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Article
Publication date: 16 June 2021

Zhengyi Zhang, Jun Jin, Ting Wen and Zan Chen

With the fierce competition in a knowledge economy, knowledge-intensive enterprises (KIEs) make technological progress in their catching-up processes through implementing…

Abstract

Purpose

With the fierce competition in a knowledge economy, knowledge-intensive enterprises (KIEs) make technological progress in their catching-up processes through implementing product innovation and process innovation. In this study, the aim is to understand the determinants of enterprise innovation type in China's catch-up environment. Further, this paper intends to deal with two related questions. First, what effect does the internal knowledge base have on KIEs' technology innovation activities? Second, considering the technology gap and technology development speed, what are the different impacts of the knowledge base on the type of technology innovation activities?

Design/methodology/approach

This paper collected data from 212 KIEs in China through a two-stage questionnaire survey, combined with statistical data for research. The hypothesis was tested by regression analysis. Specifically, descriptive statistics and regression analysis are introduced to test the hypothetical relationship between the knowledge base and technology innovation. Meanwhile, multiple regression is used to test whether there is any difference in the influence of technology gap and technology development speed on enterprise knowledge base and technology innovation. Finally, the corresponding robustness tests are done.

Findings

This study finds that in a sample of Yangtze River Delta KIEs, firms' knowledge base influences innovation types. Specifically, the knowledge base width (KBW) and knowledge base depth (KBD) positively influence process innovation, and KBD positively affects product innovation. Regarding the effects of catch-up context factors on KIEs’ innovation choice, a wide technology gap tends to positively influence product innovation in industries with high levels of KBW. Moreover, when technology development speed is high, its potential positive influence on process innovation will be more significant for industries with deeper knowledge bases.

Originality/value

This paper fills the research gap that existing studies ignore the relationship between types of technology innovation and knowledge base dimensions, especially for KIEs. First, this paper deepens the understanding of the impact mechanism of KIEs' existing knowledge base on innovation activities; the unique use of resources by enterprises is the basis of enterprises' competitive advantage and will become enterprises' competitive advantage. Second, this study indicates that against different backdrops of technology gap and technology development speed, enterprises with different knowledge bases will adopt different types of technology innovation activities. Third, this paper shows that a wider technology gap provides broader innovation space, so the technology gap plays a pulling role in KBW and product innovation, thus pushing forward enterprises' technological catch-up.

Details

European Journal of Innovation Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1460-1060

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 23 September 2019

Lisa Fedina, Bethany L. Backes, Hyun-Jin Jun, Jordan DeVylder and Richard P. Barth

The purpose of this paper is to understand the relationship among police legitimacy/trust and experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), including victims’ decisions…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand the relationship among police legitimacy/trust and experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), including victims’ decisions to report IPV to police and police responses to IPV.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were drawn from the 2017 Survey of Police–Public Encounters II – a cross-sectional, general population survey of adults from New York City and Baltimore (n=1,000). Regression analyses were used to examine associations among police legitimacy/trust, IPV exposure, police reporting of IPV, and perceived police responses to IPV and interaction effects.

Findings

Higher levels of IPV exposure were significantly associated with lower levels of police legitimacy/trust; however, this relationship was stronger among African–American participants than non-African–American participants. Higher levels of police legitimacy/trust were significantly associated with more positive police responses to IPV and this relationship was stronger among heterosexual participants than sexual minority participants.

Research limitations/implications

Future research should examine prospective relationships to understand causal mechanisms linking individual perceptions of police legitimacy/trust, experiences with IPV and victims’ interactions with police.

Practical implications

Low levels of legitimacy/trust between police and citizens may result, in part, if police are engaged in negative or inadequate responses to reports of IPV. Police–social work partnerships can enhance effective police responses to IPV, particularly to racial/ethnic and sexual minority individuals.

Originality/value

This study provides empirical evidence linking police legitimacy/trust to the experiences of IPV and perceived police responses to reports of IPV, including important group differences among victims based on race/ethnicity and sexual orientation.

Details

Policing: An International Journal, vol. 42 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 September 2010

David Tyfield and Jun Jin

This paper seeks to explore arguments for the importance of disruptive innovation to China's low‐carbon transition, while such innovation is generally overlooked and/or belittled.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to explore arguments for the importance of disruptive innovation to China's low‐carbon transition, while such innovation is generally overlooked and/or belittled.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper builds on the multi‐level perspective (MLP) of systems transitions being developed by interdisciplinary scholars regarding low‐carbon innovation to explore the multiple opportunities regarding disruptive innovation in the case of China.

Findings

This exploration details that at the levels of business strategy, national economic development and governance of a transition to ecological sustainability, there is a strong prima facie case that disruptive innovation offers singular opportunities in China regarding low‐carbon innovation, while a focus on hi‐tech innovation alone is unlikely to effect the radical systems transition needed.

Practical implications

Acknowledging and incorporating such opportunities is thus to be encouraged, both in China and elsewhere, including in the formulation of low‐carbon innovation policy. A concerted research programme for ongoing and iterative “second‐order” learning about concrete examples of disruptive low‐carbon innovation is advocated.

Social implications

The increased opportunities for dispersed social involvement in a low‐carbon transition through disruptive innovation are discussed.

