Search results

1 – 10 of 10
To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 14 October 2019

Li-Ming Ho, Siou-Lan Yang and Jao-Chuan Lin

This study attempts to examine the relationships between leisure involvement, social support, and happiness. Consequently, for data collection, this study utilizes a…

Abstract

This study attempts to examine the relationships between leisure involvement, social support, and happiness. Consequently, for data collection, this study utilizes a convenient sampling procedure, involving a questionnaire survey on scuba divers in Kenting, a southern resort town in Taiwan. In this study, 320 samples of useful samples were collected. Structural equation modeling is deployed to test the underlying relationships among the research variables. Concerning the leisure involvement of the scuba diving participants, social support is viewed as an essential antecedent. This study confirms leisure involvement is a mediator between social support and happiness in the case of scuba diving. This study further confirms that the mediation effect of leisure involvement positively affects happiness. Furthermore, social support positively leads to leisure engagement (e.g., scuba diving) and could also directly influence happiness with a positive relationship. Consequently, this study renders managerial implications for the service providers of scuba diving.

Details

Advances in Hospitality and Leisure
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-956-9

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 14 October 2019

Abstract

Details

Advances in Hospitality and Leisure
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-956-9

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 29 July 2014

Ming-Tien Tsai and Wen-Hui Tung

– This study aims to explore the effects of corporate governance structure and resources on foreign direct investment (FDI) commitment and firm performance.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the effects of corporate governance structure and resources on foreign direct investment (FDI) commitment and firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The data are collected from high-tech firms listed by the Taiwan Stock Exchange. All selected 137 firms have complete FDI and other required data during 2007-2009. The mean values of the variables during the three-year period were used for analysis.

Findings

The results indicate that both chief executive officer (CEO) duality and government shareholding affect a firm’s FDI; and the higher the management shareholding ratio, the lower the return on equity. Moreover, a large ownership of substantial shareholders can enhance a firm’s performance; and higher institutional ownership can lead to higher firm performance.

Research limitations/implications

This study analyses the limited data from 137 high-tech firms in Taiwan during the three-year period of 2007-2009. Further analyses of other industries, countries and time periods are needed to generalize the conclusions.

Practical implications

A firm with CEO duality should increase the ratio of government holding to mitigate the influence of CEO on FDI decisions. When a firm’s performance is poor, the ratio of managerial holdings should be reduced; conversely, the firm could attract more holdings from domestic securities and funds to improve performance.

Originality/value

This study provides guidelines for shareholders to analyze governance structure and formulate their investment strategies. Corporate policymakers may use these as the principles for designing a corporate governance structure that could engender optimal firm performance.

Details

Chinese Management Studies, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-614X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 18 September 2020

Yani Wang, Jun Wang, Tang Yao and Ming Li

The purpose of this paper is to examine the mechanism of how peer review helpfulness evaluation in online review communities is established, drawing upon the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the mechanism of how peer review helpfulness evaluation in online review communities is established, drawing upon the internalization and identification routes of persuasion effect.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on book reviews selected from Douban.com (a prestigious review community in China), this study used econometric models to investigate the effects of both reviews and reviewers’ characteristics on peer review helpfulness evaluation in review communities.

Findings

Review internalization is more persuasive than reviewers’ identification in peer evaluations, in terms of both short and long reviews. Reviews with extreme negative ratings tend to obtain higher level of helpfulness evaluation than those with positive or moderate ratings. The influence of reviewers’ characteristics is a significant cue in helping consumers to establish the trust perception in the context of short reviews, while its function diminishes in the context of long reviews, thus suggesting the importance of reviewers’ identification for short reviews in review communities.

Social implications

The findings will enhance current understanding of peer review review helpfulness evaluation in online review communities and help practitioners administrate community reviews intelligently, help members write better reviews and customers in their product browsing experience.

