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Case formulation has gained increasing prominence as a guide to intervention across a range of clinical problems. It offers a contrasting orientation to diagnosis and its…
Case formulation has gained increasing prominence as a guide to intervention across a range of clinical problems. It offers a contrasting orientation to diagnosis and its value is considered in the context of clinical work with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). The purpose of this paper is to argue that case formulation integrating attachment, systemic and narrative perspectives offers a valuable way forward in assisting people with the diagnosis and their families.
The literature on ASD and related conditions is reviewed to examine levels of co-morbidity, consider the role of parental mental health difficulties and explore the issues inherent with current approaches to diagnosis.
ASD is found to have a high level of co-morbidity with other difficulties, such as anxiety and insecure attachment. Research findings, alongside the authors own clinical experience, are developed to suggest that formulation can allow the possibility of early intervention based on a holistic appraisal of the array of difficulties present prior to a diagnosis.
It is argued that the use of this systemic-attachment formulation approach could offset the exacerbation in ASD and related conditions, and deterioration in families’ mental health, whilst they face long waiting times for a diagnosis.
Flawless product launches are critical success factors for biopharmaceutical companies due to increasing financial and technological risks. Industry benchmarking is widely…
Flawless product launches are critical success factors for biopharmaceutical companies due to increasing financial and technological risks. Industry benchmarking is widely used for managing biopharmaceutical product launch planning. However, while industry benchmarking may achieve operational efficiencies, it results in copying competitors and incremental productivity improvements rather than breakthrough in marketing innovation. This study extends the biopharmaceutical marketing framework from internally focused industry benchmarking to external competency‐based benchmarking (CBB) to build innovative practices by focusing on outstanding capabilities in far reaching industries and organizations. Adopting a CBB approach can lead to creating significant sources of organizational energy and creativity in biopharmaceutical marketing campaigns.
There is a growing interest in the business opportunities afforded by Spain. Consequently the demand for information on Spanish companies is growing continually but the information is not always easy to find. This paper sets out to examine the sources that are available both in the UK and in Spain, both hard copy and online, and to examine the background to the way in which Spanish companies have developed and why it is often difficult to obtain the required information. Reasons for recent interest in the country are examined and mention made of the most common problems encountered. A description is given of the main sources of information with their relevant merits and demerits. In order to understand the reasons behind problems encountered a brief economic history of the country is given explaining how company registration in Spain differs from that in the UK. The different types of company are listed and recent changes in Spanish company legislation explained. The paper concludes by considering the possible position after 1992.
The purpose of this paper is to present the Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse (PI) modeling and compare with artificial neural network (ANN) modeling for switched reluctance…
The purpose of this paper is to present the Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse (PI) modeling and compare with artificial neural network (ANN) modeling for switched reluctance machine (SRM) performance.
In a design of an SRM, there are a number of parameters that are chosen empirically inside a certain interval, therefore, to find an optimal geometry it is necessary to define a good model for SRM. The proposed modeling uses the Moore-Penrose PI for the resolution of linear systems and finite element simulation data. To attest to the quality of PI modeling, a model using ANN is established and the two models are compared with the values determined by simulations of finite elements.
The proposed PI model showed better accuracy, generalization capacity and lower computational cost than the ANN model.
The proposed approach can be applied to any problem as long as experimental/computational results can be obtained and will deliver the best approximation model to the available data set.
Electronic news prices set to tumble. There now seems to be little doubt that the cost of electronic news information is set to tumble as publishers begin to launch their own brand products. Gannett's electronic version of USA Today is one example, Dow Jones' Personal Journal another, and now The Washington Post is joining in the rush by announcing a computerised version of its newspaper for the same price as the hard copy version.
Secondary publishers respond to Internet challenge Two services have been launched that aim to combine formal published information with data offered via World Wide Web sites. Engineering Information (Ei) and Cambridge Scientific have employed editors to select sites and to check that they are still current, and are combining them with their own databases.
– This study aims to determine the efforts in the topic of women in the direction of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities as one of the stakeholders of the companies.
This study aims to determine the efforts in the topic of women in the direction of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities as one of the stakeholders of the companies.
This study is based on a survey of what has been written on the topic of women and CSR in Turkey. The data obtained, and the methodology used, come from Web sites belonging to the top 50 of Turkey’s 500 Big Industrial Organizations as determined by the Istanbul Chamber of Industry (ISO) and sustainability reports. The data obtained were assessed through content analysis; they were categorized by themes and sub-themes.
In analyzing the research data, CSR activities involving women as external and internal stakeholders were classified as direct, indirect or both.
Because this study is qualitative in nature, the findings cannot be generalized. At the same time, as the enterprises in the state sector do not have CSR links, the results focus primarily on the private sector.
The results indicate that there have been efforts in Turkey to consider women as stakeholders in CSR activities; however, these efforts are limited.
Women are a part of community and they are stakeholders to businesses. Businesses could support women with CSR activities.
A study such as this one of the role of women as stakeholders in Turkish enterprises may contribute to understanding the role of women in Turkey today.
Acknowledges that research on objects belonging to the categories of furniture, glass and stained glass, metalware, pottery and porcelain, or rugs and carpets involves the consultation of specific handbooks and guides. Lists, with a brief description, various decorative‐art reference books as sources for research in these categories, and offers relevant subject headings so that the New York Public Library’s catalogs can be checked for similar holdings.