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Article
Publication date: 16 September 2019

Martyn Harris, Mark Levene, Dell Zhang and Dan Levene

The purpose of this paper is to present a language-agnostic approach to facilitate the discovery of “parallel passages” stored in historic and cultural heritage digital archives.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a language-agnostic approach to facilitate the discovery of “parallel passages” stored in historic and cultural heritage digital archives.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors explore a novel, and relatively simple approach, using a character-based statistical language model combined with a tailored version of the Basic Local Alignment Tool to extract exact and approximate string patterns shared between groups of documents.

Findings

The approach is applicable to a wide range of languages, and compensates for variability in the text of the documents as a result of differences in dialect, authorship, language change over time and errors due to inaccurate transcriptions and optical character recognition errors as a result of the digitisation process.

Research limitations/implications

A number of case studies demonstrate that the approach is practical and generalisable to a wide range of archives with documents in different languages, domains and of varying quality.

Practical implications

The approach described can be applied to any digital archive of modern and contemporary texts. This makes the approach applicable to digital archives recording historic texts, but also those composed of more recent news articles, for example.

Social implications

The analysis of “parallel passages” enables researchers to quantify the presence and extent of text-reuse in a collection of documents, which can provide useful data on author style, text genres and cultural contexts.

Originality/value

The approach is novel and addresses a need by humanities researchers for tools that can identify similar documents and local similarities represented by shared text sequences in a potentially vast large archive of documents. As far as the authors are aware, there are no tools currently exist that provide the same level of tolerance to the language of the documents.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 76 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2016

Helen Willacy

– The purpose of this paper is to describe the impact of having a child with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the impact of having a child with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

Design/methodology/approach

The author explains the process her family has been through on their TSC journey.

Findings

Several themes emerge from the author’s story: a lack of awareness about relatively common conditions such as epilepsy; a dearth of accessible information provided to families; delays in identification/assessment and a lack of follow up on parents’ concerns; the wide range in the quality of advice provided from one professional/service to another; the extent to which parents have to advocate for their children and the importance of social support.

Originality/value

Few journal articles explore the impact of complex health conditions on families from their perspective and in their own words. This thought provoking viewpoint piece provides a powerful insight into the reality of having a child with TSC.

Details

Advances in Autism, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3868

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1978

Peter J. Taylor

In beginning its work at the end of the 1950s, the Aslib Research and Development Department inevitably faced the task of identifying the most significant problems for…

Abstract

In beginning its work at the end of the 1950s, the Aslib Research and Development Department inevitably faced the task of identifying the most significant problems for investigation, at the same time having the need to establish appropriate experimental techniques. Most of the projects undertaken since that time have dealt with current problems, and to an extent the advent of new technologies and techniques to the information world (mechanization in the 'sixties, management studies in the early 'seventies, on‐line working and publication problems in more recent years) is reflected in the work reported below. What follows is a complete bibliography of publications by members of the Department from its formation up to the end of 1977.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2016

Clare Pinkerton Stuart

Tuberous Sclerosis Australia (TSA) is a small rare disease organisation with a large scope. TSA was established in 1981 as a peer support organisation. Since then, its…

Abstract

Purpose

Tuberous Sclerosis Australia (TSA) is a small rare disease organisation with a large scope. TSA was established in 1981 as a peer support organisation. Since then, its role has evolved to meet the needs of its members: individuals living with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), their families and health professionals. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This case study describes the diverse activities of TSA which include, but are not limited to: the provision of information and support services; sponsorship of research and fostering a network of TSC health professionals. The benefits of collaborations forged under the umbrella organisation TSC International are highlighted.

Findings

The case study demonstrates some of the key challenges TSA faces, challenges shared by many similar health charities. These include: funding of health education and promotion activities; working with a large range of health professionals and the challenge of research fatigue.

Originality/value

There is little research published describing the work of small disease specific organisations similar to TSA. This case study provides insight for those collaborating with similar organisations including health professionals and researchers.

Details

Advances in Autism, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3868

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2016

Charlotte Tye, Kandice Varcin, Patrick Bolton and Shafali Spurling Jeste

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with a high prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet no single genetic, neurological or neurophysiological…

Abstract

Purpose

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with a high prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet no single genetic, neurological or neurophysiological risk marker is necessary or sufficient to increase risk for ASD. This paper aims to discuss the utility of adopting a developmental perspective.

Design/methodology/approach

The increasing number of TSC infants presenting with abnormalities prenatally provides a unique opportunity to study risk pathways to ASD from birth. Here, the authors review findings to date that support the investigation of infants with TSC to further our understanding of typical and atypical development.

