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Article
Publication date: 3 November 2020

Kang Zhao

Some studies have claimed that Chinese thinker Hu Shi (or Hu Shih) received and responded to John Dewey's educational ideas only at a theoretical level and did little for…

Abstract

Purpose

Some studies have claimed that Chinese thinker Hu Shi (or Hu Shih) received and responded to John Dewey's educational ideas only at a theoretical level and did little for education at a practical level. This paper reexamines Hu's reception of Dewey's ideas with a focus on how he used those ideas to solve China's educational and social problems during the late 1910s and 1920s.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper draws upon what Schriewer (2012) has called “theories of reception.” Rather than focusing on the international dissemination of ideas and knowledge, this approach emphasizes the reception of foreign ideas from the perspective and needs of the receiver, interpreter and/or reader who apprehends such ideas within a particular socio–cultural context.

Findings

This paper finds that Hu not only received — and examined — Dewey's educational ideas in a systematic way, but also used them pragmatically to reform China's systems of education as part of the New Culture Movement after 1919.

Originality/value

This research offers a new understanding of Hu's reception of Dewey's educational ideas. It shows that Hu was not merely a “thinker” in the field of education but also a “doer” who sought to apply Dewey's ideas in practice. This new view allows us to reevaluate Hu's role in the modernization of Chinese education.

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Book part
Publication date: 24 September 2018

Diana-Maria Cismaru and Raluca Silvia Ciochina

The aim of this research was to identify the importance of trust as a determinant of participants’ behaviour and the weight of different motivational factors that enhance…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this research was to identify the importance of trust as a determinant of participants’ behaviour and the weight of different motivational factors that enhance the amount and the quality of contribution.

Methodology

Quantitative research methods (online survey of 450 respondents and content analysis of 250 reviews) were applied on a Romanian crowdsourcing platform founded in 2008, with the mission to help potential tourists to take the most informed decision in their travel choices.

Findings

The data collected showed that the majority of the active members have a positive outlook over their experience within the community, admitting its trustworthy characteristics. The findings show that most of the top-rated members of the community were not motivated by material rewards such as money or prizes, but rather by socially related factors or by individual factors (positive feedback through comments or acquiring knowledge).

Research Limitations

The findings cannot be generalised to other crowdsourcing models, which are subject to different task designs, outcomes, local contexts and even functionalities.

Practical Implications

The results of this research can contribute to the design and implementation of customer-centred platforms, which might represent a way of development of organisational communication in the future.

Originality

The research posits that individuals’ experience within colloraborative crowdsourcing communities needs to be meaningful, as participants act based on a reciprocity norm, of giving something back to the community which is useful for fulfilling their own information-seeking purposes.

Details

Public Relations and the Power of Creativity
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-291-6

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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2019

Sirine Ben Slima, Naourez Ktari, Mehdi Triki, Imen Trabelsi, Hafedh Moussa, Skandar Makni, Asehraou Abdeslam, Ana Maria Herrero, Francisco Jiménez-Colmenero, Claudia Ruiz-Capillas and Riadh Ben Salah

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of different dietary fibers on color, nutritional, physico-chemical, sensory and textural properties of fresh sausage.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of different dietary fibers on color, nutritional, physico-chemical, sensory and textural properties of fresh sausage.

Design/methodology/approach

This study was undertaken to determine the effects of partial beef meat substitution (15, 10.5 and 6 percent) at different combinations: barley beta-glucan concentrate (BBC at 1 percent) alone, carrot fiber (ID809 at 1 percent) alone and a mixture of both fibers (BBC and ID809 at 0.5 percent of each), on the quality of fresh sausage.

Findings

Results revealed that the supplementation of dietary fibers generally decreased protein contents and increased moisture. Color parameters were significantly affected by the addition of dietary fibers. Meat substitution with dietary fibers tended toward red coloration, which enhanced sensory properties of fresh sausages, especially general acceptability. Fresh sausages formulated with a mixture of dietary fibers recorded good firmness. Indeed, it increased extrusion force values and provided a greater hardness at sensory level. This manuscript reports that beef sausage formulated with a mixture of BBC and ID809 and reduced beef meat rate improved acceptability to consumer.

