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Article

Allen Varley

Gives an overview of marine scientific information and libraryservices at local, national, regional and international levels.Discusses the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries…

Abstract

Gives an overview of marine scientific information and library services at local, national, regional and international levels. Discusses the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) and other international co‐operative programmes designed to improve information flow and exchange, and describes the activities and services of six regional networks. Identifies gaps and deficiencies in currently available services, and considers prospects for the future.

Details

New Library World, vol. 94 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

Keywords

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Article

David S. Moulder

Where do you go to find information and data on marine pollution? This paper sets out to give pointers to the most useful sources, and is divided into three sections…

Abstract

Where do you go to find information and data on marine pollution? This paper sets out to give pointers to the most useful sources, and is divided into three sections: bibliographic sources, data sources and referral sources.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 40 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article

Yannis Tzitzikas, Carlo Allocca, Chryssoula Bekiari, Yannis Marketakis, Pavlos Fafalios, Martin Doerr, Nikos Minadakis, Theodore Patkos and Leonardo Candela

Marine species data are scattered across a series of heterogeneous repositories and information systems. There is no repository that can claim to have all marine species…

Abstract

Purpose

Marine species data are scattered across a series of heterogeneous repositories and information systems. There is no repository that can claim to have all marine species data. Moreover, information on marine species are made available through different formats and protocols. The purpose of this paper is to provide models and methods that allow integrating such information either for publishing it, browsing it or querying it. Aiming at providing a valid and reliable knowledge ground for enabling semantic interoperability of marine species data, in this paper the authors motivate a top level ontology, called MarineTLO and discuss its use for creating MarineTLO-based warehouses.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper the authors introduce a set of motivating scenarios that highlight the need of having a top level ontology. Afterwards the authors describe the main data sources (Fisheries Linked Open Data, ECOSCOPE, WoRMS, FishBase and DBpedia) that will be used as a basis for constructing the MarineTLO.

Findings

The paper discusses about the exploitation of MarineTLO for the construction of a warehouse. Furthermore a series of uses of the MarineTLO-based warehouse is being reported.

Originality/value

In this paper the authors described the design of a top level ontology for the marine domain able to satisfy the need for maintaining integrated sets of facts about marine species and thus assisting ongoing research on biodiversity. Apart from the ontology the authors also elaborated with the mappings that are required for building integrated warehouses.

Details

Program, vol. 50 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0033-0337

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Article

Allen Varley

Readers of the current professional literature could be forgiven if they assumed that most library and information operations and services were computerized, and that only…

Abstract

Readers of the current professional literature could be forgiven if they assumed that most library and information operations and services were computerized, and that only mechanized systems were able to cope with present‐day requirements. Perhaps it is right that the literature should concentrate on this rapidly changing and developing subject, but most of the library and information services of scientific research institutions known to the author—which include centres of excellence with worldwide reputations—are non‐mechanized. There are no reliable guidelines as to when it is economic, practical or opportune to switch to mechanized systems, and there are many variable factors to consider. However ‘non‐mechanized’ does not equate with ‘old‐fashioned’, and the present economic climate, with its limits on expenditure and ceilings on staff numbers, makes it likely that manual methods will be employed for many years to come. The following is a description of a non‐mechanized service, catering for the needs of a relatively small local user population, and also providing and offering a variety of services to outside users.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 30 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article

Walter Leal Filho

The on‐going economic development of EU‐countries as well of the countries in the Central and Eastern (C&E) European region has been leading to a significant use of a…

Abstract

The on‐going economic development of EU‐countries as well of the countries in the Central and Eastern (C&E) European region has been leading to a significant use of a great deal of natural resources as well as to noticeable environmental problems. Focuses on the project “Baltic environmental information dissemination system (BEIDS)” which has been acting as a focal point for the circulation of intelligent information on aspects of the marine environment among a sample of seven Baltic countries: Denmark, Finland, Germany, Sweden (EU) and Lithuania, Poland and Russia (non‐EU), contributing to networking and know‐how exchange, complementing efforts towards transregional cooperation in sustainable spatial planning on the basis of Baltic 21. The results reached to date include: increased awareness of matters related to sustainable development in the six participant countries; enhanced communication exchange and networking among the sampled nations; improved information flow and increased participation in events, activities and programmes across the Baltic Sea region. BEIDS is a prime example of the feasibility of using marine research as a tool for sustainable development and the results reached over the first two years are reviewed in this paper.

