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The purpose of this paper is implementation of a software system for bibliographic material processing which does not require knowledge about any format for bibliographic…
The purpose of this paper is implementation of a software system for bibliographic material processing which does not require knowledge about any format for bibliographic data input. This means that the input can be done not only by librarians, but also by other persons such as authors of bibliographic units, students, employees, etc.
An object‐oriented methodology for developing information systems by means of computer‐aided software engineering (CASE) tools and software components is used. The software architecture is multi‐layered and web‐based. The implementation is done in Java environment.
The result is a web application by which users can catalogue bibliographic material without being familiar with the corresponding format. Nevertheless, the bibliographic record is formed in accordance with the given format for bibliographic material processing (MARC21, UNIMARC, etc.).
Automatic generating of screen forms for the chosen set of data for bibliographic material processing is not provided in the presented version of the application. In order to eliminate this limitation, there are preset solutions that can be integrated into the application.
The application is primarily intended for research institutions aiming at forming their electronic catalogue and/or bibliographies of researchers or institutions.
The originality of the paper lies in the software architecture of the application related to the middle layer, i.e. the one of business logic. This layer implements a mechanism by which different sets of input data are mapped to persistent data by means of the unique object model of an accepted format for the bibliographic material processing (MARC21, UNIMARC, or others).
Birding, the active seeking out and identification of birds, is a wide‐spread and fast growing avocation on this continent, and indeed throughout the world. Jon Rickert's…
Birding, the active seeking out and identification of birds, is a wide‐spread and fast growing avocation on this continent, and indeed throughout the world. Jon Rickert's A Guide to North American Bird Clubs lists 17 national/continental organizations for both professional ornithologists and amateur birders and 844 state, provincial, and local associations. In addition, there are those legions of “unorganized” bird watchers and occasional, inquisitive discoverers of backyard birds. Members of this diverse congregation of birders have at least one thing in common — the need for a reliable identification tool enabling them to correctly label the just‐seen, unfamiliar bird. A field guide is just such a tool.
Among the routine tasks carried out in a special library such as the one at Building Research Station (BRS), there are a number which depend on the application of special…
Among the routine tasks carried out in a special library such as the one at Building Research Station (BRS), there are a number which depend on the application of special or expert knowledge by the professional staff, using heuristic judgements which, at first sight, appear difficult to codify as precise rules. An attempt has been made to incorporate the expertise required for one of these tasks into a program functioning as a simple type of ‘expert assistant’ which might be the basis of an expert system.
Advantages claimed by the authors for this type of magnetic sensor for embedding in robot fingers are that it is independent of the rate of approach, it is reliable in…
Advantages claimed by the authors for this type of magnetic sensor for embedding in robot fingers are that it is independent of the rate of approach, it is reliable in hostile environments, and it yields output easily processed by digital electronics.
The purpose of this paper is to critically reflect upon the use of the term accountability in the twenty‐first century and its role in “remaking the world in favour of the…
The purpose of this paper is to critically reflect upon the use of the term accountability in the twenty‐first century and its role in “remaking the world in favour of the most powerful” using the theories of Pierre Bourdieu and Jacques Lacan.
The paper examines the notion of accountability by analyzing a case study of the hostile takeover of Manchester United Football Club by the Glazer family. The field of football presents an interesting arena in which to study accountability because of its extremely interested and active fans who search for information on every aspect of their clubs. Lacanian theory is drawn upon to add to understanding of the psychopathology which the demands for accountability and transparency place on individuals. Bourdieu's work on illusio is drawn upon to understand the motivations of the field of football.
The paper finds that calls to “hold the most powerful to account” in practice lack political force. Thus the case study demonstrates the common (mis)recognition of the term of accountability. The ability to correct the abuses of the most powerful requires power.
The conflation of Bourdieu and Lacan adds to understanding of accountability as an empty cipher with performative power.
There is a great deal of interest in the environment these days, and while much of that interest focuses on saving the world, a lot of it relates to learning about nature…
There is a great deal of interest in the environment these days, and while much of that interest focuses on saving the world, a lot of it relates to learning about nature. Field guides are among the most popular natural history guides for the general public; it sometimes seems that almost every household must have at least one lurking in a corner. There are an incredible variety of field guides available for inquiring naturalists. The well‐known Peterson, Golden, and Audubon series and the typical bird, flower, and tree guides are just the tip of the iceberg.
The purpose of this paper is to apply social network analysis (SNA) to study faculty research productivity, to identify key leaders, to study publication keywords and…
The purpose of this paper is to apply social network analysis (SNA) to study faculty research productivity, to identify key leaders, to study publication keywords and research areas and to visualize international collaboration patterns and analyze collaboration research fields from all Management Information System (MIS) departments in Taiwan from 1982 to 2015.
The authors first retrieved results encompassing about 1,766 MIS professors and their publication records between 1982 and 2015 from the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (MOST) website. Next, the authors merged these publication records with the records obtained from the Web of Science, Google Scholar, IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, Airiti Library and Springer Link databases. The authors further applied six network centrality equations, leadership index, exponential weighted moving average (EWMA), contribution value and k-means clustering algorithms to analyze the collaboration patterns, research productivity and publication patterns. Finally, the authors applied D3.js to visualize the faculty members' international collaborations from all MIS departments in Taiwan.
The authors have first identified important scholars or leaders in the network. The authors also see that most MIS scholars in Taiwan tend to publish their papers in the journals such as Decision Support Systems and Information and Management. The authors have further figured out the significant scholars who have actively collaborated with academics in other countries. Furthermore, the authors have recognized the universities that have frequent collaboration with other international universities. The United States, China, Canada and the United Kingdom are the countries that have the highest numbers of collaborations with Taiwanese academics. Lastly, the keywords model, system and algorithm were the most common terms used in recent years.
This study applied SNA to visualize international research collaboration patterns and has revealed some salient characteristics of international cooperation trends and patterns, leadership networks and influences and research productivity for faculty in Information Management departments in Taiwan from 1982 to 2015. In addition, the authors have discovered the most common keywords used in recent years.
At the end of each year it was customary for the members of our Personnel and Social Department to have their annual conference. At this conference we took stock of all…
At the end of each year it was customary for the members of our Personnel and Social Department to have their annual conference. At this conference we took stock of all activities of the past year and made plans for the year to come. Neither is a rather traditional conference adequate for developing strategies that are supposed to last for the next five to ten years, nor is a simple inventory of past activities enough of a basis on which to build on a completely new frame of reference for Personnel and Social Policy strategies. Therefore, the head of our department felt that it was about time to start considering aspects such as goals and corresponding consequences that would allow us to be more future‐oriented.