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Structural Models of Wage and Employment Dynamics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44452-089-0

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Article

John A. Martin and Frank C. Butler

This paper aims to examine the shareholder versus stakeholder debate. This paper outlines how businesses are starting to move toward a stakeholder model, and also…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the shareholder versus stakeholder debate. This paper outlines how businesses are starting to move toward a stakeholder model, and also discusses what must be done to sustain the momentum toward the stakeholder model.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses examples from organizations to highlight the momentum toward the stakeholder model.

Findings

This paper suggests that countervailing forces - from financial analysts, institutional investors, and institutionalized practices in many corporations - will need to be overcome if businesses are to succeed in adopting the stakeholder model.

Practical implications

Thus paper discusses the role of educators in the process of changing the mindset of students, executives, and others from a shareholder to stakeholder mindset.

Originality/value

This paper discusses not only the trend toward the stakeholder model of businesses, but also how to sustain the momentum toward this model.

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Strategic Direction, vol. 36 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

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Politics and the Life Sciences: The State of the Discipline
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-108-4

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Article

William G. Doerner

Studies agency compliance with affirmative action mandate on black and/or female personnel. Examines turnover in sworn personnel in a municipal police department at…

Abstract

Studies agency compliance with affirmative action mandate on black and/or female personnel. Examines turnover in sworn personnel in a municipal police department at Tallahassee, Florida. Looks at characteristics of “stayers” and “quitters” in the context of race and gender. Discusses possible ramifications of differential turnover. Notes pronounced attrition rate for black females. Suggests that female turnover may be due to their having a higher educational level than male officers, since college‐educated personnel are more likely to grow disenchanted with routine beat duties.

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American Journal of Police, vol. 14 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0735-8547

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Book part

Geraint Harvey and Peter Turnbull

This chapter discusses the power of trade unions within the UK civil aviation industry, focusing specifically on the British Air Line Pilots’ Association (BALPA) that…

Abstract

This chapter discusses the power of trade unions within the UK civil aviation industry, focusing specifically on the British Air Line Pilots’ Association (BALPA) that represents flight crew. The deleterious effects of the contemporary legislative and competitive environment of air transportation on the ability of BALPA to exact concessions from airline management are discussed as are the changes to the nature of work of flight crew that impact on the structural dimensions from which BALPA derives its power. These are weighed against the associational dimension of BALPA's power base, in particular the willingness of pilots to engage in active militancy. The chapter also considers possible organizing strategies for BALPA in order to challenge managerial prerogative in the industry.

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-378-0

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Book part

Kathy Baylis, Murray E. Fulton and Travis Reynolds

To understand the political economy of export restrictions for grain commodities in Vietnam and India.

Abstract

Purpose

To understand the political economy of export restrictions for grain commodities in Vietnam and India.

Methodology/approach

Two theoretical models were developed (one for each country) to analyze government policies for export restrictions in Vietnam and India based on price fluctuations. In Vietnam, there was one choice variable – export tariffs. In India, there were two choice variables – export tariffs and procurements. In both cases, the elite were assumed to maximize expected rents.

Findings

Export restrictions have become an important feature of trade policy in Vietnam and India and are unlikely to be eliminated in the foreseeable future because to do so would be costly both politically and economically to local elites. The impact of food price increases can be particularly large given the importance of loss aversion.

Practical implications

Understanding export restrictions as the outcome of a political-economic calculation is important because it suggests that efforts to limit export restrictions in countries like Vietnam and India are unlikely to be successful.

Details

Food Security in a Food Abundant World
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-215-3

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Article

Janet Hirst and Jenny Hewison

A criticism of using women’s views as an assessment of the maternity services in the UK is that the views of some have been under‐represented and inappropriately…

Abstract

A criticism of using women’s views as an assessment of the maternity services in the UK is that the views of some have been under‐represented and inappropriately researched, in particular those from minority ethnic groups. In addition, there is criticism that “what” has been assessed within the maternity services, and other health‐care arenas, has been driven by the perspective of those who provide the service rather than those who use it. The purpose here is to explore integrating Pakistani and indigenous “white” women’s views with the Donabedian‐Maxwell grid, as a means of offering a consumer‐focused template for underpinning quality assessment and quality assurance strategies for the maternity services in the UK.

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International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 14 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Book part

Yipeng Liu and Andrew Isaak

As the developing nations grow and experience rapid institutional transformation, research has begun to investigate the roles of culture, cognition and institutional…

Abstract

As the developing nations grow and experience rapid institutional transformation, research has begun to investigate the roles of culture, cognition and institutional context on entrepreneurship and innovation. This chapter aims to advance the entrepreneurial cognition literature by juxtaposing entrepreneurial effectuation, domain-specific expertise and ambiguity. By conducting a qualitative study of Chinese high-tech domestic and returnee entrepreneurs, the authors propose a spectrum between causation and effectuation and argue that the entrepreneur’s perceived level of ambiguity may better explain differing logic orientations among entrepreneurs, contributing to our understanding of entrepreneurial cognition. The authors theorize that (1) individual actors and the level of institutional development jointly comprise the entrepreneur’s logic orientation; (2) the level of perceived ambiguity mediates the strategy adopted by high-tech entrepreneurs; (3) the entrepreneur’s logic orientation can be regarded as a continual spectrum from effectuation to causation. Finally, the logic orientation concept is applied to the context of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) from a process perspective and the implications and fit of logic orientation with the stages of cross-border M&A are discussed.

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Mergers and Acquisitions, Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-371-9

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Article

Martin Wright

Examines a study of women’s history in modern Wales. Considers the way in which historians have approached (or failed to approach) the subject before evaluating a current…

Abstract

Examines a study of women’s history in modern Wales. Considers the way in which historians have approached (or failed to approach) the subject before evaluating a current attempt to rectify traditional neglect in this area. Profiles in particular the case of blue books, a report into education in Wales in 1847, which blamed poor standards, in part, on the women of Wales. Questions what the above project (project Grace) has achieved in terms of promoting the growth of women’s history in Wales.

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Equal Opportunities International, vol. 19 no. 2/3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0261-0159

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Article

Dr Norman Harnby has been appointed a power technology consultant to Anchor Chemical.

Abstract

Dr Norman Harnby has been appointed a power technology consultant to Anchor Chemical.

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Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 17 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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