Originality/value

The paper approaches a new subject that may be relevant to functional food. There are few research works to evaluate consumer preferences of new product developments and to achieve healthier and more economic fresh sausages formulated with a mixture of two fibers after reducing beef meat content.

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Article
Publication date: 30 November 2020

Mauricio Losada-Otálora, Nathalie Peña-García and Iván D. Sánchez

This paper aims to explore the effects of interpersonal conflicts in the social workplace on various rationalized, knowledge-hiding behaviors in service organizations…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the effects of interpersonal conflicts in the social workplace on various rationalized, knowledge-hiding behaviors in service organizations. This research also examines employee well-being as a mediator to explain the effects of interpersonal conflicts at work on knowledge-hiding behaviors.

Design/methodology/approach

First, relevant literature provided the theoretical basis for the conceptual model that links the core constructs of this research. A quantitative study collected data from 395 employees of a global consulting firm with a branch located in a developing country. Finally, an analysis of the structural equation modeling with MPlus 7 software tested the measurement and the structural model.

Findings

The results of this study suggest that interpersonal conflict at work influences knowledge-hiding and that employee’s well-being mediates this relationship. In other words, employees strategically choose what knowledge-hiding behaviors to use – such as evasion or “playing dumb” – to cope with the lack of well-being caused by high interpersonal conflicts in the workplace.

Originality/value

Although contextual and individual factors may trigger knowledge-hiding behavior at work, the current literature has overlooked the combined effects of such factors, especially in service settings. Knowledge hiding in service organizations is a weakness that can lead to significant economic losses, especially in firms that are intensively knowledge-based. Thus, it is necessary to identify the antecedents of knowledge-hiding behavior to deter low performance in these organizations.

Details

International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-669X

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2006

Hou Dali, Zhao Wansheng and Kang Xiaoming

The pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) is one sort of promising electric thrusters, but the low efficiency is always a big problem for PPT. Many researches have been working on…

Abstract

Purpose

The pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) is one sort of promising electric thrusters, but the low efficiency is always a big problem for PPT. Many researches have been working on solving this problem. However, there is still no significant breakthrough. This paper aimed to discuss some methods for improving the PPT's efficiency.

Design/methodology/approach

The causes for the low efficiency by analyzing the theoretical models of PPT are discussed, and the influences on PPT's performance investigated in terms of the structural or electrical parameters.

Findings

The change of structural or electrical parameters which influence the thrust efficiency significantly are taken into account. In the process of designing PPT, optimized structural and electrical parameters should be chosen to attain a better performance.

Research limitations/implications

This analysis is mainly based on the parallel‐rail PPT.

Practical implications

The result of analysis is adopted, the higher thrust efficiency of PPT is expectable.

Originality/value

By introducing theoretical models and analyzing results of some researcher's experiments, this paper offers a method of designing PPT and attempts to help designer to choose appropriate structural and electrical parameters.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2019

Shuting Li, Mark H. Haney, Gukseong Lee, Mingu Kang and Changsuk Ko

This paper aims to investigate the antecedents of manufacturing firms’ long-term orientation towards their suppliers in the context of outsourcing relationships in China.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the antecedents of manufacturing firms’ long-term orientation towards their suppliers in the context of outsourcing relationships in China.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on survey data collected from 224 manufacturing firms in China, this study examines the hypothesized relationships.

Findings

The results show that task conflict has a negative effect on long-term orientation, both Chinese guanxi and formal control are useful governance mechanisms to enhance long-term orientation, and the negative effect of task conflict on the long-term orientation weakens as Chinese guanxi between a manufacturer and its supplier increases.

Originality/value

This study contributes to a better understanding of conflict management in outsourcing relationships in China.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 June 2018

Mingu Kang, Paul Hong, Roman Bartnik, Youngwon Park and Changsuk Ko

The purpose of this paper is to examine how to align purchasing portfolio management with sourcing negotiation styles.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how to align purchasing portfolio management with sourcing negotiation styles.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have adopted two-step field tests: a case study; and a follow-up experimental test with 77 sourcing professionals.

