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Article
Publication date: 12 June 2009

Masood A. Badri, Samaa Attia and Abdulla M. Ustadi

The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive structural equation based service quality and patient satisfaction model taking into account the patient's…

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3463

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive structural equation based service quality and patient satisfaction model taking into account the patient's condition before and after discharge. The authors aim to test for causality in a sample of patients from United Arab Emirates public hospitals.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected using questionnaires completed by adults discharged (n=244) from UAE public hospitals. The proposed model consists of five main constructs. Three represent service quality: quality of care (four variables); process and administration (four variables) and information (four variables). There is also one construct that represents patient's status (two variables – health status before admission and after discharge). Finally, there is one construct that represents patient's satisfaction with care (two variables – general and relative satisfaction). Structural equation modeling and LISREL using maximum likelihood estimation was used to test hypothesized model(s)/parameters(s) derived deductively from the literature.

Findings

The structural equation modeling representation provides a comprehensive picture that allows healthcare constructs and patient satisfaction causality to be tested. The goodness‐of‐fit statistics supported the healthcare quality‐patient status‐satisfaction model.

Originality/value

The model has been found to capture attributes that characterize healthcare quality in a developing country and could represent other modern healthcare systems. Also, it can be used to evaluate other healthcare practices from patients' viewpoints. The study highlights the importance of healthcare quality as patient satisfaction predictors by capturing other effects such as patient status.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 22 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 21 March 2008

Masood A. Badri, Samaa Taher Attia and Abdulla M. Ustadi

The purpose of this paper is to show that, although there has been some research to identify the dimensions on which healthcare quality and in‐patient satisfaction should…

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1252

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show that, although there has been some research to identify the dimensions on which healthcare quality and in‐patient satisfaction should be measured, the confirmation of constructs and indicators that constitute an overall care quality and satisfaction remains unclear. The objective is to present several models of service quality and satisfaction in healthcare for discharged patients; and to test those models in a sample of discharged patients in public hospitals in the United Arab Emirates.

Design/methodology/approach

A detailed in‐patient survey (using interviews) was used. Data were collected with questionnaires from adult discharges (n=244) in public hospitals in the UAE. Several structures are proposed and tested. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and LISREL SIMPLIS using maximum likelihood estimation were used to estimate and test the parameters of the hypothesized models derived deductively from the previous literature.

Findings

Several models (with one, two, three and four constructs) with different structures were tested using CFA. The final recommended model is based on three constructs – quality of care, process and administration, and information. The goodness‐of‐fit statistics supported the basic solution of the healthcare quality‐satisfaction model.

Originality/value

The model has been found to capture attributes that characterize healthcare quality in a developing country such as the UAE and could represent other modern healthcare systems. It can be used as a basis for evaluation in healthcare practices from discharges (in‐patients) point of view. The study highlights the importance of patients' satisfaction with care as predictors of quality of care. The results also confirm the construct validity of the previously discussed healthcare quality scales.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Masood A. Badri and John Hollingsworth

A need exists for a readily usable tool for different schedulingstrategies in an Emergency Room (ER) of a hospital. An ER simulationmodel incorporating the major…

Abstract

A need exists for a readily usable tool for different scheduling strategies in an Emergency Room (ER) of a hospital. An ER simulation model incorporating the major activities has been developed. The primary goals of such a tool are to assess the effectiveness of the current system and to improve the emergency room′s ability to anticipate the impact of various changes in patient throughput flow. The model allows the evaluation of “what if?” questions through changing the values of the variables and simulating the results. The ER simulation model determines the effects of changes in the scheduling practices, allocation of scarce resources, patient demand patterns, and priority rules for serving patients.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1995

Masood A. Badri, Donald L. Davis and Donna F. Davis

Due to increasing global competition, the issue ofcountry‐of‐origin has received a great deal of attention recently.Examines country‐of‐origin image stereotyping by…

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4091

Abstract

Due to increasing global competition, the issue of country‐of‐origin has received a great deal of attention recently. Examines country‐of‐origin image stereotyping by businesspeople in the Gulf States of the Middle East. Assesses the attitude of businesspeople toward various products of seven countries: the USA, Japan, Germany, England, France, Italy and Taiwan, that are the most active in the Gulf States. To develop effective global marketing strategies, firms require decisionmaking support in the form of information about the perception of their products in the international markets. The study found that country‐of‐origin stereotyping is present in the Gulf States market. The study provided evidence that “Made in the USA, Japan, and Germany” clearly emerged as most favoured countries of origin. In addition, the image of English products trailed behind products from other European countries except Italy. Profile differences were analyzed statistically. Age, education, sex, and income level were variously related to consumers′ attitudes to products made in different countries.

Details

Journal of Product & Brand Management, vol. 4 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1061-0421

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1995

Masood A. Badri, Donald L. Davis and Donna Davis

Investigates the industrial location decision behaviour of firms.The behaviour was determined by an examination of the firms′ attitudesmeasured on “location variables”…

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2273

Abstract

Investigates the industrial location decision behaviour of firms. The behaviour was determined by an examination of the firms′ attitudes measured on “location variables”. Firms representing various countries that actually located in an international industrial park and those that considered but did not locate in the park, provided a sample frame for the study. Three models were developed from the data that supplement or complement traditional approaches to industrial location analysis. The models provide a method for management of an existing industrial site to develop an appropriate marketing strategy for the target firms, and to plan modifications based on firms′ attitudes. For those considering the construction or alteration of an industrial site the models can provide additional insight into the planning and development of the facilities.

