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Article
Publication date: 25 November 2019

Song Quan, Guo Yong, Gong Jun, Xuedong Liu, Jin Yongping and Yang Shuyi

This paper aims to study the frictional performance of reciprocating pair with high velocity by using hydrodynamic lubrication principle and fish scale textured piston model.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the frictional performance of reciprocating pair with high velocity by using hydrodynamic lubrication principle and fish scale textured piston model.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on the idea of function characteristic approximation and coordinate change, a mathematical representation model of imitating fish scale texture pit section is established. According to the principle of dynamic pressure lubrication of the textured fluid, a three-dimensional numerical model of flow field for fish scale texture is established without considering cavitation. Numerical analysis of the model carp scale texture unit by orthogonal experimental design and FLUENT software is carried out.

Findings

Effects of fish scale pit texture on friction properties for a reciprocating pair piston surface with high velocity (impact piston) are acquired. Effects of texture characterization parameters and flow rate on the surface friction performance for impact piston are found. Effects of different characteristic parameters combination of imitating fish scale texture on friction performance for impact piston surface are obtained.

Originality/value

The model is an effective tool to study the friction and wear of reciprocating pair with high velocity. The effects of fish scale textured piston pair supply a theory lead to design the reciprocating pair with better friction performance.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/ILT-09-2019-0398

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2017

Miao Yu, Jun Gong, Jiafu Tang and Fanwen Kong

The purpose of this paper is to provide delay announcements for call centers with hyperexponential patience modeling. The paper aims to employ a state-dependent Markovian…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide delay announcements for call centers with hyperexponential patience modeling. The paper aims to employ a state-dependent Markovian approximation for informing arriving customers about anticipated delay in a real call center.

Design/methodology/approach

Motivated by real call center data, the patience distribution is modeled by the hyperexponential distribution and is analyzed by its realistic significance, with and without delay information. Appropriate M/M/s/r+H2 queueing model is structured, including a voice response system that is employed in practice, and a state-dependent Markovian approximation is applied for computing abandonment. Based on this approximation, a method is proposed for estimating virtual delays, and it is investigated about the problem of announcing virtual delays to customers upon their arrival.

Findings

There are two parts of findings from the results obtained from the case study and a numerical study of simulation comparisons. First, using an H2 distribution for the abandonment distribution is driven by an empirical study which shows its good fit to real-life call center data. Second, simulation experiments indicate that the model and approximation are reasonable, and the state-dependent Markovian approximation works very well for call centers with larger pooling. It is concluded that our approach can be applied in a voice response system of real call centers.

Originality/value

Many results pertain to announcing delay information, customer reactions and links to estimating hyperexponential distribution based on real data that have not been established in previous studies; however, this paper analytically characterizes these performance measures for delay announcements.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 117 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 11 September 2009

Abstract

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 29 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 21 June 2013

Dong Liu, Huiqing Liu, Li Li, Meng Yu, Jun Gong, Wen Li and Yunxia Wang

The purpose of this paper is to assess the serious corrosion problems of the water injection system on the offshore oil field and to study the type, and effect factors and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the serious corrosion problems of the water injection system on the offshore oil field and to study the type, and effect factors and mechanisms of corrosion on the offshore oil field in order to develop an effective corrosion inhibitor for the sea water injection system.

Design/methodology/approach

The corrosion of metal in a water injection system was studied by weight‐loss and electrochemical methods.The effect factors and mechanisms of corrosion on the offshore oil field were proposed from the trend of corrosion.

Findings

FeCO3 is the main corrosion product in the water injection system of the Chengdao Offshore Oil Field. The corrosion rate of coupons in sea water injection systems reaches a maximum peak at a temperature of 50‐60°C. The corrosion rate of coupons exposed in all three water samples increased with an increase in the dissolved oxygen concentration. When the mixed ratio of sea water and produced water and well water is 1:3:1 or 1:2:2, the corrosion rate of carbon steel is lower than is the case in pure water. The electrochemical mechanism of corrosion indicates that corrosion in the well water, produced water, and sea water samples were all controlled by the oxygen absorption process, which controlled the cathodic reaction. The corrosion rate of coupons followed the ranking order: well water; produced water; sea water.

