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Article
Publication date: 22 September 2022

Chantelle Clarke, Kate Abel and Talitha Best

There is growing awareness internationally of the need to reduce intake of added sugars. The purpose of this study was to examine consumer sugar knowledge and food label use.

Abstract

Purpose

There is growing awareness internationally of the need to reduce intake of added sugars. The purpose of this study was to examine consumer sugar knowledge and food label use.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional online survey included 229 adult participants (85% female and 15% male). Participants completed measures of demographics, sugar knowledge, interest in food and nutrition, food choice motivations and beliefs and food label use. The sample of convenience showed that participants were from Australasia (n = 90), the USA (n = 90) and other Western (Europe and Canada, n = 49) countries.

Findings

Overall, participant sugar knowledge predicted nutrition label use over and above individual demographic and psychological characteristics (interest in food and nutrition, health beliefs and food choice motivations) (p < 0.001). Country comparisons revealed that those in Australasia reported lower sugar knowledge compared to the USA (p =< 0.001) and other Western countries (p = 0.028).

Research limitations/implications

Overall, participant sugar knowledge predicted nutrition label use over and above individual demographic and psychological characteristics (interest in food and nutrition, health beliefs and food choice motivations) (p < 001). Country comparisons revealed that those in Australasia reported lower sugar knowledge compared to the USA (p =< 0.001) and other Western countries (p = 0.028).

Originality/value

This study explored sugar knowledge as a unique predictor of food label use, taking into account individual characteristics in demographics, food choice motivations and health beliefs.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science , vol. 53 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 25 October 2021

Andrea Bramberger and Kate Winter

This chapter describes why safe spaces are needed in education settings for full inclusion of gendered identities as they intersect with categories such as race/ethnicity, class…

Abstract

This chapter describes why safe spaces are needed in education settings for full inclusion of gendered identities as they intersect with categories such as race/ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, and ability. This discussion briefly addresses varying and intersecting levels and domains of privilege or marginalization such as identity, inter-/intraaction, organization, society, and knowledge, and how safe spaces in education can support learning as it is entwined with gender, gendered biases, and power dynamics and structures.

Article
Publication date: 14 August 2018

Tumelo Maungwa and Ina Fourie

Competitive intelligence failures have devastating effects in marketplaces. They are attributed to various factors but seldom explicitly to information behaviour. This paper…

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Abstract

Purpose

Competitive intelligence failures have devastating effects in marketplaces. They are attributed to various factors but seldom explicitly to information behaviour. This paper addresses causes of competitive intelligence failures from an information behaviour lens focussing on problems with key intelligence and information needs. The exploratory study was conducted in 2016/2017. Managers (end-users) identify key intelligence needs on which information is needed, and often other staff members seek the information (proxy information seeking). The purpose of this paper is to analyse problems related to key intelligence and information needs, and make recommendations to address the problems.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is placed in a post-positivism research paradigm, using qualitative and limited quantitative research approaches. In total, 15 participants (competitive intelligence professionals and educators/trainers originating from South Africa and the USA) contributed rich data through in-depth individual interviews.

Findings

Problems associated with articulation of information needs (key intelligence needs is the competitive intelligence term – with a broader scope) include inadequate communication between the person in need of information and the proxy information searcher; awareness and recognition of information needs; difficulty in articulation, incomplete and partial sharing of details of needs.

Research limitations/implications

Participant recruitment was difficult, representing mostly from South Africa. The findings from this exploratory study can, however, direct further studies with a very understudied group.

Practical implications

However, revealed valuable findings that can guide research.

Originality/value

Little has been published on competitive intelligence from an information behaviour perspective. Frameworks guiding the study (a combination of Leckie et al.’s 1996 and Wilson’s, 1981 models and a competitive intelligence life cycle), however, revealed valuable findings that can guide research.

Details

Aslib Journal of Information Management, vol. 70 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-3806

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 2 July 2020

Laura Connelly and Teela Sanders

In this chapter, the authors reflect on how the criminological agenda can move towards disrupting the boundaries that exist between the academe and sex work activism. The authors…

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors reflect on how the criminological agenda can move towards disrupting the boundaries that exist between the academe and sex work activism. The authors do so as academics who strive to affect social change outside of the academe, but do not attempt to offer a prescriptive ‘how to guide’. Indeed, they are themselves still grappling with the challenges of, and learning to be better at, ‘academic-activism’. The chapter begins by shining light on the activist underpinnings of the sex workers’ rights movement, before outlining some of the key scholarship in sex work studies, drawing particular attention to that which seeks to bring about social change. It then explores the utility of participatory action research (PAR) to sex work studies and reflects on how a PAR-inspired approach was used in the Beyond the Gaze research project. Here, the authors cast a critically reflexive eye over the unique realities, including the challenges, of integrating sex worker ‘peer researchers’ within the research team. The chapter concludes by considering how the criminological agenda must adapt if we truly want to bring truly want to bring about positive social change for sex workers, as well as how the current system of Higher Education ultimately stymies ‘academic-activist’ approaches to research.