Details

International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2014

Masood A. Badri and Jihad Mohaidat

– The purpose of this paper is to validate the direction and strength of the relationships between school reputation, parental satisfaction and parental loyalty.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to validate the direction and strength of the relationships between school reputation, parental satisfaction and parental loyalty.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reports the findings of a survey of 806 parents from Schools in Abu Dhabi – the United Arab Emirates. The paper builds mainly on previous work of Skallerud (2011) on measurement of school reputations. Structural equation modelling was used to validate the reputation measure and to test the proposed relationships. The model hypothesised and tested relationships linking school reputation to parental satisfaction and loyalty.

Findings

The results show strong support for a satisfaction-reputation-loyalty model and confirmed the four-dimensional scale (parental orientation, learning quality, safe environment and good teachers) for assessment of parent-based school reputation. Evidence was found that parents’ satisfaction significantly affects the four reputation dimensions. However, only three constructs of parent orientation affected parental perception of school loyalty. Additional personal or demographic variables should be included to improve the model.

Research limitations/implications

The study was limited to parents of children attending public and private schools in Abu Dhabi. The model should be validated with other schools and in other Emirates and countries.

Practical implications

Identifying the antecedents of parent-based school reputation might aid school decision makers to better address parental satisfaction and loyalty. A careful examination of the causal relations between the various constructs could aid in crafting and implementing effective programs for increasing parental satisfaction and attracting future students.

Originality/value

The study adds to the limited body of research addressing the appropriate conceptualisation and measurement of school reputation. It also sheds light on a better understanding of the potential relationships among the constructs in the model.

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 28 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2005

Masood A. Badri, Mohamed Abdulla and Abdelwahab Al‐Madani

The main objective of the study was to utilize SERVQUAL for identifying gaps in the chain of services provided by the information technology (IT) resources. SERVQUAL was…

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10192

Abstract

Purpose

The main objective of the study was to utilize SERVQUAL for identifying gaps in the chain of services provided by the information technology (IT) resources. SERVQUAL was applied to IT services in higher education institutions in the United Arab Emirates.

Design/methodology/approach

Because of the many concerns and reservations raised with regard to using perception scores or gap scores, the appropriateness of the SERVQUAL measure to verify the anticipated structure of the instrument was also examined. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the structure of the perception scores (performance‐based model) and the gap scores (performance minus expectation‐based model) were examined.

Findings

The evaluation of model‐fit provided mixed results, but, in general, the results favored the perception scores. However, some statistical fit‐tests suggested that both models lacked the features necessary for a good fit. On the other hand, based on their feedback, respondents felt that SERVQUAL is a useful indicator for IT center service quality in institutions of higher education. SERVQUAL identified gaps in service quality for the three institutions. Empirical results of SERVQUAL scores for the IT centers in the three institutions are also presented.

Originality/value

The paper reassesses the structure and validity of the SERVQUAL model given its wide use and criticism, and applies the model to an important set of related, yet distinct service organizations such as information technology centers.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 22 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1995

Masood A. Badri, Donald Davis and Donna Davis

Saraph et al. systematically attempted to organize andsynthesize the various perceptions offered by other authors on thecritical factors of quality management. The authors…

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5806

Abstract

Saraph et al. systematically attempted to organize and synthesize the various perceptions offered by other authors on the critical factors of quality management. The authors provided a synthesis of the quality literature by identifying eight critical factors of quality management in a business unit. They stated that the measures were both valid and reliable. In the light of this, empirically tests their resulting instrument to a greater extent and from an international perspective. The instrument of the operational measures of the developed factors is tested for reliability and validity using data collected from 424 general managers and quality managers in the United Arab Emirates. Results provide strong evidence that the measures are judged to be both valid and reliable. The empirical replication on a more broadly based sample provides further corroboration of Saraph et al.’s results. Examines the level of practice of factors of quality management in the UAE. Suggests that better use of the instrument is accomplished when it is used jointly with other instruments that measure customer satisfaction.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2004

Masood A. Badri and Mohammed H. Abdulla

This paper examines how institutions of higher education might operationalize faculty performance evaluation in terms of research, teaching, and university and community…

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2905

Abstract

This paper examines how institutions of higher education might operationalize faculty performance evaluation in terms of research, teaching, and university and community service. An analytic hierarchy process model is developed and presented, allowing decision makers to couple performance evaluation and academic reward/awards and recognitions offered by institutions of higher education, and provides an objective way to compare faculty members. Weights are provided for each of the criteria in the evaluation process for a more objective outcome. Reward/award systems might include promotion decisions, merit pay, tenure, long‐term contracts, and annual reward/awards of excellence in research, teaching or service. The model might be used to make judgment on the qualification of candidates for such systems, and could be used on the department level, college level, or university‐wide level. In addition, the model could rank faculty members within each discipline or major. An illustrative example is provided of the model at the United Arab Emirates University.

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 18 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Masood A. Badri, Mohamed Abdulla, Mohammed A. Kamali and Hamzeh Dodeen

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of many factors on student evaluation of teaching.

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1533

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of many factors on student evaluation of teaching.

Design/methodology/approach

The study analyzed 3,185 student evaluations of faculty from a newly accredited business program at the United Arab Emirates University using univariate and multi‐analysis of variance (ANOVA and MANOVA).

Findings

The findings support previous research regarding the existence of potential biasing factors. The results indicate that expected grade, actual grade, course level, class size, course timing, student gender and course subject significantly affect student evaluation of teaching.

Originality/value

Comparing individual faculty ratings regardless of other factors might not be fair. Our findings support the call of other researchers that ignoring these other factors may bias or make questionable the validity of student evaluation of teaching as a means of performance appraisal of faculty. Because of the possible existence of biasing factors in SET, there is a need to supplement it with other measures of teaching effectiveness

Details

International Journal of Educational Management, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-354X

Keywords

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