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Article
Publication date: 11 February 2021

Yongxing Guo, Min Chen, Li Xiong, Xinglin Zhou and Cong Li

The purpose of this study is to present the state of the art for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to present the state of the art for fiber Bragg grating (FBG) acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension and the principle of the sensing configuration. Some commercial sensors have also been introduced and future work in this field has also been discussed. This paper could provide an important reference for the research community.

Design/methodology/approach

This review is to present the state of the art for FBG acceleration sensing technologies from two aspects: the principle of the measurement dimension (one-dimension and multi-dimension) and the principle of the sensing configuration (beam type, radial vibration type, axial vibration type and other composite structures).

Findings

The current research on developing FBG acceleration sensors is mainly focused on the sensing method, the construction and design of the elastic structure and the design of a new information detection method. This paper hypothesizes that in the future, the following research trends will be strengthened: common single-mode fiber grating of the low cost and high utilization rate; high sensitivity and strength special fiber grating; multi-core fiber grating for measuring single-parameter multi-dimensional information or multi-parameter information; demodulating equipment of low cost, small volume and high sampling frequency.

Originality/value

The principle of the measurement dimension and principle of the sensing configuration for FBG acceleration sensors have been introduced, which could provide an important reference for the research community.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 17 April 2018

Yongxing Guo, Jianjun Fu, Longqi Li and Li Xiong

Centrifugal model tests can accelerate the characterization of landslides and demonstrate the form of slope failure, which is an important measure to research its…

Abstract

Purpose

Centrifugal model tests can accelerate the characterization of landslides and demonstrate the form of slope failure, which is an important measure to research its instability mechanisms. Simply observing the slope landslide before and after a centrifugal model test cannot reveal the processes involved in real-time deformation. Electromagnetic sensors have severed as an existing method for real-time measurement, however, this approach has significant challenges, including poor signal quality, interference, and complex implementation and wiring schemes. This paper aims to overcome the shortcomings of the existing measurement methods.

Design/methodology/approach

This work uses the advantages of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors with their small form-factor and potential for series multiplexing in a single fiber to demonstrate a monitoring strategy for model centrifugal tests. A slope surface deformation displacement sensor, FBG anchor sensor and FBG anti-slide piling sensor have been designed. These sensors are installed in the slope models, while centrifugal acceleration tests under 100 g are carried out.

Findings

FBG sensors obtain three types of deformation information, demonstrating the feasibility and validity of this measurement strategy.

Originality/value

The experimental results provide important details about instability mechanisms of a slope, which has great significance in research on slope model monitoring techniques and slope stability.

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Article
Publication date: 23 May 2018

Wenlong Liu, Yongxing Guo, Li Xiong and Yi Kuang

The purpose of this paper is to present the latest sensing structure designs and principles of information detection of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) displacement sensors…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the latest sensing structure designs and principles of information detection of fiber Bragg grating (FBG) displacement sensors. Research advance and the future work in this field have been described, with the background that displacement and deformation measurements are universal and crucial for structural health monitoring.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyzes and summarizes the existing FBG displacement sensing technologies from two aspects principle of information detection (wavelength detection, spectral bandwidth detection, light intensity detection, among others) and principle of the sensing elastomer structure design (cantilever beam type, spring type, elastic ring type and other composite structures).

Findings

The current research on developing FBG displacement sensors is mainly focused on the sensing method, the construction and design of the elastic structure and the design of new information detection method. The authors hypothesize that the following research trends will be strengthened in future: temperature compensation technology for FBG displacement sensors based on wavelength detection; a study of more diverse elastic structures; and fiber gratings manufactured with special fibers will greatly improve the performance of sensors.

Originality/value

The latest sensing structure designs and principles of information detection of FBG displacement sensors have been proposed, which could provide important reference for research group.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 4 July 2018

Yanjun Lu, Li Xiong, Yongfang Zhang, Peijin Zhang, Cheng Liu, Sha Li and Jianxiong Kang

This paper aims to introduce a novel four-dimensional hyper-chaotic system with different hyper-chaotic attractors as certain parameters vary. The typical dynamical…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to introduce a novel four-dimensional hyper-chaotic system with different hyper-chaotic attractors as certain parameters vary. The typical dynamical behaviors of the new hyper-chaotic system are discussed in detail. The control problem of these hyper-chaotic attractors is also investigated analytically and numerically. Then, two novel electronic circuits of the proposed hyper-chaotic system with different parameters are presented and realized using physical components.