Findings

The authors note that Kraljic Portfolio Matrix (KPM) provides a valuable guide for determining sourcing negotiation styles (i.e. competitive negotiation for leverage items, collaborative negotiation for strategic items and accommodative negotiation for bottleneck items). Interestingly, effective buyers adopt right negotiation styles based on the switching costs of changing suppliers, the dependence level on specific suppliers and the availability of alternative suppliers.

Originality/value

This study shows that aligning purchasing portfolio management with sourcing negotiation styles improves the chances of effective buying outcomes. Practical implications suggest that successful buyers move beyond interpreting generic predictions of the KPM framework and rather implement specific negotiation styles to maximize the potential benefits of purchasing portfolio management.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 56 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2018

Hu Li

With the growing development of China's architecture, the problems existing in municipal engineering have become the focus of public concern. Based on this, study on the…

Abstract

With the growing development of China's architecture, the problems existing in municipal engineering have become the focus of public concern. Based on this, study on the lack of law in leading bribes based on the bidding of municipal planning and construction and its imperfect scheme was put forward in this paper. First of all, the needs of municipal engineering planning and construction were expounded, and the present status of the research on the theory of municipal engineering was expounded; then the perfection of the common municipal engineering bidding laws was analyzed, and the content of the architectural planning was mainly introduced; taking the municipal engineering project of a city as an example, the detailed analysis of the planning of the railway station, Central Park and the river of the municipal engineering is made to provide reference for the municipal planning and construction.

Details

Open House International, vol. 43 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

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Article
Publication date: 11 December 2020

Hui Liu, Tinglong Tang, Jake Luo, Meng Zhao, Baole Zheng and Yirong Wu

This study aims to address the challenge of training a detection model for the robot to detect the abnormal samples in the industrial environment, while abnormal patterns…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to address the challenge of training a detection model for the robot to detect the abnormal samples in the industrial environment, while abnormal patterns are very rare under this condition.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors propose a new model with double encoder–decoder (DED) generative adversarial networks to detect anomalies when the model is trained without any abnormal patterns. The DED approach is used to map high-dimensional input images to a low-dimensional space, through which the latent variables are obtained. Minimizing the change in the latent variables during the training process helps the model learn the data distribution. Anomaly detection is achieved by calculating the distance between two low-dimensional vectors obtained from two encoders.

Findings

The proposed method has better accuracy and F1 score when compared with traditional anomaly detection models.

Originality/value

A new architecture with a DED pipeline is designed to capture the distribution of images in the training process so that anomalous samples are accurately identified. A new weight function is introduced to control the proportion of losses in the encoding reconstruction and adversarial phases to achieve better results. An anomaly detection model is proposed to achieve superior performance against prior state-of-the-art approaches.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. 48 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 5 June 2018

Victoria Door and Clare Wilkinson

Dewey argues throughout Democracy and Education that schooling plays a powerful role in forming how we are disposed towards democracy. Disposition underlies and determines…

Abstract

Dewey argues throughout Democracy and Education that schooling plays a powerful role in forming how we are disposed towards democracy. Disposition underlies and determines both thinking and activity. A disposition which operates habitually tends to maintain the moral, social and intellectual status quo. A humane democracy demands a disposition which both challenges existing conditions and is concerned to change them for social well-being. A student’s experience at school would ideally need to be one which supports the motivation and skills to foster such a democracy. Dewey claims that we dispose ourselves to think in particular ways. If our mental processes are habitual then teaching and pastoral care may be done in a way that might impose rigidity of thought on students. If the intelligent concern for social well-being is missing from our thinking, the educational experience we offer provides neither model nor means for the development of a humane democracy. Using vignettes from our own experience as educators, together with our interpretation of Dewey’s thinking in Democracy and Education and How We Think, we consider how our own mental processes as educators and dispositions which underlie them might impact for good or for ill on students’ day-to-day experience. We argue that the main responsibility for conditions of experience falls on policymakers, school leadership, management and teachers, who, we conclude with Dewey, should aim to be aware of their disposition and its manifestation in thinking and activity in order to create conditions which make schooling a truly democratic experience.

Details

Dewey and Education in the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-626-8

Keywords

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