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Article
Publication date: 31 January 2022

Sahar Sarkhosh-Khorasani, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Masoud Mirzaei and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh

Established data revealed a relationship between obesity and increasing the risk of mortality and morbidity of chronic diseases. There are conflicting data regarding the…

Abstract

Purpose

Established data revealed a relationship between obesity and increasing the risk of mortality and morbidity of chronic diseases. There are conflicting data regarding the association between adherence of dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) and obesity. Therefore, this study aims to investigate this relationship among a large sample of Iranian adults.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional study was performed by 10,693 individuals; 6750 individuals related to Yazd Health Study living in the urban area and 3943 individuals related to Shahedieh cohort study living in the suburb area. Dietary intake was evaluated by using a validated food frequency questionnaire. In all participants, anthropometric indices including body mass index were measured. The DASH score was considered using gender-specific quintiles of DASH items. To evaluate the relationship of DASH diet and obesity, multivariate logistic regression analysis was used.

Findings

By adjusting confounders, participants in highest quintiles of DASH diet were compared to the lowest have lower odds of obesity in suburb area (odds ratio [OR]: 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.63, 0.96), in urban (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.52, 0.99) and in whole population of both studies (OR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.63, 0.90). Besides, more compliance of women to this diet in urban (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.85) and population of both studies (OR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.62, 0.96) were associated with reduced odds of central obesity.

Research limitations/implications

Considering this study limitations, the following can be mentioned: in this cross-sectional study, the causal relationship between DASH diet and obesity could not be assessed. Consequently, further prospective studies are required in this area. Second, although a valid food frequency questionnaire was used, but there was a measurement error and an error in the classification of people participating in the study. Moreover, we cannot reject the possibility of residual confounding bias because unknown or unmeasured confounders may exist that affected our results. Finally, our participants with odds of obesity might have been advised to reduce their fat intake, which led them to alter their dietary habits. However, such possibility cannot be resolved in a cross-sectional study.

Originality/value

DASH dietary pattern could decrease odds of obesity in both urban and suburb area and central obesity in urban area only. Further prospective studies are needed for causal conclusion.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science , vol. 52 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 September 2020

Shirin Hassani Zadeh, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Masoud Mirzaei, Amin Salehi-Abargouei and Mahdieh Hosseinzadeh

Dietary intake is a modifiable risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the association between the Healthy Eating Index-2015…

Abstract

Purpose

Dietary intake is a modifiable risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the association between the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) and MetS.

Design/methodology/approach

MetS was diagnosed among 2,326 adults. Dietary intake was assessed by a validated food frequency questionnaire. The HEI-2015 was administered to assess the diet qualities. Multivariate logistic regression was also used to evaluate the relationship of HEI-2015 with MetS and its components.

Findings

The odds of MetS was lower in women who were in the third quintile of HEI-2015 compared with those in the first quintile after adjusting for age and energy intake (OR: 0.62, CI: 0.41 to 0.93). In addition, moderate adherence to HEI-2015 reduced the odds of high fasting blood glucose levels in both men and women (OR men: 0.30, CI: 0.11 to 0.85 OR women: 0.34, CI: 0.14 to 0.79). However, these relations were not linear. Adherence to HEI-2015 had no significant relationship with the prevalence of MetS and its components in the whole population.

Originality/value

A significant relationship was observed between moderate adherence to HEI-2015 and fasting blood glucose in both men and women. Moreover, moderate adherence to this dietary pattern decreased the prevalence of MetS in women.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science , vol. 51 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 October 2007

Masoud Mirzaei, Seyedeh Nasrin Hosseini and Jafar Roshanian

This paper's purpose is to deal with single point and multipoint optimization of an airfoil. The aim of the paper is to discuss optimization in several design points…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper's purpose is to deal with single point and multipoint optimization of an airfoil. The aim of the paper is to discuss optimization in several design points (multipoint optimization) and compare the results with those of optimization at a specified design point.

Design/methodology/approach

A gradient‐based method is adopted for optimization and the flow is governed by two dimensional, compressible Euler equations. A finite volume code based on unstructured grid is developed to solve the equations.

Findings

Two test cases are studied for an airfoil with initial profile of NACA0012, with two types of design variables. And at the end a multi‐point case is presented.

Originality/value

The advantage of this technique over the other gradient‐based methods is its high‐convergence rate.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 79 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

Masoud Mirzaei, Babak Najafie Nia and Abodollah Shadaram

This research aims to investigate numerically the influence of braking jets on separation process of a flying object.

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to investigate numerically the influence of braking jets on separation process of a flying object.

Design/methodology/approach

The flying object is at supersonic regime and axial separation of its stages is accomplished with the aid of braking jets of separated stage. The simulation is three‐dimensional and relative motion of the stages is considered three degree of freedom. Full Navier‐Stokes equations in conjunction with κε (RNG) turbulence model equations are considered as governing equations. These equations are solved using the finite volume technique. The separation process is analysed as an unsteady process and the problem is solved in a moving grid domain. The local remeshing method is adapted to regenerate computational cells around moving boundaries.

Findings

Time history of flow field around the vehicle components, time history of aerodynamic coefficients, and instantaneous relative position of the body components are the results of this research. Numerical modelling results are compared with the results of other references.

Originality/value

Most of the similar works in this area have used Euler or thin layer Navier‐Stokes (TLNS) equations as governing equations and the use of full Navier‐Stokes equations to analyse such a complicated problem (3D axial separation with braking jets) have not been reported in the literature. Since there are some recirculation zones inside the flow field and Euler or even TLNS equations cannot predict their behaviours, the use of full Navier‐Stokes equations may lead to more accurate prediction of these regions and aerodynamic forces.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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