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Article
Publication date: 18 November 2020

Bharti Rana and J.N. Chakraborty

This paper aims to study the ability of laccase for decolourisation of reactive dyes in presence and absence of natural and synthetic mediators.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the ability of laccase for decolourisation of reactive dyes in presence and absence of natural and synthetic mediators.

Design/methodology/approach

Box–Behnken design was used to optimize the parameters to achieve optimum response value. Preliminary screening using several mediators was performed to evaluate extent of decolourisation for the purpose followed by selection of effective mediators only.

Findings

Laccase performs in acidic pH; increase in temperature enhances its activity. Rate of decolourisation depends on laccase and dye concentration, temperature, pH and treatment time. Out of five mediators studied, HBT, BT and VA showed promising results.

Research limitations/implications

Study on decolourisation was conducted for individual dyes. In some cases, dyes are applied in combination which requires further study for authentication of data.

Practical implications

Decolourisation with laccase has been found to be a promising technology in waste water treatment. However, selection of mediator remains a crucial factor.

Social implications

Reactive dyes are self-hydrolysed over time under natural conditions and extent of decolourisation depends on concentration of dye discharged and time spent. If not decolourised quickly, it imposes restriction on use of river water for irrigation.

Originality/value

In this work, activity of various natural and synthetic mediators alongwith laccase was studied to achieve maximum decolourisation which was not studied earlier.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 2014

Li DING, Tieling XING and Guoqiang CHEN

Five different structural reactive dyes (Reactive Brilliant Blue K-3R, Everacion Blue H-ERD, Moderzol Blue FBR, Atuzol Black B and Moderzol Blue HEGN) were treated with…

Abstract

Five different structural reactive dyes (Reactive Brilliant Blue K-3R, Everacion Blue H-ERD, Moderzol Blue FBR, Atuzol Black B and Moderzol Blue HEGN) were treated with laccase (Denilite II US) in order to determine the optimum decolouration conditions. The experiments showed that laccase had distinct decolouration effects on these five dyes. Under optimum conditions, the colour removal rates of Everacion Blue H-ERD and Moderzol Blue HEGN were over 90%. Furthermore, the effects of different additives, such as acid ion, metal ion, and surfactants on the decolouration rate of Reactive Brilliant Blue K-3R were discussed. The results show that the decolouration rate is significantly promoted through the addition of Cu2+ and Al3+, while it is inactivated with Fe2+ and ion surfactants. Moreover, the COD removal rates of the five dyes are more than 75%.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2014

M. Montazer and V. Sadeghian

Nowadays, pigment dyeing is one of the most interesting methods that is applied to make specific designs on denim and fashionable garments. Here, in this research, the…

Abstract

Nowadays, pigment dyeing is one of the most interesting methods that is applied to make specific designs on denim and fashionable garments. Here, in this research, the bio-washing of pigment dyed denim has been considered with laccases. The desizing and bleaching of denim samples are first carried out and they are subsequently dyed with two types of pigments (Bemacol Blue GF and Ricoprint OSD Serie Blue) through the exhaustion method. The pigment dyed samples are then washed with various laccase concentrations, with and without the use of pumice stones. Color changes, bending and wrinkle recovery are examined. Furthermore, the surface morphology of the products is verified by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and a Projectina microscope. The samples washed with laccases and pumice stones show higher dye stripping compared with those without the use of pumice stones. The bending properties of the samples treated by pumice stones show desirable results compared with the laccases, but this caused intense damage to the samples. Also, desirable results have been achieved by using laccases in the washing process. Treatment with laccases helps to obtain brilliant samples with decreased staining on the samples with a pocket and also lowers pigment discharge in the effluent.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 18 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

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Article
Publication date: 23 March 2020

Dieu Hack-Polay, Mahfuzur Rahman, Md Morsaline Billah and Hesham Z. Al-Sabbahy

The purpose of this article is to discuss issues associated with the application big data analytics for decision-making about the introduction of new technologies in the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to discuss issues associated with the application big data analytics for decision-making about the introduction of new technologies in the textile industry in the developing world.

Design/methodology/approach

The leader–member exchange theoretical framework to consider the nature of the relationships between owners and followers to identify the potential issues that affect decision-making was used. However, decisions to adopt such environmentally friendly biotechnologies are hampered by the lack of awareness amongst owners, intergenerational conflict and cultural impediments.