Originality/value

First, this study enriches review evaluation research in review communities by demonstrating the importance of internalization and identification lens of persuasion effect when explaining review helpfulness; second, this study helps to confirm the existing findings that reviews with extreme negative ratings are more helpful than those with moderate or positive ratings in review communities; third, this study proposes a new perspective pertaining to the relationship between reviewers’ identification and helpfulness evaluation.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 44 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 30 November 2018

Chunxia Yu, Wenfan Zhao and Ming Li

Due to the increasing awareness of environmental and social issues, many practitioners and researchers have paid attention to sustainable supply chain management. As the…

Abstract

Purpose

Due to the increasing awareness of environmental and social issues, many practitioners and researchers have paid attention to sustainable supply chain management. As the performance of suppliers determines the success of supply chains, sustainable supplier selection becomes more and more important. Existing sustainable supplier selection models evaluated the sustainability of suppliers in three aspects (economic, environmental and social) and assumed that values on different criteria can completely compensate for each other directly. However, in reality, criteria in economic, environmental and social aspects are heterogeneous, and the decision-maker’s preferences on criteria belonging to different aspects are different. In this case, values on criteria belonging to different aspects are not allowed to completely compensate for each other directly. To solve this problem, this paper aims to propose a hybrid sustainable supplier selection approach integrating compensatory and non-compensatory decision rules.

Design/methodology/approach

In the proposed approach, the compensatory decision method Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution is used to evaluate performances of suppliers with respect to economic, environmental and social aspects. The non-compensatory decision method Elimination and Choice Translating Reality is used to evaluate performances of suppliers on sustainable criteria comprehensively. Through the proposed approach, only criteria belonging to the same aspects are allowed to compensate for each other directly. Finally, experimental results show that the proposed integrated approach is effective and efficient to help the decision-maker select optimal sustainable suppliers.

Findings

This is an original approach that integrates compensatory and non-compensatory decision rules, which can benefit from the two kinds of decision rules simultaneously. The integrated approach can be used as an aid for companies to select the best sustainable suppliers.

Originality/value

This paper presents an original integrated sustainable supplier selection approach using both compensatory and non-compensatory methods. It can benefit from the advantages of both compensatory and non-compensatory methods. The proposed approach can express preferences of the decision-maker on sustainable criteria sufficiently and maximize economic benefits while meeting environmental needs.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 48 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 6 June 2019

Ali Bassam Mahmoud, Nicholas Grigoriou, Leonora Fuxman, Dieu Hack-Polay, Fatina Bassam Mahmoud, Eiad Yafi and Shehnaz Tehseen

This study aims to assess consumers’ beliefs in three Middle Eastern Arab countries regarding attitudinal and behavioural responses towards permission-based direct email…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess consumers’ beliefs in three Middle Eastern Arab countries regarding attitudinal and behavioural responses towards permission-based direct email marketing (hereafter DEM) and the moderating role of gender in the hypothesised path model.

Design/methodology/approach

Structural equation modelling was used to test the hypothesised path model by using data collected from 829 respondents.

Findings

The findings show that attitude was found to fully mediate the relationship between beliefs and behavioural responses towards permission-based DEM. Gender moderates the relationship between beliefs and attitudes and responses to permission-based DEM. Notably, female respondents were found to react more actively when exposed to permission-based DEM.

Research limitations/implications

Further qualitative research is needed to learn more about how and why individuals develop behavioural intentions in certain ways towards opt-in DEM. In addition, neuropsychology approaches such as eye-tracking are endorsed for future research to gain more insights and conquer biases associated with self-reporting procedures in countries where such technologies are deemed as legal and ethical to be used with human subjects.

Practical implications

Advertisers promoting products and services in the Middle Eastern Arab context should take further steps to enhance the quality of information (including cultural sensitiveness) and the perceived entertainment value that could be delivered to consumers through permission-based DEM, especially for female internet users. Additionally, this study highly recommends the double opt-in approach to permission-based DEM.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first attempt to address the gender role as a moderator of the path depicting the effectiveness of permission-based DEM approach in the Middle East (Arab counties) from beliefs to behavioural responses via attitudes.

Details

Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-7122

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

Li-Ming Chu, Jaw-Ren Lin and Cai-Wan Chang-Jian

The modified Reynolds equation for non-Newtonian lubricant is derived using the viscous adsorption theory for thin-film elastohydrodynamic lubrication (TFEHL) of circular…

Abstract

Purpose

The modified Reynolds equation for non-Newtonian lubricant is derived using the viscous adsorption theory for thin-film elastohydrodynamic lubrication (TFEHL) of circular contacts. The proposed model can reasonably calculate the phenomenon in the thin-film lubrication (TFL) unexplained by the conventional EHL model. The differences between classical EHL and TFEHL with the non-Newtonian lubricants are discussed.

