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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2018

Reza Hosseini Rad, Mansoor Toorani and HamidReza Zarei

This paper aims to increase protection behavior of epoxy coating on aluminum alloys with plasma electrolitic oxidation (PEO) process as pretreatment and to investigate the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to increase protection behavior of epoxy coating on aluminum alloys with plasma electrolitic oxidation (PEO) process as pretreatment and to investigate the corrosion properties of duplex coating system on aluminum alloy.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used micro structure study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) investigation, water uptake investigation and pull-off test.

Findings

This study was done to investigate the effect of urea as an additive, which alters the current density and time of process parameters in the protective performance of epoxy coating on the aluminum substrate. The protective behavior of double-layer coatings was examined using EIS in 3.5 per cent NaCl solution. In addition, the adhesion strength of double-layer coatings was evaluated using pull-off test, and the results demonstrated that the adhesion strength of sample with higher content of urea and current density is about two times that of sample without PEO preparation.

Originality/value

The protective properties and adhesion strength of epoxy coating can be increased with PEO pretreatment.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 66 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 June 2017

Aboozar Golgoon, Mahmood Aliofkhazraei, Mansoor Toorani, Mohammad Hossein Moradi, Alireza Sabour Rouhaghdam and Masoud Asgari

The low resistance against penetration of water, oxygen and the other corrosive ions through the paths of coating is one the most important problems. So, protective…

Abstract

Purpose

The low resistance against penetration of water, oxygen and the other corrosive ions through the paths of coating is one the most important problems. So, protective properties of coating such as polyester must be promoted. Recently, the use of nanoparticles in the matrix of polymer coating to increase their protection and mechanical properties has been prospering greatly. The purpose of this study is to improve the corrosion resistance of the polyester powder coating with ZnO nanoparticles. The ZnO nanoparticles have been synthesized by hydrothermal method in a microwave. Using polyester – ZnO nanocomposite coating as powder – combining them by ball milling process and coating them by electrostatic process are innovative ideas and have not been used before it.

Design/methodology/approach

Polyester powder as the matrix and ZnO nanoparticles as reinforcing were combined in three different weight percentage (0.5, 1, 2 Wt.%), and they formed polymer nanocomposite by ball milling process. Then, the fabricated nanocomposite powder was applied to the surface of carbon steel using an electrostatic device, and then the coatings were cured in the furnace. The morphology of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles was investigated by transmission electron microscope. Also, the morphology of polyester powder and fabricated coatings was studied by scanning electron microscope. The effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the corrosion resistance of coated samples were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) test at various times (1-90 days) of immersion in 3.5 per cent NaCl electrolyte.

Findings

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results reveal that there are no obvious crack and defects in the nanocomposite coatings. In contrast, the pure polyester coatings having many cracks and pores in their structure. According to the EIS results, the corrosion resistance of nanocomposite coating compared to pure coating is higher. The value obtained from EIS test show that corrosion resistance for coating that contains 1 Wt.% nanoparticle was 32,150,000 (Ωcm2), which was six times bigger than that of pure coating. In addition to providing a barrier against diffusion of electrolyte, ZnO nanoparticles act as a corrosion inhibitor and, thus, increases the corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of coating containing 0.5 Wt.% nanoparticles was lower as compared to that of 1 Wt.% nanoparticles. The low content of nanoparticles caused partial covering of the porosity of coating which in turn leads to provide weaker barrier properties. The increase in quantity of nanoparticles from 1 to 2 Wt.% also caused a decrease in corrosion resistance which is attributed to the agglomeration of nanoparticles.

Originality/value

The results of this study indicated the significant effect of ZnO nanoparticles on the protective performance and corrosion resistance of the polyester powder coating. Evaluation of coating surface and interface with SEM technique revealed that nanocomposite coating compared with pure polyester coating provided a coating with lower number of pores and with higher quality. The EIS measurements represented that polymeric coating that contains nanoparticles compared to pure coating provides a better corrosion resistance. In addition to providing a barrier against diffusion of electrolyte, ZnO nanoparticles act as a corrosion inhibitor and thus increase the corrosion resistance. The corrosion resistance of coating containing 0.5 Wt.% nanoparticles was lower as compared to that containing 1Wt.% nanoparticles. The low content of nanoparticles caused partial covering of the porosity of coating which in turn leads to provide weaker barrier properties. The increase in quantity of nanoparticles from 1 to 2 Wt.% also caused a decrease in corrosion resistance which is attributed to the agglomeration of nanoparticles.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 64 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

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