Design/methodology/approach

The adaptive control method is derived to achieve chaotic synchronization and anti-synchronization of the novel hyper-chaotic system with unknown parameters by making the synchronization and anti-synchronization error systems asymptotically stable at the origin based on Lyapunov stability theory. Then, two novel electronic circuits of the proposed hyper-chaotic system with different parameters are presented and realized using physical components. Multisim simulations and electronic circuit experiments are consistent with MATLAB simulation results and they verify the existence of these hyper-chaotic attractors.

Findings

Comparisons among MATLAB simulations, Multisim simulation results and physical experimental results show that they are consistent with each other and demonstrate that changing attractors of the hyper-chaotic system exist.

Originality/value

The goal of this paper is to construct a new four-dimensional hyper-chaotic system with different attractors as certain parameters vary. The adaptive synchronization and anti-synchronization laws of the novel hyper-chaotic system are established based on Lyapunov stability theory. The corresponding electronic circuits for the novel hyper-chaotic system with different attractors are also implemented to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of chaotic circuit design.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 44 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 24 July 2019

Rong Li and Jun Xiong

This paper aims to study the residual stress of deposited components which is a main issue to impede the widespread application of wire and arc additive manufacturing…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the residual stress of deposited components which is a main issue to impede the widespread application of wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM). The interlayer dwell time is believed to have an effect on residual stress distributions in WAAM due to variance in heat dissipation condition. A coupled thermomechanical finite element model was established to evaluate the role of dwell time in between layers on the mechanical behavior of thin-walled components in WAAM, mainly involving thermal stress evolutions and residual stress distributions of the component and substrate.

Design/methodology/approach

Four interlayer dwell times including 0, 120 and 300 s and cooling to ambient temperature were selected in finite element modeling, and corresponding experiments were conducted to verify the reliability of the model.

Findings

The results show that with the interlayer dwell time, the stress cycling curves become more uniform and the interlayer stress-releasing effect is weakened. The residual stress levels on the substrate decrease with the increasing interlayer dwell time. In the outside surface of the component, the distributions of axial and longitudinal residual stress along the deposition path are the smoothest when the interlayer dwell time is cooling to ambient temperature. In the inside surface, a longer interlayer dwell time leads to an obvious decrease in the longitudinal and axial residual stress along the deposition path.

Originality/value

The comprehensive study of how the interlayer dwell time influences stress field of components is helpful to improve the deposition defects generated by WAAM.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 25 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

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Article
Publication date: 7 May 2019

Li Xiong, Wanjun Yin and Xinguo Zhang

This paper is aimed at investigating a novel chemical oscillating chaotic system with different attractors at fixed parameters. The typical dynamical behavior of the new…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is aimed at investigating a novel chemical oscillating chaotic system with different attractors at fixed parameters. The typical dynamical behavior of the new chemical oscillating system is discussed, and it is found that the state selection is dependent on initial values. Then, the stabilization problem of the chemical oscillating attractors is investigated analytically and numerically. Subsequently, the novel electronic circuit of the proposed chemical oscillating chaotic system are constructed, and the influences of the changes of circuit parameters on chemical oscillating chaotic attractors are investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

The different attractors of the novel chemical oscillating chaotic system are investigated by changing the initial values under fixed parameters. Moreover, the active control and adaptive control methods are presented to make the chemical oscillating chaotic systems asymptotically stable at the origin based on the Lyapunov stability theory. The influences on chemical oscillating chaotic attractors are also verified by changing the circuit parameters.

Findings

It is found that the active control method is easier to be realized by using physical components because of its less control signal and lower cost. It is also confirmed that the adaptive control method enjoys strong anti-interference ability because of its large number of selected controllers. What can be seen from the simulation results is that the chaotic circuits are extremely dependent on circuit parameters selection. Comparisons between MATLAB simulations and Multisim simulation results show that they are consistent with each other and demonstrate that changing attractors of the chemical oscillating chaotic system exist. It is conformed that circuit parameters selection can be effective to control and realize chaotic circuits.

