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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1980

JOHN P. VAN GIGCH and L.L. PIPINO

General Systems Theory postulates the existence of many general theories that serve to describe isomorphisms across systems. The theory of Fuzzy Sets can be considered as…

Abstract

General Systems Theory postulates the existence of many general theories that serve to describe isomorphisms across systems. The theory of Fuzzy Sets can be considered as one particular general theory which describes the phenomenon of ambiguity across all systems displaying this property and its consequences. Fuzzy Set Theory is a mathematical development that holds great promise in becoming the metalanguage of ambiguity, in a way parallel to Statistics and Probability Theory which represent the metalanguage of uncertainty. Fuzzy Sets appear particularly well suited to model ambiguity in the context of the systems paradigm which has been offered as a counterpart to the traditional science paradigm. A decision model is used to discuss the differences between these two paradigms and to show the role which Fuzzy Sets can play in resolving some of the epistemological problems in the domain of the social sciences.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2018

Riccardo Albertoni, Monica De Martino and Paola Podestà

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the quality of the connections (linkset) among thesauri published as Linked Data on the Web. It extends the cross-walking measures…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the quality of the connections (linkset) among thesauri published as Linked Data on the Web. It extends the cross-walking measures with two new measures able to evaluate the enrichment brought by the information reached through the linkset (lexical enrichment, browsing space enrichment). It fosters the adoption of cross-walking linkset quality measures besides the well-known and deployed cardinality-based measures (linkset cardinality and linkset coverage).

Design/methodology/approach

The paper applies the linkset measures to the Linked Thesaurus fRamework for Environment (LusTRE). LusTRE is selected as testbed as it is encoded using a Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS) published as Linked Data, and it explicitly exploits the cross-walking measures on its validated linksets.

Findings

The application on LusTRE offers an insight of the complementarities among the considered linkset measures. In particular, it shows that the cross-walking measures deepen the cardinality-based measures analysing quality facets that were not previously considered. The actual value of LusTRE’s linksets regarding the improvement of multilingualism and concept spaces is assessed.

Research limitations/implications

The paper considers skos:exactMatch linksets, which belong to a rather specific but a quite common kind of linkset. The cross-walking measures explicitly assume correctness and completeness of linksets. Third party approaches and tools can help to meet the above assumptions.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to study the quality of linksets. Several approaches formalise and evaluate Linked Data quality focusing on data set quality but disregarding the other essential component: the connection among data.

Details

Data Technologies and Applications, vol. 52 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2514-9288

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Book part
Publication date: 8 July 2013

Sarah H. Theimer

Quality, an abstract concept, requires concrete definition in order to be actionable. This chapter moves the quality discussion from the theoretical to the workplace…

Abstract

Purpose

Quality, an abstract concept, requires concrete definition in order to be actionable. This chapter moves the quality discussion from the theoretical to the workplace, building steps needed to manage quality issues.

Methodology

The chapter reviews general data studies, web quality studies, and metadata quality studies to identify and define dimensions of data quality and quantitative measures for each concept. The chapter reviews preferred communication methods which make findings meaningful to administrators.

Practical implications

The chapter describes how quality dimensions are practically applied. It suggests criteria necessary to identify high priority populations, and resources in core subject areas or formats, as quality does not have to be completely uniform. The author emphasizes examining the information environment, documenting practice, and developing measurement standards. The author stresses that quality procedures must rapidly evolve to reflect local expectations, the local information environment, technology capabilities, and national standards.

Originality/value

This chapter combines theory with practical application. It stresses the importance of metadata and recognizes quality as a cyclical process which balances the necessity of national standards, the needs of the user, and the work realities of the metadata staff. This chapter identifies decision points, outlines future action, and explains communication options.

Details

New Directions in Information Organization
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-559-3

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Article
Publication date: 9 May 2016

Mustafa Aljumaili, Ramin Karim and Phillip Tretten

The purpose of this paper is to develop data quality (DQ) assessment model based on content analysis and metadata analysis.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop data quality (DQ) assessment model based on content analysis and metadata analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

A literature review of DQ assessment models has been conducted. A study of DQ key performances (KPIs) has been done. Finally, the proposed model has been developed and applied in a case study.

Findings

The results of this study shows that the metadata data have important information about DQ in a database and can be used to assess DQ to provide decision support for decision makers.

Originality/value

There is a lot of DQ assessment in the literature; however, metadata are not considered in these models. The model developed in this study is based on metadata in addition to the content analysis, to find a quantitative DQ assessment.

Details

VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems, vol. 46 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5891

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Robert Kleyle, Andre de Korvin and Khondkar Karim

In this paper we propose a strategy for investing in new companies for which there is relatively little hard data available. We use fuzzy set theory to represent these new…

Abstract

In this paper we propose a strategy for investing in new companies for which there is relatively little hard data available. We use fuzzy set theory to represent these new companies as finite fuzzy subsets of established companies for which there is a history of investment data. A fuzzy set is also used to represent the economic environment in which the proposed new investments will be made. From this fuzzy information we construct a fuzzy expected return for each new investment under consideration. These expected returns are then defuzzified, and those proposed investments whose defuzzified expected returns fail to meet some specified criteria are discarded. An investment strategy is then proposed for investing available capital in those new companies that meet the criteria.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 23 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1995

