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Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Luís Janeiro, Eugénia Ribeiro, Luís Faísca and María José Lopez Miguel

A better therapeutic alliance at the beginning of treatment for addictive behaviours has been found to prevent dropout. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate how the…

Abstract

Purpose

A better therapeutic alliance at the beginning of treatment for addictive behaviours has been found to prevent dropout. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate how the development of therapeutic alliance dimensions was associated with the dropout prevention.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 23 participants presented a substance use disorder related to heroin or cocaine and were in three distinct treatment phases of a therapeutic community. Each participant filled in the therapeutic alliance measures once a week after mini-groups. A naturalistic prospective research design was used to collate 198 repeated alliance measures.

Findings

Participants who presented stable bond development at higher levels tended to stay in treatment, whereas those who developed stable bonds at lower levels tended to drop out. The goals and tasks dimension increased significantly across the phases and was not associated with dropout.

Practical implications

To prevent dropout, therapists should pay special attention to residents who manifest difficulties in establishing stable and secure bonds and not overestimate the impact of the goals and tasks alliance dimension, as it is not a failsafe indicator of treatment retention.

Originality/value

The alliance dimensions were differentiated (bond, goals and tasks) and studied throughout the treatment, pointing out the importance of therapeutic relationship dynamic variables to prevent dropout.

Details

Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-1866

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2021

Sofia Vicente, Laura Inês Ferreira, Antonia María Jiménez-Ros, Cláudia Carmo and Luís Janeiro

This study aims to investigate whether the influence of group cohesion on the outcomes depended on the levels of the therapeutic alliance.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate whether the influence of group cohesion on the outcomes depended on the levels of the therapeutic alliance.

Design/methodology/approach

Sixteen individuals with a substance use disorder who were undergoing treatment in a therapeutic community responded to therapeutic alliance, group cohesion, craving and outcomes measures after every therapeutic small group session for a period of six weeks. Data analysis was performed using hierarchical linear modeling.

Findings

Results indicate that the effect of group cohesion is stronger when there is a high therapeutic alliance between resident and therapist.

Originality/value

Even on group interventions, to enhance group cohesion effects on outcomes, therapists must foster higher therapeutic alliance levels. The findings point out the importance of studying the effect of common factors on outcomes.

Details

Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, vol. 42 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-1866

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2014

Antonio Márcio Tavares Thomé, Roberto Luis Hollmann and L.F.R.R. Scavarda do Carmo

The purpose of this research synthesis is to gather and integrate findings on Collaborative Planning Forecast and Replenishment (CPFR) as a business process and as a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research synthesis is to gather and integrate findings on Collaborative Planning Forecast and Replenishment (CPFR) as a business process and as a management practice; and to assemble quantitative evidence of its impact on supply chain (SC) performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The researchers independently conducted a systematic review of 629 abstracts and 47 full-text papers. Original keywords were applied to four key electronic databases for operations management and information systems. Rigorous and verifiable selection criteria governed inter-coders reliability, review of steps and exclusion of papers. Resource and dependency-based view of the firm, contingency research and maturity models informed the analysis.

Findings

There is not a single “blueprint” for CPFR. Competing models emphasize the need for “trust and confidence” and reliable data systems. The type of products, scope, spatial diversity and number of partners in the network are important contextual variables. Firm resources that are unique and advantages from multiple and reciprocal dependencies are powerful levers. There is no consensus on maturity model and on required investment in data and communication systems.

Practical implications

Practical implications are implementation related: cost-benefit analysis and simulations should precede full-scale collaboration. There is a consensus on starting CPFR small and expanding gradually.

Originality/value

This synthesis applies a rigorous review method and attempts to assemble the dispersed literature in one study, utilizing explanatory operations management and information systems theories.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 114 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2002

Angela da Rocha and Luis Antonio Dib

Investigates the entry of Wal‐Mart in Brazil, and subsequent moves of established retailers and new entrants with data taken from secondary sources and interviews with…

Abstract

Investigates the entry of Wal‐Mart in Brazil, and subsequent moves of established retailers and new entrants with data taken from secondary sources and interviews with executives. First, internationalization of Wal‐Mart and its entry are discussed, which caused an impact on Brazilian retailing by accelerating the concentration, automation and modernization of the industry. Competitive reactions were classified in four categories: neutralizing competitors actions, establishing competitive advantage, redefining markets, and changing ownership. It is argued that Wal‐Mart’s experience in Brazil could be an interesting source of learning for foreign retailers desirous of entering the Brazilian market as well as for local companies that need to remain competitive to survive.

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 May 2019

Vitor Lima, Alessandra Baiocchi Antunes Corrêa, Marco Tulio Zanini, Luís Alexandre Grubits de Paula Pessôa and Hélio Arthur Reis Irigaray

The purpose of this paper is to identify how a city as a brand discursively conceives and articulates relevant meanings in order to build its identity.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify how a city as a brand discursively conceives and articulates relevant meanings in order to build its identity.

Design/methodology/approach

The study follows a discursive semiotic approach using content from the Visit.Rio website and posts from its Facebook page.

