The credit crunch of 2008 and recent COVID-19 influences underscored the importance of liquidity and credit risk management in businesses and financial institutions. The purpose…
The credit crunch of 2008 and recent COVID-19 influences underscored the importance of liquidity and credit risk management in businesses and financial institutions. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of liquidity risk and credit risk management on accounting and market performances of banks operating in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
This study uses a panel data regression analysis on a sample of 51 listed commercial banks operating in 10 MENA countries during the period 2010–2018.
The results show that credit risk management does not affect the accounting performance of banks, while it has a non-linear, convex relationship with market performance. Surprisingly, liquidity risk management is not a significant driver for either performance measure in studied banks. However, when a bank combines credit risk management with liquidity risk management efforts, liquidity risk management actions return significant results on both performances, illustrated by an inverted U-shaped relationship. In addition, this study examines the joint impact of both risks on bank performance. This study reveals that accounting and market performances are differently affected by joint risk management efforts. Their impact depends on the combination of risk management ratios upon which banks choose to focus their efforts.
The findings help bankers and regulators further consider non-linearities and offer them new tools for managing the impact of credit and liquidity risk interactions towards achieving more financial stability.
These results contribute to traditional banking in offering bankers and regulators new tools for managing the impact of credit and liquidity risk interactions on bank performance.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of an emerging and idealized leadership style in hospitality research such as servant leadership on employees’ innovative…
The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of an emerging and idealized leadership style in hospitality research such as servant leadership on employees’ innovative work behavior (IWB) via creative self-efficacy. This study also aims to investigate the moderating role of knowledge sharing between creative self-efficacy and IWB.
Data were collected from employees working in four- and five-star hotels in Pakistan. Partial least square-structural equation modeling via Smart PLS was used for data analysis.
Findings of the study reported the significant mediating effect of creative self-efficacy beliefs between servant leadership and IWB. Furthermore, the relationship between creative self-efficacy and IWB was strengthened to the extent that knowledge sharing among employees in the hotel firms was high.
Practitioners looking to enhance creative self-efficacy and IWB can do so by developing the servant leadership qualities of managers.
This paper contributes to the literature by showing creative self-efficacy as a crucial mediating mechanism through which servant leadership enhances employees’ IWB in the hospitality industry. Moreover, the findings add understanding in the body of knowledge that knowledge sharing among members in hospitality firms play boundary condition in the creative self-efficacy-IWB linkage.
The case was compiled using secondary research, including the following sources, all of which are cited in the References List section of the case: Company annual reports, press…
The case was compiled using secondary research, including the following sources, all of which are cited in the References List section of the case: Company annual reports, press releases and company websites and news media, podcasts, video recordings, websites of trade associations and other public domain sources.
This case highlights the decisions facing Moderna, Inc. (Moderna) related to pricing of its COVID-19 vaccine in the European Union (EU) in July of 2021. The CEO, Stéphane Bancel, must balance the need for improving shareholder returns with the call to act responsibly during a global pandemic. Should Moderna raise prices or hold prices constant? What other options might be available to the CEO?
Complexity academic level
At the authors’ institute, instructors use this case in a second-year marketing elective in pricing at the MBA level. Within the elective, the case enables a discussion on concepts of value realization through pricing and leadership decision strategies. The case may also be used in at the Executive MBA level, in a course of strategic leadership.
The family of Rolls‐Royce RB211 large fan engines now extends to power two‐, three‐, and four‐engined airliners. To the end of July, more than 430 orders and options had been announced for RB211 powered aircraft, involving total sales of over 1,450 engines.
Despite the increasing prominence of employee voice in organizational innovation and productivity, employees continue to struggle to influence matters that affect them at work…
Despite the increasing prominence of employee voice in organizational innovation and productivity, employees continue to struggle to influence matters that affect them at work. The purpose of this paper is to model work group context and manager behavior as the predictors of employee upward voice. Further, a mediating role of employee psychological safety is examined in this link.
With data from 575 employees representing various technology firms in India, the authors test the hypothesized relationships using covariance-based structural equation modeling.
Results indicate coworkers upward voice and manager pro-voice behavior to significantly impact employee upward voice with a mediating impact of psychological safety. This implies that perceived psychological safety plays a significant role in explaining the impact, coworkers and manager behavior would have on regulating employee upward voice.
