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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the conflict resolution styles used by university students in handling conflicts, and to determine the effects (if any) of age…
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the conflict resolution styles used by university students in handling conflicts, and to determine the effects (if any) of age, nationality and gender on how students respond to conflicts.
The Thomas-Kilmann conflict mode instrument was adopted to assess the conflict resolution styles (accommodating, avoiding, collaborative, competitive and compromising) of post graduate students in a University in Malaysia. Both ANOVA and t-test analyses were utilized to investigate the relationship between, nationality, gender, age and conflict resolution styles used by students.
Results of this study indicates that female students used competitive style more than male students, while male students are more likely to avoid conflicts. The older students were discovered to use more avoiding, while younger students are more likely to be competitive in nature. The findings did not reveal any significant differences in nationality.
This paper expands its focus from gender (which is the most commonly tested category) to other categories such as age and nationality, thereby giving room for these new categories to be tested extensively in future researches. The results reveal that students not only use different conflict resolution styles to address conflicts, but also there exists differences in the styles used by students of different age groups and gender.
Technology transfer becoming an important area especially in developing and less developed countries. The purpose of this paper is to address issue of supply chainsâ€…
Technology transfer becoming an important area especially in developing and less developed countries. The purpose of this paper is to address issue of supply chainsâ€™ benchmarking based upon their capability to mange technology transfer critical barriers mitigation efforts toward making technology transfer process implementation successful.
The present paper is based on two research stages. Initially, extensive literature review has been made to identify critical barriers. In total, 20 technology transfer critical barriers have been identified from literature review and categorized in to six criteria. In second stage, analytics hierarchy process has been utilized to rank the critical barriers of technology transfer in supply chain and provide a benchmarking framework.
Political barriers (PB) have been analyzed most significant criteria of critical barriers to technology transfer followed by socio-cultural barriers (SO) and economic barriers (EB). â€śPolitical instability,â€ť â€śDifficulty in transfer and diffusion,â€ť â€śToo expensive,â€ť â€śInappropriate/incompetent technology and resource wastage in technologies imported,â€ť â€śInactive role of SC members and resistance to changeâ€ť and â€śManagement attitudeâ€ť have been found most hindering barrier in their respective category/criterion of technology transfer barriers.
Scope of the present study has been limited to propose framework to benchmark supply chains by analyzing 20 critical barriers of technology transfer grouped in to six dimensions using analytical hierarchy approach based on â€śratings provided by experts,â€ť which may be biased.
Benchmarking process has been proposed to calculate value of total of overall weights to a particular supply chain named as â€śTechnology Transfer Barriers Mitigation Index (TTBMI)â€ť useful to present capability of supply chains to manage technology transfer barriers by a single numeric value. From â€śproviderâ€ť developed countyâ€™s view point, present benchmarking framework may be further applied to compare developing countriesâ€™ ability to absorb and diffuse new technology.
Benchmarking procedure has been dealt with using well-established methodology- analytical hierarchy process toward providing single numeric value index (TTBMI) indicating ability of supply chains to manage/mitigate technology transfer barriers.