Findings

The article found that the limited use of this valuable technological resource is linked to several factors, mainly cultural, generational and educational factors. The article exposes two key new technologies that could help the industry reduce its carbon footprint.

Originality/value

The study suggests more awareness raising amongst plant owners and greater empowerment of new generations in decision-making in the industry. This study, therefore, bears significant implications for environmental sustainability in the developing world where the textile industry is one of the major polluting industries affecting water quality and human health.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 58 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2005

Michel Tchoné, G. Bärwald and C. Meier

The purpose of this study was to investigate the polyphenoloxidases (PPO) activities in Jerusalem artichoke tubers as well as their inactivation. The following are…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the polyphenoloxidases (PPO) activities in Jerusalem artichoke tubers as well as their inactivation. The following are important for the processing of this food: treatment and conversion used in preserving processes.

Design/methodology/approach

The PPO of whole tubers and the separated tuber skins as determined using a modified PPO essay with 0.01 M dopamine.HCl as reactant and photometry (ΔA470 plotted against reaction time up to 3 min). Nine varieties used in German tuber production were in the test.

Findings

The highest enzyme activity of PPO was in the skin, range from 1,274 up to 3,026 nkat. In the pulps of the tubers nearly traces of PPO could be detected (range: 2 up to 5 nkat). The inhibition of PPO activity in tuber homogenates was investigated in simulated processes which were used in the food industry: heat (drying, pasteurisation) and oxidase inhibitors such as lemon juice, ascorbic and/ or citric acid. The optimum temperature of PPO was 60°C and the inactivation occurred at 85°C. The range of the PPO activity was between pH 5 and 10, with the optimum at pH 7.0. Lemon juice is a natural inhibitor of the PPO activity in fruit and vegetable juices containing Jerusalem artichoke as well as in canning the tubers. Lemon juice combined with citric acid and ascorbic acid is recommended against enzymatic browning reaction.

Originality/value

The characterisation of the parameters which influence enzymatic browning of Jerusalem artichoke tubers during food processing: heat and pH, have not been described before.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 107 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2021

Zeinab Hosseini, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mahin Ghafourzade and Abbasali Jafari Nodoushan

This paper aims to evaluate the bioremediation [chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color removal] of the effluent from the cardboard recycling industry in Yazd, central…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to evaluate the bioremediation [chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color removal] of the effluent from the cardboard recycling industry in Yazd, central province of Iran, using mixed fungal culture.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the effluent samples from the cardboard recycling industry were cultured on potato dextrose agar medium to isolate native fungal colonies. The grown colonies were then identified using morphological macroscopic and microscopic characteristics to choose the dominant fungi for bioremediations. The mixed cultures of Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Penicillium digitatum were finally used for bioremediation experiments of the cardboard recycling industry. A suspension containing 1 × 106 CFU/ml of fungal spores was prepared from each fungus, separately and their homogenous mixture. Sewage samples were prepared and sterilized and used at 25%, 50% and 90% dilutions and pH levels of 5, 7 and 8 for bioremediation tests using mixed fungal spores. Following that, 10 ml of the mixed fungal spores were inoculated into the samples for decolorization and COD removal and incubated for 10 days at 30°C. The amount of COD removal and decolorization were measured before incubation and after 3, 6 and 10 days of inoculation. In this research, the color was measured by American Dye Manufacturer Institute and COD by the closed reflux method. The results of the present study were analyzed using SPSS 21 statistical software and one-way ANOVA tests at p-value < 0.05.

Findings

The results of this research showed that the mean decolorization by mixed fungal culture over 10 days at pH levels of 5, 7 and 8 were 44.40%, 45.00% and 36.84%, respectively, and the mean COD removal efficiency was 71.59%, 73.54% and 16.55%, respectively. Moreover, the mean decolorization at dilutions of 25%, 50% and 90% were 45.00%, 31.93% and 30.53%, respectively, and the mean COD removal efficiency was 73.54%, 62.38% and 34.93%, respectively. Therefore, the maximal COD removal and decolorization efficiency was obtained at dilution of 25% and pH 7.

Originality/value

Given that limited studies have been conducted on bioremediation of the effluent from the cardboard recycling industry using fungal species, this research could provide useful information on the physicochemical properties of the effluent in this industry.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Amna Siddique, Tanveer Hussain, Waseem Ibrahim, Zulfiqar Ali Raza and Sharjeel Abid

This paper aims to investigate the feasibility of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) as an efficient discharging agent for indigo-dyed denim fabrics and identification of key…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the feasibility of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) as an efficient discharging agent for indigo-dyed denim fabrics and identification of key variables for its cost-efficient implication.

