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Article

Margaret Kendall and Sarah Wilkinson

Enhanced communication between citizens and local government is envisaged as a key role for the proposed UK public library network. Improved internal partnerships between…

Abstract

Enhanced communication between citizens and local government is envisaged as a key role for the proposed UK public library network. Improved internal partnerships between the library and local government departments and representatives will be required. An example of the potential for the development of partnerships with social services departments is discussed, drawing upon recent research reports. However, an emphasis on citizenship information alone would be unfortunate. Partnerships with other information, advice and community networks will be essential to further the aims of increasing social inclusion through electronic networks. This recommendation is supported through a review of partnerships throughout the history of community information, and discussion of recent initiatives including the growth of community information and community information networks in the UK.

Details

New Library World, vol. 99 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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Article

Gillian A Burrington, Margaret Kendall and Christine Talbot

The history and significance of equal opportunities are outlinedand the development of initiatives within the library profession inGreat Britain is examined. Two relevant…

Abstract

The history and significance of equal opportunities are outlined and the development of initiatives within the library profession in Great Britain is examined. Two relevant research projects in Manchester Polytechnic′s Department of Library and Information Studies are discussed and outlined by their authors.

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Library Review, vol. 39 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Article

Margaret Kendall

Discusses nine areas for action in relation to improving servicesin libraries to ethnic minorities and heightening multiculturalism inlibraries. Reviews the literature…

Abstract

Discusses nine areas for action in relation to improving services in libraries to ethnic minorities and heightening multiculturalism in libraries. Reviews the literature relating to these areas and considers some of the issues involved in implementing changes. Looks at some of the areas in which race relations can be improved through better organization of the various stock arrangements of reading matter and the employment of local ethnic/black librarian staff in front line positions.

Details

Library Review, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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Article

Margaret Kendall

To evaluate the impact of an interactive online tutorial aiming to improve student citing and referencing practice.

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the impact of an interactive online tutorial aiming to improve student citing and referencing practice.

Design/methodology/approach

Action research involving three cycles of activity: identification of the most frequently occurring errors made by new undergraduates and postgraduates following instruction in citing and reference practice given in the autumn of 2002; creation of the tutorial for use by the same students in spring 2003, with the quizzes contributing to a portfolio assessment for the undergraduates. Comparison of the students’ performance before and after using the tutorial, monitoring through WebCT tracking facilities and usability tests with dyslexic students; adoption of the tutorial as the standard departmental practice, repeating the monitoring activities to compare the results with the previous year.

Findings

The results of the first cycle of activity showed a high number of errors, despite the instruction received by students, and the need to start the tutorial at an unanticipated basic level. The students responded positively to the tutorial and some improvements in practice were identified, although the tracking facilities revealed limited use by some undergraduates. Comparison of the errors made in 2003‐2004 with those of 2002‐2003 showed improvements all round.

Research limitations/implications

Some of the improvements may be accounted for by the change of practice part way through the previous academic year and other interventions.

Originality/value

The methods used will inform others wishing to carry out and evaluate online learning initiatives. It shows a qualified success in the use of online learning for this purpose.

Details

Aslib Proceedings, vol. 57 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article

Margaret Kendall

The important role which public library services can play in the lives of older adults has been highlighted over the last decade. Reviews the literature, with an emphasis…

Abstract

The important role which public library services can play in the lives of older adults has been highlighted over the last decade. Reviews the literature, with an emphasis on more recent research. Categorizes practical recommendations for developments into those of low or marginal cost, and those which require further allocation of resources in the medium or long term.

Details

Library Review, vol. 45 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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New Library World, vol. 102 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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Article

The Scottish Branch of Aslib held its 1951 Conference in Edinburgh on 25th May. The meetings were held at the Royal Society of Edinburgh and delegates were welcomed by…

Abstract

The Scottish Branch of Aslib held its 1951 Conference in Edinburgh on 25th May. The meetings were held at the Royal Society of Edinburgh and delegates were welcomed by Professor James Kendall, F.R.S. The opening address was given by Miss Margaret Herbison, M.P., Joint Under‐Secretary of State for Scotland. Notes of her speech follow:

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Aslib Proceedings, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

Abstract

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National Identity and Education in Early Twentieth Century Australia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-246-6

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Article

Janet M. Alger and Steven F. Alger

Ever since Mead, sociology has maintained a deep divide between human and non human animals. In effect, Mead constructed humans as having capacities that he saw lacking in…

Abstract

Ever since Mead, sociology has maintained a deep divide between human and non human animals. In effect, Mead constructed humans as having capacities that he saw lacking in animals. Recent research on animals has challenged the traditional ideas of Mead and others by providing evidence of animal intelligence, adaptability, selfawareness, emotionality, communication and culture. This paper examines the human‐animal relationship as presented in Introductory Sociology Textbooks to see if this new research on animals has allowed us to move beyond Mead. We find outdated information and confused thinking on such topics as the relationship between language and culture, the development of the self in animals, and the role of instinct, socialization and culture in animal behavior. We conclude that, with few exceptions, the main function of the treatment of animals in these texts is to affirm the hard line that sociology has always drawn between humans and other species.

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International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article

Roger T. Couture, Mohan Singh, Wayne Lee, Paul Chahal, Leonard Wankel, Margaret Oseen and Gary Wheeler

The study investigated the effects of two mental training strategies separately and combined on subjects’ shooting performance following an endurance march. Further, the…

Abstract

The study investigated the effects of two mental training strategies separately and combined on subjects’ shooting performance following an endurance march. Further, the study examined the suitability of a ten‐session training programme for the police force. On Trial 1, following a three hour march, 44 subjects shot 25 rounds. Subjects were then randomly assigned to four groups (biofeedback, relaxation, combined biofeedback and relaxation and control). After two weeks of mental training, subjects performed both tasks again on Trial 2. A repeated two‐way ANOVA indicated a significant improvement (p < 0.01) in shooting accuracy by the combined group. Suitability for this mental training programme was strongly supported by the experimental groups (71 per cent to 80 per cent). Subjects were generally better able to relax and focus. They were also more aware of their body and their physiological control. Results are discussed in light of potential benefits for cognitive strategies in precision tasks following endurance activities.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 22 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

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