Originality/value

This paper provides the main corrosion product in the water injection system of the Chengdao Offshore Oil Field, and provides new information on the effect factors and mechanisms of corrosion on the offshore oil field.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 60 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2016

Miao Yu, Jun Gong and Jiafu TANG

The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework for the optimal design of queueing systems of call centers with delay information. The main decisions in the design of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework for the optimal design of queueing systems of call centers with delay information. The main decisions in the design of such systems are the number of servers, the appropriate control to announce delay anticipated.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper models a multi-server queueing system as an M/M/S+M queue with customer reactions. Based on customer psychology in waiting experiences, a number of different service-level definitions are structured and the explicit computation of their performance measures is performed. This paper characterizes the level of satisfaction with delay information to modulate customer reactions. Optimality is defined as the number of agents that maximize revenues net of staffing costs.

Findings

Numerical studies show that the solutions to optimal design of staffing levels and delay information exhibit interesting differences, especially U-shaped curve for optimal staffing level. Experiments show how call center managers can determine economically optimal anticipated delay and number of servers so that they could control the trade-off between revenue loss and customer satisfaction.

Originality/value

Many results that pertain to announcing delay information, customer reactions, and links to satisfaction with delay information have not been established in previous studies, however, this paper analytically characterizes these performance measures for staffing call centers.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 116 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Yao Zheng, Liu Gao‐Lian and Wu Xiao‐Jiang

Provides two hybrid methods for the aerodynamic design of cascade profiles, of which the design constraints are the combination of aerodynamic and geometric conditions.

Abstract

Purpose

Provides two hybrid methods for the aerodynamic design of cascade profiles, of which the design constraints are the combination of aerodynamic and geometric conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

In the first method, the design constrain is composed of the velocity (or pressure) distribution on part of the blade surface and the geometry of the rest part. In the second method, the aerodynamic load distribution, i.e. the pressure difference between the suction and pressure surfaces, and the blade thickness distribution are employed as the design constrain. These constraints, together with all the other boundary conditions, are involved in the stationary conditions of a variational principle. The solution domain, i.e. the blade‐to‐blade passage, is transformed into a square in the image plane, while the blade contour is projected to a straight line; thus, the difficulty caused by the unknown geometry of profile is avoided. Finite element method is employed to produce the calculation code.

Findings

Applications show the accuracy and the flexibility of the two methods, which can satisfy the different needs from blade design. Finally, the possibility of combining the hybrid methods with the through‐flow method is discussed, which would develop the present methods to three‐dimensional design of cascades.

Research limitations/implications

The design methods are limited to frictionless flow.

Practical implications

A design software of cascade profiles based on this method has been developed, and will be provided to the engineering users for cascade design.

Originality/value

The hybrid methods developed in this paper can satisfy the demands from different aspects of engineering designs: aerodynamics, strength, manufacture, etc.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 77 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 30 January 2007

Ai‐ling Yang, Zheng Yao and Gao‐lian Liu

This paper seeks to develop an approach for the unsteady inverse problem of two‐dimensional oscillating airfoils based on the finite difference method (FDM) solution of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to develop an approach for the unsteady inverse problem of two‐dimensional oscillating airfoils based on the finite difference method (FDM) solution of the transient Euler equations.

Design/methodology/approach

The solution strategies are determined according to the mathematical model for the inverse‐problem of oscillating airfoils. Then the unsteady nonreflecting far field boundary condition and the permeable wall boundary condition are employed to treat the boundary conditions. The applications are carried out for the modification of an oscillating airfoil according to the design targets of the unsteady pressure distribution in an oscillating period.

Findings

The results show that the pressure distributions over the new airfoils coincide with the design objects indicating that the mathematical model and solution strategy developed in this paper is rational and reliable.

Research limitations/implications

This method is limited to frictionless flow.

Originality/value

The paper provides a new FDM solution of unsteady inverse problem for oscillating airfoils, which can be extended to treat the multipoint problem of airfoil design.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 79 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 February 2017

Bao-jun Tang, Pi-qin Gong, Yu-chong Xiao and Huai-yu Wang

This paper aims to figure out the relationship between energy consumption flow from a new perspective of embodied energy inventory index (EEII) and regional economic growth.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to figure out the relationship between energy consumption flow from a new perspective of embodied energy inventory index (EEII) and regional economic growth.

