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Article
Publication date: 23 November 2018

Shib Sankar Giri, Kalidas Das and Prabir Kumar Kundu

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the flow and heat transference of unsteady nanofluid thin film flow due to linear stretching velocity over a horizontally placed…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the flow and heat transference of unsteady nanofluid thin film flow due to linear stretching velocity over a horizontally placed stretching sheet in corporation of aligned magnetic field and non-uniform heat source/sink.

Design/methodology/approach

Leading equations of the course have been normalized via similarity approach and unraveled the resulting non-linear equations numerically by consuming RK-4 shooting practice to execute flow analysis.

Findings

A close agreement of two sets (for two different base fluids – polyvinyl alcohol and water) of result is perceived. The authors find that inclined magnetic field and nanoparticles concentration curbed velocity distribution which, in turn, causes enrichment of system of temperature distribution.

Originality/value

The paper acquires realistic numerical explanations in form of rapidly convergent series. The influence of emergent flow parameters on specific flow are made appropriately via graphs and charts. An unbiased result scrutiny of the existing section with formerly conveyed result is provided.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 18 April 2019

Nilankush Acharya, Kalidas Das and Prabir Kumar Kundu

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the influence of multiple slips on MHD Williamson nanofluid flow embedded in porous medium towards a linearly stretching sheet…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the influence of multiple slips on MHD Williamson nanofluid flow embedded in porous medium towards a linearly stretching sheet that has been investigated numerically. The whole analysis has been carried out considering the presence of nth-order chemical reaction between base fluid and nanoparticles.

Design/methodology/approach

A similarity transformation technique has been adopted to convert non-linear governing partial differential equations into ordinary ones and then they are solved by using both the RK-4 method and Laplace transform homotopy perturbation method. The consequences of multiple slip parameters on dimensionless velocity, temperature and concentration and heat and mass transfer rates have been demonstrated using tabular and graphical outline.

Findings

The investigation explores that the Nusselt number reduces for escalating behaviour of velocity slip and thermal slip parameter. Fluid’s temperature rises in the presence of generative reaction parameter.

Originality/value

A fine conformity of the current results has been achieved after comparing with previous literature studies. Considering destructive chemical reaction, reduced Nusselt number is found to decrease, but reverse consequence has been noticed in the case of generative chemical reaction. Mass transport diminishes when the order of chemical reaction amplifies for both destructive and generative reactions.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 2 November 2015

S. A. Moshizi

The purpose of this paper is to focus on convective heat and mass transfer characteristics of Cu-water nanofluid inside a porous microchannel in the presence of a uniform…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on convective heat and mass transfer characteristics of Cu-water nanofluid inside a porous microchannel in the presence of a uniform magnetic field. The walls of the microchannel are subjected to constant asymmetric heat fluxes and also the first order catalytic reaction. To represent the non-equilibrium region near the surfaces, the Navier’s slip condition is considered at the surfaces because of the non-adherence of the fluid-solid interface and the microscopic roughness in microchannels.

Design/methodology/approach

Employing the Brinkman model for the flow in the porous medium and the “clear fluid compatible” model as a viscous dissipation model, the conservative partial differential equations have been transformed into a system of ordinary ones via the similarity variables. Closed form exact solutions are obtained analytically based on dimensionless parameters of velocity, temperature and species concentration.

Findings

Results show that the addition of Cu-nanoparticles to the fluid has a significant influence on decreasing concentration, temperature distribution at the both walls and velocity profile along the microchannel. In addition, total heat transfer in microchannel increases as nanoparticles add to the fluid. Slip parameter and Hartmann number have the decreasing effects on concentration and temperature distributions. Slip parameter leads to increase velocity profiles, while Hartmann number has an opposite trend in velocity profiles. These two parameters increase the total heat transfer rate significantly.

Originality/value

In the present study, a comprehensive analytical solution has been obtained for convective heat and mass transfer characteristics of Cu-water nanofluid inside a porous microchannel in the presence of a uniform magnetic field. Finally, the effects of several parameters such as Darcy number, nanoparticle volume fraction, slip parameter, Hartmann number, Brinkman number, asymmetric heat flux parameter, Soret and Damkohler numbers on total heat transfer rate and fluid flow profiles are studied in more detail. To the best of author’s knowledge, no study has been conducted to this subject and the results are original.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 32 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 4 September 2019

M. Mudassar Gulzar, Shagufta Jabeen, Muhammad Waqas, Sabir Ali Shehzad, Tasawar Hayat and Ahmed Alsaedi

The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the effects of entropy generation and nonlinear mixed convection on the boundary layer flow of second grade fluid induced by…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the effects of entropy generation and nonlinear mixed convection on the boundary layer flow of second grade fluid induced by stretching sheets. Heat transfer effects are accounted in view of viscous dissipation and nonlinear thermal radiation.

