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Article
Publication date: 27 February 2020

Abdul Moid, M. Masoom Raza and Keshwar Jahan

This paper aims to examine the grey literature (GL) in National Digital Library of India (NDLI) with particular reference to synopsis, thesis, report and patent.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the grey literature (GL) in National Digital Library of India (NDLI) with particular reference to synopsis, thesis, report and patent.

Design/methodology/approach

The National Digital Library of India (NDLI) was used to collect data from types of text content. After filtering text content, learning resource type was refined and four kinds of GL were randomly selected for further analysis in MS Excel.

Findings

As a primary source of information, a huge number of GL available in text form, in which the availability of reports are maximum, are selected. In NDLI, the majority of the selected grey resources, e.g. report, thesis, synopsis and patent, are open for access. It also discloses the significance of Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), from where majority of GL resources were extracted and the maximum number of resources is available in the English language.

Originality/value

GL is regarded as a valuable primary source of locally generated information. No such study was carried out specifically regarding NDLI. Besides, this study aids to understand the archiving method of GL. These findings also help the users to filtering or sorting out to access accurate information sources.

Details

Collection and Curation, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9326

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 16 July 2019

Binod Guragai, Paul D. Hutchison and M. Theodore Farris

The purpose of this research study is to use a large sample of the US companies and investigate the impact of cash-to-cash cycle’s (C2C) length on company profitability…

Abstract

The purpose of this research study is to use a large sample of the US companies and investigate the impact of cash-to-cash cycle’s (C2C) length on company profitability and liquidity in present and future periods and also examine whether such impact is dependent upon firm size or industry type. The authors investigate the association between C2C length and return on equity (ROE), as well as liquidity ratios for current and future years using linear regression models. The authors further examine such association for separate industries and explore the effect of size on the primary associations investigated. Consistent with prior literature, this study documents that C2C length is negatively (positively) associated with current profitability (liquidity). The authors also find that there is a significant negative association between C2C length and future profitability extending up to three years, but only for firms in the manufacturing industry. This research study shows that C2C length affects a firm’s current financial performance and managers should view C2C management as an important strategic tool. However, the authors caution that C2C management is not a “one size fits all” strategy and managers in smaller firms should pay close attention to their C2C cycle. The authors also show that firms in manufacturing industry will specifically benefit financially over long-term from C2C management. This article complements existing literature that examines the impact of working capital management on a firm’s financial performance and extends the literature by examining such relationship for different industries and firm sizes. Although the authors include various factors (e.g., firm size, leverage, growth, industry, year, and past performance) in regressions to control for observable differences among firms, there might be other unobservable differences that may have an effect on the results documented.

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Book part
Publication date: 13 April 2015

Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez and Santiago Sosa

This chapter presents a discussion and an analysis of the literature on nationalization of international business. National governments have justified the expropriation…

Abstract

Purpose

This chapter presents a discussion and an analysis of the literature on nationalization of international business. National governments have justified the expropriation and nationalization of the operations of foreign multinational in their jurisdiction based on the social responsibilities as welfare providers, and safeguarding the short- and long-term interest of their citizens.

Methodology/approach

There are multiple studies that show the processes and impacts of nationalizations and privatizations (also called denationalizations) worldwide. This chapter analyses specific cases to the light of existing international business literature and proposes prepositions for future studies.

Findings

This chapter presents an analysis where theories of internationalization could be used to analyze specific advantages of States and domestic investors when assuming ownership of operations of international business in their national territory.

Originality/value

The context, processes, and consequences of nationalization of foreign firms historically, economically, and politically have generally a correlation either with political changes, and macroeconomic scenarios related to scarcity and uncertainty in the international market of extractive industries, or with nationalistic political views in national governments.

Details

Beyond the UN Global Compact: Institutions and Regulations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-558-1

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 March 2021

Muhammad Farrukh and Nabeel Younus Ansari

Customer value cocreation (VCC) behavior is gaining increased scholarly attention in the services marketing discipline and has become a top research priority in recent…

Abstract

Purpose

Customer value cocreation (VCC) behavior is gaining increased scholarly attention in the services marketing discipline and has become a top research priority in recent times. Despite the growing interest in studying VCC, less scholarly attention has been paid to study the crucial role of frontline service employees in activating customer participation in the VCC process. Hence, to bridge this research gap, the present research expanded VCC research streams by investigating the mediating effect of frontline service employees' innovative behavior in psychological capital and customer VCC behavior relationship.

