Search results

1 – 10 of 60
Article
Publication date: 1 February 1986

M.R. Sculpher

Conventional screen printed two pack solder resists have served the industry well for many years, and will continue in their present form into the foreseeable future. However…

Abstract

Conventional screen printed two pack solder resists have served the industry well for many years, and will continue in their present form into the foreseeable future. However, with the introduction of newer printed circuit board technologies, such as PTH boards with 4 thou tracks and gaps, and less, hot air solder levelling and the use of SMD and VLSIs require a solder mask to be applied with definitions and specifications not easily achieved. Exciting developments in resin technology have opened new horizons in UV setting and photo‐imaging which allow the advantages of screen printing to be retained with considerable improvements in efficiency and definition. Photo‐imaging also opens up new ways of coating solder mask onto printed circuit boards and these will also be discussed with their implications on future trends. The introduction of these new solder masks and novel applications will be for specific areas in the market and these will be identified and coupled with predictions for market growth into the 1990s.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

R.B. Turnbull, Colin Lea and Richard Denman

Bryan Pledger, Chairman of the IMF Printed Circuit Group, chaired this meeting, held in London on 26 September, and introduced the panel of speakers, well‐known nationally and…

Abstract

Bryan Pledger, Chairman of the IMF Printed Circuit Group, chaired this meeting, held in London on 26 September, and introduced the panel of speakers, well‐known nationally and internationally, and specialists in the field of surface mounting.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 8 February 2013

Masoud Fakhimi and Jane Probert

The purpose of this paper is to identify the existing literature on the wide range of operations research (OR) studies applied to healthcare, and to classify studies based on…

1872

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the existing literature on the wide range of operations research (OR) studies applied to healthcare, and to classify studies based on application type and on the OR technique employed. The scope of the review is limited to studies which have been undertaken in the UK, and to papers published since the year 2000.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 142 high‐quality journal and conference papers have been identified from ISI Web of Knowledge data base for review and analysis.

Findings

The findings categorise the OR techniques employed, and analyse the application type, publication trends, funding, and software packages used in the twenty‐first century in UK healthcare. Publication trends indicate an increasing use of OR techniques in UK healthcare. The findings show that, interestingly, the distribution of the OR techniques employed is not uniform; the majority of studies focus on simulation, either as the only technique employed or as one element of a multi‐method approach.

Originality/value

Several studies have focused on the use of simulation in healthcare modelling, but none has methodologically reviewed the use of the full range of OR techniques. This research is likely to benefit healthcare decision makers since it will provide them with an overview of the different studies that have utilised multiple OR techniques for investigating problems in the stated domain.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 26 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 March 2017

Sameer Kumar, Nidhi Ghildayal and Neha Ghildayal

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common chronic health condition, a problem specifically among elderly women that impacts quality of life negatively. However, UI is usually viewed…

Abstract

Purpose

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common chronic health condition, a problem specifically among elderly women that impacts quality of life negatively. However, UI is usually viewed as likely result of old age, and as such is generally not evaluated or even managed appropriately. Many treatments are available to manage incontinence, such as bladder training and numerous surgical procedures such as Burch colposuspension and Sling for UI which have high success rates. The purpose of this paper is to analyze which of these popular surgical procedures for UI is effective.

Design/methodology/approach

This research employs randomized, prospective studies to obtain robust cost and utility data used in the Markov chain decision model for examining which of these surgical interventions is more effective in treating women with stress UI based on two measures: number of quality adjusted life years (QALY) and cost per QALY. Treeage Pro Healthcare software was employed in Markov decision analysis.

Findings

Results showed the Sling procedure is a more effective surgical intervention than the Burch. However, if a utility greater than certain utility value, for which both procedures are equally effective, is assigned to persistent incontinence, the Burch procedure is more effective than the Sling procedure.

Originality/value

This paper demonstrates the efficacy of a Markov chain decision modeling approach to study the comparative effectiveness analysis of available treatments for patients with UI, an important public health issue, widely prevalent among elderly women in developed and developing countries. This research also improves upon other analyses using a Markov chain decision modeling process to analyze various strategies for treating UI.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 30 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 4 January 2016

Francisco O. Ramirez, Haldor Byrkjeflot and Rómulo Pinheiro

The paper sets forth and examines the assumptions underlying two global ideas – world class and best practices – and their application to (higher) education and health…

Abstract

The paper sets forth and examines the assumptions underlying two global ideas – world class and best practices – and their application to (higher) education and health organizations. Our basic (ex-ante) assumption is that both sectors are influenced by organizational fields that embody these ideas. However, we also assume that these sectors differ, and thus, that one should find between sector variations in the influence of such ideas. The findings suggest that both sectors have been affected by hegemonic ideas, yet in rather different ways, and that these ideas, particularly the metrics being used, pose different challenges in the two sectors.

