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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

M. Awais, T. Hayat, M. Mustafa, K. Bhattacharyya and M. Asif Farooq

– The aim of this work is to analyze the combined effects of melting, thermal-diffusion and diffusion-thermo on the flow of non-Newtonian fluid.

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this work is to analyze the combined effects of melting, thermal-diffusion and diffusion-thermo on the flow of non-Newtonian fluid.

Design/methodology/approach

An efficient approach namely homotopy analysis method is applied to compute the solution of the non-linear problem. Moreover, numerical results using MATLAB function bvp4c are also computed.

Findings

Main findings are an increase in the melting process corresponding to increase in the velocity and the boundary layer thickness. However, surface heat and mass transfer decrease by increasing the values of melting parameter M.

Originality/value

Combined effects of thermal-diffusion and diffusion-thermo are analyzed and the solutions are computed both numerically and analytically. Some deduced results can be obtained in a limiting sense.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 24 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Sanjay K. Bhattacharyya and Zillur Rahman

Some strategy authors suggest that in an emerging market a local conglomerate enjoys certain potential advantages over a smaller focused firm. It can leverage its…

Abstract

Some strategy authors suggest that in an emerging market a local conglomerate enjoys certain potential advantages over a smaller focused firm. It can leverage its corporate image to build customer loyalty and raise funds from the capital market. It can mobilise resources from within the group companies to invest in enhancing the corporate image, in developing its own management‐training centre, and for liaison with the government and bureaucracy. It can also avoid retrenchment of surplus employees by transferring them across the group companies. The authors, however, contend that many of the advantages mentioned above cannot be realised in practice and the top management finds it difficult to effectively manage a large conglomerate. They suggest a model, which will help a conglomerate decide which businesses to retain or divest. They also highlight certain strategies adopted by Indian firms to combat foreign competition in the domestic market.

Details

European Business Review, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-534X

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1972

K. BHATTACHARYYA

Special libraries in science and technology constitute a vital link in the process of information transfer. A study of how special libraries in the UK are functioning at…

Abstract

Special libraries in science and technology constitute a vital link in the process of information transfer. A study of how special libraries in the UK are functioning at present is essential to any planning for a general improvement in their services and to heighten their contribution to the country's scientific and technological progress. This paper records the partial findings of a recent survey and is concerned with the identification and analysis of the essential elements of the framework within which special libraries work: such as, the nature of their management, major activity of the parent organization, subject‐specialization of the library's holding, documentation activity, staff‐structure, budget‐provision, size of library stock, and its growth rate, weeding‐out policy, etc. It brings out the wide variation in the behaviour pattern of special libraries in science and technology, belonging to different categories, e.g. libraries in private firms vis‐à‐vis government libraries, or basic research vis‐à‐vis applied research libraries. It also draws attention to areas of deficiency where action is needed.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 28 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 9 September 2019

Debasis Pahi and Inder Sekhar Yadav

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nexus between corporate governance and dividend policy of listed Indian firms.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nexus between corporate governance and dividend policy of listed Indian firms.

Design/methodology/approach

Using new corporate governance stipulations, five new indices were constructed, namely, overall board governance index, board structure index, audit committee index, compensation committee index and nomination committee index. Using the newly developed indices, disclosure index and different firm-specific control variables, different panel Logit and Tobit regression models were estimated for 482 non-financial and non-utility listed firms during 2006–2017. Also, before the econometric analysis, mean difference test was conducted to examine the differences in dividend behaviour and corporate governance practices during pre- and post-Companies Act, 2013 and between payers and non-payers.

Findings

The overall evidence suggests that the firms having stronger corporate governance tend to pay higher dividends suggesting that the firm’s propensity to pay dividends increases with the improvement in corporate governance standards. Among the corporate governance indices board structure, audit committee and disclosure norms show a significant and positive relationship, whereas compensation committee and nomination committee show a positive but insignificant relationship with dividend policy. Control variables mostly had the expected impact on the dividends of the firms.

Practical implications

This study suggests that the establishment of the strong and effective corporate governance system is desirable to mitigate the agency conflicts between managers and shareholders and limit managers’ opportunistic behaviour in dividend payout policy.

Originality/value

This study is one of the latest studies to use several newly constructed indices on corporate governance mechanism based on new stipulations which bring new evidence on their specific impact on the dividend policy for an emerging market economy like India.

Details

Managerial Finance, vol. 45 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4358

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1974

Cranfield II's findings on the unexpectedly low retrieval performance of thesauri (rank order 19 among 33 index languages) led Cleverdon to conclude that ‘there are…

Abstract

Cranfield II's findings on the unexpectedly low retrieval performance of thesauri (rank order 19 among 33 index languages) led Cleverdon to conclude that ‘there are situations where the intellecutal effort involved in the construction and maintenance of controlled vocabularies is unjustified.’ Lancaster has cited the figure of more than half a million dollars, appropriated for the construction of TEST, the Thesaurus of Engineering and Scientific Terms. Recently Keen has provided some additional information, casting further doubts on the utility, in serious retrieval work, of any explicit display of relations between terms.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 30 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1998

S.F. Lee, P. Roberts, W.S. Lau and S.K. Bhattacharyya

The Art of War, by the ancient Chinese military theorist Sun Tzu, is the most famous work on military operation in ancient China and the books have been repeatedly…

Abstract

The Art of War, by the ancient Chinese military theorist Sun Tzu, is the most famous work on military operation in ancient China and the books have been repeatedly translated, investigated and discussed. Today, Sun Tzu’s The Art of War remains a compulsory text in major military schools around the world and its influences on twentieth century military thinking is undisputed. Also in recent times, the use of military strategies in the business and management contexts is increasing. This paper proposes a set of criteria based on Sun Tzu’s philosophy for evaluation of business management strategies against the world class business excellence models. The total quality management models of the European Quality Award and the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award are used to compare with Sun Tzu’s business management strategy model developed under the quality function deployment (QFD) methodology. The results of the QFD methodology can be used as performance indicators showing organisations’ improvement priorities for self‐assessment.