Design/methodology/approach

The input-output approach has been applied to calculate embodied energy inventory (EEI) and EEII using the data of 25 economies. Meanwhile, cluster analysis and panel data modeling were applied to carry out detailed research.

Findings

The results of cluster analysis show that there is a roughly negative relationship between EEII and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, although there are some exceptions, such as Russia and Taiwan (Province of China). Panel data model results provide further evidence that there is a negative relationship between EEII and GDP per capita. Population is an important productive factor in the regional economic development. The study showed a positive relationship between EEII and population. Therefore, energy consumption flow is closely related to regional economic development.

Originality/value

The value of this paper is to use EEI and EEII to comprehensively clarify the energy consumption flow. The advantage of EEII is that it can reflect the energy embodied in fixed assets and infrastructure.

Details

Journal of Modelling in Management, vol. 12 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5664

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Jiazhi Lei, Qingwu Gong and Jun Ye

This paper aims to propose a simplified model of vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) for VRB energy storage system (ESS) design considering the operational…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a simplified model of vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) for VRB energy storage system (ESS) design considering the operational characteristics of VRB, and a VRB ESS, considering the low terminal voltage of VRB, was presented.

Design/methodology/approach

According to the designed topology of VRB ESS and the simplified model of VRB, a small perturbation analysis method was used to establish the transfer function of VRB ESS, and the controller parameters of VRB ESS under constant charging and discharging current were designed.

Findings

Test results have demonstrated that this designed VRB ESS has fast response, small overshoot, strong adaptation and high steady precision, which strongly verified the reasonable design.

Practical implications

This simplified model of VRB can be suitably used for VRB ESS design. This designed VRB ESS realized the bidirectional power flow of VRB and AC grid. In this designed VRB ESS, phase-shifted full-bridge converter and a single-phase inverter were used and VRB was charged and discharged under constant current.

Originality/value

The paper presents a topology of VRB ESS which can realize the bidirectional power flow of VRB and AC grid. Considering the complexity of VRB model, a simplified model of VRB was proposed for the controller parameters design of VRB ESS, and this method can be used in application.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 September 2021

Jun Hu, Wenbin Long, Yu Wang and Linzi Zhou

Using a sample of listed Chinese companies that issued bonds from 2010 to 2019, the authors empirically test the link between CSR and corporate bond pricing, and the…

Abstract

Purpose

Using a sample of listed Chinese companies that issued bonds from 2010 to 2019, the authors empirically test the link between CSR and corporate bond pricing, and the mechanism and channels behind this link.

Design/methodology/approach

This study systematically examines whether and how corporate social responsibility (CSR) affects the corporate bond market in China.

Findings

Firms with better CSR have higher corporate bond credit ratings and lower corporate bond yield spreads. These associations remain stable in robustness checks, including checks that use regional typhoon disaster as an instrumental variable. The effects of CSR are more significant for firms with a worse information environment and for those operating in high-risk environments. Better CSR is associated with less earnings management, fewer financial restatements and less analyst forecast divergence. In addition, the effects of CSR are more pronounced after the 2013 market-oriented reform and when issuers are non-state-owned enterprises.

Practical implications

Because market participants can incorporate firms' CSR into their decision-making, establishing an effective channel for communicating CSR between issuers and market participants will enhance the effects of CSR.

Social implications

Researchers need to attend to the mechanisms behind the link between CSR and corporate bond pricing, and to the characteristics of strong environmental contingency in emerging markets, specifically the periods and scenarios in which the effects of CSR change.

Originality/value

This study provides systemic evidence that CSR benefits corporate bond pricing through both informational and reputational channels and that the effects of CSR vary by time and firm. These findings enrich the literatures on both the economic consequences of CSR and the determinants of corporate bond pricing, and provide a plausible explanation for mixed findings on the effects of CSR in previous studies.

Details

International Journal of Emerging Markets, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-8809

Keywords

1 – 10 of 197