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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1997

Marshall Breeding

Focuses on designing a library network to maximize security. Considers various options including separation of staff servers from public servers, subdividing the network…

Abstract

Focuses on designing a library network to maximize security. Considers various options including separation of staff servers from public servers, subdividing the network using a router, multiple hubs and public access ethernet ports, ethernet switches, ATM environments and firewalls. Evaluates the security of each against the impact on functionality.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 15 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1991

Marshall Breeding

Microcomputer and network systems have been implemented to support multi‐purpose technical services workstations at Vanderbilt University. Although the equipment and…

Abstract

Microcomputer and network systems have been implemented to support multi‐purpose technical services workstations at Vanderbilt University. Although the equipment and procedures described are specific to NOTIS libraries that catalog with OCLC, the general approach can also serve as a model that can be applied to other library management systems and bibliographic utilities. The workstations reduce equipment costs, save desktop space, improve work flow efficiency, and facilitate access to OCLC while reducing connection costs.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Article
Publication date: 25 September 2007

Mitchell Brown

To report the highlights of the annual Library and Information Technology Association (LITA) Top Technology Trends program at 2007 American Library Association Annual…

581

Abstract

Purpose

To report the highlights of the annual Library and Information Technology Association (LITA) Top Technology Trends program at 2007 American Library Association Annual Conference in Washington, DC.

Design/methodology/approach

Provides a brief review of the conference program on technology issues in libraries.

Findings

This summary of LITA section Top Technology Trends program with presentations and information. The presentations focus is on new technologies and their applications in a variety of library environments. The program offered a wide variety of timely presentations that were on new and emerging technologies and the application to the library environment.

Originality/value

Provides descriptions of opinions on technological trends in library and information services from industry professionals.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 24 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

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Article
Publication date: 12 October 2010

Alexandria Payne and Vandana Singh

In order to provide a general context for library implementations of open source software (OSS), the purpose of this paper is to discuss the existing presence of OSS in…

3734

Abstract

Purpose

In order to provide a general context for library implementations of open source software (OSS), the purpose of this paper is to discuss the existing presence of OSS in libraries, the functionality and variety of OSS products, and the need for further study into the application of OSS technologies in libraries.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a literature review.

Findings

This paper endeavors to provide a broad overview of the deepening relationship between libraries and OSS. Libraries are seeking alternatives to proprietary applications which may require specialized support and/or services. Moreover, OSS and proprietary products have a functional verisimilitude, and, as proprietary applications developers anticipate user needs, so too do OSS contributors.

Practical implications

The degree of variance between proprietary and OSS applications, features, support, and compatibility is continually lessening, so libraries are increasingly making use of less costly alternatives to subscription based tools.

Originality/value

The use of OSS in libraries is an increasing trend. OSS tools and implementations provide library institutions with access to a dynamic and cost effective solution for servicing user groups, manipulating large volumes of content, and facilitating communications between various institutional and public entities. This paper gives an holistic perspective albeit in a short form.

Details

Library Review, vol. 59 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 23 November 2010

Sharon Q. Yang and Kurt Wagner

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and compare open source and proprietary discovery tools and find out how much discovery tools have achieved towards becoming the…

6504

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and compare open source and proprietary discovery tools and find out how much discovery tools have achieved towards becoming the next generation catalog.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper summarizes characteristics of the next generation catalog into a check‐list of 12 features. This list was checked against each of seven open source and ten proprietary discovery tools to determine if those features were present or absent in those tools.

Findings

Discovery tools have many next generation catalog features, but only a few can be called real next generation catalogs. Federated searching and relevancy based on circulation statistics are the two areas that both open source and proprietary discovery tools are missing. Open source discovery tools seem to be bolder and more innovative than proprietary tools in embracing advanced features of the next generation catalog. Vendors of discovery tools may need to quicken their steps in catching up.

Originality/value

It is the first evaluation and comparison of open source and proprietary discovery tools on a large scale. It will provide information as to exactly where discovery tools stand in light of the much desired next generation catalog.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 28 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 14 June 2011

Sharon Q. Yang and Melissa A. Hofmann

The study described in this paper aims to identify the progress made in the efforts to model current online public access catalogs (OPACs) after the next generation…

5562

Abstract

Purpose

The study described in this paper aims to identify the progress made in the efforts to model current online public access catalogs (OPACs) after the next generation catalog (NGC) in academic libraries in the USA and Canada.

