Search results

1 – 10 of over 1000
Article
Publication date: 22 March 2021

Matthew Militello, Lynda Tredway, Lawrence Hodgkins and Ken Simon

The purpose of this study was to explore the utility of a virtual reality (VR) classroom experience for improving the capacity of instructional leaders. Specifically…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to explore the utility of a virtual reality (VR) classroom experience for improving the capacity of instructional leaders. Specifically, school leaders used VR to build their classroom observation and analysis skills to prepare to have more effective post-observation conversations with teachers. The authors provide insights from multiple data points that highlight the affordances of the virtual setting for improving classroom observation skills.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing on the application of simulations to practice classroom observations, the authors developed a VR experience in which participants tag observable elements of academic discourse using codes from two observation protocols. The protocols identify elements of equitable student access: how teachers call on students and how they design questions. Seventy-five school leaders used the VR platform to observe a classroom scenario and code evidence of equitable classroom access. The authors analyzed data from tagging in the virtual reality scenario and triangulated these data with survey data focused on observation practices from participants' schools. A reflection component is included on the platform to collect these qualitative data.

Findings

The study results indicate that the virtual reality platform provides an innovative process for leadership professional development focused on building school leaders' capacity to identify elements of academic discourse during classroom observations. Participants reported that the opportunity to practice classroom observations in a risk-free environment was useful. However, for school leaders to fully transfer the data to using in conversations with teachers, they benefit from leadership coaching.

Originality/value

This study ascertains the potential effectiveness of an advanced technology for enhancing instructional leadership by using evidence-based classrooms observations to drive improvements in teaching practice. Beyond the utility of the virtual reality tool, this study provides a proof of concept for the next generation of instructional leadership through teacher observations with augmented reality.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 59 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Guy Wishart

This article reports the findings of a national survey of the consultation of people with learning difficulties by social services departments in the development of adult…

Abstract

This article reports the findings of a national survey of the consultation of people with learning difficulties by social services departments in the development of adult protection procedures and guidelines. The survey also considered the consultation of other service users, carers and family, and staff. Despite the rhetoric of user involvement in adult protection literature, low levels of consultation for people with learning difficulties were found.

Details

The Journal of Adult Protection, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1466-8203

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 May 2001

Terry Bamford

Since 1948 the Health Service has been a subject of policy on which Labour has consistently rated higher than the Tories in public opinion. But the standard of care within…

Abstract

Since 1948 the Health Service has been a subject of policy on which Labour has consistently rated higher than the Tories in public opinion. But the standard of care within the National Health Service is seen as falling. What difference will the new plan make? There are undoubted good intentions, but also the potential for confusion as commissioning and service delivery are put in the structural mixer once again.

Details

Housing, Care and Support, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-8790

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1998

Ken Simons

The central argument of this paper is that supported living — enabling people with learning disabilities to live in their own homes, with appropriate support — has a…

Abstract

The central argument of this paper is that supported living — enabling people with learning disabilities to live in their own homes, with appropriate support — has a potential strategic role in addressing some of the current shortcomings in community‐based residential services. These shortcomings are described, along with the possible contribution of an approach in which housing and support are separated. Finally some of the current concerns about supported living are briefly addressed.

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 3 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

Article
Publication date: 1 February 2001

Ken Simons

Relatively few people with learning disabilities have their own homes. To achieve a wider range of housing and support options, we have to ensure that there are consistent…

Abstract

Relatively few people with learning disabilities have their own homes. To achieve a wider range of housing and support options, we have to ensure that there are consistent financial incentives. For strategies to be successful in introducing significant change, some of the financial and administrative inconsistencies in benefits, ILF, out of area placements and Supporting People will have to be addressed.

Details

Housing, Care and Support, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-8790

Article
Publication date: 31 December 1998

Carl Poll

CRITERIA FOR RESTRICTING ELIGIBILITY for social services present a bleak future for some people with a moderate learning disability and may have other social costs. There…

Abstract

CRITERIA FOR RESTRICTING ELIGIBILITY for social services present a bleak future for some people with a moderate learning disability and may have other social costs. There is another way: lower‐cost, flexible models of support which both meet the aspirations of the people themselves and provide a solution for local authorities. KeyRing's living support networks constitute a successful example.