Design/methodology/approach

Data collected from 255 hotel employee–customer dyads were analyzed through Smart PLS to measure the proposed relationships.

Findings

The results suggest the mediating effect of frontline service employees' innovative behavior in psychological capital and customer VCC behavior relationship.

Originality/value

The current research made a significant contribution to the VCC field by identifying driving forces that encourage customers to exhibit VCC behaviors.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 November 2013

Julia Zinkina, Andrey Korotayev and Aleksey I. Andreev

The purpose of this paper is to encourage discussions regarding the existing approaches to globalization measurement (taking mainly the form of indices and rankings) and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to encourage discussions regarding the existing approaches to globalization measurement (taking mainly the form of indices and rankings) and their shortcomings in terms of applicability to developing Global Studies curricula. Another aim is to propose an outline for the globalization measurement methodology that would take a systemic approach to revealing the global flows (both their direction and content) and networks, which will allow the multidimensionality in globalization measurement crucial for proposing and verifying formal explanations and hypotheses, as well as for developing globalization forecasts.

Design/methodology/approach

Several methodologies for globalization measurements are compared in the paper, among the most important are variations of the index compilation methodology, and methods of network analysis.

Findings

For Global Studies curricula, globalization measurement tools much more complex than indices are needed. A possible solution could lie in the analysis of country-to-country flows (and networks which these flows form), which appears much more data- and effort-consuming than the methodologies behind the index compilation, will allow the elaboration of a systemic vision of globalization and the interactions between its various aspects, which should necessarily underlie the Global Studies curricula.

Research limitations/implications

The research concentrates upon the most widespread approaches to globalization measurements, such as the most widely recognized globalization indices, and the few attempts at country-to-country flows and networks measurement.

Originality/value

The paper's originality/value lies in proposing an outline for a new multidimensional approach to measuring globalization based upon country-to-country flows and networks.

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Article
Publication date: 14 January 2021

Bassem Maamari, Soha El Achi, Dorra Yahiaoui and Samer François Nakhle

This study investigates whether the increased attention given to coaching as a training technique is affecting performance, while taking into consideration the mediating…

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigates whether the increased attention given to coaching as a training technique is affecting performance, while taking into consideration the mediating effect of organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB).

Design/methodology/approach

Data is collected from Lebanese employees in the field, using a quantitative method and a confirmatory survey.

Findings

The study suggests that the creation of a supportive organisational behaviour in the organisation does provide a higher benefit from coaching.

Research limitations/implications

The outcome of the study could have significant implications on the HR departments' managerial decision-making on the process of implementing novel tools and training techniques in services facilities.

Practical implications

This study helps HR managers to assess the desirability of investing in coaching and orient the planning of their firms' HR strategy.

Originality/value

This research is based on a large sample collection from different business sectors in Lebanon. The quantitative survey results highlight a number of correlations that affect employees' performance. It further moves the responsibility from coaching as a tool to being part of a complete program of behavioural management and change.

Details

EuroMed Journal of Business, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1450-2194

