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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1999

Tore Sager

There is a strong tradition among land‐use planners to conceive of their task as one of inserting rationality into public decision making. The idea of the rational…

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Abstract

There is a strong tradition among land‐use planners to conceive of their task as one of inserting rationality into public decision making. The idea of the rational selection of ends as well as means makes land‐use planners reluctant to take goals as given even if they insist on a difference between planning and politics. A retrospective outline shows how three prominent planning theorists handle the controversial question of rational ends. By applying Habermas’ communicative rationality and the bounded/unbounded distinction, the range of rationality concepts becomes sufficiently wide to serve as a basis for classifying most popular planning modes. With multiple forms of rationality, some new problems arise. How are we, for instance, to rationally choose among forms of rationality in a given situation, and how can the various forms be applied simultaneously?

Details

Journal of Management History, vol. 5 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-252X

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2009

Zhenghong Tang, Christopher M. Hussey and Ting Wei

The purpose of this paper is to extend the previous larger‐scale climate policy studies to the local jurisdiction level to evaluate local land use planning capacity for…

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687

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the previous larger‐scale climate policy studies to the local jurisdiction level to evaluate local land use planning capacity for climate change.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper evaluated 53 recently developed local comprehensive land use plans in California and analyzes how well these plans recognized the concepts of climate change and prepared for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Findings

The descriptive results show that local land use plans reflect very low awareness and little analysis for climate change; however, the actions for climate change varied widely in scope and content in their plans.

Originality/value

This paper provides policymakers important empirical evidence to improve local land use planning capacities for climate change.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 16 May 2016

Sirkku Juhola

In the past 10 years, most countries and cities have published a national adaptation strategy that outlines the strategic approach to reduce the vulnerability to climate…

Abstract

Purpose

In the past 10 years, most countries and cities have published a national adaptation strategy that outlines the strategic approach to reduce the vulnerability to climate change and to adapt to the impacts of it. The existence of an adaptation strategy does not, however, equal implementation of adaptation and the fact that adaptation is taking place across multiple levels also poses new challenges to its efficient implementation. The literature on barriers of adaptation has been increasing rapidly, questioning whether there is a misconception that barriers to implementation can be solved at the local level.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyses the implementation of adaptation strategies across multiple levels of governance by focusing on the land use planning in Finland. The case study examines the implementation of adaptation in the metropolitan region of Helsinki through a policy document analysis.

Findings

The conclusions highlight that there are barriers at the local level that emerge from the existing governance structures and cannot be solved by the local level alone. There needs to be a further recognition that coordination across levels of governance is a factor in overcoming barriers.

Originality/value

So far, there are very few studies that have analysed barriers in relation to the implementation of adaptation in a multi-level setting, and none in the land use sector, which is inherently hierarchical in nature.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2018

Hui Zeng

Land policy plays an important role in urban development planning. The value of land use depends on the nature and scale of urban land use. Based on this, in the study and…

Abstract

Land policy plays an important role in urban development planning. The value of land use depends on the nature and scale of urban land use. Based on this, in the study and analysis, the adaptation between regional land finance and urban planning and construction was discussed. First of all, the current incoordination between the land policy and the urban planning and construction in the development of urbanization was elaborated, and the status quo of the research was analyzed; then, the coordination of the layout of the urban planning space under the land finance was analyzed; taking a small-town project as an example, the actual planning of towns was concretely analyzed, and the waterfront landscape was planned and designed, the functional utilization of the land was promoted. Regression analysis of adaptation confirmed the success of urban planning and construction.

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Open House International, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2011

Zhenghong Tang, Zijia Wang and Thomas Koperski

The purpose of this study is to measure local climate change response capacity and identify the existing gaps between local climate change action plans and land use plans.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to measure local climate change response capacity and identify the existing gaps between local climate change action plans and land use plans.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses content analysis method to statistically analyze 40 pioneering local jurisdictions' climate change action plans and land use plans.

Findings

The results show significant gaps in the two types of plans. Local climate change action plans have a higher quality of plan components including factual basis, targets, coordination, and communication than local land use plans. However, local land use plans have an even higher quality of policy plan components than action plans.

Originality/value

This study has extended established climate change concepts and practices by incorporating climate change considerations into the existing framework of local decision making.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2018

Xinhua Zhu

With the constant increasing scale of urban buildings, the contradiction between supply and demand of land use problems is more prominent. Therefore, the multi-objective…

Abstract

With the constant increasing scale of urban buildings, the contradiction between supply and demand of land use problems is more prominent. Therefore, the multi-objective space optimal allocation of urban land use based on spatial genetic algorithm was proposed in this paper. Firstly, the present situation of the urban land use resources was expounded; in view of the urban land use planning, a spatial genetic algorithm was proposed; then, the urban land was divided into different functional areas, and the land planning and design method was put forward; finally, taking a city's land space planning as an example, the optimal planning and design were carried out to the geological disasters, low hilly land and land overall utilization; by comparing the land use before and after the planning optimization, the advantages of land optimization design were confirmed.

