Search results

1 – 10 of 12
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 January 1991

Lourdes Campos and Antonio Gonzalez

A new method to solve zero‐sum two‐person games with imprecise values in their matrices of pay‐offs is suggested. The natural lack of precision generated by the use of…

Abstract

A new method to solve zero‐sum two‐person games with imprecise values in their matrices of pay‐offs is suggested. The natural lack of precision generated by the use of fuzzy numbers in a fuzzy game requires the use of subjective criteria by the players in the resolution model. We apply a ranking function, the Average Value, which allows the decision makers to take into account their subjectivity. The use of this function raises again the solution of the fuzzy game when two criteria, one for each player, are used.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 9 December 2014

Lourdes Rodriguez del Barrio, Rosana Onocko Campos, Sabrina Stefanello, Deivisson Vianna Dantas dos Santos, Céline Cyr, Lisa Benisty and Thais de Carvalho Otanari

Formal recognition of the human rights of people living with mental health problems has greatly progressed. We must ask ourselves, however, to what extent the formal…

Abstract

Purpose

Formal recognition of the human rights of people living with mental health problems has greatly progressed. We must ask ourselves, however, to what extent the formal recognition of these rights has transformed the culture of psychiatric care and improved their quality of life. Gaining Autonomy & Medication Management (GAM) is an approach that strives to empower service users and providers and promotes the exercise of users’ rights by transforming their relationship with the central component of psychiatric treatment in community services: psychopharmacology. The purpose of this paper is to show how GAM highlights the issues surrounding the establishment of a culture of rights.

Design/methodology/approach

For this analysis qualitative data were collected in Brazil and in Quebec, Canada, through over 100 interviews done with people living with mental health issues and practitioners who participated in the different GAM implementation projects.

Findings

Issues, challenges and obstacles facing the instauration of a human rights culture in mental health services are presented. The profound changes that the understanding and exercise of users’ rights bring to the lives of individuals are supported by excerpts illustrating recurring issues, situations and common experiences that appear in the various contexts of the two different countries.

Research limitations/implications

This is not a parallel study taking place into two countries. The methodologies used were different, and as a consequence the comparative power can be limited. However, the results reveal striking similarities.

Originality/value

There is scant research on human rights in mental health services in the community, and the issues surrounding the prescribing and follow-up of pharmacological treatment. The joint analysis of the researches in Brazil and in Canada, identified common challenges which are intertwined with the dominant approach of biomedical psychiatry.

Content available
Article
Publication date: 22 October 2019

Lourdes Díaz-López, Javier Tarango and Claudia-Patricia Contreras

This paper aims to propose the development of formal (scientific content) and informal (content for science communication) educational activities in an inclusive and safe…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose the development of formal (scientific content) and informal (content for science communication) educational activities in an inclusive and safe way, involving two essential elements, virtual reality (VR) and the digital library; as well as the implications for its enforcement such as educational strategies in the university setting and for the encouragement of scientific culture in society.

Design/methodology/approach

For the integration of content, a simplified conceptual model was designed first, in which universities and research centers are seen as complex systems where different subsystems, from which processes and information resources are derived, converge. To cover the model’s elements, a descriptive documentary review was developed, looking to synthesize each element’s contexts and implications.

Findings

The need to establish transdisciplinary relationships between the VR and the digital library is determined with the goal to integrate educational activities using technology, with the purpose of studying contents from the scientific point of view, as well as with the possibility of transforming them into contexts of general access for society, with the objective of social appropriation of knowledge, citizen science and social innovation. In the conclusion section, some implications in the implementation of this type of initiatives are presented.

Originality/value

The aspects that set this paper apart are: treating VR as emerging documents tending to measure their direct impact, not as isolated elements of a collection; identifying the digital library’s social influence actions through VR; and generating processes to encourage the creation of contents with a differentiated focus according to the population served.

Details

Digital Library Perspectives, vol. 35 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5816

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 25 November 2019

Luis Henrique Souza, Elisabeth Kastenholz, Maria de Lourdes Azevedo Barbosa and Mariana Sousa e Silva Cabral Carvalho

The emergence of peer-to-peer accommodation (P2PA) introduces new values and meanings to the hospitality experience. Focusing on the diverse dimensions of the tourist…

Abstract

Purpose

The emergence of peer-to-peer accommodation (P2PA) introduces new values and meanings to the hospitality experience. Focusing on the diverse dimensions of the tourist experience, the purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the relative importance of the main dimensions of guests’ P2PA experience and its relationships with perception of authenticity, place attachment and loyalty to both the visited destination and the P2PA.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative netnographic approach with content analysis permitted the analysis of 250 reviews taken from the Airbnb platform, specifically focusing on P2PAs where guests stay with hosts in the same space.

Findings

The results of the study suggest that guests’ P2PA experiences are particularly influenced by the experience dimensions “aesthetic/sense”, “relate/social interaction”, “escape”, “act” and “feel”. P2PA experiences also result in loyalty intentions, to both the visited destination and the particular P2PA. The dimensions “aesthetic/sense”, “relate/social interaction” and “escape” stand out as most influential in determining perceived authenticity. In turn, place attachment is most influenced by the dimensions “feel” and “relate/social interaction”.

Research limitations/implications

Limitations of this research need to be acknowledged: the P2PA guest experience is explored from the restricted perspective of online reviews using passive netnography. Therefore, some criteria of data collection, for instance, gathering only reviews written in English and with more than 80 words, may be limitative in a more comprehensive assessment of the P2PA experience. Another point is, although P2PA platforms such as Airbnb encourage their guests to review the experience, some people are not inclined to do so; therefore, the published reviews may not reflect all possible experiences at these accommodations inclined to do so; therefore, the published reviews may not reflect all possible experiences at these accommodations.

