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Article
Publication date: 14 November 2016

Mayank Yuvaraj

The paper aims to examine the constructs laid down by the information technology (IT) adoption theories to the cloud computing phenomena in conjunction with academic…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to examine the constructs laid down by the information technology (IT) adoption theories to the cloud computing phenomena in conjunction with academic libraries of India to determine the factors responsible for the adoption of cloud computing.

Design/methodology/approach

Keeping the objectives into consideration, descriptive survey and constructive research method were used in the study. Library professionals engaged in the selected 28 central universities of India were chosen to participate in this study. To find the core drivers responsible for the adoption of cloud computing in academic libraries, constructs were taken from ten IT adoption theories.

Findings

The findings validate the fact that perceived ease of use, usefulness and ubiquitous availability of the enabling technology are strong drivers of the adoption of cloud computing technology in the libraries. Also, attitude is significantly correlated with the behavioral intention to adopt cloud computing services. High level of correlation was obtained between the cloud computing-perceived attributes and the librarian’s intention to use cloud computing technology. However, security risk is the biggest issue that has been affecting the behavioral intentions.

Originality/value

The study is a self-conscious attempt to fill the void and determine factors for the adoption of cloud computing in libraries. Further, it attempts to find out the preparedness of Indian academic libraries in adopting cloud computing.

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Article
Publication date: 10 October 2016

Mayank Yuvaraj

This paper aims to identify the factors that influence the acceptance and purposeful use of cloud computing technologies in Indian medical libraries.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to identify the factors that influence the acceptance and purposeful use of cloud computing technologies in Indian medical libraries.

Design/methodology/approach

To meet the stated objectives, a three-round Delphi study was carried out; a panel of 32 participants, with expertise and experience of cloud computing in the context of Indian medical libraries, was constituted.

Findings

During the study, the participants identified about 60 different factors, and a consensus was reached on 42 of these, which were considered to have a direct impact on the levels of acceptance and purposeful use of cloud computing technologies in Indian medical libraries. The study points out significant factors that should be addressed to accelerate the acceptance and purposeful use of cloud computing technologies in Indian medical libraries.

Originality/value

The study is the first attempt to study the factors responsible for the adoption of cloud computing in Indian medical libraries through the Delphi technique.

Details

New Library World, vol. 117 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Sanjeev Sanjeev

The present paper aims to explore the applications of new technologies in library scenario.

Abstract

Purpose

The present paper aims to explore the applications of new technologies in library scenario.

Design/methodology/approach

Survey method was used.

Findings

With the influx of information technology, libraries have engaged major deal of works on computers, which has nothing to do with the mission and objectives of the libraries. In such a situation, cloud computing has a lot on offer.

Originality/value

The present paper explores the core competencies of cloud-based computing and discusses about the cloud models-based futuristic libraries.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 34 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

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Article
Publication date: 31 August 2012

Denis Galvin and Mang Sun

The purpose of this paper is to explore the evolving field of cloud computing and its usefulness for library technology departments. It seeks to consider what types of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the evolving field of cloud computing and its usefulness for library technology departments. It seeks to consider what types of projects are good candidates for the cloud and which are not.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors spent a year trying out different projects using Amazon's Web Service. They discuss what went right and what went wrong. They brought up their own machine image and tested out web sites and applications in the cloud. They discuss the different types of cloud services, evaluating and choosing a provider and the types of projects which best fit into this architecture. Advantages and considerations are highlighted as well as an alternative to the public cloud.

Findings

There are some projects that are better suited to cloud computing than others. Flexibility and cost savings are the best reason for moving projects to the cloud. There are also good and valid reasons not to move some projects off into the cloud.

Originality/value

This is an on‐the‐ground look at running projects in the cloud that used to be done on back‐end servers. The bulk of the paper looks at infrastructure as a service. All of the work that has been done is in production and has been tested for over a year.

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Article
Publication date: 26 October 2012

Nuria Lloret Romero

In recent years it has become common to hear about the virtues and benefits of the so‐called “cloud” for the use of corporate software. Although the use of the cloud in…

Abstract

Purpose

In recent years it has become common to hear about the virtues and benefits of the so‐called “cloud” for the use of corporate software. Although the use of the cloud in the business environment has already transformed the concept of data storage and resource management, its use in the field of libraries and information centers is somewhat less widespread. This article aims to outline its benefits and drawbacks.

