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Presents an empirical investigation of office rental trends forsome of the largest cities in Europe. Uses annual data for the period1983‐91 to test the changes in rental…
Presents an empirical investigation of office rental trends for some of the largest cities in Europe. Uses annual data for the period 1983‐91 to test the changes in rental values and fluctuations in economic activity. Includes a review of previous office market studies and an assessment of the research direction and information requirements of current European property research. Suggests that European rental values are determined by similar demand‐side variables and, in particular, real gross domestic product (GDP).
Explores some of the issues associated with the adoption of supply chain management techniques and their implications for location decisions in the single market. Discusses the single market, European property, foreign direct investment, the location decision, and industrial property location. Concludes that property requirements will reflect both the firm′s primary activity and its specific SCM policies.
Examines some of the improvements in personal computer software inrecent years and the uptake of this technology in the surveyingindustry. Discusses the extent to which…
Examines some of the improvements in personal computer software in recent years and the uptake of this technology in the surveying industry. Discusses the extent to which bespoke software systems have found acceptance in the industry and points to the greatly increased professional familiarity with generic software systems and its effect on valuation activities. Stresses the importance of user involvement in the system development process. Suggests that many problems with computing stem from an unwillingness to be involved in the developmental process.
Discusses the need for effective computer‐based property management systems capable of providing property maintenance and investment appraisal services. Examines both off‐the‐shelf software systems and PC‐based systems which can be developed for similar cost. Concludes that property managers must assess their system′s suitability, and that database designs should emphasize effectiveness in the business environment rather than efficiency in the technical environment.
Puts forward the case for European property in a multi‐asset portfolio. Presents a quantitative approach for the construction of a Euro‐property portfolio. Concludes that this preliminary mean‐variable analysis shows that European property does provide significant diversification benefits both within a multi‐asset portfolio and within a pure European property portfolio context.
Discusses issues resulting from a property developer or investor′sactive involvement in urban restructuring strategies. Illustrates themwith recent European examples of…
Discusses issues resulting from a property developer or investor′s active involvement in urban restructuring strategies. Illustrates them with recent European examples of property‐focused regeneration strategies. Argues that the developer′s decision on whether and under what form to participate in such ventures should include analysis of the affect of programme implementation and the integration of the property development component into the ‘implementation structure′.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the antecedents (the medieval guild) of modern day industrial clustering. The paper challenges the notion that work of Alfred…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the antecedents (the medieval guild) of modern day industrial clustering. The paper challenges the notion that work of Alfred Marshall provides the intellectual underpinning of cluster thinking.
The source material uses archival research on medieval guilds and historical texts. In tracing the development of forms of co‐operative association this paper employs the technique of genealogical spanning. The prism of forms of co‐operative association is used to examine the rise and fall of the medieval guild.
Medieval guilds have been largely ignored by modern proponents of cluster theory and Italianate industrial districts. Guild activity in technological invention and innovation, in skills transfer and knowledge (both codified and tacit) had many of the same positive attributes that are found in neo‐Marshallian industrial districts. The long history of cooperative behaviour in geographically concentrated firms in industrial districts had its genesis in the medieval guild.
The paper suggests that collaboration (in craft guilds) and clusters (cooperation and relationships) have been a dominant paradigm since the Middle Ages; a viewpoint which is commonly ignored by the dominant US‐centric view of individualism, competition and arms lengths relationships in business. Cooperation and relationships have attracted significant scholarly attention and most recently the studies in the cluster literature have tended to favour the social and knowledge‐based approach. This phenomenon suggests that the future social, political and economic dynamics in Europe will remain firmly rooted in the creation of areas of regional specialization, as has been the case in the past.
This paper contributes to our understanding of the embeddedness of cooperation by comparing the characteristics of the medieval guild with the characteristics of modern day (Porterian clusters). Cooperation rather than competition is the dominant paradigm of industrial activity. The competitive divide between employers and employees was an aberration of the Industrial Revolution and promoted by political economists as a means of facilitating the mobility of labour by diffusion.
Ping pong overtures sent a flurry of excited optimism through the export departments of British industry, and companies eager to capture a chunk of Chairman Mao's untapped trade market are asking about the sales prospects of everything from machine tools to hot pants. Chris Phillips looks at UK export potential in the face of growing competition from Europe and the US.
Contemporary literature reveals that, to date, the poultry livestock sector has not received sufficient research attention. This particular industry suffers from…
Contemporary literature reveals that, to date, the poultry livestock sector has not received sufficient research attention. This particular industry suffers from unstructured supply chain practices, lack of awareness of the implications of the sustainability concept and failure to recycle poultry wastes. The current research thus attempts to develop an integrated supply chain model in the context of poultry industry in Bangladesh. The study considers both sustainability and supply chain issues in order to incorporate them in the poultry supply chain. By placing the forward and reverse supply chains in a single framework, existing problems can be resolved to gain economic, social and environmental benefits, which will be more sustainable than the present practices.
The theoretical underpinning of this research is ‘sustainability’ and the ‘supply chain processes’ in order to examine possible improvements in the poultry production process along with waste management. The research adopts the positivist paradigm and ‘design science’ methods with the support of system dynamics (SD) and the case study methods. Initially, a mental model is developed followed by the causal loop diagram based on in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and observation techniques. The causal model helps to understand the linkages between the associated variables for each issue. Finally, the causal loop diagram is transformed into a stock and flow (quantitative) model, which is a prerequisite for SD-based simulation modelling. A decision support system (DSS) is then developed to analyse the complex decision-making process along the supply chains.
The findings reveal that integration of the supply chain can bring economic, social and environmental sustainability along with a structured production process. It is also observed that the poultry industry can apply the model outcomes in the real-life practices with minor adjustments. This present research has both theoretical and practical implications. The proposed model’s unique characteristics in mitigating the existing problems are supported by the sustainability and supply chain theories. As for practical implications, the poultry industry in Bangladesh can follow the proposed supply chain structure (as par the research model) and test various policies via simulation prior to its application. Positive outcomes of the simulation study may provide enough confidence to implement the desired changes within the industry and their supply chain networks.