Details

Towards A Comparative Institutionalism: Forms, Dynamics And Logics Across The Organizational Fields Of Health Care And Higher Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-274-0

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2013

Jens Leth Hougaard, Juan D. Moreno-Ternero and Lars Peter Østerdal

Health outcomes are often described according to two dimensions: quality of life and quantity of life. We analyze the measurement of inequality of health distributions referring…

Abstract

Health outcomes are often described according to two dimensions: quality of life and quantity of life. We analyze the measurement of inequality of health distributions referring to these two dimensions. Our analysis relies on a novel treatment of the quality-of-life dimension, which might not have a standard mathematical structure. We single out two families of (absolute and relative) multidimensional health inequality indices, inspired by the classical normative approach to income inequality measurement. We also discuss how to extend the analysis to deal with the related problem of health deprivation measurement in this setting.

Details

Health and Inequality
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-553-1

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 25 September 2020

Natasha Layton, Melyssa Gardy and Rachael McDonald

This chapter considers assistive technology (AT) for learners from an economic perspective. Drawing on human rights and human capability approaches, we suggest that individual…

Abstract

This chapter considers assistive technology (AT) for learners from an economic perspective. Drawing on human rights and human capability approaches, we suggest that individual practitioners can identify the likely cost implications of provision and nonprovision to support their recommendations and assist funders and policymakers to make fiscally sound decisions. We present a range of approaches to evaluating and documenting the costs and outcomes of AT for learning and education. Policy and resourcing contexts are discussed, as is the role for the practitioner in systemic advocacy for early investment in AT to support individual and societal outcomes.

Details

Assistive Technology to Support Inclusive Education
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-520-7

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Clinical Governance: An International Journal, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7274

Article
Publication date: 26 September 2008

A. Puig‐Ribera, J. McKenna and N. Gilson

Instruments that measure the effect of health on productivity help to inform intervention programmes aimed at improving employees' presenteeism. The Work Limitations Questionnaire…

400

Abstract

Purpose

Instruments that measure the effect of health on productivity help to inform intervention programmes aimed at improving employees' presenteeism. The Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ) has been used extensively to measure presenteeism but has not been validated for use in the Catalan‐speaking population. The aim of this study is to translate and preliminarily test the reliability and validity of a Catalan version of the WLQ (CWLQ).

Design/methodology/approach

The WLQ was translated into Catalan using back‐translation. The final version of the instrument was administered to 19 volunteer university employees in Barcelona. Feasibility (employee debriefing) and psychometric evaluation included internal consistency (Cronbach's α), four‐day test‐retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient; ICC), and concurrent validity (ICC) in comparison with the original English WLQ.

Findings

Item analyses showed a high degree of internal consistency for the total score (α=0.80) and for the four scales of the CWLQ (subscale 1, r=0.82; subscale 2, r=0.80; subscale 3, r=0.81; subscale 4, r=0.78). The test‐retest reliability was also acceptable for the total score (ICC=0.69) and subscale 1 (ICC=0.68), subscale 2 (ICC=0.68), subscale 3 (ICC=0.67) and subscale 4 (ICC=0.75). The total score of the CWLQ showed good concurrent validity (ICC=0.81).

Originality/value

Preliminary results suggest that the CWLQ is a valid and reliable scale for the assessment of presenteeism in Catalan‐speaking employees. Use of the questionnaire will help to inform Catalan companies and business on how to effectively target presenteeism through health promotion interventions.

Details

International Journal of Workplace Health Management, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8351

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2005

George A. Barrett and Michael L. Brookshire

The cost of medical monitoring is a relatively new category of compensatory damages in the United States. It emerged in the late 1980s, received increasing attention by the courts…

Abstract

The cost of medical monitoring is a relatively new category of compensatory damages in the United States. It emerged in the late 1980s, received increasing attention by the courts through the 1990s, and remains a highly controversial area of economic damages.

Details

Developments in Litigation Economics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-385-3

1 – 10 of 60