Details

Business Process Management Journal, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-7154

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2015

Mohammad Abdul Jalil, Rabindra Chandra Sinha, A.K.M. Mahabubuzzaman, Md. Milon Hossain and Mohammad Arafat Idris

A study is performed on the properties of jute-pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) blended yarn and 100% jute yarn. The jute-PALF blend ratios of two counts of yarn (5 and 7…

Abstract

A study is performed on the properties of jute-pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) blended yarn and 100% jute yarn. The jute-PALF blend ratios of two counts of yarn (5 and 7 lbs/spy) are 70:30 and 80:20 respectively. The physical properties of the blended yarns such as load at break, strain at break, tenacity at break, tensile modulus and quality ratio are tested and measured. It is observed from the test results that the physical properties of the blended yarns are better than those of the 100% jute yarn. The experimental results also show that the physical and structural properties of the blended yarn changes with the increase of PALF in the blend ratio. So the blending of PALF has a positive impact on yarn properties. Another study is done, in which it is found that surface appearance properties like color strength (K/S value) and whiteness, yellowness and brightness indices of the blended yarns are almost the same as those of the jute yarn due to the blending of jute-PALF. Therefore, the blending ratio does not cause any notable changes in the natural color of the jute yarn.

Details

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1560-6074

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 December 2019

Gaafar Abdalkrim

This paper aims to examine the relation between chief executive officers (CEOs) compensation and organizational performance in KSA listed companies. It also aims at…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the relation between chief executive officers (CEOs) compensation and organizational performance in KSA listed companies. It also aims at investigating the effect of corporate governance mechanisms according to this relation.

Design/methodology/approach

The researcher uses unbalanced panel data regression analysis on a sample of 181 KSA listed companies from 2005 to 2014.

Findings

The estimation result suggests that CEO Compensation is positively associated with firm performance. The results also show that corporate governance positively and significantly affect the relation between CEO Compensation and performance.

Research limitations/implications

This research, like any other, has some limitations that can be addressed by future research. The important limitation of this research is that the generalizability of the results is limited by the fact that the majority of the firms in the sample are from material sector which is represented by 42 (32 per cent) firms versus pharmaceutical sector which is represented by only one (1 per cent) firm. Therefore, a future research can tackle the effect of CEO compensation, corporate governance on future firm performance independently.

Practical implications

The findings have some important implications for stakeholders such as policymakers, listed firms managers, business owners and academic researchers in the emerging KSA market. Besides, understanding the relation between CEO compensation, corporate governance and firm performance can aid the success of corporate modernization and economic reform in KSA.

Originality/value

The research attempts to fill a substantial gap in the literature by providing the first rigorous econometrics evidence on CEO compensation, corporate governance and firm performance. In addition, it provides interesting insight for researches, decision-makers and board members in KSA.

Details

Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society, vol. 19 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2019

Muhammad Safdar Sial, Zheng Chunmei and Nguyen Vinh Khuong

This study aims to explore the possibility of a two-way relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and earnings management (accruals and real EM) with the…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the possibility of a two-way relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and earnings management (accruals and real EM) with the moderating role of female and independent directors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use STATA to test the generalized method of moments on a sample of Chinese listed firms data over the period 2009-2015. The unbalanced sample obtained 3,481 observations from China stock market and accounting research database and CSR rating provided by Rankins.

Findings

The results indicate a significant negative relationship between two-way CSR and accrual-based EM. Moreover, female and independent directors moderate the two-way relationship between CSR and EM.

Research limitations/implications

The present study does not include all financial, insurance and investment firms to impact on CSR and EM. Further research might consist of family ownership to enhance the evidence for an emerging market.

Originality/value

This study primarily contributes to the literature on CSR, female and independent directors, and EM by providing evidence for the moderating role of female and independent directors on the two-way association between CSR and EM.

Details

International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, vol. 27 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1834-7649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Gautam Sharma

Innovation and entrepreneurship are regarded as the key drivers to steer the engine of economic development in any nation. As a result, to understand the context and…

Abstract

Purpose

Innovation and entrepreneurship are regarded as the key drivers to steer the engine of economic development in any nation. As a result, to understand the context and process of innovation and entrepreneurship there has been a steady rise in scientific literature and empirical studies. The purpose of this paper is to study the trends and progress of academic research on innovation and entrepreneurship in India by identifying the key articles, journals, authors and institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

Scientometric methods especially bibliometrics is used, for measuring the maturity of this research field in the country. The paper studies the research landscape in innovation and entrepreneurship in India by doing a bibliometric analysis using data from publications indexed in the Scopus database from the year 2000 to 2018. The study takes a multidisciplinary review of the literature in innovation and entrepreneurship research in India and could be used as a reference for future studies in this theme.

Findings

The study finds an increase in the scholarly studies in innovation and entrepreneurship in India in the last decade. It was also found that a large number of publications were joint-authored and collaborations between Indian and foreign universities is happening. The paper also highlights the authorship patterns, top journals and the most cited papers.

Research limitations/implications

A major limitation of this study is that it has considered publications which are indexed in Scopus. This paper has contributed by highlighting the growth of studies in the field of innovation and entrepreneurship in the Indian context. The results can be used by future studies in this area as a starting point to highlight the nature of this research area.

Originality/value

The study attempts to present a trend analysis of published literature on innovation and entrepreneurship in India.

Details

Journal of Management Development, vol. 38 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0262-1711

Keywords

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