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Book part
Publication date: 14 November 2016

Robert H. Herz

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More Accounting Changes
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-629-1

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Article
Publication date: 28 October 1990

James P. Hill

Has the public affairs function significantly changed the way major U.S. corporations meet the growing external challenge to traditional corporate practices? Examining in…

Abstract

Has the public affairs function significantly changed the way major U.S. corporations meet the growing external challenge to traditional corporate practices? Examining in detail the actions of Exxon (Valdez) and Union Carbide (Bhopal), this paper raises some questions as to whether the difference between public affairs and traditional public relations is a real one or merely a matter of semantics. Then, utilizing an unpublished corporate public affairs survey conducted by Central Michigan University, the writer argues that the problem with the public affairs function lies not with the function itself, but in its implementation by corporations.

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American Journal of Business, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1983

Robert Ronstadt and Robert J. Kramer

For decades, America has been the major source of industrial innovation. In recent years, that has begun to change as other countries challenge America's supremacy. In…

Abstract

For decades, America has been the major source of industrial innovation. In recent years, that has begun to change as other countries challenge America's supremacy. In order to counter these new cradles of innovation around the world, U.S. enterprises face some difficult strategic and operating decisions.

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Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

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Book part
Publication date: 19 September 2006

Robert J. Antonio and Alessandro Bonanno

We address here how the U.S. neoliberal policy regime developed and how its reconstructed vision of modernization, which culminated, under the rubric of globalization, was…

Abstract

We address here how the U.S. neoliberal policy regime developed and how its reconstructed vision of modernization, which culminated, under the rubric of globalization, was neutralized by 9/11 and neoconservative geopolitics. We analyze the phases in the rise of neoliberalism, and provide a detailed map of its vision of global modernization at its high tide under Clinton. We also address how the Bush Doctrine's unilateral, preemptive polices and the consequent War on Terror and Iraq War eroded U.S. legitimacy as the globalization system's hegmon and shifted the discourse from globalization to empire. Cold War modernization theorists, neoliberal globalization advocates, and Bush doctrine neoconservatives all drew on an American exceptionalist tradition that portrays the U.S. as modernity's “lead society,” attaches universal significance to its values, policies, and institutions, and urges their worldwide diffusion. All three traditions ignore or diminish the importance of substantive equality and social justice. We suggest that consequent U.S. policy problems might be averted by recovery of a suppressed side of the American tradition that stresses social justice and holds that democracy must start at home and be spread by example rather than by exhortation or force. Overall, we explore the contradictory U.S. role in an emergent post-Cold War world.

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Globalization between the Cold War and Neo-Imperialism
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-415-7

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Book part
Publication date: 12 June 2017

Taekjin Shin

In this study, I explore the link between workforce downsizing and the predominance of a corporate governance model that espouses a shareholder value maximization…

Abstract

In this study, I explore the link between workforce downsizing and the predominance of a corporate governance model that espouses a shareholder value maximization principle. Specifically, I examine how top managers’ shareholder value orientation affects the adoption of a downsizing strategy among large, publicly traded corporations in the United States. An analysis of CEOs’ letters to shareholders indicates that firms with CEOs who use language that espouses the shareholder value principle tend to have a higher rate of layoffs, after controlling for various indicators of the firm’s adherence to the shareholder value principle. The finding suggests that corporate governance models, particularly those advocated by powerful organizational elites, have a significant impact on workers by shaping corporate strategies toward the workforce. The key actors in this process were top managers who embraced the new management ideology and implemented corporate strategy to pursue shareholder value maximization.

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Emerging Conceptions of Work, Management and the Labor Market
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-459-0

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Book part
Publication date: 12 May 2017

Mitsuru Kodama

As a company that has continuously achieved business innovation, Apple in the United States has successfully applied strategic knowledge creation to produce a series of…

Abstract

As a company that has continuously achieved business innovation, Apple in the United States has successfully applied strategic knowledge creation to produce a series of products that integrate various digital devices as well as diverse contents and applications, such as the iPod, iPhone, and iPad, based on a corporate vision of a digital hub concept. At the same time, the redefining of corporate boundaries that expanded Apple’s business in a horizontal direction from the Macintosh PC business to the delivery of music, smartphones, and tablets is also an indication of the evolution of a corporate vision involving Apple’s strategic transformation. This chapter presents the strategic and creative processes that enabled practitioners, including the late Steve Jobs, to demonstrate “strategic innovation capability” by “holistic leadership” at every level of management at Apple and successfully achieve a business ecosystem strategy through “creative collaboration” across diverse boundaries within and outside the company.

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1982

James W. Bradley and Donald H. Korn

A series of forces—economic uncertainty, inflation, and low stock market valuations—have prompted major corporations to pursue mergers and acquisitions as the preferred…

Abstract

A series of forces—economic uncertainty, inflation, and low stock market valuations—have prompted major corporations to pursue mergers and acquisitions as the preferred route to corporate growth and profitability. The pendulum is likely to swing back in favor of internal development, however, as economic conditions change.

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Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 2 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1996

Rick Mullin

These days every important trend in business converges on the decision to relocate.

Abstract

These days every important trend in business converges on the decision to relocate.

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Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

Abdalla F. Hayajneh, Igwe E. Udeh and Sushila S. Kedia

The decline in the U.S. global economic position has led to widespread concern about U.S. global competitiveness. This declining in U.S. competitiveness is reflected by…

Abstract

The decline in the U.S. global economic position has led to widespread concern about U.S. global competitiveness. This declining in U.S. competitiveness is reflected by changes in its standard of living, relative changes in U.S. productivity, investments, and trade balances since 1980. While still ahead of other countries in standard of in income compared with other nations, as real income continues to rise elsewhere.

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Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1059-5422

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

Anant R. Negandi and Peter A. Donhowe

By insisting on 100 percent ownership of foreign ventures and refusing to enter into partnerships with foreign investors or governments, U.S. corporations are losing…

Abstract

By insisting on 100 percent ownership of foreign ventures and refusing to enter into partnerships with foreign investors or governments, U.S. corporations are losing business to international competitors.

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Journal of Business Strategy, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0275-6668

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