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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2017

Shaoyi Xu, Fangfang Xing, Ruilin Wang, Wei Li, Yuqiao Wang and Xianghui Wang

At present, one of the key equipment in pillar industries is a large rotating machinery. Conducting regular health monitoring is important for ensuring safe operation of…

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Abstract

Purpose

At present, one of the key equipment in pillar industries is a large rotating machinery. Conducting regular health monitoring is important for ensuring safe operation of the large rotating machinery. Because vibrations sensors play an important role in the workings of the rotating machinery, measuring its vibration signal is an important task in health monitoring. This paper aims to present these.

Design/methodology/approach

In this work, the contact vibration sensor and the non-contact vibration sensor have been discussed. These sensors consist of two types: the electric vibration sensor and the optical fiber vibration sensor. Their applications in the large rotating machinery for the purpose of health monitoring are summarized, and their advantages and disadvantages are also presented.

Findings

Compared with the electric vibration sensor, the optical fiber vibration sensor of large rotating machinery has unique advantages in health monitoring, such as provision of immunity against electromagnetic interference, requirement of less insulation and provision of long-distance signal transmission.

Originality/value

Both contact vibration sensor and non-contact vibration sensor have been discussed. Among them, the electric vibration sensor and the optical fiber vibration sensor are compared. Future research direction of the vibration sensors is presented.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 38 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 September 2013

Flavio Calvano, Giorgio Dal Mut, Fabrizio Ferraioli, Alessandro Formisano, Fabrizio Marignetti, Raffaele Martone, Guglielmo Rubinacci, Antonello Tamburrino and Salvatore Ventre

– The paper aims to illustrate a numerical technique to calculate fields and inductances of rotating electrical machines.

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to illustrate a numerical technique to calculate fields and inductances of rotating electrical machines.

Design/methodology/approach

The technique is based on an integral formulation of the nonlinear magnetostatic model in terms of the unknown magnetization. The solution is obtained by means of a Picard-Banach iteration whose convergence can be theoretically proved.

Findings

The proposed method has been used to build a model of a large turbine generator. In particular, the influence of end effects on flux linkages has been computed. It has been demonstrated that the 2D solution underestimates the flux linkages as well as the no load voltage of 2 per cent, while the leakage fluxes are computed by the 2D solution with errors as high as 20 per cent.

Originality/value

The method is advantageous in comparison to standard methods.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2006

Henning Ressing and Mohamed S. Gadala

To investigate the feasibility of using single/multi variable optimisation techniques with vibration measurements in solving the inverse crack identification problem.

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate the feasibility of using single/multi variable optimisation techniques with vibration measurements in solving the inverse crack identification problem.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite element method is used to solve the forward crack problem with a special nodal crack force approach. The multi‐variable optimisation approach is reduced to a much more efficient single‐variable one by decoupling the physical variables in the problem.

Findings

It is shown that, for the crack identification problem, global optimisation algorithms perform much better than other algorithms relying heavily on objective function gradients. Simultaneous identification of crack size and location proved to be difficult. Decoupling of the physical variable is introduced and proved to provide efficient results with single‐variable optimisation algorithms.

Research limitations/implications

Need for improving the reliability and accuracy of the procedure for smaller crack sizes. Need for developing and investigation more rigorous and robust multi‐variable optimisation algorithm.

Practical implications

Any information about approximate crack size and location provides significant aid in the maintenance and online monitoring of rotating equipment.

Originality/value

The paper offers practical approach and procedure for online monitoring and crack identification of slow rotating equipment.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 23 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2018

Zhiming Zhao, Feng Ji, Yongsheng Guan and Xiaoyang Yuan

High power rotating machinery requires large diameter bearings that can perform under extreme conditions. Vibrations and critical speeds of rotor supported by tilting pad…

Abstract

Purpose

High power rotating machinery requires large diameter bearings that can perform under extreme conditions. Vibrations and critical speeds of rotor supported by tilting pad journal bearing (TPJBs) exceeding their design limits may cause unit failure. This paper aims to investigate the experimental technique for large diameter bearings.

Design/methodology/approach

To obtain the experimental support for rotor-bearing system design, an experiment focusing on vibration monitoring is given. The sensors arrangement, monitoring system and critical speed identification method are provided.

