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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2004

Matthew S. Crow, Tara O'Connor Shelley, Laura E. Bedard and Marc Gertz

Following the velvet revolution of 1989 and the adoption of a democratic form of government, Czech policing has experienced a plethora of changes resulting in a new police…

Abstract

Following the velvet revolution of 1989 and the adoption of a democratic form of government, Czech policing has experienced a plethora of changes resulting in a new police force that has been understudied to date. This research seeks to address this void using an exploratory approach that utilizes survey research to gauge the attitudes of 70 Czech police officers regarding crime and criminal justice policies; police and government involvement in social and order maintenance problems; and police practices in the Czech Republic (e.g. community‐oriented policing). Several factors – historical, ideology and job tenure – are considered as potential explanations for observed trends in officer attitudes. The results indicate that there are no clear patterns to these officers' attitudes.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 24 June 2011

Nicole Leeper Piquero, Marc Gertz and Jason Bratton

The twenty-first century has seen a wave of white-collar and corporate crime scandals and the economic crisis associated with the home mortgage foreclosure debacle is but…

Abstract

The twenty-first century has seen a wave of white-collar and corporate crime scandals and the economic crisis associated with the home mortgage foreclosure debacle is but one prominent example. Understanding who is to blame for this crisis and what steps can be taken in the future to limit a reoccurrence are important topics of inquiry. Similarly important is understanding public perceptions associated with the mortgage foreclosure crisis, especially since public sentiments are potentially important in influencing crime control policy. Using data from a random sample survey of American adults, this chapter examines the degree to which the public blames banks/lenders as opposed to individual homebuyers for the American foreclosure problems as well as the extent to which they favor specific control and prevention strategies such as government limitations on executive pay or bonuses and legislation aimed at increasing the regulation of business.

Details

Economic Crisis and Crime
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-801-5

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 24 June 2011

Abstract

Details

Economic Crisis and Crime
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-801-5

Book part
Publication date: 24 June 2011

Mathieu Deflem

Writing shortly after the economic turmoil that began in earnest since the fall of 2008, it is clear to any reader what is meant when reference is made to “the” crisis…

Abstract

Writing shortly after the economic turmoil that began in earnest since the fall of 2008, it is clear to any reader what is meant when reference is made to “the” crisis. The financial crisis that developed out of the implosion of the United States housing bubble that reached its peek around 2006–2007 no doubt can be told, in its origins and consequences, in terms of a complex economic tale. But even and especially for nonexperts, the crisis need not to be argued to be of special significance in any more detail than to consider the reality that, on a near worldwide scale, millions of people have lost their jobs and/or their homes, while governments have been scrambling to develop appropriate policies to rectify conditions which they had helped to create.

Details

Economic Crisis and Crime
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-801-5

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2006

Laurie Lopatin

To provide a selective bibliography of literature which explores issues and provides guidelines on library digitization projects.

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Abstract

Purpose

To provide a selective bibliography of literature which explores issues and provides guidelines on library digitization projects.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature published from 2000‐2005 on library digitization projects was examined. Issues involving digitization projects are presented, as well as case studies and resources for digitization projects. The paper has the following sections: project management, funding digital projects, selection of materials, legal issues, metadata creation, interoperability, and preservation issues.

Findings

Libraries are undertaking digitization projects to provide wider access to and to preserve materials. The literature survey presents an overview of digitization activities and discussions of issues concerning library digital projects. The authors of the case studies detail how libraries dealt with various components of the projects, such as planning, cataloging, and handling copyright issues. Many aspects of digitization projects will be changing over time, with further research and advances in technology, and the literature on the subject bears watching in coming years.

Practical implications

The articles and resource guides in the literature survey can assist librarians in carrying out digitization projects in their institutions.

Originality/value

It explains how important issues in library digitization projects are being encountered and resolved and provides many practical guidelines and resources for librarians undertaking such projects.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2005

Catherine M. Nicholson

To determine whether a collaborative academic store for Scotland is a viable proposition and discover what problems and issues it raises.

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Abstract

Purpose

To determine whether a collaborative academic store for Scotland is a viable proposition and discover what problems and issues it raises.

Design/methodology/approach

Implementation of a pilot facility that would permit a real‐world assessment of requirement costs and funding models, would pave the way for a full facility, and act as a possible model to others considering similar facilities.

