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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1994

M. Anaam Hashmi

In this study a relationship between the fluctuation of a nation's monetary reserves and political risk is established. A least square regression model is used for the…

Abstract

In this study a relationship between the fluctuation of a nation's monetary reserves and political risk is established. A least square regression model is used for the 1972–87 period and monetary reserves fluctuations of nineteen countries are analyzed. It is concluded that monetary reserves data can be used as a cost efficient proxy for political risk in moderate risk non‐oil exporting countries. Less politically risky countries also exhibit a positive relationship but the results are not statistically significant. This study has special implications for small and medium‐sized corporations. Further, the limitations of this study are discussed.

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International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 4 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2001

M. Anaam Hashmi and Turgut Guvenli

Outlines the technological problems which make it hard to deliver high quality video over the internet, e.g. insufficient bandwidth, clients’ machines etc.; and considers…

Abstract

Outlines the technological problems which make it hard to deliver high quality video over the internet, e.g. insufficient bandwidth, clients’ machines etc.; and considers how they might be solved. Describes how digital video, audio presentations and animations can be streamed to a computer and the ways in which various US sectors are actually using streaming media at the moment. Discusses the future for multimedia applications in corporate training, e‐business and higher education; and predicts they will be very widely used as the technology improves.

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Managerial Finance, vol. 27 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2000

Jamal A. Al‐Khatib, Maria Manuela Nêveda DaCosta and M. Anaam Hashmi

Assesses the economic strengths and weaknesses of the six member states of the Co‐operation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and the patterns of trade between…

Abstract

Assesses the economic strengths and weaknesses of the six member states of the Co‐operation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and the patterns of trade between these states and the European Union (EU): the GCC’s largest trading partner. Explains the tariffs applied by the GCC states and the provisions of the EU‐GCC Free Trade Agreement; and considers its implications for trade, tariff revenues, industry, development prospects and political stability. Believes that it will contribute positively to the GCC and EU economies and help to reduce “tension between east and west”.

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Managerial Finance, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2000

M. Anaam Hashmi

Outlines the development of Mercosur (South American economic bloc) and considers the assertion that it protects inefficient Brazilian industries and has failed to create…

Abstract

Outlines the development of Mercosur (South American economic bloc) and considers the assertion that it protects inefficient Brazilian industries and has failed to create extra trade. Analyses selected 1990‐1997 data for Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay to show that trade and foreign investment have increased since its formation in 1991; and compares the impact on trading patterns and trade balances for all four countries. Admits that Mercosur has some way to go in establishing a common market and has not increased exports to the rest of the world to the extent expected, but regards it as a qualified success.

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Managerial Finance, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

M. Anaam Hashmi

A widely used strategy to cope with the dangers of foreign investment by hedging against potential losses is political risk insurance. All multinational corporations are…

Abstract

A widely used strategy to cope with the dangers of foreign investment by hedging against potential losses is political risk insurance. All multinational corporations are subject to political risk perils. Political risk is defined as the adverse effect on the value of a business arising out of direct or indirect actions by a foreign government. Broadly speaking, there are six different types of political risk: confiscation, expropriation and nationalization; contract repudiation and frustration; unfair regulatory environment; currency inconvertibility; contingency; and war risk. Similarly, policies available can be defined according to these six categories. In summary, political risk insurance addresses losses which occur because of politically motivated decisions.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

James C. Baker

This special issue is devoted to a discussion of some major risks facing multinational companies (MNCs) in the operation of their global business. Multinational business…

Abstract

This special issue is devoted to a discussion of some major risks facing multinational companies (MNCs) in the operation of their global business. Multinational business is carried out in many ways including international trade and investment activities. Such enterprise may be confronted by a number of risks. Among these, the most important are foreign exchange risk, credit risk, interest rate risk, and political risk.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 21 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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