Design/methodology/approach

The power-law lubricating film between the elastic surfaces is modeled in the form of three layers: two adsorption layers on each surface and one middle layer. The modified Reynolds equation with power-law fluid is derived for TFEHL of circular contacts using the viscous adsorption theory. The finite difference method and the Gauss–Seidel iteration method are used to solve the modified Reynolds equation, elasticity deformation, lubricant rheology equations and load balance equations simultaneously.

Findings

The simulation results reveal that the present model can reasonably calculate the pressure distribution, the film thickness, the velocity distribution and the average viscosity in TFL with non-Newtonian lubricants. The thickness and viscosity of the adsorption layer and the flow index significantly influence the lubrication characteristics of the contact conjunction.

Originality/value

The present model can reasonably predict the average viscosity, the turning point and the derivation (log film thickness vs log speed) phenomena in the TFEHL under constant load conditions.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 70 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 16 September 2013

Jaw-Ren Lin, Rong-Fang Lu, Li-Ming Chu and Chi-Ren Hung

– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of non-Newtonian rheology on the dynamic characteristics of a secant-shaped couple-stress lubricated slider bearing.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of non-Newtonian rheology on the dynamic characteristics of a secant-shaped couple-stress lubricated slider bearing.

Design/methodology/approach

By applying the linear dynamic theory to the film force equation, a closed-form solution of the stiffness and damping coefficients is obtained for the secant-shaped bearing taking into account the non-Newtonian effects of Stokes couple stress fluids.

Findings

Comparing with the secant-shaped Newtonian-lubricant bearing, the effects of non-Newtonian couple stresses provide an apparent improvement in the dynamic stiffness and damping characteristics, especially for the secant-shaped slider bearing operating at lower squeezing-film heights and with larger non-Newtonian couple stress parameters.

Originality/value

Comparing with those of the inclined plane-shaped non-Newtonian slider bearings, better dynamic stiffness and damping performances are provided for the secant-shaped non-Newtonian slider bearing designed at larger values of the shoulder parameters. The advantages of secant-shaped slider-bearing types provide engineers useful information in bearing selection and engineering application.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 65 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 July 2006

Yee Kwan Tang

This study aims at providing exploratory insights into the initiative and capabilities of Chinese SMEs to develop and utilize diverse networks to support…

Abstract

This study aims at providing exploratory insights into the initiative and capabilities of Chinese SMEs to develop and utilize diverse networks to support internationalization. Such network development and utilization efforts are fundamental to the analysis and explanation of Chinese firms’ internationalization patterns and outcomes. Extending from the existing network studies in the Chinese context that generally put emphasis on strong‐tie and ethnic‐oriented networks, this paper investigates and explains explicitly the use and effects of both strong‐ and weak‐tie networks in the international development of Chinese SMEs. Indepth case studies on four rapidly internationalized Chinese SMEs are conducted. The case findings demonstrate that weak‐tie networks are essential to the firms’ business development in foreign markets; and were proactively developed and utilized in the course of the firms’ development. The cases also provide alternative perspectives to the beliefs and values underpinning strong‐tie networks presumed in existing literature. The findings draw attention to the changing business values and approaches of the Chinese firms aiming at developing internationally. Managerial implications concerning the significant influence of effective networking on internationalization are pinpointed.

Details

Journal of Asia Business Studies, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1558-7894

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 1998

V.H.Y. Lo, C.O. Ho and D. Sculli

Reports the results of an attempt to relate the military treatise of the ancient Chinese strategist Sun Tzu to strategic quality management. Two sets of 20 statements were…

Abstract

Reports the results of an attempt to relate the military treatise of the ancient Chinese strategist Sun Tzu to strategic quality management. Two sets of 20 statements were compiled, one from the work of Sun Tzu and the other from the concepts of strategic quality management. A group of employees experienced in quality management was then asked to indicate on a discrete scale the relevance of each statement in terms of its applicability on quality management. The rankings and correlations of the statements are presented and discussed. The results indicate a degree of relevance of Sun Tzu’s insights to strategic quality management in an Asian context.

Details

The TQM Magazine, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-478X

Keywords

1 – 10 of 10