Findings

By using test bench in factory unit, a large amount of vibrations data of different working situations is obtained. In addition, a method named non-excitation identification for critical speed is proposed. The critical speed of rotor identified through vibration data is given. The theoretical calculation results are also presented.

Originality/value

The basis for rotor-bearing system design can be obtained through comparisons between the experimental results and the theoretical calculation data.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 71 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2008

A. Hajnayeb, S.E. Khadem and M.H. Moradi

This paper aims to improve the performance and speed of artificial neural network (ANN)‐ball‐bearing fault detection expert systems by eliminating unimportant inputs and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to improve the performance and speed of artificial neural network (ANN)‐ball‐bearing fault detection expert systems by eliminating unimportant inputs and changing the ANN structure.

Design/methodology/approach

An algorithm is used to select the best subset of features to boost the success of detecting healthy and faulty ball. Some of the important parameters of the ANN are also optimized to make the classifier achieve the maximum performance.

Findings

It was found that better accuracy can be obtained for ANN with fewer inputs.

Research limitations/implications

The method can be used for other machinery condition‐monitoring systems which are based on ANN.

Practical implications

The results are useful for bearing fault detection systems designers and quality check centers in bearing manufacturing companies.

Originality/value

The algorithm used in this research is faster than in previous studies. Changing ANN parameters improved the results. The system was examined using experimental data of ball‐bearings.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 60 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 12 March 2018

K.R. Kadam and S.S. Banwait

Different groove angles are used to study performance characteristics of two-axial groove journal bearing. In this study two grooves are located at ±90º to the load line…

Abstract

Purpose

Different groove angles are used to study performance characteristics of two-axial groove journal bearing. In this study two grooves are located at ±90º to the load line. The various angles of grooves have been taken as 10° to 40° in the interval of 5°. Different equations such as Reynolds equation, three-dimensional energy equation and heat conduction equation have been solved using finite element method and finite difference method. Pressure distribution in fluid is found by using Reynolds equation. The three-dimensional energy equation is used for temperature distribution in the fluid film and bush. One-dimensional heat conduction equation is used for finding temperature in axial direction for journal. There is a very small effect of groove angle on film thickness, eccentricity ratio and pressure. There is a drastic change in attitude angle and side flow. Result shows that there is maximum power loss at large groove angle. So the smaller groove angle is recommended for two-axial groove journal bearing.

Design/methodology/approach

The finite element method is used for solving Reynolds equation for pressure distribution in fluid. The finite difference method is adopted for finding temperature distribution in bush, fluid and journal.

Findings

Pressure distribution in fluid is found out. Temperature distribution in bush, fluid and journal is found out. There is a very small effect of groove angle on film thickness, eccentricity ratio and pressure.

Research limitations/implications

The groove angle used is from 10 to 40 degree. The power loss is more when angle of groove increases, so smaller groove angle is recommended for this study.

Practical implications

The location of groove angle predicts the distribution of pressure and temperature in journal bearing. It will show the performance characteristics. ±90° angle we will prefer that will get before manufacturing of bearing.

Social implications

Due to this study, we will get predict how the pressure and temperature distribute in the journal. It will give the running condition of bearing as to at what speed and load we will get the maximum temperature and pressure in the bearing.

Originality/value

The finite element method is used for solving the Reynolds equation. Three-dimensional energy equation is solved using the finite difference method. Heat conduction equation is also solved for journal. The C language is used. The code is developed in C language. There are different equations which depend on each other. The temperature is dependent on pressure viscosity of fluid, etc. so C code is preferred.

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1998

Jorge L. Parrondo, Sandra Velarde and Carlos Santolaria

An approach is presented for the development of a predictive maintenance system for rotor‐dynamic pumps, which focuses on the diagnosis of abnormal events related to…

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1994

Abstract

An approach is presented for the development of a predictive maintenance system for rotor‐dynamic pumps, which focuses on the diagnosis of abnormal events related to fluid‐dynamic operating conditions. This methodology is based on an experimental characterization of the dynamic response of the pump under different loads and operation anomalies. The procedure has been put into practice on a medium‐sized centrifugal pump. The results obtained show that a simple spectral analysis of the pressure signals captured at either the inlet or the outlet of the pump can provide sufficient decision criteria to constitute the basis for a diagnostic system. This was not true however when analyzing signals of acceleration at the pump casing.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 4 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1942