Findings

Although the project is still in its first year, a good deal of useful experience has already been gained via the planning and setting‐up of an operational facility. This has informed the features and facilities of the pilot store described in the paper.

Research limitations/implications

The pilot facility currently only serves a sub‐set of possible participants in Scotland.

Practical implications

The pilot will inform the Scottish community on the viability of an operational store whilst providing a useful facility in the short to medium term.

Originality/value

The paper will inform others wishing to set up collaborative stores on methods, models, problems and issues in what is still a relatively unexplored approach to storage problems.

Details

Library Management, vol. 26 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 16 April 2014

Paolo Parigi

In the last 10 years or so, a growing body of research has highlighted the importance of social movements as the mechanism through which fields change or new fields…

Abstract

In the last 10 years or so, a growing body of research has highlighted the importance of social movements as the mechanism through which fields change or new fields emerge. This article contributes to this body of research by studying how an organization was able to promote institutional change from the center of a field by channeling the legitimacy generated by local religious movements. Data comes from the archives of a special commission within the Catholic Church that developed rules for adjudicating miracles performed by candidates to sainthood. The social movement is composed of candidates and their supporters who mobilized local communities using miracles. The period of the analysis was the aftermath of the Protestant Schism, when long-established practices and beliefs were fundamentally challenged. By approving miracles that created ties between individuals that spanned across kinship and social status boundaries, the commission was able to channel legitimacy into the wounded core of the Church. At the same time, receiving Rome’s approval reduced the competition the candidate’s supporters faced from other religious activists. The noncontentious interaction that occurred between the two actors gave birth to the field of modern sainthood. The main implication for organization theory is that, even in the absence of conflict, a new environment and ideology can emerge endogenously from the center of a field and transform both the organization and the social movement.

Details

Religion and Organization Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-693-4

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Hyun‐Hee Kim

Proposes to design and implement a metadata system for Myongji University (MJU) library collections that allows users to search all library materials using one user…

Abstract

Proposes to design and implement a metadata system for Myongji University (MJU) library collections that allows users to search all library materials using one user interface. Briefly introduces two MJU digital library projects, then describes the first project where a KORMARC/encoded archival description (EAD) metadata system that allows users to conduct integrated searches is to be designed, implemented and evaluated. The KORMARC/EAD metadata system consists of two modules: a retrieval module and an input module. While in the retrieve mode, one can retrieve KORMARC records of all library materials such as books and course materials, with links to EAD files for both archival items and course materials or to full‐text image files for precious books. In the input mode, users can input two types of data such as catalog data and inventory data. Finally, evaluates the proposed system via mail questionnaires, and proposes three suggestions to make this system a much more comprehensive and effective system.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2009

Michael Seadle

The simplest part of sound preservation involves technology and its application. The real complexities lie in a mix of social legal, and financial issues. The social…

Abstract

The simplest part of sound preservation involves technology and its application. The real complexities lie in a mix of social legal, and financial issues. The social issues include how archivists, curators, librarians, historians, or anyone with limited engineering, computing, and other technical training can evaluate competing claims and risks. The legal issues include copyright and the risks that an institution may choose to take about what constitutes fair use and preservation copying. The financial issues include how much of what quality of preservation an institution can afford, and for how many of the items in its collection.

Details

Advances in Librarianship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-12-024627-4

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

W.A.C Adie MA

Roots of global Terrorism are in ‘failed’ states carved out of multiracial empires after World Wars I and II in name of ‘national self‐determination’. Both sides in the…

Abstract

Roots of global Terrorism are in ‘failed’ states carved out of multiracial empires after World Wars I and II in name of ‘national self‐determination’. Both sides in the Cold War competed to exploit the process of disintegration with armed and covert interventions. In effect, they were colluding at the expense of the ‘liberated’ peoples. The ‘Vietnam Trauma’ prevented effective action against the resulting terrorist buildup and blowback until 9/11. As those vultures come home to roost, the war broadens to en vision overdue but coercive reforms to the postwar system of nation states, first in the Middle East. Mirages of Vietnam blur the vision; can the sole Superpower finish the job before fiscal and/or imperial overstretch implode it?

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 13 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

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