Findings

Evidence has accumulated from studies of infants at familial risk for ASD (“baby siblings”) to suggest that early markers of ASD are present in the first year of life. The early waves of prospective studies of infants with TSC indicate dynamic changes in developmental trajectories to ASD and are likely to provide insight into cascading effects of brain “insult” early in development. Emerging evidence of phenotypic and biological homology between syndromic and idiopathic cases of ASD supports the notion of a convergence of risk factors on a final common pathway in ASD.

Originality/value

The delineation of brain-based biomarkers of risk, prediction and treatment response in TSC will be critical in aiding the development of targeted intervention and prevention strategies for those infants at high risk of poorer developmental outcomes.

Details

Advances in Autism, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-3868

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 9 May 2018

Katy Vigurs, Steven Jones, Julia Everitt and Diane Harris

This chapter draws on findings from a comparative, qualitative research project investigating the decision-making of different groups of English higher education students…

Abstract

This chapter draws on findings from a comparative, qualitative research project investigating the decision-making of different groups of English higher education students in central England as they graduated from a Russell group university (46 interviewees) and a Post-92 university (28 interviewees). Half of the students graduated in 2014 (lower tuition fees regime) and the other half graduated in 2015 (higher tuition fees regime). The students interviewed were sampled by socio-economic background, gender, degree subject/discipline and secondary school type. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore students’ future plans and perceptions of their future job prospects. Despite higher debt levels, the 2015 sample of Russell Group graduates from lower socio-economic backgrounds had a positive view of their labour market prospects and a high proportion had achieved either a graduate job or a place on a postgraduate course prior to graduation. This group had saved money whilst studying. The 2015 sample of Post-1992 University graduates (from both lower and average socio-economic backgrounds) were worried about their level of debt, future finances and labour market prospects. This chapter raises questions about whether a fairer university finance system, involving lower levels of debt for graduates from less advantaged backgrounds, might avoid some graduates’ transitions to adulthood being so strongly influenced by financial anxieties.

Details

Higher Education Funding and Access in International Perspective
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78754-651-6

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Article
Publication date: 7 July 2011

Marzena Świgoń

This paper seeks to organize the extensive field and to compile the complete list of information limits.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to organize the extensive field and to compile the complete list of information limits.

Design/methodology/approach

A thorough analysis of literature from the field beginning with the 1960s up to the present has been performed.

Findings

A universal typology of information limits has been proposed. A list of barriers mentioned in the literature of the subject has been compiled.

Research limitations/implications

The term “information limits” is not commonly used.

Originality/value

The complete list of information limits with bibliographical hints (helpful for future research) is presented.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 63 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 24 July 2020

Antonio Casanueva-Fernández and José Alberto Ross-Hernández

Senior managers seek to align managerial endeavors with the organization’s objectives. Traditionally, alignment has focused on monitoring and rewarding the achievement of…

Abstract

Senior managers seek to align managerial endeavors with the organization’s objectives. Traditionally, alignment has focused on monitoring and rewarding the achievement of assigned targets. However, there is evidence to suggest that organizations may also seek to align managerial “values” with those of the organization. These attempts to influence managerial mindsets through management control systems raise non-trivial questions regarding the systems involved, the reasons behind them, and the possible consequences of such attempts. These questions form the basis of this research, and this chapter reports on two case studies of Mexican organizations that claim to have a values-based philosophy. This study contributes to the management literature by presenting empirical evidence related to certain philosophical ideas on the development of human potential and senior managers’ attempts to influence their employees’ will. In detailing the implementation process of two specific value systems, this chapter fills a gap identified in the management control literature.

Details

Strategy, Power and CSR: Practices and Challenges in Organizational Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-973-6

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1991

Donald Evans, Martyn Evans and David Greaves

Health planners in Wales are developing the notion of “health gain” as the key to shaping health care provision in Wales over the coming decade. One of the twin components…

Abstract

Health planners in Wales are developing the notion of “health gain” as the key to shaping health care provision in Wales over the coming decade. One of the twin components of “health gain”, the idea of “adding life to years”, is both crucial and controversial. The assumptions behind, and the planning implications arising from, the notion of “adding life to years” are examined and it is argued that health gain is essentially plural, diverse and contested. It is concluded that planning for health gain offers both moral dangers and moral gains.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

David H. Sochart and Martyn L. Porter

The decision to offer joint replacement surgery should be viewed as entering into a long‐term relationship rather than a brief encounter. The rise of consumerism allied to…

Abstract

The decision to offer joint replacement surgery should be viewed as entering into a long‐term relationship rather than a brief encounter. The rise of consumerism allied to the expansion of general practitioner fund‐holding and implementation of the ‘Patients' Charter’ has resulted in increased pressures on outpatient clinics, and the interface between primary and secondary care is central to the development of the NHS. The NHS reforms have produced guidelines on waiting times for outpatient attendances and operations, with the emphasis on a consultant‐based service. There are, however, no such guidelines for postoperative follow‐up.

Details

Journal of Clinical Effectiveness, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-5874

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