Design/methodology/approach

Optimal homotopic asymptotic method procedure is adopted to obtain the analytical solution of nonlinear ordinary differential equations.

Findings

It has been noticed that Hartmann and Brinkman number has reverse characteristics against entropy generation and Bejan number.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no such analysis has been reported to date.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 12
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 16 July 2018

Arup Kumar Sarkar and Tarak Nath Sahu

Abstract

Details

Investment Behaviour
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-280-6

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Abstract

Details

Investment Behaviour
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78756-280-6

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Article
Publication date: 3 March 2021

Ali Asgar and Rampelli Satyanarayana

This paper seeks to ascertain the effectiveness of a two-week-long faculty development programme (FDP), organized by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), for…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to ascertain the effectiveness of a two-week-long faculty development programme (FDP), organized by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), for teachers of the open and distance learning (ODL) system, with the aim of upgrading their knowledge and skills for developing print self-learning materials (SLMs). The specific aim of this study is to ascertain whether the objectives of the FDP have been achieved, to examine the effectiveness of the training programme and to suggest measures for improvement in future FDPs regarding the design and development of print SLMs.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was conducted using a descriptive survey research method, through semi-structured questionnaires and adopted purposive sampling. The first survey was conducted immediately after the completion of the programme, in order to collect feedback from the trainees, while the second survey was conducted after six months of the FDP, using the follow-up approach, so that more reliable and authentic results could be obtained.

Findings

The outcomes of the study revealed that the training had been effective in imparting appropriate knowledge and skills to the trainees, with respect to designing print SLMs. However, certain gaps were also identified and have been reported in this paper. Key suggestions have been made to address the shortcomings and improve forthcoming FDPs.

Research limitations/implications

The present research focused on a specific training programme regarding the design and development of SLMs. Therefore, only the teachers and academics who participated in this specialized training activity were considered for the collection of feedback.

Practical implications

The recommendations of this work may be useful for the trainers, FDP coordinators, training institutions and ODL policymakers for planning and designing effective staff development activities for teachers and academics working in ODL institutions. These would be especially useful in the design of FDPs, aimed at orienting teachers who are involved in curriculum planning, design and development of learning resources.

Originality/value

This study is an original research based on the empirical primary data obtained by the researchers. As the largest open university in the world, IGNOU has been playing a key role in staff development for and in ODL in developing countries. This evaluative study of a specialized FDP in the area of SLM design and development is a significant work that may be valuable for planning the staff development strategies and building a training evaluation mechanism.

Details

Asian Association of Open Universities Journal, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1858-3431

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Article
Publication date: 27 November 2018

Chandra Shekar Balla, C. Haritha, Kishan Naikoti and A.M. Rashad

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the bioconvection flow in a porous square cavity saturated with both oxytactic microorganism and nanofluids.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the bioconvection flow in a porous square cavity saturated with both oxytactic microorganism and nanofluids.

Design/methodology/approach

The impacts of the effective parameters such as Rayleigh number, bioconvection number, Peclet number and thermophoretic force, Brownan motion and Lewis number reduces the flow strength in the cavity on the flow strength, oxygen density distribution, motile isoconcentrations and heat transfer performance are investigated using a finite volume approach.

Findings

The results obtained showed that the average Nusselt number is increased with Peclet number, Lewis number, Brownian motion and thermophoretic force. Also, the average Sherwood number increased with Brownian motion and Peclet number and decreased with thermophoretic force. It is concluded that the flow strength is pronounced with Rayleigh number, bioconvection number, Peclet number and thermophoretic force. Brownan motion and Lewis number reduce the flow strength in the cavity.

Originality/value

There is no published study in the literature about sensitivity analysis of Brownian motion and thermophoresis force effects on the bioconvection heat transfer in a square cavity filled by both nanofluid and oxytactic microorganisms.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

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