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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1983

P.R. Boyce

The functions of lighting Lighting is provided in a building to fulfil three basic functions:

Abstract

The functions of lighting Lighting is provided in a building to fulfil three basic functions:

Details

Property Management, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-7472

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1991

G. Brown

Describes the rapid technical development that took place in thelighting industry in the 1980s, driven by energy cost pressures.Discusses product development, office…

Abstract

Describes the rapid technical development that took place in the lighting industry in the 1980s, driven by energy cost pressures. Discusses product development, office lighting problems, legislation, changing working needs, new design approaches, HF fluorescent lighting, maintenance, and energy and lighting. Concludes that both economic pressures and users′ demand for better quality lighting are dictating a more professional approach to lighting scheme design.

Details

Property Management, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-7472

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1994

Eric Maddock

The responsibilities of the employer/facilities manager in today′s“commercial” world are extensive when considering the wellbeing of staffand the economic working of the…

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Abstract

The responsibilities of the employer/facilities manager in today′s “commercial” world are extensive when considering the wellbeing of staff and the economic working of the office/building. One element of this tangled web is lighting. The recent publication by the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (the professional body), Lighting Guide No. LG7, Office Lighting (1993), is an invaluable compendium in guiding professional “lighters” and the non‐expert in design standards. The guide is particularly useful not only in considering good practice, but also in identifying subjects where the employer is possibly vulnerable with respect to recent EEC legislation and health and safety requirements for satisfactory VDU operations working; and emergency lighting, among others. Examines the contents of LG7, highlighting areas of particular interest and likely concerns to the inquisitive facilities manager.

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Facilities, vol. 12 no. 13
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-2772

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Book part
Publication date: 5 August 2015

Tony Kazda and Bob Caves

Abstract

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Airport Design and Operation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-869-4

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Abstract

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The Handbook of Road Safety Measures
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84855-250-0

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Article
Publication date: 2 March 2021

Md. Jewel Rana, Md. Rakibul Hasan and Md. Habibur Rahman Sobuz

Application of appropriate shading device strategies in buildings can reduce direct solar heat gain through windows as well as optimize cooling and artificial lighting

Abstract

Purpose

Application of appropriate shading device strategies in buildings can reduce direct solar heat gain through windows as well as optimize cooling and artificial lighting load. This study investigates the impact of common shading devices such as overhangs, fins, horizontal blinds, vertical blinds and drapes on energy consumption of an office building and suggests energy efficient shading device strategies in the contexts of unique Bangladeshi subtropical monsoon climate.

Design/methodology/approach

This research was performed through the energy simulation perspective of a prototype office building using a validated building energy simulation tool eQUEST. Around 100 simulation patterns were created considering various types of shading devices and building orientations. The simulation results were analysed comprehensively to find out energy-efficient shading device strategies.

Findings

Optimum overhang and fin height is equal to half of the window height in the context of the subtropical climate of Bangladesh. South and West are the most vulnerable orientations, and application of shading devices on these two orientations shows the highest reduction of cooling load and the lowest increment of lighting load. An existing building was able to save approximately 7.05% annual energy consumption by applying the shading device strategies that were suggested by this study.

Originality/value

The shading device strategies of this study can be incorporated into the Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) as new energy-efficient building design strategies because the BNBC does not have any codes or regulations regarding energy-efficient shading device. It can also be used as energy-efficient shading device strategies to other Southeast Asian countries with similar climatic contexts of Bangladesh.

Details

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-6099

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Article
Publication date: 24 August 2020

Negar Hassanizadeh and Esmatullah Noorzai

The inappropriate lighting methods can have irreversible effects on artworks available in museums and exhibitions. Several factors affect the choice of the lighting system…

Abstract

Purpose

The inappropriate lighting methods can have irreversible effects on artworks available in museums and exhibitions. Several factors affect the choice of the lighting system in the museums. By surveying all possible elements, this paper aims to propose a sustainability-based solution, as it relates to the development of artwork conservation, visual perception and energy efficiency during operation and maintenance (O&M).

Design/methodology/approach

The paper elicits optimal solutions out of the method presented based on functions and expert opinion to improve lighting quality in existing museums. To study the optimization, the energy consumption and life cycle cost (LCC) in both the proposed lighting and the existing lighting system are compared using HoneyBee and LadyBug plugins in GrassHopper, as well as BLCC5 energy cost estimation software.