This study contributes to the employee voice literature from an Indian context, where upward communication is culturally discouraged.
This study aims to investigate the indirect effects of workplace ostracism on service performance and on employees’ procrastination behaviour via job insecurity and the intention…
This study aims to investigate the indirect effects of workplace ostracism on service performance and on employees’ procrastination behaviour via job insecurity and the intention to sabotage. It further examines the moderating effect of intrinsic motivation between ostracism and job insecurity and ostracism and intention to sabotage.
The empirical data were collected from 256 employees of the hotel industry in metropolitan cities in Uttar Pradesh, India, and for hypothesis testing, SmartPLS was used.
Based on the conservation of resources theory, the findings disclose that job insecurity mediates the link concerning ostracism and service performance to some extent, whereas job insecurity and sabotage intent both partially mediate the affirmative linkages between workplace ostracism and procrastinating behaviour. Furthermore, the study also confirms that intrinsic motivation dampens the positive relationship between ostracism and job insecurity and the intention to sabotage.
To deal with negative work behaviour at the workplace due to ostracism, hospitality establishments may incorporate interpersonal score-based assessment, acknowledge and appreciate intrinsically motivated employees for developing a positive work environment. Apart from this, the learning and development department of the tourism and hospitality industries may introduce “buddy learning” and the “smart buddy” concept to develop a culture of appreciating and accepting colleagues rather than bullying them.
This study investigated the mediating effect of job insecurity and sabotage intention on the association between ostracism and service performance and ostracism and workplace procrastination behaviour for the first time in the tourism and hospitality literature. Furthermore, it is a unique study that investigated the buffering effect of intrinsic motivation on the linkage concerning ostracism, job insecurity and employees’ sabotage intentions.
基于资源保存理论, 研究发现揭示了工作不安全感在一定程度上中介了排斥与服务绩效之间的关系, 而工作不安全感和破坏意图在部分地中介了工作场所排斥与拖延行为之间的正向联系。进一步地, 该研究证明了内在动机抑制了排斥、工作不安全感和破坏意图之间的正相关关系。
为了处理工作中由于排斥而导致的消极工作行为, 酒店机构可以采用基于人际关系得分的评估, 承认和鼓励受内在激励的员工创造积极的工作环境。此外, 旅游及酒店业的学习及发展(L&D)部门可引入“伙伴学习”和“聪明伙伴”的概念, 建立一种欣赏和接纳同事的文化, 而不是霸凌他们。
Los datos empíricos se recogieron de 256 empleados de la industria hotelera de ciudades metropolitanas de Uttar Pradesh, India, y para la comprobación de hipótesis se empleó SmartPLS.
Este estudio analiza los efectos indirectos del ostracismo laboral en el rendimiento del servicio y en el comportamiento de procrastinación de los empleados a través de la inseguridad laboral y la intención de sabotaje. Asimismo, examina el efecto moderador de la motivación intrínseca entre el ostracismo y la inseguridad laboral y el ostracismo y la intención de sabotaje.
Basándose en la teoría de la conservación de los recursos (COR), los resultados revelan que la inseguridad laboral media en cierta medida el vínculo relativo al ostracismo y el rendimiento en el servicio, mientras que tanto la inseguridad laboral como la intención de sabotaje median parcialmente los vínculos afirmativos entre el ostracismo laboral y el comportamiento procrastinador. Adicionalmente, el estudio también confirma que la motivación intrínseca modera la relación positiva entre el ostracismo y la inseguridad laboral y la intención de sabotaje.
Para hacer frente a los comportamientos laborales negativos en el lugar de trabajo debidos al ostracismo, los establecimientos hosteleros pueden incorporar una evaluación basada en la puntuación interpersonal, reconocer y apreciar a los empleados intrínsecamente motivados para desarrollar un entorno laboral positivo. Además, el departamento de Aprendizaje y Desarrollo (L&D) del sector turístico y hotelero puede introducir el concepto de “Aprendizaje de compañero/as” y el de “Compañero/a inteligente” para desarrollar una cultura de aprecio y aceptación de los compañero/as en lugar de intimidarlos.