Details

Housing, Care and Support, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-8790

Article
Publication date: 31 December 1998

Ken Simons

THE INTENTIONS OF THE registration system for registered care homes were honourable, but in practice their application to services has frustrated attempts to give people…

Abstract

THE INTENTIONS OF THE registration system for registered care homes were honourable, but in practice their application to services has frustrated attempts to give people the chance of an ordinary life. This institutional framework is inconsistently used and needs reform.

Details

Housing, Care and Support, vol. 1 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-8790

Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Simon Adamtey and Lameck Onsarigo

Civil utility projects, both open-trench and trenchless, are subject to risk. These risks have both direct and indirect effect on project cost, schedule, quality and…

Abstract

Purpose

Civil utility projects, both open-trench and trenchless, are subject to risk. These risks have both direct and indirect effect on project cost, schedule, quality and safety. It is therefore critical for the project management team to include risk management as an integral part of their project planning and execution. The purpose of this study is to identify the pipe-bursting construction risks and determine their probability of occurrence and cost impact and provide the appropriate responses to mitigate the identified risks.

Design/methodology/approach

This is an exploratory design using an industry-wide questionnaire survey to collect data on the probability of occurrence and impact of risks on cost of pipe-bursting projects. A probability-impact model was used to categorize the risks to determine their criticality and the appropriate risk responses.

Findings

The model revealed that majority of the analyzed risks have low impact-low probability of occurrence and high impact-low probability of occurrence. Undocumented repairs to host pipe was the only risk identified as having high probability of occurrence and high impact on cost. The risk responses suggest a combination of risk transfer, reduction and acceptance to be appropriately applied to mitigate the risks. A discussion on the good practices indicates that most pipe-bursting operations can be done safely and successfully if site and project conditions are known before bursting and the appropriate measures are taken to address those conditions.

Research limitations/implications

Although the identified risks may apply to other utility construction methods, the focus of this research is limited to risks that occur during the construction phase of a pipe-bursting construction project.

Practical implications

Risk management is very critical to the success of any construction project. Identification and assessment of risks alone will not serve the purpose of risk management unless meaningful ways to mitigate those risks in a structured way are planned. The probability-impact model for the pipe-bursting construction risks with the mitigation strategies will help owners, engineers and contractors plan for and adequately respond to these risks. Additionally, a logical assessment of the risks will aid in effective decision-making regarding the management of the project.

Originality/value

Extensive literature review indicates that there is no existing literature on the probability of occurrence and impact on cost of risks in pipe-bursting projects. This paper presents the results of a wide-ranging analysis on construction risks in pipe-bursting projects. This is the first analysis incorporating the use of the probability-impact model to determine the criticality of various pipe-bursting construction risks.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, vol. 16 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2003

Pete Ritchie and Susan Hunter

Abstract

Details

Tizard Learning Disability Review, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1359-5474

Article
Publication date: 18 October 2021

Simon Adamtey and James Ogechi Kereri

Residential projects frequently suffer from low-risk management (RM) implementation and, consequently, are more likely to fail to meet performance objectives. With RM…

Abstract

Purpose

Residential projects frequently suffer from low-risk management (RM) implementation and, consequently, are more likely to fail to meet performance objectives. With RM becoming an essential requirement, the purpose of this study is to investigate RM implementation in terms of status, risk analysis techniques, barriers and impact of RM on residential projects across the USA.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 105 general contractors who had completed 3,265 residential projects in the past five years. Data collection was through a US national survey sent out through emails between August and November 2019 to residential general contractor firms. The firms were randomly selected from national organizations, such as the National Association of Home Builders, Associated General Contractors of America and Associated Builders and Contractors.

Findings

The analysis indicated that RM implementation is still extremely low at 22.27%. However, there was an increase in RM implementation as the cost and duration of projects increased. Direct judgment is the most used technique. Also, the one-sample t-test indicated that the barriers have a significant impact on RM implementation. Multinomial logistic regression results indicated that the impact of lack of management support, lack of money or budget, the complexity of analytical tools and lack of time to perform analysis predict the impact on the overall performance of construction projects. Overall, the results provide empirical evidence, which can influence management’s decision-making regarding RM and improve implementation in residential projects.

Originality/value

There is a lack of empirical evidence on the impact of barriers to RM implementation on the performance of construction projects. This research contributes to the body of knowledge by bridging this gap through a robust analysis of data collected from real residential projects.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology , vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

Keywords

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