Details

Environmental Management and Health, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0956-6163

Keywords

Content available
Article

Yin Kedong and Li Xuemei

Since 2000, China, along with the USA, UK, France, Japan and many other developed countries have drawn up new blueprints for the development of a marine economy. At…

Abstract

Purpose

Since 2000, China, along with the USA, UK, France, Japan and many other developed countries have drawn up new blueprints for the development of a marine economy. At present, international marine economics research has entered into a new period of development, and the research methods of ocean econometrics are becoming more complex and mature. The purpose of this paper is to review the progress of international marine econometrics research and gives the development direction of marine econometrics.

Design/methodology/approach

The Web of Science core collection database was utilized, harvesting data from 1996 to May 2018, measuring the marine economy research from 1,489 articles as its sample, using CiteSpace visualization analysis tools.

Findings

Mapping the knowledge map from annual international marine economic metrology, literature identification, keywords, involving disciplines and related journals, countries (regions) and research and analyzing the research status of reveals the research frontiers of international marine economy measurement (learning) by using CiteSpace.

Originality/value

The conceptions and characteristics of marine econometrics are defined and analyzed, and the theoretical method of marine econometrics is sorted out. Mapping the knowledge diagram of marine econometrics and discussing the research status of international marine economics, and clarifying the existing problems, future opportunities and challenges of international marine econometrics research.

Details

Marine Economics and Management, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2516-158X

Keywords

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Article

Marisol Ramos and María de los Ángeles Ginori Gilkes

Aims to provide profile of the Acuario Nacional de Cuba's Library and its librarian María de Los Ángeles Ginori Gilkes.

Abstract

Purpose

Aims to provide profile of the Acuario Nacional de Cuba's Library and its librarian María de Los Ángeles Ginori Gilkes.

Design/methodology/approach

A descupture approach is taken.

Findings

Even though, international relations are strained between many countries and Cuba, this librarian is well connected in the world of aquatics and marine libraries and contributes to indexing services and academic scholarship.

Originality/value

Provides interesting insights into a Cuban library.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 24 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

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Article

Roger K. Summit

Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer of Dialog Information Services, Inc., Roger Summit is an expert in systems design and information systems and has experience…

Abstract

Founder, President and Chief Executive Officer of Dialog Information Services, Inc., Roger Summit is an expert in systems design and information systems and has experience in many areas of computer application. His pioneering work on development of the DIALOG system began in 1962 at the Lockheed Corporation. He was the designer and project manager for the first‐of‐its‐kind DIALOG online information retrieval system at its inception in the early 1960s and continued as Manager, Director, and is now President and CEO. He has received many awards, has held several positions in professional associations and advisory boards, and has published over 100 papers and journal articles.

Details

Online Review, vol. 15 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-314X

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Article

Martha E. Williams and Harry A. Gaylord

This is the eleventh article on business and law (BSL) databases in a continuing series of articles summarizing and commenting on new database products. Two companion…

Abstract

This is the eleventh article on business and law (BSL) databases in a continuing series of articles summarizing and commenting on new database products. Two companion articles, one covering science, technology, and, medicine (STM) appeared in Online & CD‐ROM Review vol. 22, no. 2 and the other covering social science, humanities, news, and general (SSH) appears here in Online & CD‐ROM Review vol. 22, no. 3. The articles are based on the newly appearing database products in the Gale Directory of Databases. The Gale Directory of Databases (GDD) was created in January 1993 by merging Computer‐Readable Databases: A Directory and Data Sourcebook (CRD)together with the Directory of Online Databases (DOD) and the Directory of Portable Databases (DPD).

Details

Online and CD-Rom Review, vol. 22 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1353-2642

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Article

Charles R. McClure, William E. Moen and Joe Ryan

This article summarizes a study that identified and described federal information inventory/locator systems. Such locator systems provide an important means of accessing a…

Abstract

This article summarizes a study that identified and described federal information inventory/locator systems. Such locator systems provide an important means of accessing a range of government information not previously available to the public or other government officials. Overall, the study's goal was to improve access to and use of U.S. government information. The study produced a final report describing study efforts, identifying issues and conclusions, and recommending the design of an networked‐based government‐wide information inventory/locator system (GIILS) (Volume I), the Federal Locator Database (FLD) — a machine‐readable database of descriptive information on some 250 federal databases, of which fifty‐three met the study's criteria as a locator, and a user's guide to that database (Volume II includes a machine‐readable version of the database and the user guide and codebook). The study recommends that the U.S. Office of Management and Budget develop a policy framework requiring agencies to design and maintain machine‐readable locators, meeting certain requirements and standards and that these be accessible over the Internet/NREN.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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