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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1999

18

Abstract

Details

Work Study, vol. 48 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2022

Javier Fernando Del Carpio Gallegos and Jean Pierre Seclen-Luna

This paper aims to evaluate the relationship between external sources of knowledge and technological innovation and then analyze how technological innovation improves firm…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to evaluate the relationship between external sources of knowledge and technological innovation and then analyze how technological innovation improves firm performance.

Design/methodology/approach

This study presents evidence based on a sample of 708 low-tech firms that participated in the National Survey of Innovation in the Manufacturing Industry and Knowledge-Intensive Service Firms (ENIIMSEC). A structural equation model approach was applied in this study.

Findings

There is a positive relationship between external sources of knowledge and technological innovation; technological innovation improves firm performance.

Originality/value

These results provide a deeper knowledge about how manufacturing firms in an emerging economy can apply open innovation practices to develop technological innovation, thus improving the firms' performance.

Propósito

El artículo tiene por propósito evaluar la relación entre las fuentes externas de conocimiento y la innovación tecnológica, para luego analizar como esta mejora el desempeño de la empresa.

Diseño/metodología/enfoque

Este estudio presenta evidencia basado en una base de datos de 708 empresas de baja intensidad tecnológica que participaron en la Encuesta Nacional de Innovación en la Industria Manufacturera y Empresas de Servicios Intensivas en Conocimiento (ENIIMSEC) 2018. Se aplico el enfoque del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales.

Resultados

Existe una relación positiva entre las fuentes externas de conocimiento y la innovación tecnológica, para que luego esta mejore el desempeño de la empresa.

Originalidad/Valor

Estos resultados proporcionan un conocimiento más profundo sobre como las empresas de manufactura de menor intensidad tecnológica pertenecientes a una economía emergente son capaces de aplicar las prácticas de la innovación abierta para desarrollar la innovación tecnológica, mejorando el desempeño de la empresa.

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2002

T.J. Hansels and W.W. Mullins

Economic pressures are driving fleets to substantially increase their maintenance intervals. To meet this challenge, both the original equipment manufacturers (OEM) and…

Abstract

Economic pressures are driving fleets to substantially increase their maintenance intervals. To meet this challenge, both the original equipment manufacturers (OEM) and the lubricant suppliers have developed new and better products to give users the benefits of extended service intervals while at the same time maintaining equipment life and reducing operating costs. This paper will examine the options available in formulating extended drain transmission and axle lubricants by comparing four products designed to meet the OEM extended service interval requirements. Bench test and field test data will be reviewed which show that by optimizing the base oil as well as the additive system, both synthetic as well as properly formulated mineral oil products can give excellent extended drain performance. With mounting economic pressures in the trucking industry, these new products will give maintenance personnel additional product choices as they move their fleets to extended drain transmission and axle lubricants in an effort to safely extend equipment life and reduce total maintenance costs.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 54 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 22 May 2007

53

Abstract

Details

Circuit World, vol. 33 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Abstract

Details

Functional Structure and Approximation in Econometrics
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44450-861-4

Book part
Publication date: 25 May 2022

Abhijeet Bag, Sarbapriya Ray and Mihir Kumar Pal

In India, economic reforms adopted in 1991 in form of LPG (Liberalization-Privatization-Globalization) removed numerous barriers to grow and offered opportunities to…

Abstract

In India, economic reforms adopted in 1991 in form of LPG (Liberalization-Privatization-Globalization) removed numerous barriers to grow and offered opportunities to improve productivity, particularly, for the manufacturing sector. But the rationale that manufacturing sector acted as main contributor to country's economic growth via GDP growth (called “engine of growth”) for a long time in India has been challenged now a day. The growing significance of the services sector across the world exhibits that at the present time, the services sector could become the new engine of economic growth in developing economies like India. The present study seeks to bring to light whether manufacturing is acting as an “engine of growth” at inter-state level in India or not and the cross section result indicates that potency of manufacturing growth and agricultural growth is gradually slowing down as a conforming part of economic growth and service sector is taking leading position in accelerating engine of growth in India.

Details

Globalization, Income Distribution and Sustainable Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80117-870-9

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 3 June 2021

Pinaki Das and Akash Dandapat

World economies including India have been moving toward recession. To combat this recession more employment generation through investment is required in a highly populated…

Abstract

World economies including India have been moving toward recession. To combat this recession more employment generation through investment is required in a highly populated economy like India. Since unorganized manufacturing enterprises (UMEs) provide employment to a huge mass in India, therefore its growth and productivity is a matter of concern in the Indian economy. The present study analyzes the growth and productivity of UMEs on the basis of the latest two rounds of NSSO unit level data incorporating all states and union territories (UTs) of India. It reveals that the growth of UMEs, employment, gross value added (GVA) and fixed assets widely varied across states/UTs, and these growth rates were substantially high in a number of states during 2010–11 and 2015–16. In most of the states/UTs the labor productivity of UMEs has increased significantly but not the capital productivity. Our analysis supports the theoretical relationship among growth of employment, GVA, and labor productivity. Therefore, the government has to make deliberate attempts to increase the growth of UMEs on one side and raise productivities of UMEs through skill developments on the other side to overcome the problem of unemployment in particular and expedite the growth of the Indian economy in general to combat the global economic recession.

