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Substance misuse results in a wide range of problems for supported housing landlords, staff and tenants, including drug dealing and use, burglary, street drinking, begging…
Substance misuse results in a wide range of problems for supported housing landlords, staff and tenants, including drug dealing and use, burglary, street drinking, begging and drug paraphernalia. A lot can be done to limit the impact of substance misuse, using crime prevention techniques. In particular, application of crime prevention through environmental design and management (CPTEDM) can help. This article provides a background to CPTEDM and some practical examples of how to address specific problems relating to substance misuse. It explains how to carry out a visual audit to identify problems relating to the impact of substance misuse on local communities, at the same time encouraging participation from tenants where appropriate.
This article reports findings from qualitative research conducted in a rural county. Crack cocaine is often used in combination with heroin with the latter drug acting as…
This article reports findings from qualitative research conducted in a rural county. Crack cocaine is often used in combination with heroin with the latter drug acting as a ‘downer’ after the intense experience of crack. Users see their heroin use as a problem but not their crack use. Services are geared to opiate misuse and there is a need to consider provision for crack misuse.
Little research has been carried out on the links between drug misuse and domestic violence. This article attempts to address this gap by presenting key findings and…
Little research has been carried out on the links between drug misuse and domestic violence. This article attempts to address this gap by presenting key findings and recommendations from research carried out by Perpetuity Research and Consultancy International Ltd in the West Midlands exploring the links between substance misuse and domestic violence
This paper aims to explore the importance of meaningful participation for Indigenous peoples within the complex and highly political context of mining and mineral…
This paper aims to explore the importance of meaningful participation for Indigenous peoples within the complex and highly political context of mining and mineral extraction. The aim is to consider the multi-dimensional nature of the mining context that takes into account the discursive landscape that frames the often disparate perspectives of corporate, state and Indigenous communities.
The paper is a conceptual offering that examines the complex environment within which “meaningful participation” between mining corporates and Indigenous communities operate.
This paper highlights the multi-dimensional nature of a proposed relationship between the mining corporates, the state and the Indigenous Māori community within New Zealand. The facilitation of “meaningful participation” requires that any negotiated agreement is undertaken within a framework of meaning that makes sense to the Indigenous community, in addition to the appropriate legislative and corporate initiatives to be in place.
The paper highlights the complex considerations that must be included in any form of negotiation between mining corporates and Indigenous peoples to achieve meaningful participation in the form that it was intended under international accords. While recognising the different contextual circumstance of Indigenous peoples around the world, this paper illustrates a pathway towards meaningful participation that takes into account economic, socio-cultural and environmental variables.
THE question of the advisability of exercising a censorship over literature has been much before the public of late, and probably many librarians have realised how closely the disputed question affects their own profession.
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977 and its amendment – the Trade and Competitive Act of 1988 – are unique not only in the history of the accounting and…
The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977 and its amendment – the Trade and Competitive Act of 1988 – are unique not only in the history of the accounting and auditing profession, but also in international law. The Acts raised awareness of the need for efficient and adequate internal control systems to prevent illegal acts such as the bribery of foreign officials, political parties and governments to secure or maintain contracts overseas. Its uniqueness is also due to the fact that the USA is the first country to pioneer such a legislation that impacted foreign trade, international law and codes of ethics. The research traces the history of the FCPA before and after its enactment, the role played by the various branches of the United States Government – Congress, Department of Justice, Securities Exchange commission (SEC), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS); the contributions made by professional associations such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICFA), the Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA), the American Bar Association (ABA); and, finally, the role played by various international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC). A cultural, ethical and legalistic background will give a better understanding of the FCPA as wll as the rationale for its controversy.