R.K. Muellert

WHEN an airscrew leaves the factory, where it has been brought within close limits of perfect force, moment, and aerodynamic balance, the problem of maintaining it in…

Abstract

WHEN an airscrew leaves the factory, where it has been brought within close limits of perfect force, moment, and aerodynamic balance, the problem of maintaining it in smooth operation throughout its life is only partly solved. The precision of balance which should be met for optimum performance is higher than any piece of mechanism can preserve indefinitely even though it be judged perfect by ordinary standards. Surface abrasion of the blades, material lost in smoothing and polishing, changes in bearing clearance, even though insignificant from the standpoint of mechanical operation; these as well as wear on the centring surfaces of the airscrew shaft and cones may easily conspire to produce unbalance readily detectable in the aeroplane cabin.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 6 February 2020

Ramakrishna Shinagam, Guntaka Ajay, Lokanadham Patta and Anand Siva Gandam

Wind power is the one of best natural resources to meet the demands of electricity in India. In this regard, one of engineering college in Visakhapatnam has procured wind…

Abstract

Purpose

Wind power is the one of best natural resources to meet the demands of electricity in India. In this regard, one of engineering college in Visakhapatnam has procured wind turbine generators of 200 kWp and got these installed on the rooftop of the college buildings for research and power generation. After starting the mills, huge vibrations were experienced by the staff and students in the laboratories and classrooms. So, the purpose of this paper is to carry out vibration and noise studies on wind turbine generator to identify the problem for high vibrations and suggest a novel method for vibration reduction.

Design/methodology/approach

Experimental vibration and natural frequency investigations are carried when wind velocity around 6.0 m/s using frequency analyzer, impact hammer, condenser microphone and accelerometer. An attempt is made to reduce the vibration and noise level of wind turbine generator by inserting a steel coil spring of 300 mm length having 20 turns in series with turnbuckle D shackle assembly, which is used to connect the wind turbine generator to the hook mounted on slab.

Findings

A high vibration velocity of 9.9 mm/s was observed on at base frame of wind turbine generator. The natural frequencies of hook and slab are observed in between 15 to 20 Hz from the natural frequency test. A high noise of 94.67 dBA is observed at a distance of 1 m from the base of wind turbine generator along the rotational axis of rotor. After modification to the baseline, WTG the vibration and noise levels are reduced to 4.8 mm/sec and 77.76 dBA, respectively.

Originality/value

This is the first time to study the huge vibrations generated in wind turbine generators installed on the rooftop of the college. Developed a novel methodology to reduce the vibrations by inserting a steel coil springs in turnbuckle D shackle assembly of wind turbine generators. After modification, wind turbine generator are running successfully without any high vibrations.

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Article
Publication date: 29 June 2010

Zhimeng Luo, Jianzhong Zhou, Xiuqiao Xiang, Yaoyao He and Shan Peng

Shaft orbit is an important characteristic for vibration monitoring and diagnosing system of hydroelectric generating set. Because of the low accuracy and poor reliability…

Abstract

Purpose

Shaft orbit is an important characteristic for vibration monitoring and diagnosing system of hydroelectric generating set. Because of the low accuracy and poor reliability of traditional methods in identifying the shaft orbit moving direction (MD), the purpose of this paper is to present a novel automatic identification method based on trigonometric function and polygon vector (TFPV).

Design/methodology/approach

First, some points on shaft orbit were selected with inter‐period acquisition method and joined together orderly to form a complex plane polygon. Second, by using the coordinate transformation and rotation theory, TFPV were applied comprehensively to judge the concavity or convexity of the polygon vertices. Finally, the shaft orbit MD is identified.

Findings

The simulation and experiment demonstrate that the method proposed can effectively identify the common shaft orbit MD.

Originality/value

In order to identity the shaft orbit MD effectively, a novel automatic identification method based on TFPV is proposed in this paper. The problem of identifying the shaft orbit MD is transformed into the problem about orientation of complex polygons, which are formed orderly by points on orbit shaft, and TFPV are applied comprehensively to judge the concavity or convexity of the polygon vertices.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 30 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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