Este estudio investiga por primera vez en la literatura del turismo y la hostelería el efecto mediador de la inseguridad laboral y la intención de sabotaje en la asociación entre el ostracismo y el rendimiento del servicio, y el ostracismo y el comportamiento de procrastinación en el lugar de trabajo. Además, se trata de un estudio único que investiga el efecto moderador de la motivación intrínseca en la relación entre el ostracismo, la inseguridad laboral y las intenciones de sabotaje de los empleados.
- Workplace ostracism
- Workplace procrastination behaviour
- Job insecurity
- Service performance
- Intention to sabotage
- Tourism and hospitality industry
- Ostracismo laboral
- Inseguridad laboral
- Intención de sabotaje
- Comportamiento de procrastinación laboral
- Pandemia COVID-19
- Motivación intrínseca
This chapter explores the colocation of ethnographic and discourse approaches in gender-focused research in comparative and international education. Drawing from the authors’…
This chapter explores the colocation of ethnographic and discourse approaches in gender-focused research in comparative and international education. Drawing from the authors’ scholarship in the fields of girls’ education, women’s empowerment, and international education policy and development, this chapter highlights opportunities to interrogate culture in qualitative data through ethnographic and discourse approaches. The chapter concludes with reflection and future directions for these authors and for the field.
This case can be used to teach students how to analyze innovative business models, as well as to trace their reasons for success and failure. The following objectives also align…
This case can be used to teach students how to analyze innovative business models, as well as to trace their reasons for success and failure. The following objectives also align with categories in Bloom’s taxonomy (Forehand, 2010), consistent with the keywords underlined. More specifically, this case will enable students to learn the following: First, to analyze the distinctive features of a social commerce business model, and how these differ from a traditional e-commerce model. This objective maps to Discussion Question No. 1. This objective helps students to understand the value proposition of an unfamiliar business model (social commerce platform) and compare it with that of a familiar business model (e-commerce platform). Second, racing the causes for success and failure of a venture, using frameworks from entrepreneurship and strategy. This relates to Discussion Question No. 2. This objective helps students analyze strategic decisions of an entrepreneur in light of available resource constraints and by applying appropriate conceptual frameworks. Third, developing recommendations to help a new venture sustain its business model in the face of severe challenges. Discussion Question No. 3 covers this objective. This objective enables students to debate possible paths that the startup could take. The discussion on possible paths naturally causes students to create sustainable or viable options.
The case describes the challenge facing Vidit Aatrey, the founder and chief executive of Meesho, a social commerce venture headquartered in Bangalore, India, in October of 2022. While Meesho recorded the second-highest sales (by order volume) during India’s festive season, it also recorded layoffs and business closures. While Meesho’s core business of getting resellers to sell through its online platform seemed to be working, its new business ventures, such as expanding into the grocery business and into Indonesia, had failed and resulted in more than 300 layoffs. Meesho was also pressed for funding: valued at US$4.9bn, the global market for venture capital funding had chilled and now demanded profitability, not growth-at-all-costs. Meesho’s cash burn rate was about $40m per month, and Aatrey was hard pressed to come up with options for profitable growth.
Complexity academic level
This case is intended for students of management at a master’s level in a course on entrepreneurship. At the authors’ institute, this case is used with MBA students in an elective course on entrepreneurship and also in an elective course in general management.
Teaching notes are available for educators only.
CCS 3: Entrepreneurship
Integrating individual and relational centric voice literature, the authors draw on self-presentation theory to analyse the role of status pursuit in employee voice. Status…
Integrating individual and relational centric voice literature, the authors draw on self-presentation theory to analyse the role of status pursuit in employee voice. Status pursuit is believed to be ubiquitous as it is linked to access to scarce resources and social order pecking.
The authors present a cross-level conceptual model outlining relational nuances of employee status pursuit that drive upward voice.
The model integrates status pursuit with peer- and leader-related facets, focusing on three targets of voice: immediate leader (supervisor), diagonal leader (supervisor of another team/unit) and co-workers. The model highlights how employee voice can be directed to diverse targets, and depending on interpersonal attributes, how it serves as underlying links for upward voice.
While employee voice can help to address important workplace concerns, it can also be used to advance employees' self-interest. Though there is a wealth of research on the importance of employee voice to organisational performance and individual wellbeing, especially through collective representation such as trade unions, there is a lack of literature on how employees navigate the social-relational work setting to promote their interests and develop status.