Details

Productivity Growth in the Manufacturing Sector
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80071-094-8

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 3 June 2021

Nilendu Chatterjee and Tonmoy Chatterjee

Labor productivity always plays an important part in the growth of manufacturing sector of any nation, and certainly, in the growth of GDP as well. Now, the relationship…

Abstract

Labor productivity always plays an important part in the growth of manufacturing sector of any nation, and certainly, in the growth of GDP as well. Now, the relationship between these three variables has been of interest to the researchers because few nations have experienced labor productivity–led economic growth, whereas for others it has been the other way round. In this chapter we have studied the relationship between labor productivity, manufacturing output, and growth of GDP, for 25 major economies across the globe, covering the period 2000–2015, with the help of simultaneous equation system for individual nations as well as panel data analysis, covering all the nations together. Study of this relationship has, hardly, been done before which is our prime motivation behind the study. Our findings suggest that in most of the nations, these variables have significant impact on one another but there are exceptions as well. Apart from that, there are variables like energy consumption, health status, life expectancy, foreign direct investment, etc., which are significant in influencing these variables. So, policy measure suggests that importance should be given not only on labor productivity or output of manufacturing sector but also on factors that can influence these variables.

Details

Productivity Growth in the Manufacturing Sector
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80071-094-8

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 3 June 2021

Sibsankar Satpathi and Md Rakibul Hasan

This study is an attempt to estimate the output growth and total factor productivity growth (TFPG) in Indian manufacturing industry. Most of the developed nations have…

Abstract

This study is an attempt to estimate the output growth and total factor productivity growth (TFPG) in Indian manufacturing industry. Most of the developed nations have been facing economic depression in its output and employment growth frequently which led to several worldwide recessions and developing nations have also been affected by these. Our objective is to examine a possible way of mitigating economic recession in the light of Indian experience. In these connections we have tried to establish a link between TFPG and indicators of economic growth like export, GDP, employment, etc. We have computed TFPG of Indian manufacturing industry for last 30 years. On an average TFPG of Indian manufacturing industry has been found negative with a declining trend. Time series analysis of our study reveals that all the variables are stationary at first difference. They are also found to be co-integrated. On the basis of volumes of India's exports of manufacturing products in 2017, we have selected top 27 destination countries. More than 60% of Indian's manufacturing products were exported to these countries in this year. We have conducted panel data analysis to find the relation between TFPG and growth of India's export. The result shows that there has been a positive and significant relation between these two. This study also found that there has been a positive relation between growth of gross value added and employment growth in Indian manufacturing industry. So, TFPG may be a useful way to mitigate economic recession.

Details

Productivity Growth in the Manufacturing Sector
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80071-094-8

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 May 2021

Abdulla and Shiv Kumar

This paper aims to examine technical efficiency and its determinants in Indian textile garments industry in post-agreement on textiles and clothing regime and evaluate the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine technical efficiency and its determinants in Indian textile garments industry in post-agreement on textiles and clothing regime and evaluate the technical efficiency among micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) firms.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses unbalanced panel data for the period 2005–2010 to 2015–2016. The stochastic frontier function is used to estimate technical efficiency and its determinants.

Findings

The results show that the overall ecosystem of textile garments’ value chains could be improved to enhance the technical efficiency thereof. The result also reveals that small-scale firms have the highest technical efficiency scores, and medium-scale firms have the least technical efficiency score among all the categories of MSMEs.

Research limitations/implications

The textile garments industry needs to define its innovation strategies, as these strategies lead to different results that can be achieved only through the management of resources dedicated to the generation and implementation of innovations.

Practical implications

This study has shown that to offset India’s cost disadvantage in the international markets, there is a need to develop an ecosystem of textile manufacturing and value chains, eliminate the inverted duty structure (where inputs are taxed at a higher rate than the final product) and switch over from shuttle looms toward shuttle-less looms. This would unleash the potential of textile and garments industry and make it globally competitive and technically efficient. Further, there will be an alignment with the ease of doing business with an appropriate mix of policy, technology, institution, infrastructure, information and services.

Originality/value

Using frontier production function takes stochastic context into account for the dynamic character of technical efficiency and its components. Most of the past studies have assessed technical efficiency at the aggregate level using three-digit National Industrial Classification (NIC) or four-digit NIC code. An analysis at higher levels of aggregation masks the variation in technical efficiency. This study used five-digit NIC data to measure the firm-specific technical efficiency of the textile industry. According to the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first of its kind in the Indian textile industry using stochastic frontier approach and panel data. Further, it also looks at the contribution of different determinants in technical efficiency to the firms.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

Keywords

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