Findings

The results indicated a practical method to select the most suitable solution for museum lighting. By applying the proposed solutions obtained from the case study, a significant reduction in energy consumption and LCC were achieved. Besides, greenhouse gases were remarkably decreased.

Practical implications

Providing the proper lighting systems for each museum is the issue that is given special attention during the facilities management. The quality of the lighting, energy consumption and costs are analyzed by the simulation software. It is recommended that the validity considerations of the practice are examined.

Originality/value

The present study tried to present an optimal method to choose the best lighting system by the simultaneous utilization of theoretical and practical aspects. The functional model is also introduced for performing the most effective method to enhance the lighting techniques in the art museums.

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Article
Publication date: 19 March 2020

Negar Hassanizadeh, Esmatullah Noorzai and AbdolReza Mohseni

The purpose of this study is to identify effective lighting criteria in the museum from two theoretical and practical points of view.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to identify effective lighting criteria in the museum from two theoretical and practical points of view.

Design/methodology/approach

Assessment of theoretical and practical weight of criteria was taken with the aim of concurrent attention in scientific and executive. Finally, ten effective criteria were identified by the Pareto chart.

Findings

The findings of this study represents a centralized reference source of the most important criteria and also effective guidance to improve the lighting quality and effective guideline to improve the lighting quality and operational fluency.

Practical implications

The paper can help the lighting experts, contemporary designers and future researchers to enhance the lighting function in art museums and design based on needs as well as up-to-date techniques.

Originality/value

Lighting as a fundamental element in the existing art museum has a significant impact on the better understanding of the artworks by the viewers. On the other hand, according to the importance of protecting valuable museum artefacts, lighting can have an effective or destructive impact on them directly. But with consideration of different museum lighting, there is a large range of effective lighting criteria that can choose the right methods harder.

Details

Journal of Facilities Management , vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-5967

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Qichang He, Shiguang Qiu, Xiumin Fan and Keyan Liu

The paper aims to establish a virtual lighting maintenance environment (VLME), and to analyze the visibility-related human factors (HFs) during maintenance operations…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to establish a virtual lighting maintenance environment (VLME), and to analyze the visibility-related human factors (HFs) during maintenance operations through interactive simulations.

Design/methodology/approach

First, an accurate task lighting modeling method was developed, which includes lighting information modeling and illuminant parameters calibration. Then, the real-time interaction between the task lighting and three-dimensional virtual human was modeled. After that, the attenuation coefficient of visibility was determined. Also, the HFs’ analysis process in VLME was described in detail.

Findings

A case study of power supply module replacement of radar equipment was performed in VLME. The HFs’ analysis demonstrated that the task lighting significantly affects the visibility, which causes indirect impact on posture comfort and operation safety.

Practical implications

Through evaluating maintenance operation processing in lighting environment, engineers can better analyze and validate the maintainability design for complex equipment, and some potential ergonomics and safety issues can be found and dealt earlier.

Originality/value

An VLME was built for interactive “human-in-loop” maintenance operation simulation, which can support HFs’ evaluation in lighting environment accurately and effectively.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

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Article
Publication date: 4 July 2013

Paulette Hebert, Mihyun Kang and Jessy Kramp

The purpose of this paper is to examine safety lighting at an existing US government facility.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine safety lighting at an existing US government facility.

Design/methodology/approach

Field measurements of exterior illumination were conducted at four building sites housing laboratories, offices and a cafeteria at night and the findings were compared to the industry recommendations, the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES) safety lighting recommendations.

Findings

Laboratory, office and cafeteria building exteriors were classified as “high hazard” due to area wildlife, potentially dangerous equipment and chemicals, the threat of intruders, and uneven terrain. Some sites' existing light levels fell far below industry recommendations and others greatly exceeded recommendations. Most of the existing lighting was uneven, unsustainable, rendered colors poorly, produced glare and/or remained energized when no one was present.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited by the small number of sites and limited geographical area of the sites. Lighting field studies can improve user safety, save energy and reduce facilities' waste.

Practical implications

This study employs a relatively simple approach to examine safety lighting that facility managers could adapt for their own facilities to inform improvements.

Originality/value

The current lack of lighting field studies, safety lighting research and case studies regarding government facilities is addressed by contributions of this research.

Details

Journal of Facilities Management, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-5967

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