This paper aims to uncover the assumptions and concerns driving public debates about Google Glass and police body cameras. In doing so, it shows how debates about wearable…
This paper aims to uncover the assumptions and concerns driving public debates about Google Glass and police body cameras. In doing so, it shows how debates about wearable cameras reflect broader cultural tensions surrounding race and privilege.
The paper employs a form of critical discourse analysis to discover patterns in journalistic coverage of these two technologies.
Public response to Glass has been overwhelmingly negative, while response to body cameras has been positive. Analysis indicates that this contrasting response reflects a consistent public concern about the dynamics of power and privilege in the digital economy. While this concern is well-founded, news coverage indicates that technologists, policy makers and citizens each hold assumptions about the inevitability and unvarnished beneficence of technology.
Since this qualitative approach seeks to discern broad emergent patterns, it does not employ a quantifiable and reproducible coding schema.
The article concludes by arguing that grassroots action, appropriate regulatory policy and revitalized systems of professional journalism are indispensable as the struggle for social justice unfolds in the emerging digital economy.
These debates represent a struggle over what and how people see. Yet public discourse often glosses over the disadvantages of technological change, which impacts who is able to amass social power.
This comparative approach yields unique conceptual insight into debates about technologies that augment ways of seeing.
Metal spraying equipment from the West Midlands specialists Metalisation will be soon facing its toughest test ever ‐protecting a giant gas drilling platform from the…
Metal spraying equipment from the West Midlands specialists Metalisation will be soon facing its toughest test ever ‐protecting a giant gas drilling platform from the hostile rigours of the North Sea
Outlines the difficulty of retaining new employees covering the problems, costs and methods used to retain productive employees. Suggests that there is often insufficient data regarding initial employee performance and the lack of incentives for better performers who are often treated equally with under performers. Considers the costs and benefits of using employment agencies. Briefly considers the use of pay as an incentive, including bonuses and stock ownership and job satisfaction through good job design to increase variety.
The purpose of this paper is to explore if women who are in positions of leadership are influenced by gender when voting for a party led by a female candidate and if…
The purpose of this paper is to explore if women who are in positions of leadership are influenced by gender when voting for a party led by a female candidate and if perceptions of the media's portrayal of a woman candidate influences the voting preferences of women leaders.
The paper reports the results of an online survey of women leaders to provide a pre-election analysis about how they would vote and what was influencing their vote for Gillard, if they chose to vote for her. Data were analysed using Content Analysis and Descriptive Statistical Analysis.
Although gender does influence the vote of women leaders for a woman candidate, they use different decision criteria to influence their voting preferences of a female candidate, of which the woman candidate's views and priorities play a major part.
The small sample size was not statistically representative and the data were self-reported and not validated post voting. A random and larger sample is required as well as further research comparing how Abbott was portrayed in the media and how men would vote for the party leaders.
The paper highlights that female candidates need to clearly assert their views and priorities during an election campaign and foreshadows women's evaluation of Gillard's achievements for women, in the next election.
Based in a unique time in Australia's political history which led to a woman being elected prime minister of a minority government and it explores how women in leadership perceived and reacted to the electoral environment at the time.
If the UK retail financial services sector is to seize the opportunities which will emerge in the future, it will be necessary to restore consumer confidence in the market. This paper argues that this will only be achieved through a radical transformation in the nature of regulatory compliance. The roots of the current consumer crisis of confidence are exposed by retracing the recent history of the sector; particular consideration is given to how the sector has responded to the changing political, economic and regulatory conditions of the post‐War era. It is possible to characterise the sector prior to the 1980s as somewhat anti‐competitive and lacking in innovation. Changes during the 1980s led to highly favourable business conditions, without stringent regulation, making it easy and profitable for the sector to continue to be short term in outlook without considering the longer‐term consequences for consumer confidence. Not surprisingly, the drive for short‐term profits led to the exploitation of many consumers and the subsequent scandals have reduced general confidence in the sector and also resulted in a regulatory backlash. Demographic changes and an emerging political consensus on a reduction in state welfare provision mean that the future business environmnent is potentially very promising. However, if the sector and its constituent organisations do not evolve to regain the trust of consumers and satisfy the demands of their regulators they will face severe competition from outside competitors and an even more hostile regulatory environment. Many of the organisations in the sector will need a complete overhaul in their attitudes to compliance if they are to succeed. Current approaches to developing internal compliance cultures may not be enough but emerging technology may soon provide a revolutionary new approach.
Output per worker varies significantly from one country to another. Why? Our analysis shows that differences in earnings opacity are important sources of this variation. Earnings opacity is a measure that reflects how little information there is in a firm's earnings number about its true, but unobservable, economic performance. According to our results, a high‐productivity country has the accounting quality associated with low earnings opacity. Results further suggest that the quality of accounting in general, and low earnings opacity in particular helps a country by stimulating the accumulation of human and physical capital and by raising its total factor productivity.
The availability of external equity finance is a key factor in thedevelopment of technology‐based firms (TBFs). However, although a widevariety of sources are potentially…
The availability of external equity finance is a key factor in the development of technology‐based firms (TBFs). However, although a wide variety of sources are potentially available, many firms encounter difficulties in securing funding. The venture capital community, particularly in the UK, has done little to finance early stage TBFs and has failed to cater adequately for the specific value‐added requirements of these firms. Non‐financial companies have the potential to become an important alternative source of equity finance for TBFs through the process of corporate venture capital (CVC) investment. Based on a telephone survey of 48 UK TBFs that have raised CVC, examines the role of CVC in the context of TBF equity financing. Shows that CVC finance has represented a significant proportion of the total external equity raised by the survey firms and has been particularly important during the early stages of firm development. In addition, CVC often provides investee firms with value‐added benefits, primarily in the form of technical‐ and marketing‐related nurturing and credibility in the marketplace. Concludes with implications for TBFs, large companies, venture capital fund managers and policy makers.
Inside information about companies is in demand. Out of some 400 CD‐ROMs related to business, for instance, over a third deal with company data (141 titles). Even so, when information managers and business librarians were asked to suggest ideas for new CD‐ROM titles, several said they wanted even more company information discs. Online, you can find more information about more companies in more countries every month. The big boom at the moment is in data from East European and Soviet companies. Yet here, again, there is a cry for more — especially in the way of reliability and quality.
The measurement of the costs of crime is an increasingly important topic in established industrial economies. Such costs imply a substantial loss in both tangible and…
The measurement of the costs of crime is an increasingly important topic in established industrial economies. Such costs imply a substantial loss in both tangible and intangible productivity, opportunity cost, resource use and quality of life. Here, we summarise the results of the latest research in the UK, and show that researchers are using increasingly accurate costs and indices analyses to allow the calculation of the costs of criminal activity.