Design/methodology/approach

Response surface methodology, which is a statistical technique for the optimization of process variables, was used to study the effect of three key variables, i.e. KMnO4 concentration, printing paste pH and reaction time on whiteness and strength of discharged printed fabric. Regression models were developed to predict response variables, i.e whiteness, tensile strength and tear strength of discharge printed denim.

Findings

It was found that some captivating discharge printing effects could be produced using appropriate KMnO4 concentration, printing paste pH and reaction time without any significant loss in the fabric strength.

Practical implications

This study highlights the practical implication of KMnO4 to be used as a safe and effective discharging agent under different conditions and to optimize the parameters using statistical analysis to ensure minimum loss in textile properties. The use of denim has evolved over the decades from a rough and tough workwear to highly fashionable apparel. Various dry and wet processing techniques have been introduced in recent years for the value-addition of denim – discharge printing is one of them. As lab to bulk reproducibility requires some sort of experience and adjustments in main parameters, the practical feasibility on the bulk scale should be adjusted in advance by means of the lab scale experimentation.

Originality/value

The KMnO4 oxidation process is considered eco-friendly because manganese dioxide, which is formed when permanganate is reduced, can be recycled. Thus, the use of KMnO4 can be considered as an eco-friendly safe process for the discharging of indigo dyes.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 47 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1981

Americus

The coatings industry is based on a large number of scientific principles. To be sure, it developed both in ancient and modern times without regard to these. But once an…

Abstract

The coatings industry is based on a large number of scientific principles. To be sure, it developed both in ancient and modern times without regard to these. But once an empirical body of knowledge was built up, it became obvious that theoretical underpinnings were not only desirable but necessary if progress were to be made. What are some of the scientific principles which govern coatings technology? Film formation is certainly one. What causes a film to form, and what affects the properties of a film such as cohesion, adhesion, gloss, flexibility, permeability, impact resistance, and a dozen other characteristics? The problem of understanding film formation became all the more important with the advent of waterborne paints, for polymer particles suspended in water are not nearly as prone to form films as are polymer solutes in a solvent.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 10 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

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Article
Publication date: 4 April 2018

Bushra Rafique, Mudassir Iqbal, Tahir Mehmood and Muhammad Ashraf Shaheen

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different…

Abstract

Purpose

This review aims to focus on recent reported research work on the construction and function of different electrochemical DNA biosensors. It also describes different sensing materials, chemistries of immobilization probes, conditions of hybridization and principles of transducing and amplification strategies.

Design/methodology/approach

The human disease-related mutated genes or DNA sequence detection at low cost can be verified by the electrochemical-based biosensor. A range of different chemistries is used by the DNA-based electrochemical biosensors, out of which the interactions of nanoscale material with recognition layer and a solid electrode surface are most interesting. A diversity of advancements has been made in the field of electrochemical detection.

Findings

Some important aspects are also highlighted in this review, which can contribute in the creation of successful biosensing devices in the future.

Originality/value

This paper provides an updated review of construction and sensing technologies in the field of biosensing.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 39 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Mustafa Tutak and Özlem Bilget

– This paper aims to evaluate the antibacterial properties of pigment printed fabric loaded with nano-sized silver and zinc.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to evaluate the antibacterial properties of pigment printed fabric loaded with nano-sized silver and zinc.

Design/methodology/approach

The pigment printing paste was mixed with nano-sized silver/zinc particles and applied to the cotton fabrics by the hand screen-printing technique. The nano-sized particles, distribution on the fabric surface, were analysed by scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The ASTM E2149-01 test method was used to determine the bacteriodynamic activity of the treated fabrics. The wash and light fastness properties of the treated fabrics were investigated.

Findings

The experimental results of the study showed that antibacterial properties could be obtained by loading with nano-size silver/zinc particles on pigment printed cotton fabrics. There is no negative or positive effect of the addition of nano silver/zinc particles to the printing paste on fastness properties.

Research limitations/implications

The nano-sized metal particles and pigment printing paste should be well mixed to achieve uniform distribution on the printed surface.

Practical implications

The described process marks the introduction of a nano-technological aspect to pigment printing by its application to cotton fabrics.

Originality/value

The novelty/originality of the study lies in the new application process of nano-size silver/zinc particles to the textile pigment printing for antibacterial properties.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 44 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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