Design/methodology/approach

The article describes the features of cloud computing, how it can be used in a professional environment, and its benefits and drawbacks,

Findings

Cloud computing is a highly scalable platform promising quick access to hardware and software over the internet, in addition to easy management and access by non‐expert users. It relies on technologies such as virtualization, programming techniques such as multi‐tenancy and/or scalability, load balancing and optimal performance, to ensure that resources are offered quickly and easily.

Practical implications

In the case of public clouds, the techniques generate economies of scale arising from the efficient use of hardware and human resources. These economies of scale, in turn, have an effect on the price the customer pays, which is of great interest to any institution in current times. There are several commercial suppliers already offering various adaptations of their products which make the use of the cloud possible to a lesser or greater extent. However, many of these are not really systems designed by and for cloud computing but rather adjustments of their commercial developments that enable them to continue selling their traditional products.

Originality/value

The article focuses on cloud computing and its use in a professional library environment.

Details

The Bottom Line, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0888-045X

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Article
Publication date: 7 December 2015

Adetoun A Oyelude

– The purpose of this paper is to examine the following question: What is cloud computing?

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the following question: What is cloud computing?

Design/methodology/approach

This paper surveys the current literature.

Findings

Cloud computing is described in many ways.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the first pieces to examine the nature of cloud computing.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 32 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

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Article
Publication date: 17 June 2021

Amos Shibambu and Ngoako Solomon Marutha

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a framework for management of digital records on the cloud in South Africa.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a framework for management of digital records on the cloud in South Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative case study used semi-structured interviews and document analysis to collect data from regulatory documents, records practitioners and chief information officers in the national government departments in South Africa.

Findings

This study reveals that despite the advent of cloud computing, government is still struggling with manual paper-based records challenges, as they have not developed a government-owned cloud in which to manage and dispose records.

Practical implications

Technological advancements have brought about dramatic changes to the management and disposition of records since cloud computing emerged. The traction gained by cloud computing influences how records are managed and disposed in the cloud storage. Currently, the South African Government manages and disposes records in the government premises as stipulated by the National Archives and Records Service of South Africa Act (1996). This is enforced by the National Archives and Records Service of South Africa, which is the government records regulator because records are on paper-based, microfilms and audio-visual formats. It is hoped that the recommendations and framework proposed in this study may assist the government and related sectors in the adoption and implementation of the cloud computing system for records management and disposal. This may assist in resolving challenges such as missing files, damaged records and archives and long turnaround time for retrieval of records.

Social implications

In South Africa, the digital records are securely stored in storage mediums such as hard drives and USBs, to mention but a few. In addition to digital obsolescence faced by the storage mediums, global access to information is hindered because information is limited to those who can visit the archival holdings. The alternative option is to manage and dispose of records in the cloud. The framework and recommendations in this study may also assist in improving information, archives and records management policies and service delivery to the community at large. The framework proposed may be applied as a theory for framing future studies in the same area of cloud computing and used as a resource to guide other future studies and policymakers.

Originality/value

This study provides a framework for management of digital records on the cloud in South Africa. It also proposes the promulgation of the Cloud Act to promote unlimited access to state heritage, regardless of time and location. This study is framed on the Digital Curation Centre Life Cycle Model.

Details

Information Discovery and Delivery, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-6247

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Article
Publication date: 9 February 2015

Hemlata Gangwar, Hema Date and R Ramaswamy

– The purpose of this paper is to integrate TAM model and TOE framework for cloud computing adoption at organizational level.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to integrate TAM model and TOE framework for cloud computing adoption at organizational level.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual framework was developed using technological and organizational variables of TOE framework as external variables of TAM model while environmental variables were proposed to have direct impact on cloud computing adoption. A questionnaire was used to collect the data from 280 companies in IT, manufacturing and finance sectors in India. The data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Further, structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model.

Findings

The study identified relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, organizational readiness, top management commitment, and training and education as important variables for affecting cloud computing adoption using perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) as mediating variables. Also, competitive pressure and trading partner support were found directly affecting cloud computing adoption intentions. The model explained 62 percent of cloud computing adoption.