Design/methodology/approach

A random sample of 260 colleges and universities was selected from Peterson's Guide to Four‐Year Colleges 2009, an estimated 10 percent of the total population of 2,560 listed academic institutions. A checklist of 12 features of the NGC was used to evaluate the OPACs of the 260 libraries in the sample. The authors took as the OPAC that which the library linked to as its “catalog,” even though some might be more properly considered “discovery tools” or “discovery layers.” Some libraries used more than one OPAC interface simultaneously; in this case, each OPAC was analyzed separately. In the case of several institutions using the same consortial OPAC, only the first instance of the OPAC was analyzed. About 15 percent of the institutions (n=40) in the sample either did not have web sites or did not provide access to their online catalogs. In all, a total of 233 unique instances of OPACs were analyzed. Data were collected from September 2009 through July 2010. The findings can be extrapolated to the population at the 95 percent confidence level with a confidence interval of ±3.

Findings

While bits and pieces of the next generation catalog are steadily working themselves into the current catalog, academic libraries still have a long way to go. About 16 percent of the OPACs in the sample did not show any advanced features of the NGC. More than half of the libraries (61 percent) had only one to five advanced features in their OPACs. Many of those with six or more NGC features were discovery tools. Only 3 percent of the OPACs in the sample (n=8) demonstrated seven to ten out of the 12 functionalities of the NGC, and they were instances either of WorldCat Local or Summon. The weak areas were federated searching, relevance based on circulation statistics, and recommendations based on patron transactions.

Originality/value

This is the first and only study on a large scale conducted thus far that evaluates the progress towards the NGC in academic libraries in the USA and Canada. The findings help academic librarians to recognize and pin‐point the weak links in implementing a true next generation catalog.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 29 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 30 September 2014

Vandana Singh

– This paper compares the technical support-related experiences with the expectations of librarians using open source Integrated Library Systems (ILS).

1541

Abstract

Purpose

This paper compares the technical support-related experiences with the expectations of librarians using open source Integrated Library Systems (ILS).

Design/methodology/approach

A combination of surveys and triangulating interviews was conducted to obtain the results presented.

Findings

The results of this study indicate that there are many channels of technical support available to librarians who use open source ILS. Also, these channels of technical support perform at acceptable levels according to the expectations of librarians using open source software.

Research limitations/implications

The results presented in this study are self-reported expectations and experiences of librarians and not observed experiences.

Practical implications

The results from this study will provide an insight to librarians contemplating adoption or migration to open source ILS. The results presented here will be useful in decision-making as well as developing a strategy for technical support based on the presented options.

Originality/value

The interest in open source ILS has been observed and studied in the last decade, but the technical support of open source systems, which is a critical component of the adoption process, has not received much attention. This paper focuses specifically on the technical support for open source ILS and provides insight into the experiences of librarians.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 5 July 2013

Kim Salamonson

281

Abstract

Details

Library Review, vol. 62 no. 4/5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 February 2013

Norm Medeiros

The purpose of this article is to describe the impressive features of the new integrated library systems in development.

289

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to describe the impressive features of the new integrated library systems in development.

Design/methodology/approach

The article highlights this next wave of ILS development, and its alignment with library practices and workflows.

Findings

The article is optimistic about the nature of these technology developments.

Originality/value

The article provides an overview of these new systems. The article also updates readers on the status of the copyright infringement case pending against Georgia State University.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 29 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 5 January 2005

Brian J. Loasby

“It is now becoming widely recognised that many of the central unresolved problems in economics turn on questions of knowledge” (Loasby, 1986, p. 41). Nearly twenty years…

Abstract

“It is now becoming widely recognised that many of the central unresolved problems in economics turn on questions of knowledge” (Loasby, 1986, p. 41). Nearly twenty years after that was written, it may be appropriate to take a (necessarily selective) look at ideas about human knowledge and to suggest some implications for the practice of economists. The ideas with which we shall begin long predate the observation that I have just recalled; and the delay in recognising their implications indicates how the growth of knowledge is dependent on the formation of appropriate linkages – which of course are not recognised as appropriate until they have been formed. Adam Smith, Alfred Marshall and Friedrich Hayek were all confronted with the uncertain basis of knowledge before they began their study of economics; and what their responses have in common is not only a theoretical focus on the process by which people develop what we call “knowledge” but also a reliance on similar kinds of process, which result in the formation of connections within particular domains. Each author recognises the impossibility of demonstrating that any such process can deliver proven truth; instead each envisages sequences of trial and error within particular contexts, leading to the preservation of what seems to work – until it no longer does, when a new sequence of trial and error begins. In other words, they all offer evolutionary theories, Marshall and Hayek explicitly so, while Smith, directly and indirectly, had a major influence on the development of Darwin’s ideas.

Details

Evolutionary Psychology and Economic Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-138-5

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