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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1997

Mou Jianqiang and Lee Moi Keow

On the basis of tool life stochastic distributions and tool reliability for the case of tool failure by wear, develops a model for determining optimal tool replacement…

Abstract

On the basis of tool life stochastic distributions and tool reliability for the case of tool failure by wear, develops a model for determining optimal tool replacement intervals coupled with the forecasting of tool replacement in a computer‐integrated manufacturing environment. With this model, the optimal tool replacement interval for minimum production cost can be determined. Also presents the application of the model to a milling process to illustrate the optimization procedure.

Details

Integrated Manufacturing Systems, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6061

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 26 November 2020

Peter Nderitu Githaiga

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether income diversification moderates the relationship between human capital and bank performance.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether income diversification moderates the relationship between human capital and bank performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a sample of 53 banks and panel data for the years 2010–2018. The hypotheses are tested through hierarchical multiple regression and the choice between fixed effect and random effect estimation is based on the results of the Hausman test.

Findings

The study finds that human capital and income diversification significantly influence bank performance; however, the direction of the causality varies. While human capital has a positive effect, income diversification has a negative effect. Additionally, the interaction term has a negative and significant effect on bank performance, inferring that income diversification has an antagonistic effect on the human capital and bank performance relationship. For the control variable, liquidity and asset quality negatively affects bank performance while capitalization has a positive effect.

Research limitations/implications

Human capital was measured as human capital efficiency (HCE), which is a quantitative measure of human capital, hence future studies can use qualitative measures. Also, the study focused on commercial banks in East Africa, future researcher may possibly consider other regions and industries, which would shed more insights.

Practical implications

The results of this paper provide valuable insights. Bank managers can get a better understanding of the impact of human capital on bank performance, and the need to invest more in human capital development. Further, the study cautions bank managers that engaging in non-lending activities might destroy the economic value of human capital and ultimately lower performance. The study also recommends that policymakers should address the obstacles to banks' income diversification, for instance relaxing regulations restricting diversification; this might enable banks to leverage related financial service activities for optimal utilization of human capital and improve banks' profitability.

Originality/value

While a good number of previous studies investigated the direct effect of human capital and income diversification on the performance of banks, this study examines the moderating role of income diversification on the relationship between human capital and performance of banks in East Africa.

Details

Asian Journal of Accounting Research, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2443-4175

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 April 2020

Leonardus W.W. Mihardjo, Kittisak Jermsittiparsert, Umair Ahmed, Thitinan Chankoson and Hafezali Iqbal Hussain

current study intends to examine key human resources practices (human capital, training and rewards) that influence employee commitment and service recovery performance…

Abstract

Purpose

current study intends to examine key human resources practices (human capital, training and rewards) that influence employee commitment and service recovery performance (SRP) of Takaful industry agents in Southeast Asian region. The Takaful industry is facing stiff competition with conventional insurance industry in Malaysia and Indonesia as the Southeast Asian region has a large Muslim population. SRP is crucial in insurance industry specifically in the Islamic Insurance (Takaful) industry and plays a vital and key role in sustainable competitive advantage for value addition for firms in future to acquire market.

Design/methodology/approach

The data was collected from 350 front line agents of the Takaful industry operating in Malaysia and Indonesia on convenience sampling technique. Data was analyzed by using PLS-SEM to examine the relationship between constructs.

Findings

The results show that human capital, training and reward significantly influence commitment of employee which further influenced SRP to be improved. Mediation effect was also found to be influential and statistically positive and significant by employee commitment between key HR practices (human capital, training, rewards) and SRP.

Originality/value

current study contributed to the body of knowledge in explaining relationship of human capital to employee commitment and SRP, further, inconclusive findings between training and rewards was also explained in the Takaful industry of the Southeast Asian region.

Details

Education + Training, vol. 63 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0040-0912

Keywords

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