Originality/value

The different attractors of the novel chemical oscillating chaotic system are investigated by changing the initial values under fixed parameters. The characteristic of the chemical oscillating attractor is that the basin of attraction of the three-dimensional attractor is located in the first quadrant of the eight quadrants of the three-dimensional space, and the ranges of the three variables are positive. This is because the concentrations of the three chemical substances are all positive.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 45 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Li Xiong, Zhenlai Liu and Xinguo Zhang

Lack of optimization and improvement on experimental circuits precludes comprehensive statements. It is a deficiency of the existing chaotic circuit technology. One of the…

Abstract

Purpose

Lack of optimization and improvement on experimental circuits precludes comprehensive statements. It is a deficiency of the existing chaotic circuit technology. One of the aims of this paper is to solve the above mentioned problems. Another purpose of this paper is to construct a 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit based on the proposed third-order 4 + 2-type circuit which can output chaotic phase portraits with high accuracy and high stability.

Design/methodology/approach

In Section 2 of this paper, a novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is constructed and a new third-order Lorenz-like chaotic system is proposed based on the 4 + 2 circuit. Then some simulations are presented to verify that the proposed system is chaotic by using Multisim software. In Section 3, a fourth-order chaotic circuit is proposed on the basis of the third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit. In Section 4, the circuit design method of this paper is applied to chaotic synchronization and secure communication. A new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. In Section 5, the proposed third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit and the fourth-order chaotic circuit are implemented in an analog electronic circuit. The analog circuit implementation results match the Multisim results.

Findings

The simulation results show that the proposed fourth-order chaotic circuit can output six phase portraits, and it can output a stable fourth-order double-vortex chaotic signal. A new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. The scheme has the advantages of clear thinking, efficient and high practicability. The experimental results show that the precision is improved by 2-3 orders of magnitude. Signal-to-noise ratio meets the requirements of engineering design. It provides certain theoretical and technical bases for the realization of a large-scale integrated circuit with a memristor. The proposed circuit design method can also be used in other chaotic systems.

Originality/value

In this paper, a novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is constructed and a new chaotic system is proposed on the basis of the 4 + 2 chaotic circuit for the first time. Some simulations are presented to verify its chaotic characteristics by Multisim. Then the novel third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit is applied to construct a fourth-order chaotic circuit. Simulation results verify the existence of the new fourth-order chaotic system. Moreover, a new 10 + 4-type chaotic secure communication circuit is proposed based on chaotic synchronization of the novel third-order 4 + 2 circuit. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, the intensity limit and stability of the transmitted signal, the characteristic of broadband and the requirements for accuracy of electronic components are presented by Multisim simulation. Finally, the proposed third-order 4 + 2 chaotic circuit and the fourth-order chaotic circuit are implemented through an analog electronic circuit, which are characterized by their high accuracy and good robustness. The analog circuit implementation results match the Multisim results.

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Article
Publication date: 15 November 2019

Li Xiong, Xinguo Zhang and Yan Chen

The ammeter can measure the direct current and low-frequency alternating current through the wires, but it is difficult to measure complex waveforms. The oscilloscope can…

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Abstract

Purpose

The ammeter can measure the direct current and low-frequency alternating current through the wires, but it is difficult to measure complex waveforms. The oscilloscope can measure complex waveforms, but it is easy to measure the voltage waveform and difficult to measure the current waveform. Thus, how to measure complex current waveforms with oscilloscope is an important and crucial issue that needs to be solved in practical engineering applications. To solve the above problems, an active short circuit line method is proposed to measure the volt-ampere characteristic curve of chaotic circuits.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, an active short circuit line method is proposed to measure the volt-ampere characteristic curve of various chaotic circuits especially for memristive systems. A memristor-based chaotic system is introduced, and the corresponding memristor-based circuit is constructed and implemented by using electronic components.

Findings

The chaotic attractors and volt-ampere characteristic curve of the memristor-based chaotic circuit are successfully analyzed and verified by oscilloscope measurement with the proposed active short circuit line method. Accordingly, the hardware circuit experiments are carried out to validate the effectiveness and feasibility of the active short circuit line method for these chaotic circuits. A good agreement is shown between the numerical simulations and the experimental results.

Originality/value

The primary contributions of this paper are as follows: an active short circuit line method for measuring the volt-ampere characteristic curve of chaotic circuits is proposed for the first time. A memristor-based chaotic system is also constructed by using memristor as nonlinear term. Then, the active short circuit line method is applied to measure the volt-ampere characteristic curve of the corresponding memristor-based chaotic circuit.