Findings

It was possible to organize the values and meanings that structure the Rio de Janeiro brand in the semiotic square. Narrative schemes that concretize the value proposition guided mainly by contemplation and experimentation situations were identified. The discursive construction of the Rio de Janeiro brand is primarily marked by the relation between nature and culture, where contrasting meanings are explored by the City Hall managers.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to the analysis of the enunciator (Rio de Janeiro brand managers) in their process of creating and articulating the city’s meanings. Future research could investigate the enunciate (public) perspective.

Practical implications

Managers should consider the discursive approach since it provides a more holistic perspective on the brand-building process. The findings may contribute to the understanding, selection and articulation of the correct meanings that should be communicated to the public in order to make the city a relevant and desirable place to visit.

Originality/value

This paper is based on the concept of a brand as a set of discourses grounded by meanings that are culturally conceived, which, thus, presents itself as a different approach from the traditional one, especially in research on place branding.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 37 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 September 2020

Jacks Bezerra, Fábio Batista Mota, Michele Waltz Comarú, Luiza Amara Maciel Braga, Leonardo Fernandes Moutinho Rocha, Paulo Roberto Carvalho, Luís Alexandre da Fonseca Tinoca and Renato Matos Lopes

During the last few years there has been an increase of interest in work-based learning (WBL), which can be understood as a process of both developing workplace skills and…

Abstract

Purpose

During the last few years there has been an increase of interest in work-based learning (WBL), which can be understood as a process of both developing workplace skills and promoting labor force productivity. This paper aims to map the scientific landscape related to WBL research worldwide.

Design/methodology/approach

combined bibliometrics and network analysis techniques to analyze data of scientific publications related to WBL indexed at the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection.

Findings

results show an increase of publications over time: Education & Educational Research as the most frequent research area to which the articles were assigned, the UK and Australia as the main countries and Monash University (Australia) and Middlesex University (England) as the main organizations producing knowledge on WBL.

Originality/value

By offering a global scientific landscape of WBL research published so far, the authors aimed to contribute to future academic debates and studies in this field of knowledge.

Details

Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-3896

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 June 2017

Andre Luis Cavalcanti Bueno, Noemi de La Rocque Rodriguez and Elisa Dominguez Sotelino

The purpose of this work is to present a methodology that harnesses the computational power of multiple graphics processing units (GPUs) and hides the complexities of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this work is to present a methodology that harnesses the computational power of multiple graphics processing units (GPUs) and hides the complexities of tuning GPU parameters from the users.

Design/methodology/approach

A methodology for auto-tuning OpenCL configuration parameters has been developed.

Findings

This described process helps simplify coding and generates a significant gain in time for each method execution.

Originality/value

Most authors develop their GPU applications for specific hardware configurations. In this work, a solution is offered to make the developed code portable to any GPU hardware.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2002

Luís Cláudio Benevenuto, Luciléia Granhen Tavares Colares and Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo

The purpose of this research was to verify the changes in the body weight of breastfeeding women, using the anthropometric and the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) methods…

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to verify the changes in the body weight of breastfeeding women, using the anthropometric and the bioelectrical impedance (BIA) methods. The sample was formed by 30 women who were exclusively breastfeeding their children, with an average age of 27.9±4.4 years old, followed up during four appointments in a public hospital of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The anthropometric data showed a significant reduction of body weight during the studied period. Regarding skinfolds, we observed a greater loss in the lower part of the abdominal region, in the suprailiac region and in the thigh. The same occurred to the body circumferences. Resistance values remained unaltered, thus indicating that the total body water content was preserved. We concluded that the significant reduction of body weight was mainly due to the mobilization of the fat tissue, being unrelated to changes in the body water content. In addition, we verified how important it is to associate different methods to assess the change of body weight during breastfeeding.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 30 May 2017

Abstract

Details

Brazil
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-785-4

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Article
Publication date: 23 October 2018

Renata Maria Gomes, Jorge Carneiro and Luis Antonio Dib

The purpose of this paper is to identify patterns for the intra-market expansion of international branded retailers on a continent-sized emerging market using the network approach.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify patterns for the intra-market expansion of international branded retailers on a continent-sized emerging market using the network approach.

Design/methodology/approach

A multiple-case study design of four foreign branded retailers that have expanded onto regional markets in Brazil is used.

Findings

The intra-market expansion process shares similarities with the cross-market expansion process; is influenced by the relationships of foreign branded retailers with local competitors and shopping mall firms; and market selection, mode of operation and store location decisions are interrelated and conjointly taken, instead of forming a three-stage process. Additionally, the importance of relationships with host market shopping malls firms is highlighted.

Research limitations/implications

This paper advances a conceptual model of the intra-market expansion process, which comprises a system of interrelated decisions – (regional) market selection, mode of operation and store location – influenced by several network effects.

Practical implications

Managers of foreign branded retail suffer from liability of foreignness when undertaking intra-market expansion. Although Brazil is a large market, the retail community is highly connected because of managers’ personal relationships. Brazilian shopping malls dominate suitable store locations, and represent a valuable source of knowledge and resources for the foreign branded retailer.

Originality/value

This paper addresses two under-researched aspects of international retail: branded retailers – manufacturers that develop brands and operate stores – and intra-market expansion (i.e. to geographic regions of a given foreign country). It also discusses the challenges of intra-market expansion in continent-sized emerging markets, with considerable regional diversity (culture, infrastructure and institutions).

Details

International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, vol. 46 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0959-0552

Keywords

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