Andre de Korvin, Jerry Strawser and Philip H. Siegel

Accounting, particularly in the area of cost variance analysis, contains a great deal of ambiguity due to imprecise or ill‐defined control terms. Cost accountants must…

Abstract

Accounting, particularly in the area of cost variance analysis, contains a great deal of ambiguity due to imprecise or ill‐defined control terms. Cost accountants must continually incorporate good sense and professional judgment in the accounting process to overcome that ambiguity. Because of the construction of accounting expert systems, no ambiguity is present in the facts or rules, thereby excluding human reasoning and analysis of feedback within those systems. The use of fuzzy sets to build fuzzy control systems provides a method to incorporate ambiguity into expert systems, allowing expert systems to more closely emulate the complex human decision making process.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 January 2021

Charlie Silva Lopes, Denis Silva da Silveira and João Araujo

The primary concern of quality improvement in processes is not the input–output conversion but the information that enables and controls process. This paper presents…

Abstract

Purpose

The primary concern of quality improvement in processes is not the input–output conversion but the information that enables and controls process. This paper presents process fragments for dimensions of information quality (IQ).

Design/methodology/approach

Research is based on the design science paradigm to create four fragments of reusable processes, that contemplate the following dimensions of IQ: accessibility, completeness, accuracy and consistency.

Findings

There is a theoretical discussion of the concept of IQ in process models, in which the fragments presented provide designers with a reduction in modeling time through reuse. Therefore, the designer has the flexibility to improve the IQ according to the context of each process.

Practical implications

The discussion is relevant for both researchers and business designers because it shows that IQ is essential to guarantee the efficient execution of processes.

Social implications

Processes modeling can be a challenge for inexperienced designers as they always try to solve a problem from the start, without worrying about the IQ dimensions in process models. Fragments here presented can be (re)used to guide these designers in processes modeling with more IQ.

Originality/value

Process modeling approaches provide expressive techniques but do not guarantee IQ in the models. However, these approaches present process fragments that can be easily used to contemplate IQ in process models. In this context, process fragments reuse stands out as an innovative solution to mitigate the shortcomings of process models related to IQ.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Mehwish Waheed, Kiran Kaur and Atika Qazi

– The purpose of this paper is to identify the unique d

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to identify the unique d

i

mensions associated with knowledge quality (KQ) based on students’ perception in an educational institution.

Design/methodology/approach

Purposive sampling was used to select students who were active users of the electronic-Learning (eLearning) system at two faculties in a single university. The qualitative data gathering employed an unstructured open-ended questionnaire distributed to the 52 selected participants.

Findings

The qualitative findings unearth the students’ perspective about quality of knowledge gained from content used in online courses. In total, 34 underlying sub-dimensions of KQ emerged, which were categorized into five KQ dimensions: intrinsic KQ, contextual KQ, representational KQ, accessible KQ, and actionable KQ.

Research limitations/implications

The findings provide an insight to educators to consider KQ dimensions in providing quality knowledge to students in an eLearning environment.

Originality/value

Previous studies have used information quality dimensions to measure KQ because of a lack of conceptualization of KQ that leads to difficulties in operationalizing this construct. In this study, a conceptual and operational definition of KQ, in the context of eLearning, is proposed based on grounded data from students participating in an online learning environment.

Details

Internet Research, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 August 2015

Hussain Alenezi, Ali Tarhini and Sujeet Kumar Sharma

This paper aims to investigate the relationship between improvements in information quality and the benefits and performance of e-government organizations. As information…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the relationship between improvements in information quality and the benefits and performance of e-government organizations. As information quality is multi-dimensional measure, it is very crucial to determine what aspects of it are critical to organizations to help them to devise effective information quality improvement strategies. These strategies are potentially capable of changing government organizational structures and business processes. It examines the nature, direction and strength of the connections between information quality and the success of e-government initiatives. A conceptual model by means of which organizations performance and information quality research can be viewed is proposed and validated in Kuwait.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used a quantitative methodology to investigate the causal paths. A cross-sectional survey was completed by 268 employees positioned in the Kuwait Government ministries. Each of the main effect hypotheses was analyzed using stepwise multiple regression with stepwise selection.

Findings

It was found that the relationships between information quality and strategic benefits along with institutional value were in upright agreement. Our statistical analysis highlighted that improvement in different aspects of information quality can lead to a better organizational image. Specifically, usability and usefulness attributes of information quality came on the top of the key influencers on both strategic benefits and institutional value.

Originality/value

This is the first study which adequately covers the relationships between information quality and organizations performance in Kuwait. Based on our evaluation, the authors propose a conceptual model to assist in studying the effects of information quality improvement on e-government benefits and performance.

Details

Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6166

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1996

R. Kleyle, A. de Korvin and T. McLaughlin

In this paper we discuss a mechanism for making business decisions on the basis of an expected penalty function associated with cost variance. We assume that the decision…

Abstract

In this paper we discuss a mechanism for making business decisions on the basis of an expected penalty function associated with cost variance. We assume that the decision maker is knowledgeable of the economic environment in which the decision will be made, but that he has no hard data” such as a market research report. In this setting fuzzy logic is more applicable than ordinary statistical decision theory. We develop a method of computing a fuzzy expected penalty based on a fuzzy distribution of cost variance and a fuzzy penalty function. These fuzzy expected penalties are then defuzzified” so that a non‐fuzzy decision can be made.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 22 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

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