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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2008

Kalyani Gandhi

In this final article, Kalyani Gandhi writes in a personal capacity about her career to date and about the work of her organisation, PRIAE, in seeking solutions and…

Abstract

In this final article, Kalyani Gandhi writes in a personal capacity about her career to date and about the work of her organisation, PRIAE, in seeking solutions and changing policy across a range of areas, including mental health, palliative care and lifelong learning for people from black and minority ethnic (BME) communities.

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Working with Older People, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

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Article
Publication date: 13 April 2009

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Working with Older People, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2008

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Working with Older People, vol. 12 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2008

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Working with Older People, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1366-3666

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Arghya Kusum Mukherjee

The purpose of this paper is to find the determinants of participation and targeting efficiency of the following safety net programs in West Bengal: Mahatma Gandhi

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to find the determinants of participation and targeting efficiency of the following safety net programs in West Bengal: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA), self-targeted program; National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), subsidy based livelihood program; Indira Awaas Yojona (IAY), targeted cash transfer program and Public Distribution System (PDS), targeted in kind transfer program.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based on a household survey comprising 900 households across three Districts: Murshidabad, Nadia and Burdwan.

Findings

Benefits from MNREGA and PDS are not substantial, whereas financial benefits are substantial from NRLM and IAY. This paper shows that poor people have higher likelihood of participation in MNREGA and PDS. But, non poor get disproportionate benefits from IAY and NRLM both have been designed for the poor. Therefore, targeting cannot remove elite capture altogether. Socially down trodden section have higher participation in MNREGA and PDS, whereas people who are at upper tier of social hierarchy enjoy the benefits of IAY and NRLM. However, it cannot be said that these programs miss their target completely.

Practical implications

The study suffers from the usual limitations of sampling.

Social implications

Programs targeted for the poor are being appropriated by the non poor. If there is better targeting money will be channelized to the desired beneficiaries and welfare will be enhanced.

Originality/value

The study has unearthed the underlying reasons behind why some safety net programs have better targeting and some safety net programs have poor targeting.

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International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 44 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 7 December 2020

Joy Chowdhury, Angsuman Sarkar, Kamalakanta Mahapatra and Jitendra Kumar Das

The purpose of this paper is to present an improved model based on center potential instead of surface potential which is physically more relevant and accurate. Also…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an improved model based on center potential instead of surface potential which is physically more relevant and accurate. Also, additional analytic insights have been provided to make the model independent and robust so that it can be extended to a full range compact model.

Design/methodology/approach

The design methodology used is center potential based analytical modeling using Psuedo-2D Poisson equation, with ingeniously developed boundary conditions, which help achieve reasonably accurate results. Also, the depletion width calculation has been suitably remodeled, to account for proper physical insights and accuracy.

Findings

The proposed model has considerable accuracy and is able to correctly predict most of the physical phenomena occurring inside the broken gate Tunnel FET structure. Also, a good match has been observed between the modeled data and the simulation results. Ion/Iambipolar ratio of 10^(−8) has been achieved which is quintessential for low power SOCs.

Originality/value

The modeling approach used is different from the previously used techniques and uses indigenous boundary conditions. Also, the current model developed has been significantly altered, using very simple but intuitive technique instead of complex mathematical approach.

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Circuit World, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1997

Raj Kumar Sen

Argues for a stricter compliance with Gandhian economics to promote more effective economic development in India and other developing countries. Copying Western economic…

Abstract

Argues for a stricter compliance with Gandhian economics to promote more effective economic development in India and other developing countries. Copying Western economic practices has not helped India. The application of the more socialist Gandhian principles would produce a more even standard of living for all ‐ no one would want for the basic necessities.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 24 no. 7/8/9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Book part
Publication date: 9 March 2021

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Global Tariff War: Economic, Political and Social Implications
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80071-314-7

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Article
Publication date: 12 November 2020

Jayaraman Rajagopalan

The purpose of this study is to find out the reasons why companies achieve different results in following different business excellence (BE) models. This has been done…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out the reasons why companies achieve different results in following different business excellence (BE) models. This has been done using a case study method, selecting to illustrate the actions taken and the results achieved by two role model companies, one following the Malcolm Baldrige model (MBM) and the other following the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) model.

Design/methodology/approach

The research design adopted is as follows: examine the literature of Total Quality Management (TQM) and BE, with specific reference to practices and happenings in Indian industry, to identify the key themes; analyse the research questions RQ1and RQ2 as mentioned above, using the learnings from the literature survey in a qualitative way. The analysis is done using chronological developments in TQM, BE and linking them with the happenings in Indian industry in a cause–effect way; develop a “source to sink” framework to track the various actions implemented by companies to drive BE in their quest to performance excellence, and to analyse the root causes for the success of the actions; illustrate the conclusions through two case studies, of two different companies from India, on the varied results achieved from following two different BE models, one, the MBM by Tata Steel, and, two, the EFQM by BHEL, both award-winning companies, for instilling “excellence” in performance; and develop a model to correlate the observations from the companies using two constructs, identifying latent variables and actions that have been taken to address the outcomes of the variables.

Findings

The findings show that the actions taken by the companies are different, under the two models. The reasons for these different actions have been described, and the impact of these on the latent variables and outcomes have been tracked. There are six reasons why the results are different.

Research limitations/implications

The study has highlighted the efforts by two role model companies. These are “comparisons of the best in the business” in their respective industries. However, one needs more studies to verify and establish whether the six reasons described are the ones which are most impactful. More companies need to be studied, and, based on the outcomes, one can establish the “best choice of the BE model” for Indian companies.

Practical implications

The results of the study show that using different BE models can affect the results. A non-optimal choice may lead to longer time and lower results.

Social implications

Excellent companies are sustainable, which means that they eliminate waste, operate in an environmentally friendly manner and address social issues. Speedily achieving excellence can lead to faster use of sustainable operations.

Originality/value

The work is original in the following ways: data collection through assessment teams; experience through personal engagement; identifying six reasons and two constructs which could lead to different results.

Details

Measuring Business Excellence, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-3047

Keywords

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Abstract

Details

Change Management for Organizations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-119-3

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