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Article
Publication date: 7 December 2021

Zuguo Zhang, Qingcong Wu, Xiong Li and Conghui Liang

Considering the complexity of dynamic and friction modeling, this paper aims to develop an adaptive trajectory tracking control scheme for robot manipulators in a…

Abstract

Purpose

Considering the complexity of dynamic and friction modeling, this paper aims to develop an adaptive trajectory tracking control scheme for robot manipulators in a universal unmodeled method, avoiding complicated modeling processes.

Design/methodology/approach

An augmented neural network (NN) constituted of radial basis function neural networks (RBFNNs) and additional sigmoid-jump activation function (SJF) neurons is introduced to approximate complicated dynamics of the system: the RBFNNs estimate the continuous dynamic term and SJF neurons handle the discontinuous friction torques. Moreover, the control algorithm is designed based on Barrier Lyapunov Function (BLF) to constrain output error.

Findings

Lyapunov stability analysis demonstrates the exponential stability of the closed-loop system and guarantees the tracking errors within predefined boundaries. The introduction of SJFs alleviates the limitation of RBFNNs on discontinuous function approximation. Owing to the fast learning speed of RBFNNs and jump response of SJFs, this modified NN approximator can reconstruct the system model accurately at a low compute cost, and thereby better tracking performance can be obtained. Experiments conducted on a manipulator verify the improvement and superiority of the proposed scheme in tracking performance and uncertainty compensation compared to a standard NN control scheme.

Originality/value

An enhanced NN approximator constituted of RBFNN and additional SJF neurons is presented which can compensate the continuous dynamic and discontinuous friction simultaneously. This control algorithm has potential usages in high-performance robots with unknown dynamic and variable friction. Furthermore, it is the first time to combine the augmented NN approximator with BLF. After more exact model compensation, a smaller tracking error is realized and a more stringent constraint of output error can be implemented. The proposed control scheme is applicable to some constraint occasion like an exoskeleton and surgical robot.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

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Article
Publication date: 6 August 2020

Niu-Jing Ma, Li-Xiong Gu, Long Piao and Xing-Zhi Zhang

Stiffened plates have been widely used in civil, marine, aerospace engineering. As a kind of thin-walled structure operating in complex environment, stiffened plates…

Abstract

Purpose

Stiffened plates have been widely used in civil, marine, aerospace engineering. As a kind of thin-walled structure operating in complex environment, stiffened plates mostly undergo a variety of dynamic loads, which may sometimes result in large-amplitude vibration. Additionally, initial stresses and geometric imperfections are widespread in this type of structure. Furthermore, it is universally known that initial stresses and geometric imperfections may affect mechanical behavior of structures severely, particularly in dynamic analysis. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to study the stress variation rule of a stiffened plate during large-amplitude vibration considering initial stresses and geometric imperfections.

Design/methodology/approach

The initial stresses are represented in the form of initial bending moments applying to the stiffened plate, while the initial geometric imperfections are considered by means of trigonometric series, and they are assumed existing in the plate along the z-direction exclusively. Then, the dynamic equilibrium equations of the stiffened plate are established using Lagrange’s equation as well as aforementioned conditions. The nonlinear differential equations of motion are simplified as a two-degree-of-freedom system by considering 1:2 and 1:3 internal resonances, respectively, and the multiscale method is applied to solve the equations.

Findings

The influence of initial stresses on the plate, stresses during internal resonance is remarkable, while that is moderate for initial geometric imperfections. (Upon considering the existence of initial stresses or geometric imperfections, the stresses of motivated modes are less than the primary mode for both and internal resonances). The influence of bidirectional initial stresses on the plate’s stresses during internal resonance is more remarkable than that of unidirectional initial stresses. The coupled vibration in 1%3A2 internal resonance is fiercer than that in internal resonance.

Originality/value

Stiffened plates are widely used in engineering structures. However, as a type of thin-walled structure, stiffened plates vibrate with large amplitude in most cases owning to their complicated operation circumstance. In addition, stiffened plates usually contain initial stresses and geometric imperfections, which may result in the variation of their mechanical behavior, especially dynamical behavior. Based on the above consideration, this paper studies the nonlinear dynamical behavior of stiffened plates with initial stresses and geometrical imperfections under different internal resonances, which is the originality of this work. Furthermore, the research findings can provide references for engineering design and application.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 38 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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