Originality/value

The paper offers a novel synthesis of diverse literatures to advocate a significantly different approach to low‐carbon innovation than is evidenced in current policy and policy discourse.

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 28 September 2010

David Tyfield and Jun Jin

Abstract

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

Content available
Article
Publication date: 3 April 2009

Jun Jin

Abstract

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

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Article
Publication date: 5 April 2011

Jun Jin, Shanchao Wu and Jin Chen

The purpose of this paper is to examine the issues of integrating R&D globalization, national innovation system, university‐industry (U‐I) knowledge transfer, and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the issues of integrating R&D globalization, national innovation system, university‐industry (U‐I) knowledge transfer, and international U‐I collaboration.

Design/methodology/approach

A framework for research on internationalization of U‐I collaboration is proposed and the process of international U‐I collaboration could be categorized Processes A (including A1‐A2‐A3), B, C and D. The framework is applied to explore the process and contribution of international U‐I collaboration in China based on the cases studies of Philips' Brainbridge program and institute for the study of the ancient world (ISAW) international cooperation.

Findings

Processes A and B are confirmed in this research. Through the international U‐I collaboration, foreign universities contribute to the development of innovative capabilities of industries in China, while the foreign companies could play roles in the China's national innovation system. The research suggests that the international U‐I collaboration could be used as a bridge to connect strategies of R&D globalization to the improvement of national innovation system. With the internationalization of U‐I collaboration, the national innovation system would be developing to global innovation system. Moreover, this paper provides a method of technological internationalization and practical suggestions to the management of U‐I collaboration.

Research limitations/implications

More empirical research is necessary to further examine this framework.

Originality/value

This paper provides a framework to analyse the process of international U‐I collaboration. Additionally, it enriches the research on R&D globalization from the industrial fields to the academics and the research on national innovation system. The findings will contribute to the practice and diffusion of international U‐I collaboration from the industrial and governmental levels.

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 16 June 2020

Zheng Li, Jun Li, Jin Chen and Tsvi Vinig

Abstract

Details

Chinese Management Studies, vol. 14 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-614X

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Article
Publication date: 21 May 2013

Seung-Jin Kim, Jun-Hyeong Park and Jeong-hyun Kim

This study surveys the characteristics of the nanocomposite film for PU/MWNT. For this purpose, several kinds of PU/MWNT nanocomposite films were prepared with four kinds…

Abstract

This study surveys the characteristics of the nanocomposite film for PU/MWNT. For this purpose, several kinds of PU/MWNT nanocomposite films were prepared with four kinds of MWNT, MWNT contents and two kinds of dispersion times and ESD (Electrostatic Dissipation) films composed with polyurethane (PU) block copolymer and selected multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) were also prepared by disperse processing with various MWNT contents and dispersion times, and their mechanical and chemical properties were investigated with electrical conductivity. The tensile properties and chemical properties of PU/MWNT nanocomposite films were measured using UV-visible spectrometer and discussed with the manufacturing conditions of nanocomposite film. Furthermore, the PU/MWNT films were made by dispersing with five kinds of CNT content and six kinds of dispersion time under the DMF (dimethylformamide) solution, and the mechanical properties of the PU/MWNT films were analyzed by Instron and discussed with various dispersion conditions.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 10 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 28 September 2010

Yi Wang

The purpose of this paper is to explore China's current policy and policy options regarding the shift to a low‐carbon (LC) development.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore China's current policy and policy options regarding the shift to a low‐carbon (LC) development.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses both a literature review and empirical systems analysis of the trends of socio‐economic conditions, carbon emissions and development of innovation capacities in China.

Findings

The analysis shows that a holistic solution and co‐benefit approach are needed for China's transition to a green and LC economy, and that, especially for developing countries, it is not enough to have only goals regarding mitigation and adaptation. Instead, a concrete roadmap towards a LC future is needed that addresses key issues of technology transfer, institutional arrangements and sharing the costs in the context of a global climate regime. In this light, it is argued that China should adopt an approach for low‐carbon development centred on carbon intensity reduction over the next ten years.

Originality/value

The paper thus provides a unique summary, in English, of the arguments supporting China's current low‐carbon innovation policies from one of the authors of this policy.

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 September 2010

Liguang Liu

This paper aims to examine the emergence, shape and functioning of China's Top‐1,000 Industrial Energy Conservation Program. The program, implemented since 2006, is…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the emergence, shape and functioning of China's Top‐1,000 Industrial Energy Conservation Program. The program, implemented since 2006, is generated from a pilot voluntary program and modeled on international industrial efficiency target‐setting programs. The research studies why the program was deviated from the voluntary approach and how the program outcomes have been influenced by the action network.

Design/methodology/approach

The historical development of the program is framed by policy network theory, which conceptualizes the causal relations of policy network and policy outcomes. Both primary data and secondary data are used.

Findings

In the current Chinese context, the voluntary agreement could not replace the traditional top‐down regulations as policy tools adopted nationwide. However, it can function as a complementary implementation tool to be adopted at the local level.

Practical implications

An in‐depth understanding of the evolution of voluntary agreement on energy efficiency in China will promote the discussion on China's policy‐making process and will provide useful insights regarding its future low‐carbon policy options.

Originality/value

The study provides an empirical application of the policy network approach, a prominent policy process theory that has been popular in many European and some North‐American contexts.

Details

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1418

Keywords

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