Details

Open House International, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Book part
Publication date: 20 December 2013

Ann Ruzow Holland

William R. Freudenburg’s work contributes to an understanding of how local and external factors influence environmental quality through land-use planning and growth…

Abstract

William R. Freudenburg’s work contributes to an understanding of how local and external factors influence environmental quality through land-use planning and growth management. A recent Adirondack planning study (Ruzow Holland, 2010) explores and analyzes, through the methodological lens of Participatory Action Research (PAR), how the town comprehensive planning process evolved within the community of Willsboro, New York (2010 Population 2025). Access to knowledge, technology, and deliberative decision making reduces the power of the “Privileged,” including external influences, to control the rate and type of local land development. The analysis illustrates the conversion point(s) of Freudenburg’s sociology of knowledge, power, and natural resources with the lessons learned from a place-based PAR, land-use planning project.

Details

William R. Freudenburg, A Life in Social Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-734-4

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Article
Publication date: 14 April 2014

Nicholas Addai Boamah

– The purpose of this paper is to examine the system of development controls in the Offinso South municipality. It investigates the challenges to the development control regime.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the system of development controls in the Offinso South municipality. It investigates the challenges to the development control regime.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reviews the land use regulation system in the municipality. The municipality was clustered into four for data collection. Eight neighbourhoods (two from each cluster) were selected from the municipality for the study. In all, 15 properties were sampled via purposive sampling techniques from each of the selected neighbourhoods for data gathering. Self-administered questionnaires were relied on to gather data from the 120 respondents. The property owners were the unit of enquiry.

Findings

The paper finds that socio-cultural factors, delays in the planning approval process, negative public perceptions about the planning process and planning officials, lack of official support to developers in curing identified defects in their proposed developments, and unrealistic building regulations are partly responsible for the large-scale violations of development controls in the municipality.

Practical implications

It is noted that the planning authority should focus more on strategies that will facilitate voluntary compliance and less on enforcement. It also notes the need for a review of the building regulations and the purging of the planning system from negative public perceptions and processing delays.

Originality/value

The paper identifies the constraints on the Ghanaian development controls regime.

Details

Property Management, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-7472

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Article
Publication date: 24 February 2012

Zhenghong Tang, Ting Wei, Courtney Quinn and Nan Zhao

The purpose of this paper is to examine how well local planners have recognized the issues surrounding climate change, the analysis that jurisdictions have conducted on…

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2204

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how well local planners have recognized the issues surrounding climate change, the analysis that jurisdictions have conducted on climate change, and policies that have been implemented to address climate change.

Design/methodology/approach

This study conducted a mail questionnaire survey for 214 counties ' planning directors in the USA and received 53 effective responses. This survey examined how well local planning directors have been prepared for climate change, including awareness, analysis scope, and implementation strategy.

Findings

The descriptive results indicate that the directors who responded to this survey had a relatively high (79.87 percent) level of awareness for climate change; but they had limited (34.94 percent) analysis scopes to assess the sources, impacts, and risk of climate change in their jurisdictions. These directors had partially but not fully (51.51 percent) developed local land use planning implementation strategies to mitigate or adapt climate change. The regression model indicates that the political commitment and planning personnel resources have significant influence on local planning directors ' actions for climate change.

Originality/value

This paper provides policy implications to improve local land use planning ability for climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Details

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-8692

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Article
Publication date: 13 May 2014

Qiping Shen, Hao Wang and Bo-sin Tang

Urban renewal projects provide an effective channel for adjusting land-use allocation and improving land-use efficiency, which effectively increases land supply. The…

Abstract

Purpose

Urban renewal projects provide an effective channel for adjusting land-use allocation and improving land-use efficiency, which effectively increases land supply. The purpose of this paper is to support the decision-making process of sustainable land use in urban renewal projects. A GIS-based framework, consisting of a planning support model and a land information database, has been developed in a typical high-density city – Hong Kong.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative and quantitative combined methodology is designed for this research. Several research methods such as expert interviews, focus group meetings, and case studies and technical approaches such as GIS, MCA, and AHP are adopted in this research.

Findings

General and sustainability criteria for land-use decision making in urban renewal along with associated data are identified, and an integrated approach to quantitatively assessing land-use suitability is developed.

Research limitations/implications

The framework was developed in a loosely coupled form rather than a software package installed on a computer, and the development of the land information database was a time-consuming process as a large amount of data were collected, processed, and analyzed.

Originality/value

Application of the proposed framework is reported by showing analyzed results of land-use suitability. The framework proves a useful tool for both practitioners and researchers involved in sustainable land use for urban renewal.

Details

Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2046-6099

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