Practical implications

The model can be used as a guideline to ensure a positive outcome of the cloud computing adoption in organizations. It also provides relevant recommendations to achieve conducive implementation environment for cloud computing adoption.

Originality/value

This study integrates two of the information technology adoption models to improve predictive power of resulting model.

Details

Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1741-0398

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Case study
Publication date: 22 June 2015

Surajit Ghosh Dastidar and Rahul Thakurta

The case can be introduced in the information technology (IT) strategy course. The case can also fit well in courses like emergent technologies where the case forms the…

Abstract

Subject area

The case can be introduced in the information technology (IT) strategy course. The case can also fit well in courses like emergent technologies where the case forms the vehicle to show how cloud-based solutions can provide leverage to an organization.

Study level/applicability

The case is aligned more for management participants, for example, students who are enrolled in master's or executive program in management. Considering the master's program in management, the case can be introduced in the IT strategy course. The case can also fit well in courses like emergent technologies where the case forms the vehicle to show how cloud-based solutions can provide leverage to an organization. Assignment questions addressed below are designed from the perspective of teaching this case to a business student audience. The case could certainly be adjusted to fit the needs of students in more technical disciplines.

Case overview

Set in March 2009, Charan Padmaraju, the CTO of redBus was grappling with his companies IT infrastructure and scalability issues. He was considering cloud computing as a solution to all his worries. redBus was founded in August 2006 as a bus ticketing company in India. From INR 50 lakhs of gross bookings in their first financial year 2006-07 to an estimated INR 300 million in gross bookings in the financial year ending 2008-09, redBus had registered phenomenal growth. From selling 10 tickets a day, it now sold more than 4,000 tickets a day for more than 5,000 routes across 15 states in India. However, the IT infrastructure of redBus could not match up with their business needs and required frequent upgrades. Charan thought “The procurement of new servers, upgrading existing servers and most of the developer's time went into circumventing scaling issues which were not adding values to our core business.” He wondered “Can cloud computing be an answer to all my worries? “But what exactly is cloud computing? Will it solve my existing scalability issues? How reliable it is? Is it expensive? What is the time for deployment?”

Expected learning outcomes

To understand what is a business model; to appreciate the technical issues related to business expansion decisions; to explain the concepts behind cloud based solutions; and to demonstrate how adoption of the cloud solution can enable an organization to achieve competitive advantage.

Supplementary materials

Teaching Notes are available for educators only. Please contact your library to gain login details or email support@emeraldinsight.com to request teaching notes.

Details

Emerald Emerging Markets Case Studies, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Case Study
ISSN: 2045-0621

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Article
Publication date: 23 June 2017

Devesh Kumar, Harsh Vardhan Samalia and Piyush Verma

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the suitability of cloud computing for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in India.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the suitability of cloud computing for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in India.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature review is used to identify benefits, challenges, and factors concerning usage and adoption of cloud computing by SMEs. A conceptual framework was developed based on the existing theoretical models and factors identified from the literature. A survey based on questionnaire method was followed to collect data from 121 manufacturing SMEs in India. The conceptual framework was refined by using factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses.

Findings

Major benefits of cloud computing for SMEs include cost advantage, easy deployment process, easier access to latest information and communication technologies, automatic updates and upgrades, scalability, flexibility, and improved disaster recovery and back-up capabilities. The concern area includes perceived loss of control, vendor lock-in, security issues, reliability and availability issues, and internet connectivity and speed. The factors that are found significant include perceived benefits, top management support, competitive pressure, and perceived concerns. The model explained 73 percent of cloud computing adoption.

Research limitations/implications

The study is expected to make significant contribution toward body of knowledge pertaining to information technology adoption in SMEs.

Practical implications

The study is expected to provide SMEs an insight into real benefits and challenges associated with adopting cloud computing. The model can help SMEs in evaluating their readiness for adopting cloud computing and can ensure successful outcome of cloud computing adoption in SMEs. Providers are also going to be benefited through their enhanced understanding of SMEs’ requirements.

Originality/value

The proposed framework incorporates all the relevant factors including perceived benefits, perceived concerns, and other organizational and environmental factors to improve model’s predictive power.

Details

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1462-6004

Keywords

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