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 10 February 2021

Sathies Kumar Thangarajan and Arun Chokkalingam

The purpose of this paper is to develop an efficient brain tumor detection model using the beneficial concept of hybrid classification using magnetic resonance imaging…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an efficient brain tumor detection model using the beneficial concept of hybrid classification using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images Brain tumors are the most familiar and destructive disease, resulting to a very short life expectancy in their highest grade. The knowledge and the sudden progression in the area of brain imaging technologies have perpetually ready for an essential role in evaluating and concentrating the novel perceptions of brain anatomy and operations. The system of image processing has prevalent usage in the part of medical science for enhancing the early diagnosis and treatment phases.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed detection model involves five main phases, namely, image pre-processing, tumor segmentation, feature extraction, third-level discrete wavelet transform (DWT) extraction and detection. Initially, the input MRI image is subjected to pre-processing using different steps called image scaling, entropy-based trilateral filtering and skull stripping. Image scaling is used to resize the image, entropy-based trilateral filtering extends to eradicate the noise from the digital image. Moreover, skull stripping is done by Otsu thresholding. Next to the pre-processing, tumor segmentation is performed by the fuzzy centroid-based region growing algorithm. Once the tumor is segmented from the input MRI image, feature extraction is done, which focuses on the first-order and higher-order statistical measures. In the detection side, a hybrid classifier with the merging of neural network (NN) and convolutional neural network (CNN) is adopted. Here, NN takes the first-order and higher-order statistical measures as input, whereas CNN takes the third level DWT image as input. As an improvement, the number of hidden neurons of both NN and CNN is optimized by a novel meta-heuristic algorithm called Crossover Operated Rooster-based Chicken Swarm Optimization (COR-CSO). The AND operation of outcomes obtained from both optimized NN and CNN categorizes the input image into two classes such as normal and abnormal. Finally, a valuable performance evaluation will prove that the performance of the proposed model is quite good over the entire existing model.

Findings

From the experimental results, the accuracy of the suggested COR-CSO-NN + CNN was seemed to be 18% superior to support vector machine, 11.3% superior to NN, 22.9% superior to deep belief network, 15.6% superior to CNN and 13.4% superior to NN + CNN, 11.3% superior to particle swarm optimization-NN + CNN, 9.2% superior to grey wolf optimization-NN + CNN, 5.3% superior to whale optimization algorithm-NN + CNN and 3.5% superior to CSO-NN + CNN. Finally, it was concluded that the suggested model is superior in detecting brain tumors effectively using MRI images.

Originality/value

This paper adopts the latest optimization algorithm called COR-CSO to detect brain tumors using NN and CNN. This is the first study that uses COR-CSO-based optimization for accurate brain tumor detection.

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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2019

James M. Crick and Dave Crick

Coopetition, namely, the interplay between cooperation and competition, has received a good deal of interest in the business-to-business marketing literature. Academics…

Abstract

Purpose

Coopetition, namely, the interplay between cooperation and competition, has received a good deal of interest in the business-to-business marketing literature. Academics have operationalised the coopetition construct and have used these measures to test the antecedents and consequences of firms collaborating with their competitors. However, business-to-business marketing scholars have not developed and validated an agreed operationalisation that reflects the dimensionality of the coopetition construct. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop and validate a multi-dimensional measure of coopetition for marketing scholars to use in future research.

Design/methodology/approach

To use a highly cooperative and highly competitive empirical context, sporting organisations in New Zealand were sampled, as the key informants within these entities engaged in different forms of coopetition. Checks were made to ensure that the sampled entities produced generalisable results. That is, it is anticipated that the results apply to other industries with firms engaging in similar business-to-business behaviours. Various sources of qualitative and quantitative data were acquired to develop and validate a multi-dimensional measure of coopetition (the COOP scale), which passed all major assessments of reliability and validity (including common method variance).

Findings

The results indicated that coopetition is a multi-dimensional construct, comprising three distinct dimensions. First, local-level coopetition is collaboration among competing entities within a close geographic proximity. Second, national-level coopetition is cooperation with rivals within the same country but across different geographic regions. Third, organisation-level coopetition is cooperation with competitors across different firms (including with indirect rivals), regardless of their geographic location and product markets served. Indeed, organisation-level coopetition extends to how companies engage in coopetition in domestic and international capacities, depending on the extent to which they compete in similar product markets in comparison to industry rivals. Also, multiple indicators were used to measure each facet of the coopetition construct after the scale purification stage.

Originality/value

Prior coopetition-based investigations have predominately been conceptual or qualitative in nature. The scarce number of existing scales have significant problems, such as not appreciating that coopetition is a multi-dimensional variable, as well as using single indicators. In spite of a recent call for research on the multiple levels of coopetition, there has not been an agreed measure of the construct that accounts for its multi-dimensionality. Hence, this investigation responds to such a call for research by developing and validating the COOP scale. Local-, national- and organisation-level coopetition are anticipated to be the main facets of the coopetition construct, which offer several avenues for future research.

