactions regarding diet program, exercise program, and medication are presented with illustrative examples. Medication interactions, side‐effects, and new medications are also presented with examples.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 28 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1998

Edward T. Lee

Considers the interactions between expert systems designed for use in the fields of medicine. Outlines the consultation processes that should occur between systems

Abstract

Considers the interactions between expert systems designed for use in the fields of medicine. Outlines the consultation processes that should occur between systems. Discusses future interactive designs.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

Many researchers in cybernetics remain sceptical about the practical applications of expert systems to industrial problems. Apart from the much publicised medical expert

Abstract

Many researchers in cybernetics remain sceptical about the practical applications of expert systems to industrial problems. Apart from the much publicised medical expert systems, little information is available about the use of these systems in such fields as safety and reliability. It was therefore encouraging to see the report in ESRA (European Safety and Reliability Association) Newsletter Vol. 5, No. 1, 1988, pp. 14, of experience with expert systems to perform safety studies. Work carried out in 1985 by Électricité de France (EDF) showed that an important step forward towards automating reliability systems could be taken by using expert systems.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1986

Chris Paice

This paper examines the relevance of the expert systems approach to information retrieval. First, the purpose and nature of expert systems are outlined, and it is argued…

Abstract

This paper examines the relevance of the expert systems approach to information retrieval. First, the purpose and nature of expert systems are outlined, and it is argued that only in domains with relatively limited and clear‐cut rule‐sets will such systems be viable in the near future. The expert systems approach is then related to the provision of interfaces for OPACs and IR systems. Intermediary systems, designed to clarify through dialogue the terms of a client's information need, are described, and the prospects for such systems are discussed. It is argued that relatively straightforward ride‐sets should suffice, and that useful systems may therefore be available fairly soon. Since they could facilitate access to general as well as to specialised information, the potential demand for such systems would seem to be enormous.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 38 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 3 December 2020

Katy Kerrane, Andrew Lindridge and Sally Dibb

This paper aims to investigate how consumption linked with life transitions can differ in its potential to bring about ongoing liminality. By examining how consumers can…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate how consumption linked with life transitions can differ in its potential to bring about ongoing liminality. By examining how consumers can draw on overlapping systems of resources, different ways in which consumers negotiate ongoing liminality following the transition to motherhood are identified.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors conducted an interpretive, exploratory study using in-depth phenomenological interviews with 23 South Asian mothers living in the UK. The sample consisted of mothers at different stages of motherhood.

Findings

Following life transitions, consumers may encounter liminal hotspots at the intersection of overlapping systems of resources. The findings examine two liminal hotspots with differing potential to produce ongoing liminality. The study shows how consumers navigate these liminal hotspots in different ways, by accepting, rejecting and amalgamating the resources at hand.

Research limitations/implications

The research sample could have been more diverse; future research could examine liminal hotspots relating to different minority groups and life transitions.

Practical implications

Marketers need to examine the different ways in which consumers draw on different systems of resources following life transitions. The paper includes implications for how marketers segment, target and market to ethnic minority consumers.

Originality/value

Due to increasingly fluid social conditions, there are likely to be growing numbers of consumers who experience ongoing liminality following life transitions. A preliminary framework is presented outlining different ways that consumers negotiate ongoing liminality by drawing on overlapping systems of resources, broadening the understanding of the role that marketplace resources play beyond life transitions.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 55 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

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Article
Publication date: 12 June 2017

Murat Selek, Fatih Basçiftçi and Serkan Örücü

Malaria is one of the most sinister life-threatening disease and generally transmitted by the bite of an Anopheles mosquito which was infected. These mosquitoes carry the…

Abstract

Purpose

Malaria is one of the most sinister life-threatening disease and generally transmitted by the bite of an Anopheles mosquito which was infected. These mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. Worldwide risk of malaria thread is very hard to deal, because of extreme temperature and climate changes which lead to uncontrolled changes in the mosquito population, as many deaths from malaria occur outside the healthcare system and other infections might be misdiagnosed as malaria unless a diagnostic test is done. The purpose of this study is creating a system which is early diagnosing malaria for settlements adequate healthcare units and non-immune travellers.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study’s system, the authors developed a new medical expert system (MES) process using the decreased rule base to detect malaria. The authors’ purpose was to successfully identify the illness by taking all symptoms of malaria into consideration in the MES (six basic signs, 64 different conditions). In the proposed MES process, in place of inspecting all the malaria-related signs, the authors used the decreased rule bases.

Findings

So as to take the lessen decreased bases, Boolean functions are used in a two-level simplification method. Using this method, decreased cases were evaluated by taking six symptoms of malaria into account instead of assessing 64 individual conditions.

Research limitations/implications

The system can be used in diagnosis of asthma and chronic obstructive respiratory disease.

Practical implications

The system can be used in absence of adequate healthcare units. Thus, malaria can be diagnosed early.

Originality/value

The authors hope that the system they have developed will be useful for settlements in the absence of adequate healthcare units and non-immune travellers.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1997

Jay Liebowitz

Knowledge‐based and expert systems are quickly becoming an important component of knowledge organizations, enterprise knowledge management, and core competences. They are…

Abstract

Knowledge‐based and expert systems are quickly becoming an important component of knowledge organizations, enterprise knowledge management, and core competences. They are being used in various applications ranging from usage in the US White House to chemical plants worldwide. Presents an overview of expert systems technology and then specifically addresses their use in a critical domain ‐ life support systems.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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