Originality/value

This study suggests a comprehensive analytical framework for assessing the “holistic multidimensional tourist experience”, integrating Pine and Gilmore’s (1999) and Schmitt’s (1999) approaches, thus deepening the conceptual and methodological debate on the tourist experience. It further contributes to a better understanding of the dimensionality of the tourist experience in the context of shared accommodation. The dimensions under analysis and their association with perceived authenticity, loyalty and place attachment are both of theoretical and practical interest, suggesting approaches to improve the P2PA experience as well as the image and success of the destinations where these units are located.

Details

International Journal of Tourism Cities, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2056-5607

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 April 1959

Professore Dottore Michele Troisi

Sommario: 1° Il bisogno di viaggiare per motivi turistici. 2° Turismo nei tempi antichi e nei tempi moderni in relazione ai nuovi mezzi di trasporto. 3° Turismo sociale…

Abstract

Sommario: 1° Il bisogno di viaggiare per motivi turistici. 2° Turismo nei tempi antichi e nei tempi moderni in relazione ai nuovi mezzi di trasporto. 3° Turismo sociale. 4° Forme di viaggi collettivi: treni turistici, crociere marittime e fluviali, servizi automobilistici di gran turismo. 5° Politica delle tariffe e miglioramenti nei trasporti ferroviari. 6° La rivincita della strada con lo sviluppo della motorizzazione e del turismo automobilistico. 7° Le autolinee nel sistema dei trasporti terrestri. 8° Azione propulsiva a vantaggio del turismo nei trasporti marittimi ed aerei. 9° Gli effetti economici del turismo.

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

Content available

Abstract

Details

Latin America
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-808-2

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 4 May 2020

Verónica Michel

In a country where judicial institutions are known to be inefficient and where activists have traditionally not engaged in legal mobilization, what explains the emergence…

Abstract

In a country where judicial institutions are known to be inefficient and where activists have traditionally not engaged in legal mobilization, what explains the emergence of NGO strategic litigation? The author argues that a change in the legal opportunity structure impacts how activists interact with the legal system. Comparing two states in Mexico, the author demonstrates that the introduction of private prosecution rights opened the door for activists to litigate femicide cases. The emergence of strategic litigation has helped improve compliance with international human rights law and has had a demonstration effect on how to use the law to press for accountability.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

Amoako Kwarteng

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine whether firms in Ghana allocate resources through the use of budgetary planning principles.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine whether firms in Ghana allocate resources through the use of budgetary planning principles.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey was conducted using top business executive and budget holders of the firms listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange. The data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling (SEM) and, in particular, the PLS-SEM approach.

Findings

The study demonstrates that there is a statistically significant relationship between budgeting, performance management, and resource allocation constructs. The results indicate that performance management partially mediates the relations between budget planning and resource allocation. This indicates that firms in Ghana behave optimally by allocating resource using budgetary planning principles.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited to the firms listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange. As a policy implication, this study has established that efficiency revolves around making the possible use of a given set of resources and as such firms in Ghana allocate resources through the use of budget.

Originality/value

There have been just a few studies that tried to integrate budgeting, performance management, and resource allocation in a comprehensive framework to deal with agency problems.

Details

African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-0705

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 25 July 2019

Suhaib Aamir, Nuray Fatma Atsan and Ayfer Ferda Erdem

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the course of entrepreneurship education (EE) research within the framework of entrepreneurship. The study is based on the results…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the course of entrepreneurship education (EE) research within the framework of entrepreneurship. The study is based on the results of previous research published in the annual double special issues of Education + Training (E+T) journal. In this context, it examines the role of EE at different levels of education; EE interactions and approaches; the effects of the variety of variables on EE; and the grouping of these variables into clusters.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses literature review to categorize 59 papers into clusters based on the associations of different variables to EE which have been extracted from the annual double special issues of E+T journal. These special issues were published during the period of 2011–2018. All the reviewed papers were empirical in nature.

Findings

The study has identified 47 variables from 59 empirical papers, which have been grouped into 6 clusters around EE. Based on different levels of studies such as primary, secondary and tertiary levels, the examined papers discuss a variety of variables with reference to their positive, negative, significant or non-significant relationships to EE.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates the progress of the knowledge produced with regard to EE research in recent years. It is among the very few studies to focus on the discrete collection of special issue papers.

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 2 August 2013

Lourdes Moreno and Paloma Martinez

The purpose of this paper is to show that the pursuit of a high search engine relevance ranking for a webpage is not necessarily incompatible with the pursuit of web accessibility.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show that the pursuit of a high search engine relevance ranking for a webpage is not necessarily incompatible with the pursuit of web accessibility.

Design/methodology/approach

The research described arose from an investigation into the observed phenomenon that pages from accessible websites regularly appear near the top of search engine (such as Google) results, without any deliberate effort having been made through the application of search engine optimization (SEO) techniques to achieve this. The reasons for this phenomenon appear to be found in the numerous similarities and overlapping characteristics between SEO factors and web accessibility guidelines. Context is provided through a review of sources including accessibility standards and relevant SEO studies and the relationship between SEO and web accessibility is described. The particular overlapping factors between the two are identified and the precise nature of the overlaps is explained in greater detail.

Findings

The available literature provides firm evidence that the overlapping factors not only serve to ensure the accessibility of a website for all users, but are also useful for the optimization of the website's search engine ranking. The research demonstrates that any SEO project undertaken should include, as a prerequisite, the proper design of accessible web content, inasmuch as search engines will interpret the web accessibility achieved as an indicator of quality and will be able to better access and index the resulting web content.

Originality/value

The present study indicates how developing websites with high visibility in search engine results also makes their content more accessible.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

1 – 10 of 12