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Article
Publication date: 4 October 2019

James M. Crick

Coopetition is the interplay between cooperation and competition, involving organisations sharing resources and capabilities with rival entities. Earlier work has…

Abstract

Purpose

Coopetition is the interplay between cooperation and competition, involving organisations sharing resources and capabilities with rival entities. Earlier work has suggested that coopetition has a linear (positive) relationship with company performance, with scarce considerations towards whether this link could have a diminishing-returns effect. Thus, this paper aims to examine the non-linear (quadratic) relationships between coopetition and three performance outcomes. Using resource-based theory and the relational view, this study is designed to evaluate the dark side of coopetition, in terms of identifying situations when such activities can be harmful for company performance.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey data were collected from a sample of 101 vineyards and wineries in New Zealand. After purifying the measures through a series of multivariate statistical techniques, the research hypotheses and control paths were tested through hierarchical regression. Furthermore, the statistical data passed all major assessments of reliability and validity (including common method variance).

Findings

Coopetition was found to have non-linear (quadratic) relationships with customer satisfaction performance, market performance, and financial performance. These results indicate that while coopetition provides organisations with new resources, capabilities and opportunities, there are some dark sides of coopetition activities. With “too little” coopetition, firms might struggle to survive within their markets, with an insufficient volume of resources and capabilities. With “too much” coopetition, companies could experience increased tensions, potentially lose intellectual property and dilute their competitive advantages. Such negative outcomes could harm their performance in several capacities.

Practical implications

Firms should appreciate that coopetition is a competitive strategy. In other words, regardless of how much collaboration occurs, coopetition partners are still competing entities. It is recommended that organisations should strive to engage in an “optimal-level” of coopetition, as “too little” or “too much” of such strategies can be harmful for various types of company performance. To mitigate some of the dark sides of coopetition, businesses should attempt to use all the benefits of collaborating with competitors (i.e. accessing new resources, capabilities and opportunities), but at the same time, not become dependent on rivals’ assets.

Originality/value

This paper develops and tests a framework examining the non-linear (quadratic) linkages between coopetition and multiple assessments of company performance. It highlights the benefits and drawbacks of businesses sharing resources and capabilities with their competitors. Contrary to prior studies in the business-to-business marketing literature, the results signify that firms need to engage in an “optimal-level” of coopetition to minimise certain dark sides, such as reduced company performance. After providing some practitioner implications, this paper ends with a series of limitations and avenues for future research.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 21 May 2019

Gautam Sharma

Innovation and entrepreneurship are regarded as the key drivers to steer the engine of economic development in any nation. As a result, to understand the context and…

Abstract

Purpose

Innovation and entrepreneurship are regarded as the key drivers to steer the engine of economic development in any nation. As a result, to understand the context and process of innovation and entrepreneurship there has been a steady rise in scientific literature and empirical studies. The purpose of this paper is to study the trends and progress of academic research on innovation and entrepreneurship in India by identifying the key articles, journals, authors and institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

Scientometric methods especially bibliometrics is used, for measuring the maturity of this research field in the country. The paper studies the research landscape in innovation and entrepreneurship in India by doing a bibliometric analysis using data from publications indexed in the Scopus database from the year 2000 to 2018. The study takes a multidisciplinary review of the literature in innovation and entrepreneurship research in India and could be used as a reference for future studies in this theme.

Findings

The study finds an increase in the scholarly studies in innovation and entrepreneurship in India in the last decade. It was also found that a large number of publications were joint-authored and collaborations between Indian and foreign universities is happening. The paper also highlights the authorship patterns, top journals and the most cited papers.

Research limitations/implications

A major limitation of this study is that it has considered publications which are indexed in Scopus. This paper has contributed by highlighting the growth of studies in the field of innovation and entrepreneurship in the Indian context. The results can be used by future studies in this area as a starting point to highlight the nature of this research area.

Originality/value

The study attempts to present a trend analysis of published literature on innovation and entrepreneurship in India.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

Keywords

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