Details

The Emerald Handbook of Feminism, Criminology and Social Change
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-956-4

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 February 2013

Tim Grayson, Yuet Hung Tsang, Dee Jolly, Kate Karban, Phillip Lomax, Claire Midgley, Ian O' Rouke, Caroline Paley, Jill Sinson, Kim Willcock and Paul Williams

This paper aims to discuss the experiences of a group of eight user and carer researchers from learning disability and mental health services who worked together in a research…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to discuss the experiences of a group of eight user and carer researchers from learning disability and mental health services who worked together in a research project. The research was to find out about the changes that took place as over 300 people moved from hostel accommodation into independent tenancies. These moves were part of a three year project involving a partnership between a local authority and a housing association.

Design/methodology/approach

The evaluation was based on a model of user participation.

Findings

User involvement in research can mean different things with different levels of involvement, from consultation through to user‐controlled research. In this paper the authors discuss some of the challenges in doing this kind of evaluation study, as well as the opportunities that came from involving users and carers in the research. This includes how the researchers got involved and some of the activities they did.

Research limitations/implications

The authors also describe some of the difficulties that were faced, including payments and criminal record checks. The ways in which people were trained and supported to take part and stay involved are outlined as well as how the group feel that they have learnt new skills and increased their confidence.

Originality/value

This paper adds the voices of the co‐researchers to the literature and provides “lessons learned” for other researchers in this area.

Details

Mental Health and Social Inclusion, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2042-8308

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 9 June 2022

José G. Vargas-Hernández

This chapter aims to analyze the interrelationships between the elements of sustainability, socio-interculturalism, and governance. This analysis advances from the assumption that…

Abstract

This chapter aims to analyze the interrelationships between the elements of sustainability, socio-interculturalism, and governance. This analysis advances from the assumption that the sustainable socio-intercultural governance requires to be supported by the development of systems that enable the economic growth, the social development and environmental socio-ecosystems of communities, institutions, organizations, and individual levels. The method employed is the reflective-analytical based on the review of literature. It is concluded that the new geographies of sustainable socio-intercultural governance are affected by the coexistence that have solutions to the capacity deficits and dysfunctionalities of processes, institutions, and knowledge systems which have many systemic failures on the capacities of the natural resource management systems. This analysis proposes a new model of socio-intercultural sustainable governance.

Details

Environmental Sustainability, Growth Trajectory and Gender: Contemporary Issues of Developing Economies
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80262-154-9

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 March 1999

Kate Ebbage

Russian organised crime (ROC) is on the increase, with new stories in the press appearing practically every day. In 1994, Boris Yeltsin announced in his address to the Duma (the…

Abstract

Russian organised crime (ROC) is on the increase, with new stories in the press appearing practically every day. In 1994, Boris Yeltsin announced in his address to the Duma (the Federal State Assembly) that Russia has become ‘the biggest Mafia State in the world’ and that it was now the ‘superpower of crime’. Louis Freeh, the director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation, admitted in October 1997 to the US Congress that ROC was on the increase. The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) director John Deutch in 1996 announced that ROC's spread was global and a potential ‘threat to political and economic reform in Russia’.

Details

Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

Abstract

Details

Transformative Democracy in Educational Leadership and Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83753-545-3

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1986

B.V. Cerný

Die 40 Jahrgänge der “Zeitschrift für Fremdenverkehr” umfassen eine breite, wertvolle Dokumentation äber die Entwicklung, Formierung und Reifung vieler Phänomene, aus welchen die…

Abstract

Die 40 Jahrgänge der “Zeitschrift für Fremdenverkehr” umfassen eine breite, wertvolle Dokumentation äber die Entwicklung, Formierung und Reifung vieler Phänomene, aus welchen die reiche und viel‐fältige Erscheinung des modernen Tourismus zusammengesetzt ist. Die Zeitperiode ist lang genug, um die Wandlungen aufzuzeichnen, welchen die einzelnen Institutionen ausgesetzt waren und um anzudeuten, welche Faktoren es bewirkt haben. Es sei uns gestattet — im Einklang mit der mehr als 50 Jahre dauernden Betätigung im Fach — sich dem Sektor des Heilbäderwesens innerhalb des Fremdenverkehrs zu widmen und in Kürze seine Positionen und seine Gestaltung im Laufe der erwähnten Zeit zu prüfen.

Details

The Tourist Review, vol. 41 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0251-3102

Book part
Publication date: 6 February 2015

Abstract

Details

Genre Theory in Information Studies
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-255-5

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