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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

K. Gustafsson, G. Flodman and M. Bakszt

System performance can be improved by the use of MCM (multi‐chip module) technology. Better signal transmission properties, lower power dissipation if C‐MOS chips are used…

Abstract

System performance can be improved by the use of MCM (multi‐chip module) technology. Better signal transmission properties, lower power dissipation if C‐MOS chips are used and decreased physical volume will be obtained. Today MCM is an expensive technique, but the authors' cost analysis shows that it has the potential to become more cost‐effective than the standard technique of using single chip packages. It can also become more cost‐effective to use the MCM technique than to increase the number of gates on the silicon chip over a certain level. In order to study the properties of MCM technology, a project has been started at the authors' company in which a processor application is built up on three different types of MCM substrates.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1985

M. Bakszt

Protective cover coating of bare copper boards is necessary to resist long‐term storage. Both water‐soluble and rosin‐based fluxes are used in the evaluation. The…

Abstract

Protective cover coating of bare copper boards is necessary to resist long‐term storage. Both water‐soluble and rosin‐based fluxes are used in the evaluation. The inhibitors have been practically tested on coupons which were soldered after accelerated ageing tests. All investigations were carried out with respect to the impact on waste treatment, and the adjustment to various fluxes.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 11 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

G.M. Wenger, D.A. Machusak and J.L. Parker

Organic solderability preservative (OSP) coatings are not new. They have been used successfully with aggressive water soluble flux for assembly of through‐hole only PWBs…

Abstract

Organic solderability preservative (OSP) coatings are not new. They have been used successfully with aggressive water soluble flux for assembly of through‐hole only PWBs. However, the multiple heating cycles required for mixed technology assembly and use of no‐clean low solids flux (LSF) for wave solder assembly have placed a greater demand on the solderability protection provided by OSPs. Wetting balance and float testing were used to evaluate numerous OSPs as well as the potential for these surface finishes to be used for ‘No‐Clean’ assembly. Although these laboratory evaluations revealed that OSPs are not as robust as SnPb, they did indicate the assembly processes and materials which could work with OSPs. Additional simulated assembly trials with test vehicles confirmed that thick OSP pre‐flux coatings interfere with soldering and that the solderability of surfaces with thin OSPs degrades when heated in an air environment. Since none of the OSPs evaluated outperformed the imidazole currently in use at AT&T, a no‐clean LSF assembly production trial with a mixed technology telecommunication circuit pack was conducted to compare imidazole with hot air solder levelled surfaces. The production trial and laboratory evaluations resulted in the development of an application model. The elements of the application model are not complicated: (1) use thin OSPs, (2) avoid baking, (3) use as aggressive a flux as possible, (4) apply as much flux as possible, (5) apply the flux where you want solder to wet, and (6) use nitrogen inerted processes whenever possible. Combination of these elements has led to the successful implementation of OSPs for no‐clean assembly. Funding for this effort was obtained through the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) Printed Wiring Board Interconnect Program.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 7 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1989

R.B. Turnbull, Colin Lea and Richard Denman

Bryan Pledger, Chairman of the IMF Printed Circuit Group, chaired this meeting, held in London on 26 September, and introduced the panel of speakers, well‐known nationally…

Abstract

Bryan Pledger, Chairman of the IMF Printed Circuit Group, chaired this meeting, held in London on 26 September, and introduced the panel of speakers, well‐known nationally and internationally, and specialists in the field of surface mounting.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

C. Lea

To establish a measurement scale for the solderability of electronic components using the wetting balance, there is a requirement for a set of standard reference surfaces…

Abstract

To establish a measurement scale for the solderability of electronic components using the wetting balance, there is a requirement for a set of standard reference surfaces of defined solderabilities to calibrate the instrument and the measurement chain. Ideally, a single material will be used, whose surface can be tuned to a given solderability by a well characterised procedure. This paper describes the development of ranges of solderable surfaces suitable for calibrating wetting balances and other solderability test and measurement methods.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1993

I. Artaki, U. Ray, H.M. Gordon and R.L. Opila

The emergence of new interconnection technologies involving double‐sided surface mounted components has put stronger restrictions on the method of preserving the…

Abstract

The emergence of new interconnection technologies involving double‐sided surface mounted components has put stronger restrictions on the method of preserving the solderable finish on printed circuit (PC) boards. The popular Sn/Pb coatings have come under strong scrutiny due to environmental hazards of lead and also because they do not provide flat, planar surfaces for SM assembly. Organic solderability preservative coatings (OSP) are emerging as strong contenders for replacing Sn/Pb surface finishes. Benzotriazole based organic coatings have been successfully used in the past by several electronics manufacturers. However, assembly technologies involving multiple thermal operations have necessitated a fundamental understanding of the thermal stabilities and the mechanism of corrosion protection provided by the OSPs. This paper reports the results of an investigation of the thermal stabilities of two organic corrosion protection coatings. Although both are organic azole based, they operate in two distinct regimes: one forming thin films (∼100 Å) and the other forming thick films (∼5000 Å). The mechanism of surface protection has been studied using direct surface analytical techniques such as X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), scanning transmission electron microscopy (SEM/TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT‐IR). The solderability of the copper was measured by wetting balance techniques and correlated to the amount of copper oxidation. The results indicate that, although the thin films provide excellent protection for storage and handling operations, they decompose under heat, thereby causing oxidation of the copper. The thick films appear to withstand multiple thermal cycling. However, the underlying copper substrate can still be oxidised by oxygen diffusion through pores or cracks, or the film may undergo chemical changes that render the copper unsolderable.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1993

Dave Lowrie

Self‐contained emergency lighting luminaires are mandatory in most countries for public buildings, offices and factories to ensure maximum safety in the event of a power…

Abstract

Self‐contained emergency lighting luminaires are mandatory in most countries for public buildings, offices and factories to ensure maximum safety in the event of a power failure. A major Netherlands‐based manufacturer, Blessing Electronics, Breda, produces a wide range of luminaires to suit most applications which are sold widely within Benelux and in other European countries.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1994

Miloš Somora, A.P. Hilley, H. Binner, Gábor Hársanyi, M.S. Vijayaraghavan, Tao Sung Oh, T. Laine‐ Ylijoki, P. Collander, Boguslaw Herod, Peter Barnwell and David Lowrie

‘Soldering and Cleaning in Electronics’ international conference, including an exposition, took place in Brno on 12–13 October 1993. The conference was organised by…

419

Abstract

‘Soldering and Cleaning in Electronics’ international conference, including an exposition, took place in Brno on 12–13 October 1993. The conference was organised by SMT‐Info, together with the ISHM‐Czech and Slovak Chapter. The purpose of this common action was to bring together the professionals in surface mount technology and thick film technology. In the framework of the conference, in which 130 home and foreign delegates participated, the annual meeting of the ISHM‐Czech and Slovak Chapter took place.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1993

Dates: 23–24 March 1994 Venue: Palais des Congrès, Porte Maillot, Paris The Fifth Microelectronics Salon (Hybrids, SMT, ASICs, Packaging) will take place on the above…

Abstract

Dates: 23–24 March 1994 Venue: Palais des Congrès, Porte Maillot, Paris The Fifth Microelectronics Salon (Hybrids, SMT, ASICs, Packaging) will take place on the above dates. This showcase for manufacturers, suppliers of products and equipment, and sub‐contractors to all sectors of these industries will be accompanied by a series of conferences.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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